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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Song of Solomon 5

 

 

Introduction
1Christ awakes the church with his calling.
2The church having a taste of Christ's love, is sick of love.
9A description of Christ by his graces.

Verse 1
I am come into my garden, my sister, my spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk: eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly, O beloved.
come
4:16; 6:2,11; 8:13; Isaiah 5:1; 51:3; 58:11; 61:11; John 14:21-23
my sister
4:9-12; 8:1; Hebrews 2:12-14
I have gathered
4:13,14; Psalms 147:11; Isaiah 53:11
eat
Deuteronomy 16:13-17; 26:10-14; 2 Chronicles 31:6-10; Psalms 16:3; Isaiah 23:18; 55:1,2; Isaiah 62:8,9; 65:13; 66:14; Matthew 25:40; Acts 11:29; 2 Corinthians 9:11-15; Ephesians 5:18; 1 Thessalonians 3:8,9
friends
Luke 12:4; 15:6,7,9,10; John 3:29; 15:14,15
yea, drink abundantly, O beloved
or, and be drunken with loves.
Zechariah 9:15-17; Revelation 22:17

Verse 2
I sleep, but my heart waketh: it is the voice of my beloved that knocketh, saying, Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled: for my head is filled with dew, and my locks with the drops of the night.
sleep
3:1; 7:9; Daniel 8:18; Zechariah 4:1; Matthew 25:4,5; 26:40,41; Luke 9:32; Ephesians 5:14
the voice
2:8,10; John 10:4
knocketh
Revelation 3:20
Open
Psalms 24:7-10; 81:10; Proverbs 23:26
my dove
2:14; 6:9; Psalms 119:1; Revelation 3:4; 14:4
my head
8:7; Genesis 29:20; 31:40,41; Isaiah 50:6; 52:14; 53:3-5; Matthew 8:17; 25:35-45; Mark 1:35; Luke 6:12; 22:44; 2 Corinthians 5:14,15; Galatians 2:20

Verse 3
I have put off my coat; how shall I put it on? I have washed my feet; how shall I defile them?
have put
Proverbs 3:28; 13:4; 22:13; Matthew 25:5; 26:38-43; Luke 11:7; Romans 7:22,23
I have washed
As the Orientals only wear sandals, they are obliged to wash their feet previously to their lying down. Hence a Hindoo, if called from his bed, often makes his excuse that he shall daub his feet.

Verse 4
My beloved put in his hand by the hole of the door, and my bowels were moved for him.
put
1:4; Psalms 110:3; Acts 16:14; 2 Corinthians 8:1,2,16; Philippians 2:13
my bowels
Genesis 43:30; 1 Kings 3:26; Isaiah 26:8,9; 1 John 3:16,17
for him
or, (as some read,) in me.

Verse 5
I rose up to open to my beloved; and my hands dropped with myrrh, and my fingers with sweet smelling myrrh, upon the handles of the lock.
rose
2; Luke 12:36; Ephesians 3:17; Revelation 3:20
my hands
13; 3:6; 4:13,14; 2 Corinthians 7:7,9-11
sweet smelling
Heb. passing, or running about.

Verse 6
I opened to my beloved; but my beloved had withdrawn himself, and was gone: my soul failed when he spake: I sought him, but I could not find him; I called him, but he gave me no answer.
but my
Psalms 30:7; Isaiah 8:17; 12:1; 50:2; 54:6-8; Hosea 5:6,15; Matthew 15:22-28; Revelation 3:19
my soul
2,4; Genesis 42:28; 2 Samuel 16:10; Psalms 69:3; 77:3; Isaiah 57:16; Matthew 26:75; Mark 14:72; Luke 22:61,62
I sought
3:1,2; 1 Samuel 28:6; Psalms 22:1,2; 28:1; 80:4; 88:9-14; Isaiah 58:2; Lamentations 3:8; Zechariah 7:13

