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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Corinthians 6:9

Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor homosexuals,

Adam Clarke Commentary

The unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom - The unrighteous, αδικοι, those who act contrary to right, cannot inherit, for the inheritance is by right. He who is not a child of God has no right to the family inheritance, for that inheritance is for the children. If children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ, Romans 8:17. There are here ten classes of transgressors which the apostle excludes from the kingdom of God; and any man who is guilty of any one of the evils mentioned above is thereby excluded from this kingdom, whether it imply the Church of Christ here below, or the state of glory hereafter.

Several of the evils here enumerated will not bear to be particularly explained; they are, however, sufficiently plain of themselves, and show us what abominations were commonly practised among the Corinthians.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-corinthians-6.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Know ye not … - The apostle introduces the declaration in this verse to show the evil of their course, and especially of the injustice which they did one to another, and their attempt to enforce and maintain the evil by an appeal to the pagan tribunals. He assures them, therefore, that the unjust could not be saved.

The unrighteous - The unjust ἄδικοι adikoi- such as he had just mentioned - they who did injustice to others, and attempted to do it under the sanction of the courts.

Shall not inherit - Shall not possess; shall not enter into. The kingdom of heaven is often represented as an “inheritance;” Matthew 19:29; Matthew 25:34; Mark 10:17; Luke 10:25; Luke 18:18; 1 Corinthians 15:50; Ephesians 1:11, Ephesians 1:14; Ephesians 5:5.

The kingdom of God - Cannot be saved; cannot enter into heaven; see the note at Matthew 3:2. This may refer either to the kingdom of God in heaven; or to the church on earth - most probably the former. But the sense is the same essentially, whichever is meant. The man who is not fit to enter into the one is not fit to enter into the other. The man who is fit to enter the kingdom of God on earth, shall also enter into that in heaven.

Be not deceived - A most important direction to be given to all. It implies:

(1) That they were in danger of being deceived:

(a)Their own hearts might have deceived them.

(b)They might be deceived by their false opinions on these subjects.

(c)They might be in danger of being deceived by their leaders, who perhaps held the opinion that some of the persons who practiced these things could be saved.

(2) it implies, that there was “no necessity” of their being deceived. They might know the truth. They might easily understand these matters. It might be plain to them that those who indulged in these things could not be saved.

(3) it implies that it was of high importance that they should not be deceived. For:

(a)The soul is of infinite value.

(b)To lose heaven - to be disappointed in regard to that, will be a tremendous loss.

(c)To inherit hell and its woes will be a tremendous curse. O how anxious should all be that they he not deceived, and that while they hope for life they do not sink down to everlasting death!

Neither fornicators - See Galatians 5:19-21; Ephesians 5:4-5; Hebrews 12:14; Hebrews 13:4. See the note at Romans 1:29.

Nor effeminate - μαλακοὶ malakoiThis word occurs in Matthew 11:8, and Luke 7:25, where it is applied to clothing, and translated “soft raiment;” that is, the light, thin garments worn by the rich and great. It occurs no where else in the New Testament except here. Applied to morals, as it is here, it denotes those who give themselves up to a soft, luxurious, and indolent way of living; who make self-indulgence the grand object of life; who can endure no hardship, and practice no self-denial in the cause of duty and of God. The word is applied in the classic writers to the Cinaedi, the Pathics, or Catamites; those who are given up to wantonness and sensual pleasures, or who are kept to be prostituted to others. Diog. Laer. Luke 7:5, Luke 7:4. Xenoph. Mem. Luke 3:7. 1. Ovid Fast. 4:342. The connection here seems to demand such an interpretation, as it occurs in the description of vices of the same class - sensual and corrupt indulgences - It is well known that this vice was common among the Greeks - and particularly prevailed at Corinth.

Abusers of themselves with mankind - ἀρσενοκοῖτοι arsenokoitoiPaederastae or Sodomites. Those who indulged in a vice that was common among all the pagan; see the notes at Romans 1:27.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-corinthians-6.html. 1870.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

Or know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with men, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.

A vast proportion of the whole Corinthian population participated in such sins as are catalogued here; and the prevalence of such wickedness throughout the ancient empire resulted in its total destruction, after these debaucheries had run their course; but it was not the destruction of an empire that Paul had in view here; it was the loss of souls. The various actions mentioned in this paragraph are designated as unrighteousness. The people who continue in such wickedness "shall not inherit the kingdom of God."

Fornicators ... is a general term for several kinds of sexual vice. It is here made the head of a shameful list of sins; and, in 1 Corinthians 6:12, Paul returned to a fuller discussion of it.

Idolators ... In context, this referred to the patrons of the temple of Aphrodite atop the Acro Corinthus which dominated the Corinthian scene. As Halley said, "A thousand public prostitutes, kept at public expense, were always ready (in the temple) for immoral indulgence as worship to their goddess!"[14] In such an atmosphere, some of the Corinthians were finding it difficult to adjust to the strict code of Christian morality.

