corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.20.05.29
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Timothy 5:2

the older women as mothers, and the younger women as sisters, in all purity.

Adam Clarke Commentary

The elder women as mothers - Treating them with the respect due to their age.

The younger as sisters - Feel for every member of the Church, old and young, male and female; consider them as fathers, mothers, brothers, and sisters; treat them all with gentleness; and labor to keep them in, not to expel them from, the Church.

With all purity - Εν πασῃ ἁγνειᾳ· With all chastity. See the note on 1 Timothy 4:12.

There are some who seem to take a barbarous pleasure in expelling members from, the Church. They should be continued in as long as possible; while they are in the Church - under its ordinances and discipline, there is some hope that their errors may be corrected; but when once driven out again into the world, that hope must necessarily become extinct. As judgment is God's strange work, so excommunication should be the strange, the last, and the most reluctantly performed work of every Christian minister.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-timothy-5.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The elder women as mothers - Showing still the same respect for age, and for the proprieties of life. No son who had proper feelings would rebuke his own mother with severity. Let the minister of religion evince the same feelings if he is called to address a “mother in Israel” who has erred.

The younger as sisters - With the feelings which you have toward a sister. The tender love which one has for a beloved sister would always keep him from using harsh and severe language. The same mildness, gentleness, and affection should be used toward a sister in the church.

With all purity - Nothing could be more characteristic of Paul‘s manner than this injunction; nothing could show a deeper acquaintance with human nature. He knew the danger which would beset a youthful minister of the gospel when it was his duty to admonish and entreat a youthful female; he knew, too, the scandal to which he might be exposed if, in the performance of the necessary duties of his office, there should be the slightest departure from purity and propriety. He was therefore to guard his heart with more than common vigilance in such circumstances, and was to indulge in no word, or look, or action, which could by any possibility be construed as manifesting an improper state of feeling. On nothing else do the fair character and usefulness of a youthful minister more depend, than on the observance of this precept. Nowhere else does he more need the grace of the Lord Jesus, and the exercise of prudence, and the manifestation of incorruptible integrity, than in the performance of this duty. A youthful minister who fails here, can never recover the perfect purity of an unsullied reputation, and never in subsequent life be wholly free from suspicion; compare notes, Matthew 5:28.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-timothy-5.html. 1870.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

the elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, in all purity.

In all purity Lenski observed that "in all purity" is commonly understood to mean that Timothy is to watch his sexual nature when he is admonishing younger women";[2] but despite the fact of his denying that this is the correct understanding of the place, the meaning should nevertheless be allowed. Hervey had this conclusion, "See how jealously the apostle guards against any possibility of abuse of the familiar intercourse of a clergyman with the women of his flock."[3]

[2] R. C. H. Lenski, St. Paul's Epistles ... 1Timothy (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1937), p. 654.

[3] A. C. Hervey, op. cit., p. 95.


Copyright Statement
James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-timothy-5.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

The elder women as mothers,.... When they offend in any point, they are to be reasoned, and argued, and pleaded with, as children should with their mothers; see Hosea 2:2 and are to be considered as mothers in Israel, and to be treated with great tenderness and respect.

The younger as sisters; using the freedom as a brother may with a sister; and considering them as sisters in Christ, and in a way becoming the relation, tell them their faults freely and privately, but

with all purity: in such manner as to preserve chastity in looks, in words, and actions.


Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-timothy-5.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

with all purity — respectful treatment of the other sex will promote “purity.”


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-timothy-5.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

The elder women as mothers (πρεσβυτερας ως μητεραςpresbuteras hōs mēteras). Anarthrous again, “older women as mothers.” Respect and reverence once more.

The younger as sisters, in all purity (νεωτερας ως αδελπας εν πασηι αγνιαιneōteras hōs adelphas en pasēi hagniāi). Anarthrous also and comparative form as in 1 Timothy 5:1. See note on 1 Timothy 4:12 for αγνιαhagnia No sort of behavior will so easily make or mar the young preacher as his conduct with young women.


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/1-timothy-5.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

The elder women ( πρεσβυτέρας )

N.T.oComp. πρεσβύτιδας agedwomen, Titus 2:3. The word indicates distinction in age merely, although some think that it points to an official position which is further referred to in the following directions concerning widows.