Verse 7
The watchmen that went about the city found me, they smote me, they wounded me; the keepers of the walls took away my veil from me.
watchmen
3:3; Isaiah 6:10,11; Hosea 9:7,8; Acts 20:29,30; 2 Corinthians 11:13
they smote
Psalms 141:5; Hosea 6:5; John 16:2; Acts 26:9,10; Philippians 3:6; Revelation 17:5,6
the keepers
8:11; Isaiah 62:6; Matthew 21:33-41; 23:2,29-36
took
Luke 6:22; Acts 5:40,41; 1 Corinthians 4:10-13; Hebrews 11:36,37; 12:2; 1 Peter 4:14-16

Verse 8
I charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, if ye find my beloved, that ye tell him, that I am sick of love.
charge
2:7; 8:4
if ye
Romans 15:30; Galatians 6:1,2; James 5:16
that ye
Heb. what ye. I am.
Psalms 42:1-3; 63:1-3; 77:1-3; 119:81-83

Verse 9
What is thy beloved more than another beloved, O thou fairest among women? what is thy beloved more than another beloved, that thou dost so charge us?
What is
Isaiah 53:2; Matthew 16:13-17; 21:10; John 1:14; 2 Corinthians 4:3-6
O thou
1:8; 6:1,9,10; Psalms 45:13; 87:3

Verse 10
My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.
beloved
2:1; Deuteronomy 32:31; Psalms 45:17; Isaiah 66:19; Hebrews 7:26
the chiefest
Heb. a standard bearer.
Isaiah 10:18; 59:19; Romans 9:5; Philippians 2:9-11; Colossians 1:18; Hebrews 2:10

Verse 11
His head is as the most fine gold, his locks are bushy, and black as a raven.
head
Daniel 2:37,38; Ephesians 1:21,22
his locks
7:5; Daniel 7:9; Revelation 1:14
bushy
or, curled.

Verse 12
His eyes are as the eyes of doves by the rivers of waters, washed with milk, and fitly set.
His eyes
Rather, "His eyes are as doves;" the deep blue pigeon, the common dove in the East, whose brilliant plumage vibrates around his neck every sparkling hue, every dazzling flash of colour. And this pigeon standing amid "the torrents of water," or the foam of a waterfall, would be a blue centre with a bright space like the iris of the eye, surrounded by the white.
1:15; 4:1; Hebrews 4:13
fitly set
Heb. sitting in fulness, that is, fitly placed, and set as a precious stone in the foil of a ring.

Verse 13
His cheeks are as a bed of spices, as sweet flowers: his lips like lilies, dropping sweet smelling myrrh.
cheeks
1:10; Isaiah 50:6
as a
Psalms 4:6,7; 27:4; 89:15; Revelation 21:23
sweet flowers
or, towers of perfumes.
3:6
his lips
4:11; Psalms 45:2; Isaiah 50:4; Luke 4:22
dropping

Verse 14
His hands are as gold rings set with the beryl: his belly is as bright ivory overlaid with sapphires.
hands
Exodus 15:6; Psalms 44:4-7; 99:4; Isaiah 9:7; 52:13
his belly
7:2; Exodus 24:10; Isaiah 54:11; Ezekiel 1:26-28

Verse 15
His legs are as pillars of marble, set upon sockets of fine gold: his countenance is as Lebanon, excellent as the cedars.
legs
Revelation 1:15
sockets
Exodus 26:19
his countenance
2:14; Judges 13:6; Matthew 17:2; 28:3; Acts 2:28; Revelation 1:16
as Lebanon
4:11; Psalms 92:12; Hosea 14:7; Zechariah 9:17; 1 Timothy 3:16

Verse 16
His mouth is most sweet: yea, he is altogether lovely. This is my beloved, and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem.
mouth
Heb. palate.
1:2; Psalms 19:10; 119:103; Jeremiah 15:16
most
1:16; 2:1,3; Psalms 45:2; 89:6; 148:13; Isaiah 9:6,7; Philippians 3:8; 1 Peter 2:6,7
my beloved
2:16; 6:3; Galatians 2:20
friend
Jeremiah 3:20; *marg:; Hosea 3:1; James 2:23; 4:4

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Song of Solomon 5:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/song-of-solomon-5.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, December 13th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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