Adulterers ... has special reference to persons not faithful to the marriage vows.

Effeminate ... Macknight wrote that this word is translated from a Greek word meaning "catamite,"[15] the technical word for "a boy used in pederasty."[16] "Those wretches who suffered this abuse were likewise called pathics, and affected the dress and behavior of women."[17] Catamites were the passive partners in sodomy.

Abusers of themselves with men ... were the sodomites. Regarding the passive and active homosexuals referred to in these words, it should be remembered that an apostle of Jesus Christ condemned such persons in the judgment that they shall not inherit the kingdom of God. What is to be thought of churches which not only condone this sin, but in widely publicized cases have actually ordained homosexuals to the ministry? It is the judgment of this writer that churches exhibiting such a total disregard of the New Testament have, in so doing, forfeited all identity with Christianity.

William Barclay's masterful discussion of homosexuality should be read by every Christian. This was the cancer in Greek life that invaded Rome, and brought the vaunted empire to destruction. Fourteen of the first fifteen Roman emperors practiced this vice; others guilty of it were Socrates and Plato. Nero castrated and married a boy called Sporus, which he held as his wife, and at the same time married Pythagoras and called him his husband! Barclay's conclusion may not be denied that:

In this particular vice in the time of the early church, the world was lost to shame; and there can be little doubt that that was one of the main causes of its degeneracy and the final collapse of its civilization.[18]

Thieves ... covetous ... drunkards ... revilers ... extortioners ... Significantly, Paul classed thieves and extortioners as equally criminal, the latter referring to organized, "white-collar" crime, and thievery to common pilferage.

Covetousness... is the inordinate desire, or love, of money, the same being a ruling passion, not only with the unregenerated, but also with many Christians themselves, who despite their prosperity give little or nothing to the church or philanthropy. This vice is rated with idolatry, sodomy, extortion, etc., being essentially a denial of God in human life.

Drunkards ... Who is a drunkard? The "wisdom" of this age recognizes no such character, the same having been elevated in the popular mind to the status of "an alcoholic"! As such he is not blameworthy in any degree, but merely suffering from "a disease," the same required to be treated, tolerated, and even appreciated by the community. This is merely a part of the blindness of worldly wisdom. No man can become an alcoholic except by his own repeated violations of the Christian law of sobriety. While it may be true, of course, but only in a sense, that drink No. 5,689 is a disease, drink No. 1 is a moral problem. The burning liquors on sale today are not fit for human consumption; and the use of any of them, even socially, is reprehensible. This writer does not expect social drinkers to approve of this viewpoint; but there is actually no intelligent denial of it. If one is really concerned with living the Christian life, far the best thing for him to do is to deny beverage alcohol any place whatever in his life. The whole Moslem world has known for centuries the true nature of the curse of alcohol, making abstinence from it a cardinal rule of their faith.

[14] Henry H. Halley, Bible Handbook (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1927), p. 546.

[15] James Macknight, op. cit., p. 88.

[16] Britannica World Language Dictionary (New York: Funk and Wagnalls Company, 1959).

[17] James Macknight, op. cit., p. 88.

[18] William Barclay, The Letters to the Corinthians (Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1954), p. 60.


Copyright Statement
James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-corinthians-6.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God?.... A way of speaking much like that in the Talmud, הוי יודע שהעולם הבא אינו עשוי אלא לצדיקים "know thou, that the world to come is not made but for the righteous?"F8T. Bab. Yebamot, fol 47. 1. Without a righteousness there will be no entrance into the world of bliss and happiness hereafter; and this must be a better righteousness than what a sinful creature is capable of working out, and no other than the righteousness of Christ. It was a loss and want of righteousness that cast the angels down from heaven, and turned Adam out of paradise; and whoever of his posterity: are destitute of one, will fall short of enjoying the glory of God; for it is not agreeable to the holy nature of God, to his infinite justice and righteous law, to admit any into heaven without a righteousness: hence a judgment seat is erected, before which all must stand; and those that will be found without a righteousness, will be for ever excluded the kingdom of heaven; and could any unrighteous persons be received there, it would spoil the pleasure and happiness of the saints. Now this is said, partly to dissuade the Corinthians from going to law with each other before unrighteous persons, who have no right to the kingdom of God, and living and dying as they are, will have no share in it; and therefore since they are not to be fellow heirs and companions with them in another world, they should not bring their causes before them in this; and partly to reprove them for their injurious and unrighteous actions among themselves, their tricking and defrauding of one another, with other sins they were guilty of; which, if not repented of, would show, that notwithstanding their profession, they were destitute of the grace of God, were unfit to be in the kingdom of God, in a Gospel church state here below, and would be shut out of the kingdom of heaven hereafter.

