Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 12:16

When all Israel saw that the king did not listen to them, the people answered the king, saying, "What portion do we have in David? We have no inheritance in the son of Jesse; To your tents, O Israel! Now look after your own house, David!" So Israel departed to their tents.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Canaan;   Citizens;   Counsel;   Government;   Jeroboam;   Petition;   Rebellion;   Rehoboam;   Revolt;   Tent;   Treason;   Thompson Chain Reference - Revolts;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;   Tribes of Israel, the;   Tribute;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Rehoboam;   Shechem;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Jeroboam;   Jerusalem;   Judah, tribe and kingdom;   Rehoboam;   Solomon;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Kings, First and Second, Theology of;   Wages;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Israel, Kingdom of;   Rehoboam;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Israel;   Kings, the Books of;   Palestine;   Rehoboam;   Tent;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Kings, 1 and 2;   Poetry;   Tribes of Israel, the;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Israel;   Rehoboam,;   Solomon;   Tent;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Rehoboam ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Israel;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Is'rael;   She'chem;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Government of the Hebrews;   Jeroboam;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Revolt;   Kingdom of Israel;   Kingdom of Judah;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Antediluvian Patriarchs;   Jeroboam;   Jesse;   Kings, Books of;   Rehoboam;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Kings, Books of;   Tent;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

So Israel departed unto their tents - That is, the ten tribes withdrew their allegiance from Rehoboam; only Judah and Benjamin, frequently reckoned one tribe, remaining with him.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:16". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-kings-12.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

See the marginal reference. The words breathe unmistakeably the spirit of tribal jealousy and dislike (1 Kings 11:40 note).

Now see to thine own house, David - i. e., “Henceforth, house of David, look after thine own tribe, Judah, only.” It is not a threat of war, but a warning against interference.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:16". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-12.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

NORTHERN ISRAEL REJECTED REHOBOAM AS KING

"And when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents O Israel: now see to thine own house, David. So Israel departed unto their tents. But as for the children of Israel that dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them."

Here in 1 Kings 12:17 is established a permanent separation of the northern Israel from the southern Israel, the former to be known as Israel, and the latter as Judah; and this usage is found extensively in the rest of the O.T.

"As for the children of Israel that dwelt in the cities of Judah" (1 Kings 12:17). "A number of pious Israelites emigrated to Judah in order to remain under the rule of the Davidic king, and thus worship the true God in the true way at Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 11:16)."[10]

Rehoboam did not have to wait long to find out how stupid his young advisers were. He lost the greater part of his kingdom in one day with one foolish and irresponsible answer! But even then, Rehoboam did not realize his mistake.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:16". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-kings-12.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them,.... To grant their requests:

the people answered the king, saying, what portion have we in David? or in his posterity, which are not of our tribes, nor are we obliged to have a king of that family; nor can we expect any benefit or advantage from thence, as may be easily concluded from the rough answer of Rehoboam:

neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse; so they called David by way of contempt; which was great ingratitude, when he had done such great things for them, and he and his son Solomon had raised them to the pitch of wealth and glory they now enjoyed; these were seditious expressions, and seem to be borrowed from a seditious person in the times of David, 2 Samuel 20:1.

to your tents, O Israel; signifying it was high time to depart from Rehoboam, and to have nothing to say to him, or do with him, but retire to their habitations, to consider whom to set as king over them:

now see to thine own house, David; thou son or grandson of David; not his own house and family, and mind his domestic affairs, nor the house of the sanctuary in his tribe, as many of the Jewish writers interpret it; but rather the tribe of Judah, of which he was, and would have him consider to what a narrow compass his kingdom would be brought, who was just now blustering and boasting of his grandeur as a king:

so Israel departed unto their tents; to their cities, as the Targum, and their habitations there, without recognizing Rehoboam as their king, or swearing allegiance, or giving homage to him as such.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:16". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-12.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in f David? neither [have we] inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David. So Israel departed unto their tents.

(f) Though their cause was good, yet it was hard for the people to control their desires, as these vile words declare.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:16". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-12.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David. So Israel departed unto their tents.

