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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Revelation 18

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1Babylon is fallen.
4People commanded to depart out of her.
9The kings of the earth, with the merchants and mariners, lament over her.
20The saints rejoice for the judgments of God upon her.

Verse 1
And after these things I saw another angel come down from heaven, having great power; and the earth was lightened with his glory.
I saw
17:1
and the
21:23; Isaiah 60:1-3; Ezekiel 43:2; Luke 17:24; 2 Thessalonians 2:8

Verse 2
And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird.
cried
1:15; 5:2; 10:3; 14:15; Jeremiah 25:30; Joel 3:16
Babylon
10,21; 14:8; 16:19; 17:5,18; Isaiah 13:19; 21:9; Jeremiah 51:8,60-64
become
Leviticus 11:13-19; Isaiah 13:20-22; 14:23; 21:8; 34:11-15; Jeremiah 50:39,40; Jeremiah 51:37; Mark 5:3-5; Luke 8:27,28

Verse 3
For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies.
all
9; 14:8; 17:2; Jeremiah 51:7
the merchants
11-17,23; Isaiah 47:15; 2 Peter 2:1-3
abundance
or, power.
Proverbs 23:1-3
her delicacies
Jeremiah 51:34; Lamentations 4:5; Luke 7:25

Verse 4
And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.
Come
Genesis 19:12,13; Numbers 16:26,27; Isaiah 48:20; 52:11; Jeremiah 50:8; 51:6,45,50; Matthew 24:15,16; 2 Corinthians 6:17
partakers
Psalms 50:18; Matthew 23:30; 1 Timothy 5:22; 2 John 1:11

Verse 5
For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities.
reached
Genesis 18:20,21; 2 Chronicles 28:9; Ezra 9:6; Jeremiah 51:9; Jonah 1:2
and
16:19

Verse 6
Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works: in the cup which she hath filled fill to her double.
Reward
13:10; 16:5,6; Exodus 21:23-25; Psalms 137:8; Jeremiah 50:15,29; 51:24,49; 2 Timothy 4:14
double unto
Isaiah 40:2; 61:7; Jeremiah 16:18; 17:18; Zechariah 9:12
the cup
14:10; 16:19; 17:2,4

Verse 7
How much she hath glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow.
much she
Isaiah 22:12-14; 47:1,2,7-9; Ezekiel 28:2-10; Zephaniah 2:15; 2 Thessalonians 2:4-8
I sit
Psalms 45:9; Jeremiah 13:18
no widow
Isaiah 47:7,8; Lamentations 1:1

Verse 8
Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong is the Lord God who judgeth her.
shall her
10,17,19; Isaiah 47:9-11; Jeremiah 51:6
and she
9; 17:18; 19:3; Jeremiah 51:58
for
11:17; Job 9:19; Psalms 62:11; Isaiah 27:1; Jeremiah 50:31,34; 1 Corinthians 10:22

Verse 9
And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived deliciously with her, shall bewail her, and lament for her, when they shall see the smoke of her burning,
the kings
3,7; 17:2,12,13
shall bewail
20; Psalms 58:10; Jeremiah 50:46; Ezekiel 26:16,17; 32:9,10; Daniel 4:14; Zechariah 11:2,3
the smoke
18; 14:11; 19:3; Genesis 19:28; Deuteronomy 29:23; Isaiah 13:19; 30:33; 34:9,10; Jeremiah 50:40

Verse 10
Standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour is thy judgment come.
afar
Numbers 16:34
Alas
16,19; Jeremiah 30:7; Joel 1:15; Amos 5:16
that great
14:8; Isaiah 21:9
for
8,17,19; Jeremiah 51:8,9

Verse 11
And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more:
the merchants
3,9,15,20,23; 13:16,17; Isaiah 23:1-15; 47:15; Ezekiel 26:17-21; 27:27-36; Zephaniah 1:11,18
buyeth
Proverbs 3:14; Matthew 22:5; John 2:16; 2 Peter 2:3

Verse 12
The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble,
merchandise
17:4; 1 Kings 10:11,12; Proverbs 8:10,11; Ezekiel 27:5-25
thyine
or, sweet.
1 Kings 10:11; 2 Chronicles 2:8