Be not deceived imagining, that through your knowledge and profession you shall be saved, live as you will:

neither fornicators, such as are guilty of uncleanness with persons in a single state:

nor idolaters; who worship more gods than one, and not the true God; who do service to them that are not gods, and perform what the Jews call עבודה זרה "strange service": and not only fall down to stocks and stones, but serve divers lusts and pleasures, the idols of their own hearts:

nor adulterers: such as have criminal conversation with persons in a married state:

nor effeminate; or "soft", or, as the Syriac renders it, מחבלא, "corrupters"; that is, of themselves, by voluntary pollution, such as are guilty of the sin of Onan, Genesis 38:8.

Nor abusers of themselves with mankind; sodomites.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-corinthians-6.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? 8 Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,

(8) Now he prepares himself to pass over to the fourth treatise of this epistle, which concerns other matters, concerning this matter first, how men may well use a woman or not. And this question has three parts: fornication, matrimony, and a single life. As for fornication, he utterly condemns it. And marriage he commands to some, as a good and necessary remedy for them: to others he leaves is free. And others he dissuades from it, not as unlawful, but as inconvenient, and that not without exception. As for singleness of life (under which also I comprehend virginity) he enjoins it to no man: yet he persuades men to it, but not for itself, but for another respect, neither to all men, nor without exception. And being about to speak against fornication, he begins with a general reprehension of those vices, with which that rich and riotous city most abounded: warning and teaching them earnestly, that repentance is inseparable joined with forgiveness of sins, and sanctification with justification.

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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-corinthians-6.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

unrighteous — Translate, “Doers of wrong”: referring to 1 Corinthians 6:8 (compare Galatians 5:21).

kingdom of God — which is a kingdom of righteousness (Romans 14:17).

fornicators — alluding to 1 Corinthians 5:1-13; also below, 1 Corinthians 6:12-18.

effeminate — self-polluters, who submit to unnatural lusts.


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-corinthians-6.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

The unrighteous (αδικοιadikoi). To remind them of the verb αδικεωadikeō just used.

The Kingdom of God (τεου βασιλειανtheou basileian). Precisely, God‘s kingdom.

Be not deceived (μη πλαναστεmē planāsthe). Present passive imperative with negative μηmē Do not be led astray by plausible talk to cover up sin as mere animal behaviourism. Paul has two lists in 1 Corinthians 6:9, 1 Corinthians 6:10, one with repetition of ουτεoute neither (fornicators, idolaters, adulterers, effeminate, or μαλακοιmalakoi abusers of themselves with men or αρσενοκοιταιarsenokoitai or sodomites as in 1 Timothy 1:10 a late word for this horrid vice, thieves, covetous), the other with ουou not (drunkards, revilers, extortioners). All these will fall short of the kingdom of God. This was plain talk to a city like Corinth. It is needed today. It is a solemn roll call of the damned even if some of their names are on the church roll in Corinth whether officers or ordinary members.


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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/1-corinthians-6.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Kingdom of God

See on Luke 6:20.

Fornicators

The besetting sin of Corinth. Hence the numerous solemn and emphatic allusions to it in this epistle. See 1 Corinthians 5:11; 1 Corinthians 6:15-18; 1 Corinthians 10:8.

Effeminate ( μαλακοὶ )

Luxurious and dainty. The word was used in a darker and more horrible sense, to which there may be an allusion here.

Abusers, etc.

See on Romans 1:7.


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Bibliography
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/1-corinthians-6.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,

Idolatry is here placed between fornication and adultery, because they generally accompanied it.

Nor the effeminate — Who live in an easy, indolent way; taking up no cross, enduring no hardship. But how is this? These good-natured, harmless people are ranked with idolaters and sodomites! We may learn hence, that we are never secure from the greatest sins, till we guard against those which are thought the least; nor, indeed, till we think no sin is little, since every one is a step toward hell.


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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-corinthians-6.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

9.Know ye not, etc. By unrighteousness here you may understand what is opposed to strict integrity. Theunrighteous, then, that is, those who inflict injury on their brethren, who defraud or circumvent others, who, in short, are intent upon their own advantage at the expense of injuring others, will not inherit the kingdom of God That by the unrighteous here, as for example adulterers, and thieves and covetous, and revilers, he means those who do not repent of their sins, but obstinately persist in them, is too manifest to require that it should be stated. The Apostle himself, too, afterwards expresses this in the words employed by him, when he says that the Corinthians formerly were such The wicked, then, do inherit the kingdom of God, but it is only in the event of their having been first converted to the Lord in true repentance, and having in this way ceased to be wicked. For although conversion is not the ground of pardon, yet we know that none are reconciled to God but those who repent. The interrogation, however, is emphatic, for it intimates that he states nothing but what they themselves know, and is matter of common remark among all pious persons.

