Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 16:15

In the twenty-seventh year of Asa king of Judah, Zimri reigned seven days at Tirzah. Now the people were camped against Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Gibbethon;   Tirzah;   Zimri;   Thompson Chain Reference - Israel;   Israel-The Jews;   Kings of Israel;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;   Sieges;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Gibbethon;   Omri;   Zimri;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Palestine;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Omri;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Nadab;   Omri;   Philistia;   Samaria;   Zimri;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Archaeology and Biblical Study;   Gibbethon;   Omri;   Zimri;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Kings, Books of;   Philistines;   Tibni;   Tirzah;   Zimri (1);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Gibbethon ;   Tirzah ;   Zimri ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Nimshi;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Zimri;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Om'ri;   Zim'ri;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Israel;   Kingdom of Judah;   Babylonish Captivity, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Fortification;   Gibbethon;   Omri;   Philistines;   Tibni;   Tirzah;   Zimri (1);   Zimri (2);  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The people were encamped against Gibbethon - It appears that, at this time, the Israelites had war with the Philistines, and were now besieging Gibbethon, one of their cities. This army, hearing that Zimri had rebelled and killed Elah, made Omri, their general, king, who immediately raised the siege of Gibbethon, and went to attack Zimri in the royal city of Tirzah; who, finding his affairs desperate, chose rather to consume himself in his palace than to fall into the hands of his enemies.

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These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:15". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-kings-16.html. 1832.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

THE SEVEN-DAY REIGN OF ZIMRI

"In the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah did Zimri reign seven days in Tirzah. Now the people were encamped against Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines. And the people which were encamped heard say, Zimri hath conspired, and hath also smitten the king: wherefore all Israel made Omri, the captain of the host, king over Israel that day in the camp. And Omri went up from Gibbethon, and all Israel with him, and they besieged Tirzah. And it came to pass when Zimri saw that the city was taken, that he went into the castle of the king's house, and burned the king's house over him with fire, and died, for his sins which he sinned in doing that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, and in his sin which he did in making Israel to sin. Now the rest of the acts of Zimri, and his treason that he wrought, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?"

This paragraph concludes the record of Zimri's brief reign. The tenderness with which some writers discuss these wicked kings amazes us. Snaith tells us that Zimri "assassinated Elah while he was feasting"![11] Also, Matheney spoke of extra-Biblical sources which give "a more just estimate of Omri's activities,"[12] bemoaning the fact, as he called it, that, "It is a testimony of the religious bias of the historian that such a short section (on Omri) is given to such a talented king"![13] It is the viewpoint of this writer that the Biblical record is truthful and absolutely unbiased, and as for that "feasting" of Elah, that is the most polite term we have ever heard for "drinking himself drunk'! It occurs to this writer that the "bias" is not in the Bible but in such critics!

"Wherefore the people ... made Omri ... king" (1 Kings 16:16). There were two excellent reasons why the army of Israel would not accept Zimri as king: (1) He was a subordinate commander to Omri; and (2) "His murder of a host of Elah's friends, along with Elah, and all of their sons must have made him a host of bitter enemies."[14] The army's elevation of their commander to the kingship is a reminder of the way it was during the period of the Phantom Emperors of Rome. As soon as any king died, the army promptly made the head of the troops king.

"The death of Zimri is another illustration of the curse that was upon the monarchs of Israel on account of their persistence in the sins of Jeroboam."[15]

Zimri's suicide is one of only four that are mentioned in the Bible; for a list of these see my comment under Ahithophel in 2 Samuel 17:23.

"For his sins" (1 Kings 16:19). "This sets forth the ultimate ground of Zimri's terribly swift end. Divine judgment had been visited upon him."[16]

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:15". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-kings-16.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

In the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah did Zimri reign seven days in Tirzah, &c. Until the army under Omri came and took the palace, and destroyed him:

and the people were encamped against Gibbethon, which belongeth to the Philistines; it was besieged in Nadab's time, but upon his death, by Baasha, the siege was raised; or however, if then taken, it was recovered by the Philistines, and now besieged again by the Israelites, see 1 Kings 15:27.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:15". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-16.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

In the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah did Zimri reign seven days in Tirzah. And the people [were] encamped g against Gibbethon, which [belonged] to the Philistines.

(g) The siege had continued from the time of Nadab Jeroboam's son.
Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:15". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-16.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

In the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah did Zimri reign seven days in Tirzah. And the people were encamped against Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines.

Gibbethon — Which had been besieged before, but, it seems, was then relieved, or afterwards recovered by the Philistines; taking the advantage of the disorders and contentions which were among their enemies.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:15". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-16.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 16:15 In the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah did Zimri reign seven days in Tirzah. And the people [were] encamped against Gibbethon, which [belonged] to the Philistines.

Ver. 15. Did Zimri reign seven days.] God quickly wore this rod of his wrath to the stumps, and then cast it into the fire.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:15". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-16.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Which had been besieged before, 1 Kings 15:27, but, it seems, was then relieved, or afterwards recovered by the Philistines, taking the advantage of the disorders and contentions which were among their enemies.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:15". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-16.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

ZIMRI’S REIGN, 1 Kings 16:15-20.

15.Zimri’ seven days — This is the shortest reign on record. Short lived are the glories bought by bloody hands. In this case divine vengeance followed so speedily that there needed no prophet to utter it in word.

The people’ encamped against Gibbethon — This siege, begun by Nadab, was continued still. Compare 1 Kings 15:27. Evidently the possession of that city was much desired by the kings of Israel.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:15". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-16.html. 1874-1909.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

In the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah did Zimri reign seven days in Tirzah. And the people were encamped against Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines.
seven
8; 2 Kings 9:31; Job 20:5; Psalms 37:35
And the people were encamped
15:27; Joshua 19:44; 21:23
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 14:17 - Tirzah;  1 Kings 15:21 - Tirzah;  1 Kings 16:10 - reigned;  1 Kings 16:23 - the thirty;  2 Kings 15:13 - a full month;  2 Kings 15:14 - Tirzah;  1 Chronicles 2:6 - Zimri

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:15". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-16.html.