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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 7

 

 

Introduction
1Solomon persuades to a sincere and kind familiarity with wisdom.
6In an example of his own experience, he shews,
10the cunning of a harlot;
22and the desperate simplicity of a young wanton.
24He dehorteth from such wickedness.

Verse 1
My son, keep my words, and lay up my commandments with thee.
My son
1:8; 3:1
keep
Luke 8:15; 11:28; John 14:23; 15:20; Revelation 1:3; 22:9
lay
2:1-7; 10:14; Deuteronomy 11:28; Job 22:22

Verse 2
Keep my commandments, and live; and my law as the apple of thine eye.
Keep
4:13; Leviticus 18:5; Isaiah 55:3; John 12:49,50; 14:21; 15:14; 1 John 2:3,4; 1 John 5:1-3; Revelation 22:14
as the
As the pupil of the eye, the hole or the opening of the uveous coat, or iris, through which the rays of light pass, and falling upon the retina, there depict every object in its natural colour, as upon a piece of white paper. Now the pupil of the eye being essentially necessary to sight, and easily injured, it is not only, in common with the other parts, deeply entrenched in the skull, ramparted with the forehead and cheek bones, defended by the eyebrows, eyelids, and eyelashes, and placed so as to be best protected by the hands, but, by a wonderful mechanism, is contracted or dilated by the muscular power of the iris, without which an excess of light would cause instant blindness.
Deuteronomy 32:10; Psalms 17:8; Zechariah 2:8

Verse 3
Bind them upon thy fingers, write them upon the table of thine heart.
3:3; 6:21; Deuteronomy 6:8,9; 11:18-20; Isaiah 30:8; Jeremiah 17:1; 31:33; 2 Corinthians 3:3

Verse 4
Say unto wisdom, Thou art my sister; and call understanding thy kinswoman:
Say
2:2-4; 4:6-8
Thou
Job 17:14; Song of Solomon 8:1; Matthew 12:49,50; Luke 11:27,28

Verse 5
That they may keep thee from the strange woman, from the stranger which flattereth with her words.
2:16; 5:3; 6:24

Verse 6
For at the window of my house I looked through my casement,
at the
Genesis 26:8; 2 Samuel 6:16
casement
Eshnav, rather a lattice, so called from the Arabic shanaba, " to be cool," because of its use in keeping the apartments cool.

Verse 7
And beheld among the simple ones, I discerned among the youths, a young man void of understanding,
the simple
1:4,22,32; 8:5; 14:15,18; 19:25; 22:3; 27:12; Psalms 19:7; 119:130; Romans 16:18,19
the youths
Heb. the sons. void.
6:32; 9:4,16; 10:13; 12:11; 19:2; 24:30; Jeremiah 4:22; Matthew 15:16

Verse 8
Passing through the street near her corner; and he went the way to her house,
4:14,15; 5:8; Judges 16:1; 2 Samuel 11:2,3; 1 Corinthians 6:18; 2 Timothy 2:22; Jude 1:23

Verse 9
In the twilight, in the evening , in the black and dark night:
the twilight
Genesis 39:11; Job 24:13-15; Romans 13:12-14; Ephesians 5:11
evening
Heb. evening of the day.
Exodus 12:6; *marg:

Verse 10
And, behold, there met him a woman with the attire of an harlot, and subtil of heart.
the attire
Genesis 38:14,15; 2 Kings 9:22,30; Isaiah 3:16-24; 23:16; Jeremiah 4:30; 1 Timothy 2:9; Revelation 17:3-5
subtil
Genesis 3:1; 2 Corinthians 11:2,3

Verse 11
(She is loud and stubborn; her feet abide not in her house:
loud
9:13; 25:24; 27:14,15; 31:10-31
her feet
Genesis 18:9; 1 Timothy 5:13,14; Titus 2:5

Verse 12
Now is she without, now in the streets, and lieth in wait at every corner.)
9:14; 23:28; Jeremiah 2:20,33,36; 3:2; Ezekiel 16:24,25,31; Revelation 18:3,23

