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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 John 5:14

This is the confidence which we have before Him, that, if we ask anything according to His will, He hears us.

Adam Clarke Commentary

This is the confidence - Παρῥησια, The liberty of access and speech, that if we ask any thing according to his will, that is, which he has promised in his word. His word is a revelation of his will, in the things which concern the salvation of man. All that God has promised we are justified in expecting; and what he has promised, and we expect, we should pray for. Prayer is the language of the children of God. He who is begotten of God speaks this language. He calls God Abba, Father, in the true spirit of supplication. Prayer is the language of dependence on God; where the soul is dumb, there is neither life, love, nor faith. Faith and prayer are not boldly to advance claims upon God; we must take heed that what we ask and believe for is agreeable to the revealed will of God. What we find promised, that we may plead.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-john-5.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And this is the confidence that we have in him - Margin, “concerning.” Greek, “toward him,” or in respect to him - πρὸς αὐτὸν pros autonThe confidence referred to here is that which relates to the answer to prayer. The apostle does not say that this is the only thing in respect to which there is to be confidence in him, but that it is one which is worthy of special consideration. The sense is, that one of the effects of believing on the Lord Jesus 1 John 5:13 is, that we have the assurance that our prayers will be answered. On the word “confidence,” see the notes at 1 John 3:21; 1 John 4:17.

That, if we ask anything according to his will, he heareth us - This is the proper and the necessary limitation in all prayer. God has not promised to grant anything that shall be contrary to his will, and it could not be right that he should do it. We ought not to wish to receive anything that should be contrary to what he judges to be best. No man could hope for good who should esteem his own wishes to be a better guide than the will of God; and it is one of the most desirable of all arrangements that the promise of any blessing to be obtained by prayer should be limited and bounded by the will of God. The limitation here, “according to his will,” probably implies the following things:

(1) In accordance with what he has “declared” that he is willing to grant. Here the range is large, for there are many things which we know to be in accordance with his will, if they are sought in a proper manner - as the forgiveness of sins, the sanctification of the soul, 1 Thessalonians 4:3, comfort in trial, the needful supply of our wants, grace that we may do our duty, wisdom to direct and guide us, James 1:5, deliverance from the evils which beset us, the influences of his Spirit to promote the cause of religion in the world, and our final salvation. Here is a range of subjects of petition that may gratify the largest wishes of prayer.

(2) the expression, “according to his will,” must limit the answer to prayer to what “he” sees to be best for us. Of that we are not always good judges. We never perceive it as clearly as our Maker does, and in many things we might be wholly mistaken. Certainly we ought not to desire to be permitted to ask anything which “God” would judge not to be for our good.

(3) the expression must limit the petition to what it will be “consistent” for God to bestow upon us. We cannot expect that he will work a miracle in answer to our prayers; we cannot ask him to bestow blessings in violation of any of the laws which he has ordained, or in any other way than that which he has appointed. It is better that the particular blessing should be withheld from us, than that the laws which he has appointed should be disregarded. It is better that an idle man should not have a harvest, though he should pray for it, than that God should violate the laws by which he has determined to bestow such favors as a reward of industry, and work a special miracle in answer to a lazy man‘s prayers.

(4) the expression, “according to his will,” must limit the promise to what will be for the good of the whole. God presides over the universe: and though in him there is an infinite fulness, and he regards the wants of every individual throughout his immense empire, yet the interests of the whole, as well as of the individual, are to be consulted and regarded. In a family, it is conceivable that a child might ask for some favor whose bestowment would interfere materially with the rights of others, or be inconsistent with the good of the whole, and in such a case a just father would of course withhold it. With these necessary limitations the range of the promise in prayer is ample; and, with these limitations, it is true beyond a question that he does hear and answer prayer.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "Barnes' Notes on the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-john-5.html. 1870.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

And this is the boldness which we have toward him, that, if we ask anything according to his will, he heareth us;

And this is the boldness ... This is the fourth mention of boldness in this epistle: as pertaining to the judgment in 1 John 2:28; 1 John 4:17, and as pertaining to prayer, here, and in 1 John 3:21,22. In a large degree, the Christian is himself responsible for maintaining a confident and winning attitude, an attitude to which he is fully entitled by the glorious endowments and promises of the faith. It is therefore incumbent upon him to speak enthusiastically of his faith and of the joyful service in the Lord, much in the same manner of a good athlete who "talks a good game" with his associates during a contest. The grounds of such confidence which John cited in connection with his admonition is that, after all, our God will answer our prayers! No greater promise could be imagined.