Verse 13
And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.
cinnamon
1 Kings 10:10,15,25; 2 Chronicles 9:9; Proverbs 7:17; Song of Solomon 1:3; 4:13,14; 5:5; Amos 6:6; John 12:3-8
slaves
or, bodies.
Exodus 21:16; Deuteronomy 24:7; 28:68; Nehemiah 5:4,5,8; Isaiah 50:1; Ezekiel 27:13; Amos 2:6; Amos 8:6; 1 Timothy 1:10
and souls
2 Peter 2:3

Verse 14
And the fruits that thy soul lusted after are departed from thee, and all things which were dainty and goodly are departed from thee, and thou shalt find them no more at all.
thy soul
Numbers 11:4,34; Psalms 78:18; 106:14; 1 Corinthians 10:6; James 4:2; 1 John 2:16,17
departed
Luke 12:20; 16:25

Verse 15
The merchants of these things, which were made rich by her, shall stand afar off for the fear of her torment, weeping and wailing,
which
3,11; Hosea 12:7,8; Zechariah 11:5; Mark 11:17; Acts 16:19; 19:24-27
shall
11; Judges 18:23,24; Ezekiel 27:31; Amos 5:16,17

Verse 16
And saying, Alas, alas, that great city, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls!
Alas
10,11; 17:4; Luke 16:19-31

Verse 17
For in one hour so great riches is come to nought. And every shipmaster, and all the company in ships, and sailors, and as many as trade by sea, stood afar off,
in one
10; Isaiah 47:9; Jeremiah 51:8; Lamentations 4:6
And every
11; Isaiah 23:14; Ezekiel 27:27-36; Jonah 1:6

Verse 18
And cried when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What city is like unto this great city!
when
9
What
10; 13:4; Isaiah 23:8,9; Jeremiah 51:37; Ezekiel 27:30-32

Verse 19
And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas, that great city, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate.
they cast
Joshua 7:6; 1 Samuel 4:12; 2 Samuel 13:19; Nehemiah 9:1; Job 2:12; Ezekiel 27:30
weeping
10,15,16
for
8

Verse 20
Rejoice over her, thou heaven, and ye holy apostles and prophets; for God hath avenged you on her.
Rejoice
19:1-3; Judges 5:31; Psalms 48:11; 58:10; 96:11-13; 107:42; 109:28; Proverbs 11:10; Isaiah 44:23; 49:13; Jeremiah 51:47,48
and ye
Ephesians 2:20; 3:5; 4:11; 2 Peter 3:2; Jude 1:17
God
6:10; 19:2; Deuteronomy 32:42; Psalms 18:47; 94:1; Isaiah 26:21; Luke 11:49,50; 18:7,8

Verse 21
And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all.
a mighty
Thus
Exodus 15:5; Nehemiah 9:11; Jeremiah 51:63,64
and shall
22; 12:8; 16:20; 20:11; Job 20:8; Psalms 37:36; Ezekiel 26:21; Daniel 11:19

Verse 22
And the voice of harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, and trumpeters, shall be heard no more at all in thee; and no craftsman, of whatsoever craft he be, shall be found any more in thee; and the sound of a millstone shall be heard no more at all in thee;
the voice
Isaiah 24:8,9; Jeremiah 7:34; 16:9; 25:10; 33:11; Ezekiel 26:13

Verse 23
And the light of a candle shall shine no more at all in thee; and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee: for thy merchants were the great men of the earth; for by thy sorceries were all nations deceived.
the light
22:5; Job 21:17; Proverbs 4:18,19; 24:20
the voice
22
thy merchants
3,11-19; Isaiah 23:8; Ezekiel 27:24,25,33,34
for
3,9; 12:9; 13:13-16; 17:2,5; 21:8; 22:15; 2 Kings 9:22; Isaiah 47:9; Nahum 3:4; Acts 8:11

Verse 24
And in her was found the blood of prophets, and of saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth.
in her
11:7; 16:6; 17:6; 19:2; Jeremiah 2:34; Ezekiel 22:9,12,27; Daniel 7:21; Matthew 23:27; Luke 11:47-51; Acts 7:52; 1 Thessalonians 2:15
were
Jeremiah 51:49

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 18:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-18.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, December 11th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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