Be not deceived He takes occasion from one vice to speak of many. I am of opinion, however, that he has pointed out those vices chiefly which prevailed among the Corinthians. He makes use of three terms for reproving those lascivious passions which, as all historical accounts testify, reigned, nay raged, to an extraordinary height in that city. For it was a city that abounded in wealth, (as has been stated elsewhere.) It was a celebrated mart, which was frequented by merchants from many nations. Wealth has luxury as its attendant — the mother of unchastity and all kinds of lasciviousness. In addition to this, a nation which was of itself prone to wantonness, was prompted to it by many other corruptions.

The difference between fornicators and adulterers is sufficiently well known. By effeminate persons I understand those who, although they do not openly abandon themselves to impurity, discover, nevertheless, their unchastity by blandishments of speech, by lightness of gesture and apparel, and other allurements. The fourth description of crime is the most abominable of all — that monstrous pollution which was but too prevalent in Greece.

He employs three terms in reproving injustice and injuries. He gives the name of thieves to those who take the advantage of their brethren by any kind of fraud or secret artifice. Byextortioners, he means those that violently seize on another’s wealth, or like harpies (340) drew to themselves from every quarter, and devour. With the view of giving his discourse a wider range, he afterwards adds all covetous persons too. Under the term drunkards you are to understand him as including those who go to excess in eating. He more particularly reproves revilers, because, in all probability, that city was full of gossip and slanders. In short, he makes mention chiefly of those vices to which, he saw, that city was addicted.

Farther, that his threatening may have more weight, he says, be not deceived; by which expression he admonishes them not to flatter themselves with a vain hope, as persons are accustomed, by extenuating their offenses, to inure themselves to contempt of God. No poison, therefore, is more dangerous than those allurements which encourage us in our sins. Let us, therefore, shun, not as the songs of the Sirens, (341) but as the deadly bites of Satan, the talk of profane persons, when turning the judgment of God and reproofs of sins into matter of jest. Lastly, we must also notice here the propriety of the word κληρονομεινto inherit; which shows that the kingdom of heaven is the inheritance of sons, and therefore comes to us through the privilege of adoption.


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Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/1-corinthians-6.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

9 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,

Ver. 9. Shall not inherit] It is an undefiled inheritance, 1 Peter 1:4; no dirty dog ever trampled on that golden pavement, Revelation 22:15. Heaven spewed out the angels; shall it lick up the unrighteous? The serpent could screw himself into Paradise, but no wicked could ever get into heaven. There is no happiness to be had without holiness. Let none think to break God’s chain, as Balaam, Numbers 23:10.


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-corinthians-6.html. 1865-1868.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Observe here, 1. Our apostle's positive assertion, and categorical proposition, That the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God; where by unrighteousness, is meant injustice and injuriousness towards our neighbour, as appears by the context, which speaks of defrauding: unrighteousness will as certainly shut out of heaven, as ungodliness.

Observe next, The large catalogue of sins which the apostle reckons up, that will shut out of heaven: uncleanness, idolatry, inordinate love of this world, drunkenness, &c. For the confirmation of his proposition, he proceedeth to the enumeration of the several sins destructive of salvation: which are not to be understood copulatively, but disjunctively: not as if he only who is guilty of all these shall miss of heaven, but he that lives in any one of these unrepented of; if he doth not forsake his wicked course of life, he shall never see the kingdom of God: whoever allows and tolerates himself in any one sin, is certainly in a state of damnation.

Lord, how many thousand vain hopes are laid in the dust, and how many thousand of impenitently wicked souls are sentenced to hell, by this one scripture!

Observe lastly, The caution or cautionary direction given by St. Paul to the Corinthians, not to deceive themselves with a contrary expectation, (though one would think men could hardly be deceived in so plain a case,) as if their bare profession of Christianity would save them, whilst they allowed themselves to live in the practice of any of the aforementioned wickedness: Be not deceived.

Learn thence, That men are very prone to deceive themselves in this, that though they live wickedly, yet they shall die happily, and go to heaven gloriously. They have such unlimited apprehensions of the pardoning grace and mercy of God, that they bound it not to faith, and repentance, and an holy life; never considering whether they are qualified subjects or no for that grace and mercy. God is a merciful God, says the wicked man, therefore I shall not go to hell; God is a merciful God, says the devil, therefore I hope to come out of hell. No, say you, that doth not follow, for God has decreed and declared the contrary. And has he not decreed and determined, has he not said and sworn, That the impenitent sinner shall never enter into his rest? Be not then deceived, oh sinner; whilst thou continuest unreformed, thou canst not inherit the kingdom of God.


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Bibliography
Burkitt, William. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/1-corinthians-6.html. 1700-1703.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

9.] ‘Ye commit wrong:’ this looks as if you had forgotten the rigid exclusion from the kingdom of God of all wrong-doers of every kind (included here under ἄδικοι); see Galatians 5:21.