If we ask according to his will ... God's promise of answering prayer, however, is not a blank check, the qualification laid down here being only one of a number of Scriptural limitations on it. Others are: prayers must be offered in faith (Mark 11:24), in the name of Jesus (John 14:14), and by one abiding in Christ (John 15:7). Furthermore, only those who have forgiven (Mark 11:15); and only those whose prayers flow out of an obedient life (1 John 3:22), and who will not use their blessings for the gratification of their lusts and passions (James 4:3), may properly claim in confidence the answer of their prayers.


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James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-john-5.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And this is the confidence that we have in him,.... Either in God, to whom prayer is made; or in the Son of God, through whose blood and righteousness believers in him have confidence with God at the throne of grace; they can come with boldness and intrepidity, and use freedom and liberty of speech, as the word here used signifies; especially when they have the Spirit of Christ with them, and are under the sprinklings of the blood of Christ, and have a comfortable assurance of being heard and answered; and this is what the Jews call עייון תפלה, "the consideration", or "attention of prayer"F19T. Bab. Bava Bathra, fol. 164. 2. , which they explain thus;

"after a man has prayed, he judges in his heart that the holy blessed God will give him his reward, and will do everything needful for him, and will hear his prayer, because he has prayed with intention;'

but this is much better expressed, and upon a much better foundation, by our apostle here:

that if we ask anything according to his will, he heareth us; to ask anything according to the will of God, is to ask, as to matter, what, and in a manner which, is agreeably to it; by which is meant, not his secret will, or his purposes and decrees, which are unknown, though, so far as these are made known, they are not to be prayed against, for they can never be made void; and therefore, when God had declared it as his purposing will, that the Israelites in the wilderness should not enter into Canaan's land, and that he had rejected Saul from the kingdom, in these cases it would have been wrong for Moses to have prayed for the one, or Samuel for the other; 1 Samuel 16:1; and though no one person is to be excluded from our prayers on the account of the decree of reprobation, since no man can certainly be known to be a reprobate; yet it does not become us to pray for the conversion and salvation of reprobates in general, since this would be contrary to the decree of God: and such purposes which God has declared by prophecy he has purposed in himself, as the conversion of the Jews, the bringing in the fulness of the Gentiles, the destruction of antichrist, and the glory of the Gospel church, for these we should pray that God would hasten them in his own time, and we are sure of being heard; but the revealed will of God is here intended, by which it appears that all grace is laid up in Christ, and all spiritual blessings are with him, and that the covenant of grace is ordered in all things, and full of the sure mercies of David, and of exceeding great and precious promises; all which are treasured up for the benefit and use of the people of God; and if, therefore, they ask for any grace, or supply of grace, for any spiritual blessing or mercy laid up in Christ, in the covenant, or in any of the promises, they ask that for matter which is according to the will of God, and which they may be assured they shall have, sooner or later: and to ask in a manner agreeably to his will, is to come in the name of Christ, and make mention of his righteousness, and ask for his sake; to put up all petitions in faith, with fervency, in sincerity, and uprightness; with reverence, humility, and submission to the divine will, and with importunity; and such askers God hears, even so as to answer, and grant their requests in his own time, though not always in theirs; in some cases sooner, in others later, according to his infinite wisdom, and in his own way, which is always the best, though not in theirs, as in the case of the Apostle Paul, 2 Corinthians 12:7. The Alexandrian copy and the Ethiopic version read, "if we ask anything according to", or in his name: that is, of Christ, and which agrees with John 14:13.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-john-5.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

14 And this is the confidence that we have in him, that, if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us:

(14) Because we do not yet in effect obtain that which we hope for, the apostle combines invocation or prayer with faith, which he will have proceed from faith, and moreover to be conceived in such a way, that nothing is asked but that which is agreeable to the will of God: and such prayers cannot be useless.

