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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 4

 

 

Introduction
1Solomon persuades to wisdom,
14and to shun wickedness.
20He exhorts to sanctification.

Verse 1
Hear, ye children, the instruction of a father, and attend to know understanding.
ye
1:8; 6:20-23; Psalms 34:11; 1 Thessalonians 2:11,12
attend
2:1-5; 5:1; 7:4; 8:32-36; 19:20; 22:17; Hebrews 2:1

Verse 2
For I give you good doctrine, forsake ye not my law.
good
8:6-9; 22:20,21; Deuteronomy 32:2; Job 33:3; Psalms 49:1-3; John 7:16,17; 1 Timothy 4:6; Titus 1:9
forsake
1 Chronicles 28:9; 2 Chronicles 7:19; Psalms 89:30-32

Verse 3
For I was my father's son, tender and only beloved in the sight of my mother.
2 Samuel 12:24,25; 1 Kings 1:13-17; 1 Chronicles 3:5; 22:5; 29:1; Jeremiah 10:23; Romans 12:16

Verse 4
He taught me also, and said unto me, Let thine heart retain my words: keep my commandments, and live.
He
22:6; Genesis 18:19; 1 Chronicles 22:11-16; 28:9; Ephesians 6:4; 2 Timothy 1:5; 3:15
Let
3:1; Deuteronomy 4:9; 6:6; Psalms 119:11
keep
7:2; Leviticus 18:3-5; Isaiah 55:3; John 12:50; Hebrews 5:9

Verse 5
Get wisdom, get understanding: forget it not; neither decline from the words of my mouth.
Get wisdom
1:22,23; 2:2-4; 3:13-18; 8:5; 17:16; 18:1; 19:8; 23:23; James 1:5
neither
2 Chronicles 34:2; Job 23:11; Psalms 44:18; 119:51,157

Verse 6
Forsake her not, and she shall preserve thee: love her, and she shall keep thee.
love
21,22; 2:10-12; Ephesians 3:17; 2 Thessalonians 2:10

Verse 7
Wisdom is the principal thing; therefore get wisdom: and with all thy getting get understanding.
Wisdom is
Ecclesiastes 7:12; 9:16-18; Matthew 13:44-46; Luke 10:42; Philippians 3:8
with
16:16; 21:6; Psalms 49:16-20; Ecclesiastes 2:4-9; 4:8; Mark 8:36,37; Luke 12:20
get understanding
Psalms 119:104

Verse 8
Exalt her, and she shall promote thee: she shall bring thee to honour, when thou dost embrace her.
3:35; 22:4; 1 Samuel 2:30; 1 Kings 3:5-13; Daniel 12:3

Verse 9
She shall give to thine head an ornament of grace: a crown of glory shall she deliver to thee.
give
1:9; 3:22; 1 Timothy 2:9,10; 1 Peter 3:4
a crown, etc
or, she shall compass thee with a crown of glory.
16:31; Isaiah 28:5; Hebrews 2:7-9; 1 Peter 5:4; Revelation 3:21

Verse 10
Hear, O my son, and receive my sayings; and the years of thy life shall be many.
my
8:10; 19:20; Job 22:22; Jeremiah 9:20; John 3:32,33; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; 1 Timothy 1:15
the
3:2,16; Deuteronomy 5:16; 6:2

Verse 11
I have taught thee in the way of wisdom; I have led thee in right paths.
taught
4; Deuteronomy 4:5; 1 Samuel 12:24; Ecclesiastes 12:9
led
8:6,9,20; Psalms 23:3; 25:4,5; Acts 13:10

Verse 12
When thou goest, thy steps shall not be straitened; and when thou runnest, thou shalt not stumble.
thou goest
6:22; 2 Samuel 22:37; Job 18:7,8; Psalms 18:36
thou shalt
19; 3:23; Psalms 91:11,12; 119:165; Jeremiah 31:9; John 11:9,10; Romans 9:32,33; 1 Peter 2:8; 1 John 2:10,11