In David — In David's family and son; we can expect no benefit or relief from him, and therefore we renounce all commerce with him, and subjection to him. They named David, rather than Rehoboam; to signify, that they renounced not Rehoboam only, but all David's family.

Son of Jesse — So they call David in contempt; as if they had said, Rehoboam hath no reason to carry himself with such pride and contempt toward his people; for if we trace his original, it was as mean and obscure as any of ours.

To your tents — Let us forsake him, and go to our own homes, there to consider, how to provide for ourselves.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:16". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-12.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

saying

(See Scofield "Judges 8:1").

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on 1 Kings 12:16". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/1-kings-12.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 12:16 So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? neither [have we] inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David. So Israel departed unto their tents.

Ver. 16. The people answered the king, saying] Here that proverb is exemplified, "Grievous words stir up wrath." [Proverbs 15:1] Rehoboam found also that strife is far easier stirred than stinted: and that the people is a most dangerous and heady water when once it is out.

What portion have we in David?] So soon are all his good turns done for them, and their fathers afore them, forgotten. Perraro grati reperiuntur. This absurd language they had learned of Saul the castaway and Sheba the traitor.

To your tents, O Israel.] Away to your own homes and houses: for why should we enslave ourselves to such a tyrant?

Now see to thine own house, David.] See to thine own affairs, and we will see to ours: and provide us of a king that will better deport himself toward us than this fatuellus.

So Israel departed unto their tents.] To Ohalehem and to Elohehem, their tents and their gods, resolving never to subject themselves to Rehoboam, or any of his posterity. (a)

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:16". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-12.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

1 Kings 12:16. Now, see to thine own house, David It is observable to every reader of the History of the Jews, of how ungrateful a disposition this people was; not only to God, but to their best temporal benefactors. Surely no nation ever owed greater obligations to a prince, than the Israelites did to David; yet how soon are all his benefits forgotten, and the people, almost with one accord, revolt from his grandson!

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:16". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/1-kings-12.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

What portion have we in David, i.e. in David’s family and son? we can expect no benefit or relief from him, and therefore we renounce all commerce with him, and subjection to him. See 2 Samuel 20:1. They named David rather than Rehoboam, to signify, that they did renounce, not Rehoboam only, but all David’s family.

The son of Jesse; so they call David in contempt: q. d. Rehoboam hath no reason to carry himself with such pride and contempt toward his people, for if we trace his original, it was as mean and obscure as many of ours. And since he abuseth his power, let us reduce him to his former obscurity.

To your tents, O Israel, i.e. let us all forsake him, and go to our own homes. there to consider, and then to meet and conclude how to provide otherwise for ourselves. Now see to thine own use, David, i.e. govern thy own family; for thou shalt no longer rule over us. Thus they brake out into actual rebellion against him, whom God had made their lawful sovereign; wherein, though they fulfilled God’s counsel, yet they violated his authority and command. And they do again make an opprobrious mention of David, whom they should not have named without honour.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:16". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-12.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

16.What portion have we — The signal cry of insurrection and revolt. Compare 2 Samuel 20:1.

Departed unto their tents — Went to their different homes, and proceeded to make arrangements for founding a kingdom separate from Judah.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:16". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-12.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