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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-john-5.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

the confidenceboldness (1 John 4:17) in prayer, which results from knowing that we have eternal life (1 John 5:13; 1 John 3:19, 1 John 3:22).

according to his will — which is the believer‘s will, and which is therefore no restraint to his prayers. In so far as God‘s will is not our will, we are not abiding in faith, and our prayers are not accepted. Alford well says, If we knew God‘s will thoroughly, and submitted to it heartily, it would be impossible for us to ask anything for the spirit or for the body which He should not perform; it is this ideal state which the apostle has in view. It is the Spirit who teaches us inwardly, and Himself in us asks according to the will of God.


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-john-5.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Toward him (προς αυτονpros auton). Fellowship with (προςpros face to face) Christ. For boldness see 1 John 2:28.

That (οτιhoti). Declarative again, as in 1 John 5:11.

If we ask anything (εαν τι αιτωμεταean ti aitōmetha). Condition of third class with εανean and present middle (indirect) subjunctive (personal interest as in James 4:3, though the point is not to be pressed too far, for see Matthew 20:20, Matthew 20:22; John 16:24, John 16:26).

According to his will (κατα το τελημα αυτουkata to thelēma autou). This is the secret in all prayer, even in the case of Jesus himself. For the phrase see 1 Peter 4:19; Galatians 1:4; Ephesians 1:5, Ephesians 1:11.

He heareth us (ακουει ημωνakouei hēmōn). Even when God does not give us what we ask, in particular then (Hebrews 5:7.).


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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/1-john-5.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Confidence ( παῤῥησία )

Rev., boldness. See on 1 John 2:28; see on John 7:13. On have boldness, see on John 16:22.

We ask ( αἰτώμεθα )

With a possible reference in the middle voice to asking for ourselves.

According to His will ( κατὰ τὸ θέλημα αὐτοῦ )

For the phrase compare 1 Peter 4:19; Galatians 1:4; Ephesians 1:5, Ephesians 1:11.

He heareth us ( ἀκούει ἡμῶν )

Compare John 9:31; John 11:41, John 11:42. Hear is used in this sense by John only.


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Bibliography
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/1-john-5.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And this is the confidence that we have in him, that, if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us:

And we — Who believe. Have this farther confidence in him, that he heareth - That is, favourably regards, whatever prayer we offer in faith, according to his revealed will.


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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-john-5.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

14And this is the confidence He commends the faith which he mentioned by its fruit, or he shews that in which our confidence especially is, that is, that the godly dare confidently to call on God; as also Paul speaks in Ephesians 3:12, that we have by faith access to God with confidence; and also in Romans 8:15, that the Spirit gives us a mouth to cry Abba, Father. And doubtless, were we driven away from an access to God, nothing could make us more miserable; but, on the other hand, provided this asylum be opened to us, we should be happy even in extreme evils; nay, this one thing renders our troubles blessed, because we surely know that God will be our deliverer, and relying on his paternal love towards us, we flee to him.

Let us, then, bear in mind this declaration of the Apostle, that calling on God is the chief trial of our faith, and that God is not rightly nor in faith called upon except we be fully persuaded that our prayers will not be in vain. For the Apostle denies that those who, being doubtful, hesitate, are endued with faith.

It hence appears that the doctrine of faith is buried and nearly extinct under the Papacy, for all certainty is taken away. They indeed mutter many prayers, and prattle much about praying to God; but they pray with doubtful and fluctuating hearts, and bid us to pray; and yet they even condemn this confidence which the Apostle requires as necessary.

According to his will By this expression he meant by the way to remind us what is the right way or rule of praying, even when men subject their own wishes to God. For though God has promised to do whatsoever his people may ask, yet he does not allow them an unbridled liberty to ask whatever may come to their minds; but he has at the same time prescribed to them a law according to which they are to pray. And doubtless nothing is better for us than this restriction; for if it was allowed to every one of us to ask what he pleased, and if God were to indulge us in our wishes, it would be to provide very badly for us. For what may be expedient we know not; nay, we boil over with corrupt and hurtful desires. But God supplies a twofold remedy, lest we should pray otherwise than according to what his own will has prescribed; for he teaches us by his word what he would have us to ask, and he has also set over us his Spirit as our guide and ruler, to restrain our feelings, so as not to suffer them to wander beyond due bounds. For what or how to pray, we know not, says Paul, but the Spirit helpeth our infirmity, and excites in us unutterable groans. (Romans 8:26.) We ought also to ask the mouth of the Lord to direct and guide our prayers; for God in his promises has fixed for us, as it has been said, the right way of praying.