Verse 13
Take fast hold of instruction; let her not go: keep her; for she is thy life.
Take
3:18; 23:23; Acts 2:42; 11:23; 1 Thessalonians 5:21; Hebrews 2:1; Revelation 2:13; 12:11
let
Genesis 32:26; Song of Solomon 3:4; Luke 24:27-29; John 4:39-42
she
3:22; Deuteronomy 32:47; Ecclesiastes 7:12; John 6:68

Verse 14
Enter not into the path of the wicked, and go not in the way of evil men.
1:10,15; 2:11,12; 9:6; 13:20; Psalms 1:1; 26:4,5; 1 Corinthians 15:33

Verse 15
Avoid it, pass not by it, turn from it, and pass away.
5:8; 6:5; Exodus 23:7; Job 11:14; 22:23; Isaiah 33:15; Ephesians 5:11; 1 Thessalonians 5:22

Verse 16
For they sleep not, except they have done mischief; and their sleep is taken away, unless they cause some to fall.
1:16; Psalms 36:4; Isaiah 57:20; Micah 2:1; Luke 22:66; John 18:28; 2 Peter 2:14

Verse 17
For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.
9:17; 20:17; Job 24:5,6; Psalms 14:4; Jeremiah 5:26-28; Ezekiel 22:25-29; Amos 8:4-6; Micah 3:5; 6:12; Zephaniah 3:3; Matthew 23:14; James 5:4,5

Verse 18
But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
2 Samuel 23:4; Job 11:17; 23:10; Psalms 84:7; Hosea 6:3; Zechariah 14:6,7; Matthew 5:14,16,45; John 8:12; 2 Corinthians 3:18; Philippians 2:15; 2 Peter 1:19; 3:18; Revelation 21:23; 22:5

Verse 19
The way of the wicked is as darkness: they know not at what they stumble.
1 Samuel 2:9; Job 5:14; 12:25; 18:5,6,18; Isaiah 59:9,10; Jeremiah 13:16; 23:12; Matthew 7:23; 15:14; John 12:35; 1 John 2:11

Verse 20
My son, attend to my words; incline thine ear unto my sayings.
5:1; 6:20,21; 7:1; Psalms 78:1; 90:12; Isaiah 55:3; Matthew 17:5

Verse 21
Let them not depart from thine eyes; keep them in the midst of thine heart.
depart
3:3,21
in the
2:1; Psalms 40:8; *marg:

Verse 22
For they are life unto those that find them, and health to all their flesh.
life
4,10
health
Heb. medicine.
3:8; *marg:; 12:18; Jeremiah 33:6

Verse 23
Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life.
Keep
22:5; 23:19; 28:26; Deuteronomy 4:9; Psalms 139:23,24; Jeremiah 17:9; Mark 14:38; Hebrews 12:15
with all diligence
Heb. above all keeping.
7; 3:21; 11:16; 13:3; Ecclesiastes 5:13
for
Matthew 12:35; 15:19; Mark 7:21-23; James 1:14,15

Verse 24
Put away from thee a froward mouth, and perverse lips put far from thee.
Put
Job 11:14; Ezekiel 18:31; Ephesians 4:25-31; Colossians 3:8; James 1:21,26; 1 Peter 2:1
a, etc
Heb. frowardness of mouth, and perverseness of lips.
8:8,13; 17:20; 1 Timothy 6:5

Verse 25
Let thine eyes look right on, and let thine eyelids look straight before thee.
23:5,33; Job 31:1; Psalms 119:37; Matthew 6:22

Verse 26
Ponder the path of thy feet, and let all thy ways be established.
Ponder
5:6; Psalms 119:59; Ezekiel 18:28; Haggai 1:5,7; Ephesians 5:15,17
let all thy ways be established
or, all thy ways shall be ordered aright.
Psalms 37:23; 40:2; 1 Thessalonians 3:13; 2 Thessalonians 3:3; 1 Peter 5:10

Verse 27
Turn not to the right hand nor to the left: remove thy foot from evil.
Turn
Deuteronomy 5:32; 12:32; 28:14; Joshua 1:7
remove
16:17; Isaiah 1:16; Romans 12:9

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 4:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-4.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, December 7th, 2019
the First Week of Advent
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