μὴ πλανᾶσθε] This caution would be most salutary and needful in a dissolute place like Corinth. It is similarly used, and with an express reference to ὁμιλίαι κακαί, ch. 1 Corinthians 15:33.

πόρνοι refers back to ch. 5, and is taken up again, 1 Corinthians 6:12 ff.

μαλακοί = παθικοί (see in Wetst.).

μέθυσοι, see on ch. 1 Corinthians 5:11.


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Bibliography
Alford, Henry. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/1-corinthians-6.html. 1863-1878.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

1 Corinthians 6:9. οὐκ οἴδατε] See on 1 Corinthians 6:8. To supply an unexpressed thought here (“Do not regard the matter lightly,” Billroth; “This is a far greater ἥττημα,” Ruckert; that ἥττημα to the church “they could only fail to perceive, if they did not know,” etc., Hofmann) is just as arbitrary as to do so in 1 Corinthians 6:2.

ἄδικοι] the general conception (under which the preceding ἀδικεῖν and ἀποστ. are included): unrighteous, immoral. See the enumeration which follows.

θεοῦ βασιλ.] the θεοῦ coming close after ἄδικοι, and put first for emphasis (see the critical remarks). As to the truth itself, that ἀδικία excludes from the Messiah’s kingdom, see on Galatians 5:21; and as regards what is implied in the Messianic κληρονομία, on Galatians 3:18; Ephesians 1:11.

μὴ πλανᾶσθε] for that moral fundamental law was more easily, it is plain, flung to the winds in frivolous Corinth than anywhere else! Possibly, too, some might even say openly: φιλάνθρωπος ὢν θεὸς καὶ ἀγαθὸς, οὐκ ἐπεξέρχεται τοῖς πλημμελήμασι· μὴ δὴ φοβηθῶμεν! Chrysostom. Hence: be not mistaken ( πλανᾶσθε, passive, as also in 1 Corinthians 15:33; Galatians 6:7; Luke 21:8; James 1:16; comp the active form in 1 John 3:7), followed by the emphatic repetition of that fundamental law with a many-sided breaking up of the notion ἄδικοι into particulars, not, however, arranged systematically, or in couples, nor reducible, save by force, to any logical scheme;(931) in this enumeration, owing to the state of matters in the place, the sins of sensuality are most amply specified.

πόρνοι, fornicators in general; μοιχοί, adulterers, Hebrews 13:4.

εἰδωλολ.] see on v. 11.

μαλακοί] effeminates, commonly understood as qui muliebria patiuntur, but with no sufficient evidence from the usage of the language (the passages in Wetstein and Kypke, even Dion. Hal. vii. 2, do not prove the point); moreover, such catamites (molles) were called πόρνοι or κίναιδοι. One does not see, moreover, why precisely this sin should be mentioned twice over in different aspects. Rather therefore: effeminate luxurious livers. Comp Aristotle, Eth. vii. 7 : μαλακὸς καὶ τρυφῶν, Xen. Mem. ii. 1, 20, also μαλακῶς, iii. 11. 10 : τρυφὴ δὲ καὶ μαλθακία, Plato, Rep. p. 590 B.

ἀρσενοκοῖται] sodomites, who defile themselves with men (1 Timothy 1:10; Eusebius, Praep. evang. p. 276 D). Regarding the wide diffusion of this vice, see the passages in Wetstein; comp on Romans 1:27, and Hermann, Privatalterth. § 29. 17 ff.


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Bibliography
Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/1-corinthians-6.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

1 Corinthians 6:9. ) Latin an [or; the second part of a disjunctive interrogation].— ἄδικοι, unrighteous) Comp. 1 Corinthians 5:8.— βασιλείαν θεοῦ, the kingdom of God) In this kingdom righteousness flourishes.— οὐ κληρονομήσουσι, they shall not inherit) because they are not the sons of God.— μὴ πλανᾶσθε, be not deceived) by yourselves and others.— πόρνοιἅρπαγες, fornicators—extortioners) Scandalous crimes common at Corinth, 2 Corinthians 12:20-21; at Rome, Romans 13:13; in Galatia, Galatians 5:19-20 : at Ephesus, 1 Timothy 1:9-10 : and in Crete, Titus 1:12. This remark applies to the act of fornication, etc., and much more to the habit.— εἰδωλολάτραι, idolaters) Idolatry is placed between fornication and adultery, for, it usually had these crimes joined to it.— μαλακοὶ, effeminate) Even the hand in the deepest solitude ought to be chaste, a necessary warning to youth.


