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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 3

 

 

Introduction
1Sundry exhortations.
13The gain of wisdom.
27Exhortation to beneficence, etc.
33The different state of the wicked and upright.

Verse 1
My son, forget not my law; but let thine heart keep my commandments:
forget
1:8; 4:5; 31:5; Deuteronomy 4:23; Psalms 119:93,153,176; Hosea 4:6
let
Deuteronomy 4:9; 6:6-9; 8:1; 30:16-20; Psalms 119:11,16,34,47,48; Isaiah 51:17; Jeremiah 31:33; John 14:21-24

Verse 2
For length of days, and long life, and peace, shall they add to thee.
length
16; 4:10; 9:11; Job 5:26; Psalms 34:11-14; 91:16; 128:6; Ephesians 6:1-3; 1 Timothy 4:8
long life
Heb. years of life.
Psalms 21:4
and peace
17; Psalms 119:165; Isaiah 32:17; 57:19-21; Romans 5:1; 14:17; 15:13

Verse 3
Let not mercy and truth forsake thee: bind them about thy neck; write them upon the table of thine heart:
mercy
16:6; 20:28; 2 Samuel 15:20; Psalms 25:10; Hosea 4:1; Micah 7:18-20; Malachi 2:6; Matthew 23:23; Ephesians 5:1,2,9
bind
6:21; 7:3; Exodus 13:9; Deuteronomy 6:8; 11:18-21; Psalms 119:11
write
Jeremiah 17:1; 2 Corinthians 3:3; Hebrews 10:16

Verse 4
So shalt thou find favour and good understanding in the sight of God and man.
shalt
Genesis 39:2-4,21; 1 Samuel 2:26; Psalms 111:10; Daniel 1:9; Luke 2:52; Acts 2:47; Romans 14:18
good understanding
or, good success.
Joshua 1:7,8; *marg:; Psalms 111:10

Verse 5
Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding.
Trust
22:19; Job 13:15; Psalms 37:3,5,7; 62:8; 115:9-11; 125:1; 146:3-5; Isaiah 12:2; 26:3,4; Jeremiah 17:7,8; Ephesians 1:12
and
7; 23:4; 28:26; Jeremiah 9:23; 10:23; Romans 12:16; 1 Corinthians 3:18-20; 8:1,2

Verse 6
In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths.
In
16:3; 23:17; 1 Samuel 4:11,12; 30:8; 1 Chronicles 28:9; Ezra 7:27; 8:22,23; Nehemiah 1:11; 2:4; 1 Corinthians 10:31; 2 Corinthians 8:16; Philippians 4:6; Colossians 3:17,23
and
16:9; Psalms 25:8,9; 32:8; Isaiah 30:21; 48:17; Jeremiah 10:23; James 1:5

Verse 7
Be not wise in thine own eyes: fear the LORD, and depart from evil.
Be
26:12; Isaiah 5:21; Romans 11:25; 12:16
fear
14:27; 16:6; Nehemiah 5:15; Job 1:1; 28:28; Psalms 34:11-14; Ecclesiastes 12:13

Verse 8
It shall be health to thy navel, and marrow to thy bones.
shall
4:22; 16:24; Psalms 147:3; Isaiah 1:6; Jeremiah 30:12,13
health
Heb. medicine. thy.
Ezekiel 16:4,5
marrow
Heb. watering, or moistening.
Job 21:24

Verse 9
Honour the LORD with thy substance, and with the firstfruits of all thine increase:
14:31; Genesis 14:18-21; 28:22; Exodus 22:29; 23:19; 34:26; 35:20-29; Numbers 7:2-89; 31:50-54; Deuteronomy 26:2-15; Haggai 1:4-9; Malachi 3:8,9; Mark 14:7,8,10-21; Luke 14:13,14; 1 Corinthians 16:2; 2 Corinthians 8:2,3,8,9; Philippians 4:17,18; 1 John 3:17,18

Verse 10
So shall thy barns be filled with plenty, and thy presses shall burst out with new wine.
11:24,25; 19:17; 22:9; Leviticus 26:2-5; Deuteronomy 28:8; Ecclesiastes 11:1,2; Haggai 2:19; Malachi 3:10,11; Matthew 10:42; 2 Corinthians 9:6-11

Verse 11
My son, despise not the chastening of the LORD; neither be weary of his correction:
My
Job 5:17; Psalms 94:12; 1 Corinthians 11:32; Hebrews 12:5,6; Revelation 3:19
neither
24:10; Job 4:5; Isaiah 40:30,31; 2 Corinthians 4:1,16,17; Hebrews 12:3,7-12

Verse 12
For whom the LORD loveth he correcteth; even as a father the son in whom he delighteth.
29:17; Deuteronomy 8:5; Psalms 103:13

Verse 13
Happy is the man that findeth wisdom, and the man that getteth understanding.
is the
4:5-9; 8:32-35; 1 Kings 10:1-9,23,24; Ecclesiastes 9:15-18
getteth
Heb. draweth out.
2:4; 18:1

Verse 14
For the merchandise of it is better than the merchandise of silver, and the gain thereof than fine gold.
2:4; 8:10,11,19; 16:16; 2 Chronicles 1:11,12; Job 28:13-19; Psalms 119:72,111,162; Matthew 16:26; Philippians 3:8,9; Revelation 3:18

Verse 15
She is more precious than rubies: and all the things thou canst desire are not to be compared unto her.
more
8:11; 20:15; 31:10; Matthew 13:44-46
all
Psalms 63:3; 73:25,26; Romans 8:18

Verse 16
Length of days is in her right hand; and in her left hand riches and honour.
Length
2; 4:10; Psalms 21:4; 71:9; 1 Timothy 4:8
and
4:6-9; 8:18-21; 1 Kings 3:13; Mark 10:30; 1 Corinthians 3:21-23; 2 Corinthians 6:10

Verse 17
Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace.
ways of
2:10; 22:18; Psalms 19:10,11; 63:3-5; 112:1; 119:14,47,103,174; Matthew 11:28-30
all
Psalms 25:10; 37:11; 119:165; Isaiah 26:3; 57:19; Luke 1:79; Romans 5:1; Philippians 4:8,9

Verse 18
She is a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her: and happy is every one that retaineth her.
11:30; 13:12; Genesis 2:9; 3:22; Revelation 22:2

Verse 19
The LORD by wisdom hath founded the earth; by understanding hath he established the heavens.
Lord
8:27-29; Psalms 104:24; 136:5; Jeremiah 10:12; 51:15; John 1:3
established
or, prepared.