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Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/1-john-5.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

14 And this is the confidence that we have in him, that, if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us:

Ver. 14. According unto his will] One said he could have what he would of God; and, Fiat voluntas mea, saith Luther in a certain prayer, but then he finely falls off with mea voluntas, Domine, quia tua; let my will be done, Lord, but so far forth as it is thy will. This was the time when he prayed for the life of Miconius (who was fallen into a deep consumption) and prevailed with God for it.


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-john-5.html. 1865-1868.

Sermon Bible Commentary

1 John 5:14

Right Petitions Heard by God.

The power by which we overcome the world is the Divine life which we have in the Lord Jesus Christ; but in order to our obtaining that life two conditions must be fulfilled: first, God must give it; and secondly, we must take it.

I. God must give it, for although there may be many things that we could earn or produce for ourselves, obviously there is one thing which we could neither earn nor create, into which, it is plain, we must be born—that is, our life. Now this is true of all life, whether the life that we possess by nature, or the life that we possess by grace. Nevertheless, respecting the Divine life that is in Christ Jesus a further affirmation must needs be made. It must not only be given us by God, but it must be taken through our faith. And this arises from the very nature of spiritual things, for when God is said to have made us free and responsible creatures He is said in effect to have ordained that our obedience should be of a certain quality, that it should not be that of the world, unconscious and constrained, not that of the beasts, unconscious and instinctive, but that of the holy angels, the voluntary obedience of a free and virtuous choice.

II. What is meant by asking according to God's will? We must make both the matter and the spirit of our prayers correspond to His will. We must ask first in the right spirit, and then for the right thing. (1) We must ask in the right spirit. We must, as the Apostle says, lift up holy hands. In the hands of supplication which we raise to heaven there must be found no sinful and inordinate desires. (2) We must ask the right thing. You will find what is according to God's will, what you not only may expect, but must expect, to receive, in the pages of God's holy word. Lord Clive, we are told, once when he was in India was taken into a vaulted chamber which was filled from end to end with all kinds of treasure: there were heaps of gold, heaps of silver, heaps of precious trinkets, heaps of jewels; and he was told by the native ruler of Bengal to take as much as he pleased. And recalling that incident of his life, it is said that he exclaimed, "I am amazed at my own moderation!" Now the Bible is God's treasure-house, filled from end to end with precious jewels; and we are bidden to take as many of the rarest and richest as we please, without money and without price.

J. Moorhouse, Penny Pulpit, New Series, No. 624.

References: 1 John 5:14.—T. V. Tymms, Christian World Pulpit, vol. xxxiii., p. 181. 1 John 5:14, 1 John 5:15.—Homilist, 2nd series, vol. ii., p. 37; Homiletic Quarterly, vol. iv., p. 162.


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Bibliography
Nicoll, William R. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "Sermon Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sbc/1-john-5.html.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

To enforce the foregoing exhortation to believers, namely, to be confirmed and constant in the faith, he shews them here what a special advantage believers have above other persons, namely, confidence in all their approaches to God; and a full assurance,

1. In general, that whatever they ask in faith according to his will, they shall obtain.

2. In particular, that our several petitions which we present unto God, shall in his own time, in his own way, and after his own manner, be granted by him, provided our persons and our prayers be qualified according to the gospel for the receiving of his promise.

Hence learn, That through our interest in Christ, and for the sake of his meritorious satisfaction and prevailing intercession, our prayers are certainly heard by God, and we shall assuredly have what God has promised to give, and we are fit to receive. God indeed does not always, nay, not often, come with an answer of prayer at our time, but he never stays a moment beyond his own time.

Learn, 2. That in all the prayers we present and put up to God, a special eye and regard must be had to the will of God, if we expect to be heard and answered. If we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us.

