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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Romans 7

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1No law hath power over a man longer than he lives.
4But we are dead to the law.
7Yet is not the law sin;
12but holy, just and good;
16as I acknowledge, who am grieved because I cannot keep it.

Verse 1
Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth?
Know
6:3
brethren
9:3; 10:1
them that
2:17,18; Ezra 7:25; Proverbs 6:23; 1 Corinthians 9:8; Galatians 4:21
the law
6; 6:14
a man
Or, person, either man or woman; [ ()] and homo having this extent of signification.

Verse 2
For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to her husband so long as he liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of her husband.
the woman
Rather, a woman. The apostle here illustrates the position laid down in the preceding verse by a familiar instance.
Genesis 2:23,24; Numbers 30:7,8; 1 Corinthians 7:4,39

Verse 3
So then if, while her husband liveth, she be married to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if her husband be dead, she is free from that law; so that she is no adulteress, though she be married to another man.
So then
Exodus 20:14; Leviticus 20:10; Numbers 5:13-31; Deuteronomy 22:22-24; Matthew 5:32; Mark 10:6-12; John 8:3-5
through
Ruth 2:13; 1 Samuel 25:39-42; 1 Timothy 5:11-14

Verse 4
Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God.
ye also
6; 6:14; 8:2; Galatians 2:19,20; 3:13; 5:18; Ephesians 2:15; Colossians 2:14,20
the body
Matthew 26:26; John 6:51; 1 Corinthians 10:16; Hebrews 10:10; 1 Peter 2:24
that ye
Psalms 45:10-15; Isaiah 54:5; 62:5; Hosea 2:19,20; John 3:29; 2 Corinthians 11:2; Ephesians 5:23-27; Revelation 19:7; 21:9
that we
6:22; Psalms 45:16; John 15:8; Galatians 5:22,23; Philippians 1:11; 4:17; Colossians 1:6,10

Verse 5
For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.
in the flesh
8:8,9; John 3:6; Galatians 5:16,17,24; Ephesians 2:3,11; Titus 3:3
motions
Gr. passions.
1:26; *Gr:
which
3:20; 4:15; 5:20; 1 Corinthians 15:56; 2 Corinthians 3:6-9; Galatians 3:10; James 2:9,10; 1 John 3:4
did work
8-13; Matthew 15:19; Galatians 5:19-21; James 1:15
members
23; 6:13,19; Colossians 3:5; James 4:1
bring
6:21

Verse 6
But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter.
But
4; 6:14,15; Galatians 3:13,23-25; 4:4,5
that being dead
or, being dead to that.
1,4; 6:2
serve
1:9; 2:27-29; 6:4,11,19,22; 12:2; Ezekiel 11:19; 36:26; 2 Corinthians 3:6; 5:17; Galatians 2:19,20; 6:15; Philippians 3:3; Colossians 3:10

Verse 7
What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.
What
3:5; 4:1; 6:15
is the law
8,11,13; 1 Corinthians 15:56
I had
5; 3:20; Psalms 19:7-12; 119:96
lust
or, concupiscence.
8; 1 Thessalonians 4:5
Thou shalt
13:9; Genesis 3:6; Exodus 20:17; Deuteronomy 5:21; Joshua 7:21; 2 Samuel 11:2; 1 Kings 21:1-4; Micah 2:2; Matthew 5:28; Luke 12:15; Acts 20:33; Ephesians 5:3; Colossians 3:5; 1 John 2:15,16

Verse 8
But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead.
sin
11,13,17; 4:15; 5:20
wrought
James 1:14,15
For without, etc
Rather, "For without a law sin is dead." Where there is no law, there is no transgression; for sin is the transgression of the law: the very essence of sin consists in the violation of some positive law.
4:15; John 15:22,24; 1 Corinthians 15:56

Verse 9
For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.
For I
Matthew 19:20; Luke 10:25-29; 15:29; 18:9-12,21; Philippians 3:5,6
without
Matthew 5:21-26; 15:4-6; Mark 7:8-13
but
3:19,20; 10:5; Psalms 40:12; Galatians 3:10; James 2:10,11
sin
21-23; 8:7
and I died
4,6; *marg:; 11; 3:20; Galatians 2:19

Verse 10
And the commandment, which was ordained to life, I found to be unto death.
10:5; Leviticus 18:5; Ezekiel 20:11,13,21; Luke 10:27-29; 2 Corinthians 3:7

Verse 11
For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew me.
sin
8,13
deceived
Isaiah 44:20; Jeremiah 17:9; 49:16; Obadiah 1:3; Ephesians 4:22; Hebrews 3:13; James 1:22,26

Verse 12
Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good.
the law
14; 3:31; 12:2; Deuteronomy 4:8; 10:12; Nehemiah 9:13; Psalms 19:7-12; 119:38,86,127,137; Psalms 119:140,172; 1 Timothy 1:8
the commandment