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Bibliography
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/1-corinthians-6.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

That by the kingdom of God is here meant the kingdom of glory, the happiness of another life, is plain, because he speaketh in the future tense; this kingdom, he saith,

the unrighteous, that is, those who so live and die,

shall not inherit. If we take the term unrighteous here to be a generical term, the species, or some of the principal species, of which are afterwards enumerated, it signifieth here the same with notoriously wicked men. But if we take it to signify persons guilty of acts of injustice towards themselves or others, it cannot be here understood as a general term, relating to all those species of sinners after enumerated; for so idolaters cannot properly be called unrighteous, but ungodly men.

Be not deceived, ( saith the apostle), either by any false teachers, or by the many ill examples of such sinners that you daily have, nor by magistrates’ connivance at these sins.

Neither fornicators; neither such as, being single persons, commit uncleanness with others (for here the apostle distinguisheth these sinners from adulterers, whom he mentioneth afterward).

Nor idolaters; nor such as either worship the creature instead of God, or worship the true God before images.

Nor adulterers; nor such as, being married persons, break their marriage covenant, and commit uncleanness with such as are not their yokefellows.

Nor effeminate persons; nor persons that give up themselves to lasciviousness, burning continually in lusts.

Nor abusers of themselves with mankind; nor such as are guilty of the sin of Sodom, a sin not to be named amongst Christians or men.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-corinthians-6.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

The unrighteous; those who are dishonest and defraud others, whether under the cover of law, or in any other way.


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Bibliography
Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "Family Bible New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/1-corinthians-6.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges

9. ἢ οὐκ οἴδατε. The Apostle in this verse sums up what he has been saying in this chapter and the last. First generally, the unjust, wrong-doers, shall not inherit the kingdom of God, that is, His final kingdom in the ‘restitution of all things,’ for which we daily pray. He then proceeds to particulars, and declares that all who lived for themselves, whether set upon sensual indulgence or upon gain, would deprive themselves of the inheritance obtained through faith in Christ.

μὴ πλανᾶσθε. Some, says Chrysostom, might say ‘God is good and kindly, He will not go to extremities over our transgressions. Let us not fear.’ Into such self-deception as this men might easily fall in a corrupt Society like that of Corinth.

μαλακοί, effeminate, i.e. self-indulgent. See Arist. Nic. Eth. VII. 7, ὁ δὲ περὶ λύπας μαλακός, ὁ δὲ καρτερικός, and again, ἡ τρυφὴ μαλακία τίς ἐστιν.


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Bibliography
"Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/1-corinthians-6.html. 1896.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

9. Kingdom of God—In which the holy do, through Christ, overrule the unholy.

Be not deceived—Middle voice, Deceive not yourselves. Neither your past rich experience nor your membership in Christ’s Church can save you in your sensuality and other vices.

Idolaters—A large share of whose ritual is sensual indulgence.

Effeminate—Pathics.

Abusers—Sodomites. Romans 1:26-27.


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-corinthians-6.html. 1874-1909.

William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament

JUSTIFICATION AND SANCTIFICATION

9. Do you not know that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminates” (i. e., masculine harlots), “nor Sodomites” (i. e., the paramours of the preceding). In this verse we have four nouns, significant of different phases of that awful prevailing vice, adultery. What a wonderful emphasis laid on that peculiar scene evidently because it was so prevalent and destructive at Corinth, the “Paris” of the ancient world, where, instead of receiving the antagonism of the popular religion, it was especially encouraged; e. g., a thousand priestesses of Venus serving in her temples and wielding so potent an influence to corrupt society.


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Bibliography
Godbey, William. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ges/1-corinthians-6.html.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

1 Corinthians 6:9. What, know ye not that the unrighteous (‘the wrong-doers’) shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicator, nor idolaters,—whose religion was itself voluptuous, particularly at Corinth,—nor adulterers, nor effeminate—given to voluptuous ease, encouraging their sensual inclinations,—nor abusers of themselves with men—practising the unnatural vice of Romans 1:27, but which ought not to be named among us as becometh saints. The five grosser forms of vice thus mentioned are next followed by five of a more familiar but not less soul-destroying kind.


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Bibliography
Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/1-corinthians-6.html. 1879-90.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

1 Corinthians 6:9 Or know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with men,

"Or know ye not"-"Again, Paul employs the "or do you not know" phrase--a phrase which rebukes the arrogance of the Corinthians in the same way as Jesus" phrase "have ye not read..." rebuked the scribes and Pharisees of His day." (Willis p. 187)

"the unrighteous"-the implication is that this warning applies to those involved in such lawsuits, as well as the other sins listed. "The acts in which they were engaged in were serious enough to keep them out of--heaven. (Notice that the saint can fall from grace!)" (Willis p. 187)

"the kingdom of God"-i.e. the future heavenly kingdom, heaven itself. (2 Peter 1:11)

"Be not deceived"-"Stop being misled" (Wms); "Make no mistake" (Wey) This exhortation is repeated-; Galatians 6:7; Ephesians 5:6. An exhortation needed just as much today, when religious bodies are claiming that many of these sins are acceptable.