The will of God is the rule, not only of things to be done by us, but also of those things which we crave of God to do for us. The will of God under a threefold revelation is the rule and matter of prayer.

1. The will of God in his commands; whatever God hath required us to do, we may pray for power that we may do.

2. THe will of God in his promises; what God hath said he will give, we may pray that we may receive.

3. The will of God in prophecies; what God hath foretold shall come to pass, we may and ought to pray that it may come to pass.

The prayer of man gives birth to the prophecies of God, yea, and to the promises of God too. I will be enquired of, to do it for them. Ezekiel 36:37 Though God be a sure paymaster, yet he expects that we should put his bond in suit before he pays.

Learn, 3. That a prayer made according to God's will, shall certainly be granted according to our will. If we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us. When we pray for any thing in obedience to God's will, and with submission to his will, we know that we have the petitions that we ask of him.


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Bibliography
Burkitt, William. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/1-john-5.html. 1700-1703.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

1 John 5:14, as the preliminary καί shows, is not the beginning of a new section (contrary to de Wette); but the thought expressed here is in close connection with the foregoing, inasmuch as the παῤῥησία is an essential element of the ζωὴ αἰώνιος. As in chap. 1 John 3:21-22, so here also, παῤῥησία is the confidence which the believer experiences in the certainty that his prayer is heard.

αὕτη ἐστὶν παῤῥησία does not mean: “hence arises also a happy spirit” (Ziegler), but “herein consists the confidence” (de Wette).

ἣν ἔχομεν πρὸς αὐτόν] αὐτόν does not refer to the Son, but to God; though God is not previously mentioned as the subject, yet He is nevertheless considered as the principal subject, as the One who gives life through the Son.

ὅτι] Lücke (with whom Ebrard agrees, with the incorrect remark that ὅτι does not depend on αὕτη, but simply on παῤῥησία) supplies before ὅτι: “that we have the confidence;” but the concise thought of the apostle is thereby weakened, and besides the παῤῥησία is itself this confidence (Düsterdieck).

ἐάν τι αἰτώμεθα κατὰ τὸ θέλημα αὐτοῦ] By means of κατὰ τ. θέλ. αὐτοῦ, i.e. τοῦ θεοῦ, prayer is more particularly defined as to its substance and character.

ἀκούει ἡμῶν] In chap. 1 John 3:22 it is put instead of this: λαμβάνομεν ἀπ ̓ αὐτοῦ.

ἀκούειν includes the idea of granting, which, however, is not brought definitely out until the following verse.


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Bibliography
Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/1-john-5.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

1 John 5:14. κατὰ τὸ θέλημα αὐτοῦ, according to His will) A most just condition, of very extensive application. [The pronoun αὐτοῦ has reference to God.—V. g.]


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Bibliography
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/1-john-5.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Viz. according to his will, not negatively, as it only doth not forbid our praying for, or enjoying, such and such things, but positively, i.e. according to his will signified:

1. By his commands, i.e. when the matter of our prayers is some spiritual good thing, which was before the matter of our duty; as when we pray for grace to enable us to be and to do what he requires us, as far as our present state will admit.

2. By his promises, which are more absolute and particular in reference to things of that nature, Matthew 5:6 Luke 11:13.

In reference to things of an inferior nature, of a conditional tenor; or more general, the things promised coming under the common notion of good things, not in themselves only, but for us, in present circumstances; which, whether they be or no, he reserves to himself the liberty of determining, and doth only promise them, if they be; and so we are only to pray for them; for that is praying, according to what signification he hath given us of his will, in such cases. And so we are always sure to be heard in the former case, in the very particular kind, about which his will is expressly made known beforehand.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-john-5.html. 1685.

Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges

14. καὶ αὕτη ἐστὶν ἡ παρ. And the boldness that we have towards Him is this: see on 1 John 1:5 and 1 John 2:28. For the fourth and last time in the Epistle the Apostle touches on the subject of the Christian’s ‘boldness’. Twice he speaks of it in connexion with the Day of Judgment (1 John 2:28; 1 John 4:17); twice in connexion with approaching God in prayer (1 John 3:21-22 and here). In the present case it is with special reference to intercessory prayer that the subject is retouched. Thus two more leading ideas of the Epistle meet in this recapitulation, boldness towards God and brotherly love; for it is love of the brethren which induces us to pray for them. For the difference between αἰτεῖσθαι and ἐρωτᾶν see on 1 John 5:16. The difference between αἰτεῖσθαι and αἰτεῖν is not great, as is seen in 1 John 5:15 : but the middle rather implies that the request in some way is for the gratification of the petitioner.

