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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Romans 14

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1Men may not contemn nor condemn one another for things indifferent;
13but take heed that they give no offence in them;
15which the apostle proves unlawful by many reasons.

Verse 1
Him that is weak in the faith receive ye, but not to doubtful disputations.
weak
21; 4:19; 15:1,7; Job 4:3; Isaiah 35:3,4; 40:11; 42:3; Ezekiel 34:4,16; Zechariah 11:16; Matthew 12:20; 14:31; 18:6,10; Luke 17:2; 1 Corinthians 3:1,2; 8:7-13; 9:22
receive
15:7; Matthew 10:40-42; 18:5; John 13:20; Philippians 2:29; 2 John 1:10; 3 John 1:8-10
doubtful disputations
or, judge his doubtful thoughts.

Verse 2
For one believeth that he may eat all things: another, who is weak, eateth herbs.
that
14; 1 Corinthians 10:25; Galatians 2:12; 1 Timothy 4:4; Titus 1:15; Hebrews 9:10; 13:9
another
22,23
eateth
Genesis 1:29; 9:3; Proverbs 15:17; Daniel 1:12,16

Verse 3
Let not him that eateth despise him that eateth not; and let not him which eateth not judge him that eateth: for God hath received him.
despise
10,15,21; Zechariah 4:10; Matthew 18:10; Luke 18:9; 1 Corinthians 8:11-13
judge
13; Matthew 7:1,2; 9:14; 11:18,19; 1 Corinthians 10:29,30; Colossians 2:16,17
for
Acts 10:34,44; 15:8,9

Verse 4
Who art thou that judgest another man's servant? to his own master he standeth or falleth. Yea, he shall be holden up: for God is able to make him stand.
Who
9:20; Acts 11:17; 1 Corinthians 4:4,5; James 4:11,12
he shall
3; 11:23; 16:25; Deuteronomy 33:27-29; Psalms 17:5; 37:17,24,28; 119:116,117; John 10:28-30; Romans 8:31-39; Hebrews 7:25; 1 Peter 1:5; Jude 1:24
for
Isaiah 40:29

Verse 5
One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind.
esteemeth
Galatians 4:9,10; Colossians 2:16,17
Let
14,23; 1 Corinthians 8:7,11
persuaded
or, assured.
1 John 3:19-21

Verse 6
He that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the Lord; and he that regardeth not the day, to the Lord he doth not regard it. He that eateth, eateth to the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth not, to the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks.
regardeth
or, observeth.
Galatians 4:10
regardeth it
Exodus 12:14,42; 16:25; Isaiah 58:5; Zechariah 7:5,6
for
Matthew 14:19; 15:36; John 6:28; 1 Corinthians 10:30,31; 1 Timothy 4:3-5

Verse 7
For none of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to himself.
9; 1 Corinthians 6:19,20; 2 Corinthians 5:15; Galatians 2:19,20; Philippians 1:20-24; 1 Thessalonians 5:10; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 4:2

Verse 8
For whether we live, we live unto the Lord; and whether we die, we die unto the Lord: whether we live therefore, or die, we are the Lord's.
we die unto
John 21:19; Acts 13:36; 20:24; 21:13; Philippians 2:17,30; 1 Thessalonians 5:10
we live therefore
1 Corinthians 3:22,23; 15:23; 1 Thessalonians 4:14-18; Revelation 14:13

Verse 9
For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living.
Christ
Isaiah 53:10-12; Luke 24:26; 2 Corinthians 5:14; Hebrews 12:2; 1 Peter 1:21; Revelation 1:18
Lord
Matthew 28:18; John 5:22,23,27-29; Acts 10:36,42; Ephesians 1:20-23; Philippians 2:9-11; 2 Timothy 4:1; 1 Peter 4:5

Verse 10
But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.
set
3,4; Luke 23:11; Acts 4:11
for
2:16; Ecclesiastes 12:14; Matthew 25:31,32; John 5:22; Acts 10:42; 17:31; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Jude 1:14,15; Revelation 20:11-15

Verse 11
For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.
As
Numbers 14:21,28; Isaiah 49:18; Jeremiah 22:24; Ezekiel 5:11; Zephaniah 2:9
every knee
Psalms 72:11; Isaiah 45:22-25; Philippians 2:10; Revelation 5:14
confess
10:9; 15:9; Matthew 10:32; 1 John 4:15; 2 John 1:7

Verse 12
So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God.
Ecclesiastes 11:9; Matthew 12:36; 18:23-35; Luke 16:2; Galatians 6:5; 1 Peter 4:5

