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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Zechariah 11

 

 

Introduction
1The destruction of Jerusalem.
3The elect being cared for, the rest are rejected.
10The staves of Beauty and Bands broken by the rejection of Christ.
15The type and curse of a foolish shepherd.

Verse 1
Open thy doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour thy cedars.
O Lebanon
10:10; Jeremiah 22:6,7,23; Habakkuk 2:8,17; Haggai 1:8
that
14:1,2; Deuteronomy 32:22; Matthew 24:1,2; Luke 19:41-44; 21:23,24

Verse 2
Howl, fir tree; for the cedar is fallen; because the mighty are spoiled: howl, O ye oaks of Bashan; for the forest of the vintage is come down.
Howl
Isaiah 2:12-17; 10:33,34; Ezekiel 31:2,3,17; Amos 6:1; Nahum 3:8-19; Luke 23:31
mighty
or, gallants. for.
Isaiah 32:15-19; Ezekiel 20:46
forest of the vintage
or, defenced forest.

Verse 3
There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for their glory is spoiled: a voice of the roaring of young lions; for the pride of Jordan is spoiled.
a voice
8,15-17; Jeremiah 25:34-36; Joel 1:13; Amos 8:8; Zephaniah 1:10; Matthew 15:14; Matthew 23:13-33; James 5:1-6
for their
1 Samuel 4:21,22; Isaiah 65:15; Jeremiah 7:4,11-14; 26:6; Ezekiel 24:21-25; Hosea 1:9,10; 10:5; Zephaniah 3:11; Matthew 3:7-10; 21:43-45; Acts 6:11-14; 22:21,22; Romans 11:7-12
a voice
Psalms 22:21; Jeremiah 2:30; Ezekiel 19:3-6; Zephaniah 3:3; Matthew 23:31-38; Acts 7:52
for the pride
Jeremiah 49:19; 50:44

Verse 4
Thus saith the LORD my God; Feed the flock of the slaughter;
Lord
14:5; Isaiah 49:4,5; John 20:17; Ephesians 1:3
Feed
7; Isaiah 40:9-11; Ezekiel 34:23,24; Micah 5:4; Matthew 15:24; 23:37; Luke 19:41-44; John 21:15-17; Romans 15:8

Verse 5
Whose possessors slay them, and hold themselves not guilty: and they that sell them say, Blessed be the LORD; for I am rich: and their own shepherds pity them not.
possessors
Jeremiah 23:1,2; Ezekiel 22:25-27; 34:2,3,10; Micah 3:1-3,9-12; Matthew 23:14; John 16:2
hold
Jeremiah 2:3; 50:7
sell
Genesis 37:26-28; 2 Kings 4:1; Nehemiah 5:8; Matthew 21:12,13; 2 Peter 2:3; Revelation 18:13
Blessed
Deuteronomy 29:19-21; Hosea 12:8; 1 Timothy 6:5-10
and their
Ezekiel 34:4,6,18,19,21; John 10:1,12,13

Verse 6
For I will no more pity the inhabitants of the land, saith the LORD: but, lo, I will deliver the men every one into his neighbour's hand, and into the hand of his king: and they shall smite the land, and out of their hand I will not deliver them.
I will no
5; Isaiah 27:11; Ezekiel 8:18; 9:10; Hosea 1:6; Matthew 18:33-35; 22:7; 23:35-38; Luke 19:43,44; 21:22-24; 1 Thessalonians 2:16; Hebrews 10:26-31; James 2:13
deliver
Heb. make to be found.
9,14; 8:10; Isaiah 3:5; 9:19-21; Jeremiah 13:14; Micah 7:2-7; Haggai 2:22; Matthew 10:21,34-36; 24:10; Luke 12:52,53; 21:16,17
into the
Daniel 9:26,27; Matthew 22:7; John 19:15
they shall
Malachi 4:6
and out
Psalms 50:22; Hosea 2:10; Micah 5:8; 6:14; Hebrews 2:3; 10:26,27

Verse 7
And I will feed the flock of slaughter, even you, O poor of the flock. And I took unto me two staves; the one I called Beauty, and the other I called Bands; and I fed the flock.
I will
4,11; 13:8,9
even you, O poor
or, verily the poor.
Isaiah 11:4; 61:1; Jeremiah 5:4,5; Zephaniah 3:12; Matthew 11:5; Mark 12:37; James 2:5
staves
10,14; Leviticus 27:32; 1 Samuel 17:40,43; Psalms 23:4
one
Psalms 133:1-3; Ezekiel 37:16-23; John 17:21-23
Bands
or, Binders.
John 10:16; Ephesians 2:13-16