κατὰ τὸ θέλημα αὐτοῦ. This is the only limitation, and it is an exceedingly gracious limitation. His will is always for His children’s good, and therefore it is only when they ignorantly ask for what is not for their good that their prayers are denied. Comp. S. Paul’s case, 2 Corinthians 12:9. Ἀκούει of course means that He hears and grants what we ask (John 9:31; John 11:41-42). Comp. ‘The desire of the righteous shall be granted’ (Proverbs 10:24).


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Bibliography
"Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/1-john-5.html. 1896.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

14. This is included in the confidence embraced in the above believe and know. This confidence is a firm feeling of the heart embodying itself in free expression. The indwelling life puts forth a confident utterance.

According to his will—The utterance expresses both our will and God’s.

Heareth us—As we are not dumb, arising from our life, so he is not deaf, like the idols of 1 John 5:21, or like the “unknown absolute” of the pantheist. The common life of God and us constitutes a medium of blessed intercommunication. Our lips are vocal and his ear is sensitive.


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-john-5.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

1 John 5:14. παρρησία, see note on 1 John 2:28. As distinguished from αἰτεῖν the middle αἰτεῖσθαι is to pray earnestly as with a personal interest (see Mayor’s note on James 4:3). The distinction does not appear here, since αἰτεῖν αἰτήματα (cognate accusitive) is a colourless periphrasis for αἰτεῖσθαι. A large assurance: our prayers always heard, never unanswered. Observe two limitations: (1) κατὰ τὸ θὲλημα αὐτοῦ, which does not mean that we should first ascertain His will and then pray, but that we should pray with the proviso, express or implicit, “If it be Thy will”. Matthew 26:39 is the model prayer. (2) The promise is not “He granteth it” but “He hearkeneth to us”. He answers in His own way.


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Bibliography
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/1-john-5.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

confidence. See 1 John 2:28.

in = toward. App-104.

if. App-118.

ask. App-134.

according to. App-104.

will. App-102.


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-john-5.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And this is the confidence that we have in him, that, if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth And this is the confidence that we have in him, that, if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us:

The confidence , [ parreesia (Greek #3954)] - "boldness" (1 John 4:17) in prayer, from bowing that we have eternal life (1 John 5:13; 1 John 3:19-22).

According to his will - which is the believer's will, and therefore no restraint to his prayers. In so far as God's will is not ours, we are not abiding in faith, and our prayers are not accepted. Alford, If we knew God's will, and submitted to it heartily, it would be impossible for us to ask anything for the spirit or the body which He should not perform: it is this ideal state which the apostle has in view. It is the Spirit who teaches us inwardly, and Himself in us asks according to the will of God.


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-john-5.html. 1871-8.

The Bible Study New Testament

We have courage. Compare Hebrews 4:16 and note. God is our Father if we are his child!!! According to his will. (1) We should always pray; "Your will be done!" See the example in Matthew 26:39 and note. (2) The promise is not: "He will do it," but "He will hear us!" God will answer in His own way. Compare Acts 28:16 and note.


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Bibliography
Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "The Bible Study New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/1-john-5.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And this is the confidence that we have in him, that, if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us:
this
3:21; Ephesians 3:12; Hebrews 3:6,14; 10:35
in him
or, concerning him. if.
3:22; Jeremiah 29:12,13; 33:3; Matthew 7:7-11; 21:22; John 14:13; 15:7; 16:24; James 1:5,6; 4:3; 5:16
he
Job 34:28; Psalms 31:22; 34:17; 69:33; Proverbs 15:29; John 9:31; 11:42

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-john-5.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

The proviso according to his-will is important and shows that we are not at liberty to make just any kind of wild request and expect God to grant it.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on 1 John 5:14". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/1-john-5.html. 1952.


Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 17th, 2018
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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