Verse 13
Was then that which is good made death unto me? God forbid. But sin, that it might appear sin, working death in me by that which is good; that sin by the commandment might become exceeding sinful.
then
8:3; Galatians 3:21
But sin
8-11; 5:20; James 1:13-15

Verse 14
For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin.
the law
Leviticus 19:18; Deuteronomy 6:5; Psalms 51:6; Matthew 5:22,28; 22:37-40; Hebrews 4:12
but
18,22,23; Job 42:6; Psalms 119:25; Proverbs 30:2,5; Isaiah 6:5; 64:5,6; Luke 5:8; Luke 7:6; 18:11-14; Ephesians 3:8
carnal
Matthew 16:23; 1 Corinthians 3:1-3
sold
24; Genesis 37:27,36; 40:15; Exodus 21:2-6; 22:3; 1 Kings 21:20,25; 2 Kings 17:17; Isaiah 50:1; 52:3; Amos 2:6; Matthew 18:25

Verse 15
For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I.
For that
14:22; Luke 11:48
allow
or, know.
Psalms 1:6; Nahum 1:7; 2 Timothy 2:19
what
16,19,20; 1 Kings 8:46; Psalms 19:12; 65:3; 119:1-6,32,40; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Galatians 5:17; Philippians 3:12-14; James 3:2; 1 John 1:7,8
what I hate
12:9; Psalms 36:4; 97:10; 101:3; 119:104,113,128,163; Proverbs 8:13; 13:5; Amos 5:15; Hebrews 1:9; Jude 1:23

Verse 16
If then I do that which I would not, I consent unto the law that it is good.
I consent
12,14,22; Psalms 119:127,128

Verse 17
Now then it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me.
it is no more
20; 4:7,8; 2 Corinthians 8:12; Philippians 3:8,9
sin
18,20,23; James 4:5,6

Verse 18
For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not.
that in me
Genesis 6:5; 8:21; Job 14:4; 15:14-16; 25:4; Psalms 51:5; Isaiah 64:6; Matthew 15:19; Mark 7:21-23; Luke 11:13; Ephesians 2:1-5; Titus 3:3; 1 Peter 4:2
in my
5,25; 8:3-13; 13:14; John 3:6; Galatians 5:19-21,24
for to will
15,19,25; Psalms 119:5,32,40,115-117,173,176; Galatians 5:17; Philippians 2:13; 3:12

Verse 20
Now if I do that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me.
it is no

Verse 21
I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is present with me.
a law
23; 6:12,14; 8:2; Psalms 19:13; 119:133; John 8:34; Ephesians 6:11-13; 2 Peter 2:19
evil
2 Chronicles 30:18,19; Psalms 19:12; 40:12; 65:3; 119:37; Isaiah 6:5-7; Zechariah 3:1-4; Luke 4:1; Hebrews 2:17; 4:15

Verse 22
For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:
I delight
8:7; Job 23:12; Psalms 1:2; 19:8-10; 40:8; 119:16,24,35,47,48,72,92; Psalms 119:97-104,111,113,127,167,174; Isaiah 51:7; John 4:34; Hebrews 8:10
inward
2:29; 2 Corinthians 4:16; Ephesians 3:16; Colossians 3:9; 1 Peter 3:4

Verse 23
But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.
another
5,21,25; 8:2; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Galatians 5:17; 1 Timothy 6:11,12; Hebrews 12:4; James 3:2; 4:1; 1 Peter 2:11
member
6:13,19
and
14; Psalms 142:7; 2 Timothy 2:25,26

Verse 24
O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death?
wretched
8:26; 1 Kings 8:38; Psalms 6:6; 32:3,4; 38:2,8-10; 77:3-9; 119:20,81-83,131; Psalms 119:143,176; 130:1-3; Ezekiel 9:4; Matthew 5:4,6; 2 Corinthians 12:7-9; Revelation 21:4
who
Deuteronomy 22:26,27; Psalms 71:11; 72:12; 91:14,15; 102:20; Micah 7:19; Zechariah 9:11,12; Luke 4:18; 2 Corinthians 1:8-10; 2 Timothy 4:18; Titus 2:14; Hebrews 2:15
the body of this
or, this body of.
6:6; 8:13; Psalms 88:5; Colossians 2:11

Verse 25
I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin.
thank God
6:14,17; Psalms 107:15,16; 116:16,17; Isaiah 12:1; 49:9,13; Matthew 1:21; 1 Corinthians 15:57; 2 Corinthians 9:15; 12:9,10; Ephesians 5:20; Philippians 3:3; 4:6; Colossians 3:17; 1 Peter 2:5,9
So then
15-24; Galatians 5:17-24

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Romans 7:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/romans-7.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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