Verse 20
By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.
the depths
Genesis 1:9; 7:11; Job 38:8-11; Psalms 104:8,9
the clouds
Genesis 27:28,37-39; Deuteronomy 33:28; Job 36:27,28; 38:26-28; Psalms 65:9-12; Jeremiah 14:22; Joel 2:23

Verse 21
My son, let not them depart from thine eyes: keep sound wisdom and discretion:
let
1-3; Deuteronomy 4:9; 6:6-9; Joshua 1:8; John 8:31; 15:6,7; Hebrews 2:1-3; 1 John 2:24,27
keep
2:7; Deuteronomy 32:46,47

Verse 22
So shall they be life unto thy soul, and grace to thy neck.
life
4:22; Isaiah 38:16; John 12:49,50
grace
1:9

Verse 23
Then shalt thou walk in thy way safely, and thy foot shall not stumble.
2:8; 4:12; 10:9; Psalms 37:23,24,31; 91:11; 121:3,8; Zechariah 10:12

Verse 24
When thou liest down, thou shalt not be afraid: yea, thou shalt lie down, and thy sleep shall be sweet.
liest
6:22; Leviticus 26:6; Psalms 3:5; 4:8; 121:4-7; Ezekiel 34:15
and
Psalms 127:2; Jeremiah 31:26; Acts 12:6; 1 Thessalonians 4:13,14

Verse 25
Be not afraid of sudden fear, neither of the desolation of the wicked, when it cometh.
Be
Job 5:21,22; 11:13-15; Psalms 27:1,2; 46:1-3; 91:5; 112:7; Isaiah 8:12,13; Isaiah 41:10-14; Daniel 3:17,18; Matthew 8:24-26; 24:6; Mark 4:40; Luke 21:9; John 14:1; 1 Peter 3:14
neither
1:27; Psalms 73:19; Matthew 24:15; Luke 21:18-28

Verse 26
For the LORD shall be thy confidence, and shall keep thy foot from being taken.
Lord
14:26; Psalms 91:3,9,10; Habakkuk 3:17,18
shall keep
1 Samuel 2:9

Verse 27
Withhold not good from them to whom it is due, when it is in the power of thine hand to do it.
Withhold
Romans 13:7; Galatians 6:10; Titus 2:14; James 2:15,16; 5:4
them to whom it is due
Heb. the owners thereof. in the.
Genesis 31:29; Micah 2:1

Verse 28
Say not unto thy neighbour, Go, and come again, and to morrow I will give; when thou hast it by thee.
27:1; Leviticus 19:13; Deuteronomy 24:12-15; Ecclesiastes 9:10; 11:6; 2 Corinthians 8:11; 9:3; 1 Timothy 6:18

Verse 29
Devise not evil against thy neighbour, seeing he dwelleth securely by thee.
Devise not evil
or, Practise no evil.
6:14,18; 16:29,30; Psalms 35:20; 55:20; 59:3; Jeremiah 18:18-20; Micah 2:1,2

Verse 30
Strive not with a man without cause, if he have done thee no harm.
17:14; 18:6; 25:8,9; 29:22; Matthew 5:39-41; Romans 12:18-21; 1 Corinthians 6:6-8; 2 Timothy 2:24

Verse 31
Envy thou not the oppressor, and choose none of his ways.
Envy
23:17; 24:1,19,20; Psalms 37:1,7-9; 73:3; Galatians 5:21
the oppressor
Heb. a man of violence.
Ecclesiastes 5:8
choose
1:15-18; 2:12-15; 12:12; 22:22-25

Verse 32
For the froward is abomination to the LORD: but his secret is with the righteous.
the froward
6:6-19; 8:13; 11:20; 17:15; Psalms 18:26; Luke 16:15
his
14:10; Psalms 25:14; Matthew 11:25; 13:11; John 14:21-24; 15:15; Revelation 2:17

Verse 33
The curse of the LORD is in the house of the wicked: but he blesseth the habitation of the just.
curse
21:12; Leviticus 26:14-46; Deuteronomy 7:26; 28:15-68; 29:19-29; Joshua 6:18; 7:13; Psalms 37:22; Zechariah 5:3,4; Malachi 2:2
he blesseth
Deuteronomy 28:2-14; 2 Samuel 6:11; Job 8:6,7; Psalms 1:3; 91:10

Verse 34
Surely he scorneth the scorners: but he giveth grace unto the lowly.
he scorneth
9:7,8,12; 19:29; 21:24; Psalms 138:6
he giveth
Isaiah 57:15; James 4:6; 1 Peter 5:5

Verse 35
The wise shall inherit glory: but shame shall be the promotion of fools.
wise
4:8; 1 Samuel 2:30; Psalms 73:24
but
13:8; Psalms 132:18; Isaiah 65:13-15; Daniel 12:2,3
shall be the promotion of fools
Heb. exalteth the fools.

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 3:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-3.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, July 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
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