Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 12:33

Then he went up to the altar which he had made in Bethel on the fifteenth day in the eighth month, even in the month which he had devised in his own heart; and he instituted a feast for the sons of Israel and went up to the altar to burn incense.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Beth-El;   Bul;   Calf;   Church and State;   Idolatry;   Jeroboam;   Month;   Religion;   Rulers;   Statecraft;   Tabernacles, Feast of;   Temple;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Altars;   Calves of Jeroboam;   Rebellion against God;   Sins, National;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Rehoboam;   Shechem;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Bethel;   Israel;   Jeroboam;   Jerusalem;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - King, Kingship;   Kings, First and Second, Theology of;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Judgments of God;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Bethel;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Aholah;   Old Testament;   Pentateuch;   Tabernacles, Feast of;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Bethel;   Golden Calf;   Idol;   Jeroboam;   Transportation and Travel;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Calf, Golden;   Israel;   King;   Rehoboam,;   Solomon;   Tabernacles, Feast of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Bethel ;   Calf, Golden;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Beth-aven;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Idolatry,;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Jeroboam;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Israel;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Altar;   Calf, Golden;   Feign;   High Place;   Ordain;   Temple;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Bethel;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

He offered upon the altar - Jeroboam probably performed the functions of high priest himself, that he might in his own person condense the civil and ecclesiastical power.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:33". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-kings-12.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

This verse belongs to 1 Kings 12:26 note.)

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:33". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-12.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel the fifteenth day of the eighth month,.... As he had done in Dan:

even in the month which he had devised of his own heart; the feast of tabernacles was of God's appointing, but the time of keeping he had devised himself, changing it from the seventh month, or Tisri, which answers to our September and October, to the eighth month, or Marchesvan, which answers to part of October and part of November:

and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel; to be observed by them as the feast of tabernacles was by the priests of Judah and Benjamin:

and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense; which none but the priests should do; perhaps the reason why the same resentment was not shown as to Uzziah was, because this was not at the altar of the Lord: whether he burnt incense after the manner of the Jewish priests, or as the priests of Egypt did to the sun, where he had been for some time, is not certain; the former burnt incense only twice a day, morning and evening, the latter three times; at sunrising they burnt rosin, about noon myrrh, and about sun setting "kuphi", which was a compound of sixteen sortsF23Plutarch de lside & Osiride. .

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:33". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-12.html. 1999.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

REFLECTIONS

WHAT a sad page for the most painful reflection doth the Holy Ghost give us in the view of Rehoboam's folly and Jeroboam's sin! what a train of evil is induced by the fall! what is every man by nature but blind, ignorant, wayward, and perverse! Reader! have you ever remarked how sinners, like Jeroboam, work all uncleanness with greediness? Like soldiers in Satan's army; they enlist under his banner; they wear his uniform; they volunteer in his service; they clothe themselves with his armour, and wield the weapons of sin, enmity and malice. And unless recovered out of the snare of the devil, if living and dying in his service, their end must be destruction, and their wages everlasting death.

Precious, precious Jesus! what everlasting thanks hath my soul to offer to thee, thou great and glorious captain of my salvation, in that thou hast, at no less expense than thine own blood and life, brought me out of his slavish ranks, and made me free indeed in thy service. Oh! Lord! give me grace to reverence thy temple, thine ordinances, thine house of prayer, thy sabbaths; and never more, like Jeroboam, set up in my poor heart any idol of abomination. Let every imagination be cast down, and every high thing that would exalt itself against the knowledge of God, be taken away, and let every thought be brought into captivity to the obedience of Christ. Be thou, dearest Lord, everything to me that is precious; and do thou reign and rule in my heart, the hope of glory!

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Bibliographical Information
Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:33". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/1-kings-12.html. 1828.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel the fifteenth day of the eighth month, even in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense.

Devised — Which he appointed without any warrant from God.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:33". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-12.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 12:33 So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel the fifteenth day of the eighth month, [even] in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense.

Ver. 33. So he offered upon the altar.] As he usurped the kingdom, so now he invadeth the high priesthood: (a) as did likewise Uzziah. [2 Chronicles 26:16] Julius Caesar wrote to his mother, Hodie videbis me aut Pontificem aut exulem. Today you will see me as Pontiff or exileed. (b) Charles V also sought once to make himself Pope, that he might get both the swords into his own hand. Ambition rideth without reins.

Which he had devised of his own heart.] Hence this new day is called the day of the king, by the prophet Hosea, who doth often thunder against this idolatry. Sed surdo fabulam.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:33". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-12.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Which he had devised of his own heart; which he appointed without any warrant from God, which was superstition. Compare Jeremiah 7:31.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:33". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-12.html. 1685.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

1 Kings 12:33. Which he had devised of his own heart — Out of his own will and pleasure, against the express ordinance of God. And ordained a feast To be observed, it is likely, every year in Beth-el, as well as in Dan, as the feast of tabernacles was at Jerusalem, like which it also lasted many days. And he offered upon the altar, and burned incense — Thus performing the highest part of the priest’s office.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:33". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/1-kings-12.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

To: literally, "up on," (super) as at the end of the verse. (Haydock) --- The altars were very high and large. (Calmet) --- Month. Septuagint add, "on the festival which," &c. (Menochius) --- Heart. Hebrew reads millibod, (præter) instead of molbu, (ex corde suo.) Some manuscripts retain the latter word, as it is printed also in the marginal keri. Leusden tells us, we are by no means to say it is the truer reading, because then the text must be allowed to be corrupted; but it only explains what is meant by præter, "besides." A marvellous explanation! and perhaps it is only to be paralleled by ei explained by non. (Kennicott) --- Jeroboam has a mind to do honour to his new worship, and unites in his own person the sacerdotal and regal dignity, as the Roman emperors did. (Calmet) --- Incense. Septuagint, "to sacrifice." (Haydock) --- From this period, many learned men date the 390 years of the iniquity of Israel, Ezechiel iv. 5. (Du Hamel)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:33". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-12.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

of his own heart. Hebrew text reads "by himself". Some codices, with three early printed editions, Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read as Authorized Version Man-made feasts go with man-made priests (1 Kings 12:31).

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:33". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-12.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(33) So he offered upon the altar.—The repetition of this verse is accounted for by its belonging properly in sense to the next chapter, opening the story of the mission of the “man of God from Judah.” The idea of the verse would be best conveyed by rendering the verbs of this verse in the imperfect tense: “So Jeroboam was offering,” &c.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:33". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-12.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel the fifteenth day of the eighth month, even in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense.
offered upon the altar
or, went up to the altar, etc.
in the month
Numbers 15:39; Psalms 106:39; Isaiah 29:13; Matthew 15:6; Mark 7:13
he offered
13:1; 1 Samuel 13:12; 2 Chronicles 26:6
and burnt incense
Heb. to burn incense. Reciprocal: Exodus 32:5 - a feast;  2 Kings 2:2 - Bethel;  2 Chronicles 17:4 - not after;  2 Chronicles 26:16 - to burn;  Ezekiel 4:5 - three;  Hosea 11:2 - burned

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 12:33". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-12.html.