Verse 8
Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul lothed them, and their soul also abhorred me.
in
Hosea 5:7; Matthew 23:34-36; 24:50,51
and my
Leviticus 26:11,30,44; Deuteronomy 32:19; Psalms 5:5; 78:9; 106:40; Jeremiah 12:8; 14:21; Hosea 9:15; Hebrews 10:38
lothed them
Heb. was straitened for them.
Isaiah 49:7; Luke 12:50; 19:14; John 7:7; 15:18,23-25

Verse 9
Then said I, I will not feed you: that that dieth, let it die; and that that is to be cut off, let it be cut off; and let the rest eat every one the flesh of another.
I will
Jeremiah 23:33,39; Matthew 13:10,11; 21:43; 23:38,39; John 8:21,24; 12:35; Acts 13:46,47; 28:26-28
that that dieth
Psalms 69:22-28; Jeremiah 15:2,3; 43:11; Matthew 15:14; 21:19; Revelation 22:11
and let
Deuteronomy 28:53-56; Isaiah 9:19-21; Jeremiah 19:9; Ezekiel 5:10
another
Heb. his fellow, or, neighbour.

Verse 10
And I took my staff, even Beauty, and cut it asunder, that I might break my covenant which I had made with all the people.
Beauty
7; Psalms 50:2; 90:17; Ezekiel 7:20-22; 24:21; Daniel 9:26; Luke 21:5,6,32; Acts 6:13,14; Romans 9:3-5
that
Numbers 14:34; 1 Samuel 2:30; Psalms 89:39; Jeremiah 14:21; 31:31,32; Ezekiel 16:59-61; Hosea 1:9; Galatians 3:16-18; Hebrews 7:17-22; 8:8-13

Verse 11
And it was broken in that day: and so the poor of the flock that waited upon me knew that it was the word of the LORD.
so, etc
or, the poor of the flock, etc., certainly knew. poor.
7; Psalms 69:33; 72:12-14; Isaiah 14:32; Zephaniah 3:12; Luke 7:22; 19:48; James 2:5,6
that waited
Isaiah 8:17; 26:8,9; 40:31; Lamentations 3:25,26; Micah 7:7; Luke 2:25,38; 23:51; Acts 1:21,22
knew
6; Leviticus 26:38-46; Deuteronomy 28:49-68; 31:21,29; 32:21-42; Luke 24:49-53; Romans 11:7-12; James 5:1-6

Verse 12
And I said unto them, If ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver.
ye think good
Heb. it be good in your eyes.
1 Kings 21:2; 2 Chronicles 30:4; *margins
give
Matthew 26:15; John 13:2,27-30
So
Genesis 37:28; Exodus 21:32; Matthew 26:15; Mark 14:10,11; Luke 22:3-6

Verse 13
And the LORD said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the LORD.
Cast
Isaiah 54:7-10; Matthew 27:3-10,12; Acts 1:18,19
a goodly
Isaiah 53:2,3; Acts 4:11

Verse 14
Then I cut asunder mine other staff, even Bands, that I might break the brotherhood between Judah and Israel.
I cut
9; Isaiah 9:21; 11:13; Ezekiel 37:16-20; Matthew 24:10; Acts 23:7-10; Galatians 5:15; James 3:14,16; 4:1-3
Bands
or, Binders.

Verse 15
And the LORD said unto me, Take unto thee yet the instruments of a foolish shepherd.
a foolish
Isaiah 6:10-12; Jeremiah 2:26,27; Lamentations 2:14; Ezekiel 13:3; Matthew 15:14; 23:17; Luke 11:40

Verse 16
For, lo, I will raise up a shepherd in the land, which shall not visit those that be cut off, neither shall seek the young one, nor heal that that is broken, nor feed that that standeth still: but he shall eat the flesh of the fat, and tear their claws in pieces.
which
Jeremiah 23:2,22; Ezekiel 34:2-6,16; Matthew 23:2-4,13-29; Luke 12:45,46; John 10:12,13
cut off
or, hidden. neither.
Genesis 33:13; 1 Samuel 17:34,35; Isaiah 40:11
feed
or, bear. but.
Genesis 31:38; Ezekiel 34:10,21; John 10:1

Verse 17
Woe to the idol shepherd that leaveth the flock! the sword shall be upon his arm, and upon his right eye: his arm shall be clean dried up, and his right eye shall be utterly darkened.
Woe
Jeremiah 22:1; Ezekiel 13:3; 34:2; Matthew 23:13,16; Luke 11:42-52
idol
Isaiah 9:15; 44:10; Jeremiah 23:32; 1 Corinthians 8:4; 10:19,20
that leaveth
John 10:12,13
the sword
Isaiah 6:9,10; 29:10; 42:19,20; Jeremiah 50:35-37; Hosea 4:5-7; Amos 8:9,10; Micah 3:6,7; John 9:39; 12:40; Romans 11:7
his arm
1 Samuel 2:31; 1 Kings 13:4; Ezekiel 30:22-24

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/zechariah-11.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, December 8th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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