Copyright Statement
The text of this work is public domain.

Bibliography
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/1-timothy-5.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

2The younger as sisters, with all chastity The phrase, with all chastity, relates to younger women; for at that age they ought always to dread every kind of suspicion. Yet Paul does not forbid Timothy to have any criminal or immodest conduct towards young women, (for there was no need of such a prohibition,) but only enjoins him to beware of giving to wicked men any handle for laughter. For this purpose, he demands a chaste gravity, which shall shine throughout all their intercourse and conversation; so that he may more freely converse with young persons, without any unfavorable reports.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/1-timothy-5.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.

Ver. 2. With all purity] Not with some only, but "with all purity," for fear of the worst, εν παση αγνεια: and lest any impure motion therewhile creep into the heart unawares. The souls of ministers should be purer than the sunbeams, saith Chrysostom. They are by their office the lights of the world: let no snuff abide in them, they are fullones animarum, fullers of men’s souls, to make and keep them white; let them take heed of a smutch. Turpe est doctori, &c. Nihil turpius est Peripatetico claudo. It is a shame for a teacher to be found faulty.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-timothy-5.html. 1865-1868.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

1 Timothy 5:2. ὡς ἀδελφὰς, as sisters) Such respectful treatment is well fitted to promote purity.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/1-timothy-5.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The elder women as mothers; the same prudence also is to be used to matrons and aged women.

The younger as sisters; yea, and to younger women too, considering our relation and equality in Christ.

With all purity; only as to them, (considering their sex), a further gravity and prudence is to be used, that we give no occasion to lust, or unclean motions.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-timothy-5.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Ministers of the gospel should pay special attention to the aged, and treat them with special respect and kindness. They should also, in their needful and proper interaction with females of their congregations, possess and manifest a delicate sense of propriety, and the utmost purity of feeling, conversation, and conduct.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "Family Bible New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/1-timothy-5.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges

2. πρεσβυτέρας ὡς μητέρας κ.τ.λ. The elder women as mothers, the younger as sisters, in all purity. ἐν πάσῃ ἀγνείᾳ (see on 1 Timothy 4:12) has special reference to the νεωτέρας. Ellicott appositely quotes Jerome’s prudent advice (Epist. lii. 5): ‘omnes puellas et virgines Christi aut aequaliter ignora aut aequaliter dilige.’ Cp. the corresponding passage in the Ep. to Titus (Titus 2:4), where the discipline of the younger women is to be delegated to the elders of their own sex; here the thought is not so much of the training and directing of the νεωτέραι as of Timothy’s personal relations to them.

ii 3–16. THE STATUS OF WIDOWS


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
"Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/1-timothy-5.html. 1896.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

2. Mothers—So that all these successive terms of relation render the Church a holy family.

All purity—A caution of momentous importance to all young ministers. Toward these sisters of his own age an avoidance of coquetries, familiar freedoms, is due to his own position as a minister. Sad experiences have shown the folly and guilt of neglecting here a safe reserve.

The widows first awakened the Jerusalem Church to the need of sub-apostolic organization, (Acts 6:1-6,) and called the deacons into existence. In an age when men are called to war and subjected to massacre, the widows would form a large and dependent class, and the number of claimants would require their subjection to scrutiny and sifting.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-timothy-5.html. 1874-1909.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

1 Timothy 5:2. The exhortation is, of course, parallel to that in 1 Timothy 5:1, but something more was needed to guard against suspicion and scandal. The free intercourse of a brother with brothers was not equally possible in this case, and therefore the limiting clause is added, ‘in all purity.’


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/1-timothy-5.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

1 Timothy 5:2. ἐν πάσῃ ἁγνίᾳ: with the strictest regard to purity, or perhaps propriety. Christians, Athenagoras tells us (Legat. 32), considered other Christians, according to their age, as sons and daughters; brothers and sisters; fathers and mothers. Ellicott quotes Jerome’s maxim, “Omnes puellas et virgines Christi aut aequaliter ignora aut aequaliter dilige” (Epist. 52, 5, p. 259). Compare de Imitatione Christi, i. 8, “Be not a friend to any one woman, but recommend all good women in general to God”.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/1-timothy-5.html. 1897-1910.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

just medium must be observed in the guidance of the sex, avoiding equally an indiscreet severity or an affection too tender and bordering on sensuality. A just diffidence in self is the best security. --- All chastity refers to the heart, eyes, ears, words, looks, with the precautions of times and places.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-timothy-5.html. 1859.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

“The older women as mothers”: “So when Timothy admonishes the older women, he must deal with them as a loving adult son would deal with his own mother were she erring” (Reese p. 218).