Verse 13
So she caught him, and kissed him, and with an impudent face said unto him,
she
Genesis 39:7,12; Numbers 25:1,6-8; 31:16; Ezekiel 16:33; Revelation 2:20
with an impudent face said
Heb. she strengthened her face and said.
Isaiah 50:7; Ezekiel 2:4,6; 3:7-9

Verse 14
I have peace offerings with me; this day have I payed my vows.
I have peace offerings with me
Heb. Peace-offerings are upon me.
15:8; 17:1; 21:27; Leviticus 7:15; Deuteronomy 12:6,7
this
2 Samuel 15:7-9; 1 Kings 21:9,10; John 18:28

Verse 16
I have decked my bed with coverings of tapestry, with carved works, with fine linen of Egypt.
decked
Song of Solomon 1:16; 3:7-10; Revelation 2:22
fine
1 Kings 10:28; Isaiah 19:9; Ezekiel 27:7

Verse 17
I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon.
perfumed
Song of Solomon 3:6; Isaiah 57:7-9
with
Psalms 45:8; Song of Solomon 4:13,14

Verse 19
For the goodman is not at home, he is gone a long journey:
the good-man
Matthew 20:11; 24:43; Luke 12:39
he
Matthew 24:48; Mark 13:34-36; Luke 12:45,46

Verse 20
He hath taken a bag of money with him, and will come home at the day appointed.
with him
Heb. in his hand. the day appointed. or, the new moon.
2 Chronicles 2:4

Verse 21
With her much fair speech she caused him to yield, with the flattering of her lips she forced him.
With her
5; 5:3; Judges 16:15-17; Psalms 12:2
forced
1 Samuel 28:23; 2 Kings 4:8; Luke 14:23; 24:29; Acts 16:15; 2 Corinthians 5:14

Verse 22
He goeth after her straightway, as an ox goeth to the slaughter, or as a fool to the correction of the stocks;
straightway
Heb. suddenly. as an.
Acts 14:13
as a
Dr. Grey, making a slight alteration in the text, renders, "as a dog to the chain, and as a deer, till a dart strike through his liver;" and Dr. Hunt, "Or as a hart boundeth into the toils, till a dart strike through his liver." The LXX., Chaldee, Syriac, and Arabic, concur in this interpretation. The circumstance of the dart, as applied to the deer, is beautiful and proper, which otherwise we are at a loss to dispose of; and this creature, of all others, was the most proper to be noticed on this occasion; for the usual representation which the Egyptians made of a man overthrown by flattery and fair speeches was the picture of a heart captivated and ensnared by the sound of music.
the correction
Job 13:27; Jeremiah 20:2; Acts 16:24

Verse 23
Till a dart strike through his liver; as a bird hasteth to the snare, and knoweth not that it is for his life.
a dart
Numbers 25:8,9
as a bird
1:17; Ecclesiastes 9:12
knoweth
9:18

Verse 24
Hearken unto me now therefore, O ye children, and attend to the words of my mouth.
O
4:1; 5:7; 8:32,33; 1 Corinthians 4:14,15; Galatians 4:19; 1 John 2:1

Verse 25
Let not thine heart decline to her ways, go not astray in her paths.
thine
4:14,15; 5:8; 6:25; 23:31-33; Matthew 5:28
go
5:23; Psalms 119:176; Isaiah 53:6

Verse 26
For she hath cast down many wounded: yea, many strong men have been slain by her.
6:33; Judges 16:21; 2 Samuel 3:6-8,27; 12:9-11; 1 Kings 11:1,2; Nehemiah 13:26; 1 Corinthians 10:8; 2 Corinthians 12:21; 1 Peter 2:11

Verse 27
Her house is the way to hell, going down to the chambers of death.
2:18,19; 5:5; 9:18; Ecclesiastes 7:26

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 7:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-7.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, November 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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