"Paul writes because regarding this very point people constantly deceive themselves..thousands who are living today are "unrighteous", and yet expect to reach heaven at last." [Note: _ Lenski p. 247]

"Then he gives a sample list of the kinds of unrighteousness which he has in mind." (McGuiggan p. 72) (Galatians 5:21 "and things like these.)

Point to Note:

The following are "unrighteous" behaviors. They can never be made right! They can"t be legitimized. And these sins, will be considered "sins" at the judgement, for unrepented of participation in them will exclude one from heaven, which means, those who practice such things and don"t repent will end up in hell.

We have already considered some of these sins in Chapter 5. Hence, we will just examine those which weren"t mentioned there.

"adulterers"-"means precisely that (married persons having sexual relations--of any kind--outside marriage)". (Fee p. 243) It also includes a single person who marries someone who has been unscripturally divorced. (Matthew 5:32) And also is used of a man or woman who unscripturally divorces and remarries. (Matthew 19:9; Mark 10:12)

"effeminate"-3120. malakos {mal-ak-os"}; of uncertain affinity; soft, i.e. fine (clothing); figuratively, a catamite: -effeminate, soft.

"Has the basic meaning of "soft"; but it also became a pejorative epithet for men who were "soft" or "effeminate", most likely referring to the younger, "passive" partner in a pederastic relationship. In many instances young men sold themselves as "mistresses" for the sexual pleasure of men older than themselves." [Note: _ Fee pp. 243-244]

Words that need defined: "Catamite"-a boy used in pederasty. "Pederasty"-sodomy among males, esp., as practiced by a man with a boy.

And if such was wrong, and called "unrighteous" in Corinth, then it is just as wrong in downtown Portland Oregon, and if not repented of, it will send you to hell, regardless of what the Oregonian says to the contrary! "BE NOT DECEIVED!"

"nor abusers of themselves with men"-"homosexuals" (NASV). The word is a compound of "male" and "intercourse". (Fee p. 244) The previous words fornicators and adulterers would apply to "a male who has intercourse", this must specifically refer to males who have intercourse with other males.

Points to Note:

In recent years many have tried to soften these verses and claim that Paul was only condemning a certain kind of "homosexuality". Some would say a "lustful kind" or "harmful kind". And yet if this is true, then the same argument must be used for all the other sins mentioned here. Is there a "non-lustful" kind of fornication? Adultery? Is there a non-harmful kind of idolatry? Theft? Greed? Extortion? Can I engage in all of these behaviors just as long as my heart is right? If homosexual relations are "right" in a committed and monogamous relationship, then can I have an affair (have adulterous relations), as long as I am committed to the woman I am having an affair with? We need to remember than any argument offered in the attempt to "justify" homosexuality, must be applied to all the other sins mentioned in this list and every other list in the Bible.

We should also note, that more than more "kind" of homosexuality is condemned in the Bible. Male prostitution is condemned ("effeminate"), but so are lesbian relationships (Romans 1:26); and so are "CONSENTING HOMOSEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS"- Romans 1:27 "men with men".

In view of this list, it is interesting to watch the hypocrisy of the world. Homosexuality and fornication (living together) are defended as "rights". Pornography and most forms of obscenity are defended, even some forms are supported by tax dollars (NEA FUNDING). And yet, "sexual harassment" is a big taboo.

And recently I read a very interesting report: "The gay community has long allowed other sexual outcasts to ride its coattails, from transvestites and transsexuals to bisexuals and leather fetishists. But it is now trying to distance itself from pedophiles. "Last month, a New York group called Stonewall 25 voted to bar the controversial North American Man-Boy Lover Association from its international march on the United Nations June 26." Has the homosexual community all of a sudden discovered an absolute standard of morality that condemns man-boy sexual contact? If so, will they please tell us what that absolute standard is so that we can all examine it? Or, has it become politically expedient to divorce themselves from pedophiles so that they can promote their own political agenda more successfully?" [Note: _ GOT April 7, 1994 pp. 26-27]


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Bibliography
Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/1-corinthians-6.html. 1999-2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

unrighteous. Same as unjust (1 Corinthians 6:1).

the kingdom of God. See App-114, and Compare 1 Corinthians 4:20.

not. App-105.

deceived. Greek. planao. This caution occurs three times in Paul"s epistles; here, 1 Corinthians 15:33. Galatians 1:6, Galatians 1:7, and once in James (1 Corinthians 1:16).

neither . . . nor. Greek. oute.

idolaters. See 1 Corinthians 5:10.

effeminate. Greek. malakos. Elsewhere transl, "soft". Matthew 11:8. Luke 7:25.

abusers, &c. Greek. arsenokoites. Only here and 1 Timothy 1:10. Compare Romans 1:27.