“And the younger women as sisters”: “Paul’s mention of father, brothers, mothers, sisters, shows that he is thinking of the church as a family and each member must be treated with family affection” (Hiebert p. 90). Becoming a Christian may cost us some physical family ties, but Jesus noted that we have become part of a larger and bigger family (Matthew 12:49-50; Matthew 19:29; Mark 10:29-30).

“In all purity”: With proper manners and behavior (4:12). “Denotes chastity which excludes all impurity of spirit, manner, and act” (Vine p. 232). When Timothy must deal with younger women, he should behave, as he would want other men to act toward his own sister. “This warning is significant, for at this very point many young men on the threshold of long and fruitful service have lost their usefulness” (Kent p. 169). Paul was not naïve; rather he knew the danger that could beset a young preacher when it was his duty to admonish a youthful female. “He was therefore to guard his heart with more than common vigilance in such circumstances, and was to indulge in no word, or look and action, which could by any possibility be construed as manifesting an improper state of feeling” (Barnes p. 174).


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/1-timothy-5.html. 1999-2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

elder women. Feminine of "elder", 1 Timothy 5:1.

with. App-104.

purity See 1 Timothy 4:12.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-timothy-5.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.

With all purity. Respectful treatment of the other sex promotes "purity."


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-timothy-5.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(2) The elder women as mothers.—The same watchful care against all assumption of superiority must also be exercised in his dealings with the Christian matrons of Ephesus.

The younger as sisters, with all purity.—In the case of the younger women, St. Paul adds to his directions respecting brotherly and sisterly regard a grave word, urging upon Timothy, and all official teachers like Timothy, to add to this self-denying, loving friendship a ceaseless watchfulness in all their conversation, so as not to afford any ground for suspicion; for, above all things, the recognised teacher of Christianity must be pure. No one can read and forget the quaint words of advice of St. Jerome: “Omnes puellas et virgines Christi, aut æqualiter ignora aut ægualiter dilige.”


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-timothy-5.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.
elder
3; Matthew 12:50; John 19:26,27
with
4:12; Philippians 4:8; 1 Thessalonians 5:22; 2 Timothy 2:22

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-timothy-5.html.

1 Timothy 5:2 The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.

The term "elder women" is the same term translated "an elder" in verse one.

Why do you believe that Paul inserted the little phrase "with all purity?"

I take it that the idea of "rebuke not" and "entreat as" are applicable to all of the groups listed.

The idea of rebuking my mother was interesting to me for many times I disagreed, but only a time or two did I challenge her on anything. When I was smaller, it was fear. She would have killed me. She was BIGGG!!!!

The obvious picture here is for the elders to treat the people in their church as their own family. As their dad, their mom, their brother, and their sister.

"IN ALL PURITY" is the obvious application to the normal family life - purity in all relationships. Not only moral purity by purity of communication, action, etc.

The thought of moral purity would completely eliminate many problems within the church. If every elder treated all the people of the church as sisters of his own family, then he would never be out of line with them.

Respect should be extended to all of the family, even when they are weird, strange. Senile, tactless etc.

Robertson takes this to mean women employed by the church, women that are hired for work within the church. I for one don"t see this indicated anywhere, nor do I believe it to be true. I would view this as a general principle of how the church is to operate in relation to the widows within the body.

II. BLOOD FAMILY RESPONSIBILITIES


Copyright Statement
Copyright 2008. Used by Permission. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the author, except as provided by U.S.A. copyright laws. Do feel free to make copies for friends that might be interested as long as you do not make profit from the copies. This is God's work and I don't want anyone to profit from it in a material way.

Bibliography
Derickson, Stanley. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 5:2". "Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sdn/1-timothy-5.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, May 29th, 2020
the Seventh Week after Easter
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology