Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Samuel 28:23

But he refused and said, "I will not eat." However, his servants together with the woman urged him, and he listened to them. So he arose from the ground and sat on the bed.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - En-Dor;   Familiar Spirits;   Saul;   Sorcery;   Witchcraft;   Thompson Chain Reference - Appetite, Loss;   Diseases;   Health-Disease;   Loss;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Beds;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Endor;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Descent into Hell (Hades);   Easton Bible Dictionary - Bed;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Divination and Magic;   Samuel, Books of;   Urim and Thummim;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Death;   En-Dor;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Bed;   Descent into Hades;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Saul;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Compel;   Samuel, Books of;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Beds;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Endor, the Witch of;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

I will not eat - It is no wonder that not only his strength, but also his appetite, had departed from him.

And sat upon the bed - Beds or couches were the common places on which the ancients sat to take their repasts.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 28:23". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-samuel-28.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The bed - Rather, “the bench” or divan, such as in the East still runs along the wall, furnished with cushions, for those who sit at meals Esther 1:6; Ezekiel 23:41.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 28:23". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-samuel-28.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But he refused, and said, I will not eat,.... Choosing rather to die with famine than by the sword of the Philistines; though perhaps his meaning is, he could not eat, his stomach loathed it, being overwhelmed with grief and trouble:

but his servants, together with the woman, compelled him; not by force, but by arguments; they reasoned with him, and prevailed upon him to try to eat:

and he hearkened unto their voice; and agreed to eat, if he could:

so he arose from the earth; on which he lay at his full length:

and sat upon the bed; or couch, it being now the custom to recline on couches at caring; though some deny that this custom obtained so early.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 28:23". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-samuel-28.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Samuel 28:23 But he refused, and said, I will not eat. But his servants, together with the woman, compelled him; and he hearkened unto their voice. So he arose from the earth, and sat upon the bed.

Ver. 23. I will not eat.] If the message of death made Hezekiah weep, [Isaiah 38:3] and the approach of it was mar mar, bitter bitterness, [Isaiah 38:17] what wonder if Saul were so dismayed that he had no mind to his meat?

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 28:23". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-samuel-28.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Compelled him, i.e. did over-persuade him, by importunate entreaties, as the next words show.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Samuel 28:23". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-samuel-28.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

23.I will not eat — Extreme mental anguish takes away all appetite.

Compelled him — Constrained him by urgent importunity.

Sat upon the bed — The couch or divan beside the table, on which guests are wont to recline at meals.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 28:23". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-samuel-28.html. 1874-1909.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

But he refused, and said, I will not eat. But his servants, together with the woman, compelled him; and he hearkened unto their voice. So he arose from the earth, and sat upon the bed.

His servants, together with the woman, compelled him - i:e., did labour to persuade him by their importunities and entreaties, and at length succeeded.

So he arose from the earth, and sat upon the bed} - i:e., upon the divan.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 28:23". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-samuel-28.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(23) And sat upon the bed—That is, upon the divan, or cushioned seat, which usually runs round the walls of rooms in Eastern dwellings. There is nothing in the narration to support the common idea, represented so often in painting, that the scene above related took place in a cave. The witch probably lived in a dwelling of her own at En-dor. There is nothing either in the narrative to indicate that she was living in a place of concealment.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 28:23". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-samuel-28.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But he refused, and said, I will not eat. But his servants, together with the woman, compelled him; and he hearkened unto their voice. So he arose from the earth, and sat upon the bed.
I will
1 Kings 21:4; Proverbs 25:20
compelled him
2 Kings 4:8; Luke 14:23; 24:29; Acts 16:15; 2 Corinthians 5:14
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 12:17 - the elders;  Proverbs 7:21 - forced

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 28:23". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-samuel-28.html.