1 Kings 12:16. So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, &c. — Here we see the divine threatening to Solomon by Ahijah beginning to take effect, and the important event of rending the kingdom of the ten tribes from the house of David, foretold by that prophet, on the point of being fulfilled. The people show themselves bold and resolute in the cause they had undertaken, and highly resent the provocation which Rehoboam had given them, concluding that a government, which in the beginning was so haughty, would be intolerably grievous in the progress of it. What portion have we in David? — In David’s family and son; we can expect no benefit or relief from him, and therefore we renounce all commerce with him, and subjection to him. They named David rather than Rehoboam, to signify that they renounced not Rehoboam only, but all David’s family. Son of Jesse — So they call David in contempt; as if they had said, Rehoboam hath no reason to carry himself with such pride and contempt toward his people; for if we trace his original, it was as mean and obscure as ours. To your tents, O Israel — Let us forsake him and go to our own homes, there to consider how to provide for ourselves. Now see to thine own house, David — Look to thine own affairs, and content thyself with reigning over the house of Judah; for thou shalt no longer rule over us. Thus they break out into actual and open rebellion against the family of David, to which they were under the greatest obligations: for surely no nation ever owed more to a prince, than the Israelites did to him. But how soon were all his benefits forgotten by this ungrateful people! ungrateful, not only to God, but to their best temporal benefactors. It is true their jealousy for their liberty and property well became them as a free people; but the rashness of their resolution is much to be blamed: for, in time, and by prudent management, they might have settled matters with Rehoboam to mutual satisfaction. Had they inquired who gave him this advice, and taken a course to remove those evil counsellors from about him, the rupture might have been prevented. It is no marvel, however, that Israel fell away from the house of David, when the house of David fell from God, and from the great ends of their advancement, which was, to be ministers of God to the people for good.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:16". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/1-kings-12.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Look to. Chaldean, "rule over thy own tribe." They imitate those who give a bill of divorce. (Calmet) --- Herein they were not excusable, no more than those who persecuted God's people, though he permitted their wickedness, to chastise the guilty. (Menochius) --- Seba had formerly withdrawn the people from David in the same manner, 2 Kings xx. 1. (Haydock) --- Abulensis thinks that as God had chosen Jeroboam, and his rival acted tryannically, the people did right. (Tirinus)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:16". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-12.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

What portion. ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

the son of Jesse. Used in contempt. Compare 1 Samuel 16:18; 1 Samuel 20:31; 1 Samuel 22:7, 1 Samuel 22:8, 1 Samuel 22:9; 1 Samuel 25:10. 2 Samuel 20:1.

to your tents. One of the emendations of the Sopherim. App-33. The primitive text was "to your gods", because the sin here was apostasy from Jehovah"s worship in Jerusalem. Two letters transposed made it read "to your tents". See note on 1 Samuel 20:1, and compare 2 Chronicles 10:16.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:16". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-12.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(16) To your tents.—This war-cry was not new. It had been heard once before, during the conflict between Judah and Israel after the rebellion of Absalom, when it was silenced instantly by the relentless promptitude of Joab (2 Samuel 20:1). Only the last ironical line is added, “See to thine own house, David” (which the LXX. explains as “Feed, as a shepherd, thine own house, David”). There is perhaps a sarcastic allusion to God’s promise to establish the house of David: “Be a king, but only in thine own house!”

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:16". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-12.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David. So Israel departed unto their tents.
What portion
2 Samuel 20:1; 2 Chronicles 10:16
to your tents
22:17,36
now see
11:13,34,36,39; 2 Samuel 7:15,16; Psalms 2:1-6; 76:10; 89:29-37; 132:17; Isaiah 7:2,6,7; 9:6,7; Jeremiah 23:5,6; 33:15,16,21; Luke 19:14,27
So Israel
Judges 8:35; 2 Samuel 15:13; 16:11
Reciprocal: Joshua 22:25 - ye have;  Judges 9:28 - Who is Abimelech;  1 Samuel 4:10 - every man;  1 Samuel 22:7 - the son of Jesse;  1 Samuel 25:10 - Who is David;  2 Samuel 19:43 - We have;  1 Kings 11:11 - I will surely;  Psalm 89:44 - Thou;  Proverbs 13:10 - Only;  Proverbs 18:19 - brother;  Proverbs 24:21 - meddle;  Proverbs 26:4 - GeneralIsaiah 7:17 - the day;  Ezekiel 37:16 - For Joseph;  Hosea 3:5 - and David their king;  Hosea 8:4 - set;  Hosea 13:11 - GeneralMark 3:24 - GeneralLuke 3:32 - was the son of Jesse;  Acts 15:16 - build again the tabernacle;  Hebrews 12:25 - See;  2 Peter 2:10 - despise

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:16". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-12.html.