Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 12:21

Now when Rehoboam had come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah and the tribe of Benjamin, 180,000 chosen men who were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel to restore the kingdom to Rehoboam the son of Solomon.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Benjamin;   Canaan;   Government;   Rehoboam;   Revolt;   Thompson Chain Reference - Judah;   Tribe;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Benjamin, Tribe of;   Judah, the Tribe of;   Judea, Modern;   Kings;   Priests;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Rehoboam;   Shechem;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Benjamin;   Israel;   Jerusalem;   Rehoboam;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Benjamin;   Judah, Kingdom of;   King;   Rehoboam;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Kings, 1 and 2;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Benjamin;   Israel;   King;   Kings, Books of;   Rehoboam,;   Solomon;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Rehoboam ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Rehoboam;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Rehobo'am;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Government of the Hebrews;   Jeroboam;   Prophets;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Revolt;   Kingdom of Judah;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Judah, Kingdom of;   Prophecy;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The adhesion of Benjamin to Judah at this time comes upon us as a surprise. By blood Benjamin was far more closely connected with Ephraim than with Judah. All the traditions of Benjamin were antagonistic to Judah, and hitherto the weak tribe had been accustomed to lean constantly on its strong northern neighhour. But it would seem that, in the half-century which had elapsed since the revolt of Sheba, the son of Bichri 2 Samuel 20:1, the feelings of the Benjamites had undergone a complete change. This is best accounted for by the establishment of the religious and political capital at Jerusalem, on the border line of the two tribes Joshua 15:8; Joshua 18:16, from where it resulted that the new metropolis stood partly within the territory of either, and was in a certain sense common to both. One of the gates of Jerusalem was “the high gate of Benjamin” Jeremiah 20:2; and probably Benjamites formed a considerable part of the population. The whole tribe also, we may well believe, was sincerely attached to the temple worship, in which they could participate far more freely and more constantly than the members of remoter tribes, and to which the habits of forty years had now accustomed them.

On the number of the Israelites, see Exodus 12:37, notes; and 2 Samuel 24:9, notes. The number mentioned here is moderate, compared with the numbers given both previously and subsequently 2 Chronicles 13:3; 2 Chronicles 17:14-18.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:21". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-12.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

REHOBOAM MOBILIZED FOR WAR; GOD'S PROPHET STOPPED IT

"And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah, and the tribe of Benjamin, a hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, that were warriors to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon. But the word of God came to Shemaiah the man of God, saying, Speak unto Rehoboam the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and unto all the house of Benjamin, and to the rest of the people, saying, Thus saith Jehovah, Ye shall not go up, nor fight against your brethren the children of Israel; return every man to his house; for this thing is of me. So they hearkened unto the word of Jehovah, and returned and went their way, according to the word of Jehovah."

This rash move by Rehoboam toward an all-out war with Israel indicates that he was still following those crazy young advisers. One cannot imagine anything any more dramatic than the appearance of the magnificent prophet of God suddenly confronting the king and 180,000 soldiers mobilized for war and SENDING THEM ALL HOME!

"This thing is of me" (the Lord) (1 Kings 12:24). At the time this disastrous division of the kingdom of Israel took place, nothing could have seemed any more contrary to the will of God. It looked like an omen of the complete extinction of the glory of the house of the patriarchs; it wiped out the vast majority of Abraham's descendants and reduced the remainder to the status of second-rate states in the ancient world. "But we, in the light of later history can now see that the destruction of Israel's unity worked out results of eternal advantage to mankind."[13] The idolatry of the northern Israel was incompatible with the purpose of God; and their separation from Judah was absolutely necessary to the promotion and preservation of the Messianic hope, which, in the last analysis, was the unique value of the Abrahamic posterity.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:21". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-kings-12.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, From Shechem, which was forty milesF14Reland. Palestin. Illustrat. tom. 2. p. 1007. from Jerusalem:

he assembled all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin, an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon; which not only shows courage reassumed by Rehoboam, now safely home, but the hearty attachment of Judah and Benjamin to him, who raised presently so numerous an army in his favour; and had it not been that the Lord was against their going to battle with Israel, in all probability they might have gained their point, Jeroboam being scarcely settled in his kingdom, and having no forces raised.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:21". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-12.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he h assembled all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin, an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon.

(h) For as yet he did not realize that the Lord had so appointed it.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:21". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-12.html. 1599-1645.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 12:21 And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin, an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon.

Ver. 21. To fight against the house of Israel.] But this was not the way now; since the counsel of the Lord, that must stand. Rehoboam should rather have taken up such a motto, as afterwards Otho II. Emperor of Germany did, Pacem cum hominibus, cum vitiis bellum; Let us quarrel with our friends, (a) and not with our fellow creatures.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:21". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-12.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

With the tribe of Benjamin, i.e. that part of it which was next to Judah, and joined with them. See Poole "1 Kings 11:13".

Against the house of Israel, i.e. the families or tribes (for these words are promiscuously used one for the other) of Israel.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:21". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-12.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

21.With the tribe of Benjamin — It was natural that this tribe, lying as it did upon the border of Judah, and having Jerusalem, the royal city of David, even within its own territory, should adhere to the southern kingdom.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:21". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-12.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Fourscore. [Eighty.] Septuagint, "twenty." (Du Hamel) --- But the Alexandrian copy agrees with the Hebrew. (Haydock)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:21". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-12.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

an hundred, &c. 180,000. In David"s time there were 470,000. See note on 2 Samuel 24:9.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:21". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-12.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin, an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon.

When Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah. Rehoboam determined to assert his authority by leading a large force into the disaffected provinces. But the revolt of the ten tribes was completed when the prophet Shemaiah ordered, in the Lord's name, an abandonment of any hostile measures against the revolutionists. This seasonable and gracious interposition was designed to prevent the miseries of civil war, in attempting to undo a schism which had originated in the divine decree, and been pre-intimated by His commissioned prophet (1 Kin. ). The army, overawed by the divine prohibition, dispersed, and the king was obliged to submit.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:21". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-12.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin, an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon.
when Rehoboam
2 Chronicles 11:1-3
an hundred
1 Chronicles 21:5; 2 Chronicles 14:8,11; 17:14-19; Proverbs 21:30,31
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 33:12 - The beloved;  2 Kings 10:3 - fight for

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:21". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-12.html.