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-corinthians-6.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,

Unrighteous. Translate, 'doers of wrong:' referring to 1 Corinthians 6:8 (Galatians 5:21).

Kingdom of God - which is a kingdom of righteousness (Romans 14:17).

Fornicators - alluding to 1 Corinthians 5:1-13; also below, 1 Corinthians 6:13-18,

Effeminate - self-polluters, of unnatural lusts.


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Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-corinthians-6.html. 1871-8.

The Bible Study New Testament

Will not receive God's Kingdom. The church is God's Kingdom on earth, and all who die in Christ will receive the Eternal Kingdom! Do not fool yourselves. No unholy person will receive the Eternal Kingdom. But see 1 Corinthians 6:11. Immoral. See note on Matthew 19:9. Worship idols. See note on 1 Thessalonians 1:9. Adulterers. See 1 Corinthians 6:16. Homosexual perverts. The Greek specifies both passive and active roles in this.


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Bibliography
Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "The Bible Study New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/1-corinthians-6.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(9) Know ye not that the unrighteous . . .?—The force of this question comes out more strikingly in the original, where the word rendered “unrighteous” is the same as “ye do wrong” of 1 Corinthians 6:8. “You do wrong, apparently forgetting that no wrongdoers shall inherit God’s kingdom.”

Be not deceived.—There was great danger of their being led to think lightly of sins which were daily committed by those amongst whom they lived, hence these words of warning with which the sentence opens, as in 1 Corinthians 15:33. The mention of gross sensual sins in connection with idolaters points to the fact that they were practically associated in the ritual of the heathen, which, of course, intensified the danger against which the Apostle warns the Corinthians. The prevalence of such scandalous crimes in the heathen world is constantly referred to in the Epistles to Gentile churches (Romans 13:13; Galatians 5:19-20; 1 Timothy 1:9-10; Titus 1:12).


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Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-corinthians-6.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,
Know
2,3,15,16,19; 3:16; 9:24
unrighteous
Exodus 23:1; Leviticus 19:15,35,36; Deuteronomy 25:13-16; Proverbs 11:1; 22:8; Isaiah 10:1,2; Isaiah 55:7; Zechariah 5:3; Acts 24:25; Romans 1:18; 1 Timothy 1:9
inherit
10; 15:50; Matthew 19:29; 25:34; Galatians 5:21
fornicators
5:1,10; Galatians 5:19-21; Ephesians 5:4,5; 1 Timothy 1:9; Hebrews 12:14,16; 13:4; Revelation 21:8; Revelation 22:15
abusers
Genesis 19:5; Leviticus 18:22; 20:13; Deuteronomy 22:5; 23:17; Judges 19:22; Romans 1:26,27; 1 Timothy 1:10

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Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-corinthians-6.html.

Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians

Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.

The tendency to divorce religion from morality has manifested itself in all ages of the world, and under all forms of religion. The pagan, the Jew, the Mohammedan, the nominal Christian, have all been exact in the performance of religious services, and zealous in the assertion and defense of what they regarded as religious truth, while unrestrained in the indulgence of every evil passion. This arises from looking upon religion as an outward service, and God as a being to be feared and propitiated, but not to be loved and obeyed. According to the gospel, all moral duties are religious services; and piety is the conformity of the soul to the image and will of God. So that to be religious and yet immoral is, according to the Christian system, as palpable a contradiction as to be good and wicked. It is evident that among the members of the Corinthian church, there were some who retained their pagan notion of religion, and who professed Christianity as a system of doctrine and as a form of worship, but not as a rule of life. All such persons the apostle warned of their fatal mistake. He assures them that no immoral man, — no man who allows himself the indulgence of any known sin, can be saved. This is one of the first principles of the gospel, and therefore the apostle asks, Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Are ye Christians at all, and yet ignorant of this first principle of the religion you profess? The unrighteous in this immediate connection, means the unjust; those who violate the principles of justice in their dealings with their fellow-men. It is not the unjust alone, however, who are to be thus debarred from the Redeemer's kingdom — but also those who break any of the commandments of God, as this and other passages of Scripture distinctly teach.

Believers are, in the Bible, often called heirs. Their inheritance is a kingdom; that kingdom which God has established, and which is to be consummated in heaven, Luke 12:32; Matthew 24:34; etc. etc. From this inheritance all the immoral, no matter how zealous they may be in the profession of the truth, or how assiduous in the performance of religious services, shall be excluded. Let it also be remembered that immorality, according to the Bible, does not consist exclusively in outward sins, but also in sins of the heart; as covetousness, malice, envy, pride, and such like, Galatians 5:21. No wonder that the disciples, on a certain occasion, asked their master, Lord, are there few that be saved? or that the Lord answered them by saying, "Strait is the gate, and narrow is the way that leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it," Luke 13:24.


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Bibliography
Hodge, Charles. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 6:9". Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hdg/1-corinthians-6.html.

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