Verse 13
Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge this rather, that no man put a stumblingblock or an occasion to fall in his brother's way.
judge one
4,10; James 2:4; 4:11
but
Luke 12:57; 1 Corinthians 11:13; 2 Corinthians 5:14
put
9:32,33; 11:9; 16:17; Leviticus 19:14; Isaiah 57:14; Ezekiel 14:3; Matthew 16:23; 18:7; Luke 17:2; 1 Corinthians 8:9-13; 10:32; 2 Corinthians 6:3; Philippians 1:10; Revelation 2:14
or
2 Samuel 12:14; 1 Timothy 5:14; 1 John 2:10

Verse 14
I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that there is nothing unclean of itself: but to him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, to him it is unclean.
and am
Acts 10:28
that there
2,20; 1 Corinthians 10:25; 1 Timothy 4:4; Titus 1:15
unclean
Gr. common.
Acts 10:14,15; 11:8,9
to him it
23; 1 Corinthians 8:7,10

Verse 15
But if thy brother be grieved with thy meat, now walkest thou not charitably. Destroy not him with thy meat, for whom Christ died.
thy brother
Ezekiel 13:22; 1 Corinthians 8:12
now
13:10; 15:2; 1 Corinthians 8:1; 13:1,4,5; Galatians 5:13; Philippians 2:2-4
charitable
Gr. according to charity. Destroy.
1 Corinthians 8:11; 2 Peter 2:1; 1 John 2:2

Verse 16
Let not then your good be evil spoken of:
12:17; 1 Corinthians 10:29,30; 2 Corinthians 8:20,21; 1 Thessalonians 5:22

Verse 17
For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.
kingdom
Daniel 2:44; Matthew 3:2; 6:33; Luke 14:15; 17:20,21; John 3:3,5; 1 Corinthians 4:20; 6:9; 1 Thessalonians 2:12
is
1 Corinthians 8:8; Colossians 2:16,17; Hebrews 13:9
but
Isaiah 45:24; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Daniel 9:24; Matthew 6:33; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Philippians 3:9; 2 Peter 1:1
peace
5:1-5; 8:6,15,16; 15:13; Isaiah 55:12; 61:3; John 16:33; Acts 9:31; 13:52; Galatians 5:22; Philippians 2:1; 3:3; 4:4,7; Colossians 1:11; 1 Thessalonians 1:6; 1 Peter 1:8

Verse 18
For he that in these things serveth Christ is acceptable to God, and approved of men.
in
4; 6:22; 12:11; 16:18; Mark 13:34; John 12:26; 1 Corinthians 7:22; Galatians 6:15,16; Colossians 3:24; Titus 2:11-14
is
12:1,2; Genesis 4:7; Ecclesiastes 9:7; Acts 10:35; 2 Corinthians 8:21; Philippians 4:18; 1 Timothy 2:3; 5:4; 1 Peter 2:5,20
and
2 Corinthians 4:2; 5:11; 6:4; 8:21; 1 Thessalonians 1:3,4; James 2:18-26; 1 Peter 3:16

Verse 19
Let us therefore follow after the things which make for peace, and things wherewith one may edify another.
follow
12:18; Psalms 34:14; 133:1; Matthew 5:9; Mark 9:50; 2 Corinthians 13:11; Ephesians 4:3-7; Philippians 2:1-4; Colossians 3:12-15; Hebrews 12:14; James 3:13-18; 1 Peter 3:11
and
15:2; 1 Corinthians 10:33; 14:12-17,26; Ephesians 4:29; 1 Thessalonians 5:11,12; 1 Timothy 1:4

Verse 20
For meat destroy not the work of God. All things indeed are pure; but it is evil for that man who eateth with offence.
For
15; Matthew 18:6; 1 Corinthians 6:12,13; 8:8,13; 10:31
the work
Ephesians 2:10; Philippians 1:6
All
14; Matthew 15:11; Acts 10:15; 1 Timothy 4:3-5; Titus 1:15
but
15,21; 1 Corinthians 8:9-12; 10:32,33

Verse 21
It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor any thing whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is offended, or is made weak.
good
17; 15:1,2; 1 Corinthians 8:13
whereby
13; Malachi 2:8; Matthew 16:23; 18:7-10; Luke 17:1,2; Philippians 1:10; Hebrews 12:13; Revelation 2:14

Verse 22
Hast thou faith? have it to thyself before God. Happy is he that condemneth not himself in that thing which he alloweth.
thou
2,5,14,23; Galatians 6:1; James 3:13
Happy
7:15,24; Acts 24:16; 2 Corinthians 1:12; 1 John 3:21

Verse 23
And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is sin.
he that
1 Corinthians 8:7
doubteth
or, discerneth and putteth a difference between meats.
damned
Rather, is condemned, [ ()] which is the proper signification of damned, from the Latin damno, to condemn.
13:2; 1 Corinthians 11:29-31
whatsoever
Titus 1:15; Hebrews 11:6

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Romans 14:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/romans-14.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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