Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 10:21

Then Jehu sent throughout Israel and all the worshipers of Baal came, so that there was not a man left who did not come. And when they went into the house of Baal, the house of Baal was filled from one end to the other.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Baal;   Confidence;   Enthusiasm;   Falsehood;   Homicide;   Inconsistency;   Intolerance, Religious;   Jehu;   Jonadab;   Massacre;   Religion;   Samaria;   Temple;   Treachery;   Zeal, Religious;   Thompson Chain Reference - False;   Idol;   Idolatrous;   Idolatry;   Temples, Idolatrous;   Worship, False;   Worship, True and False;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Samaria;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Jehu;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Gods and Goddesses, Pagan;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Jehonadab;   Jehu;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Calf Worship;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Crimes and Punishments;   Lord;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jehu;   Molech, Moloch;   Rechab, Rechabites;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Baal, Baalim ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jehonadab;   Jehu;   Samaria;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Jehu;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ahab;   Jehu;   Worship;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

In order to understand how such numbers could find room, we must remember that the ancient temples had vast courts around them, which could contain many thousands.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:21". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-10.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Jehu sent through all Israel,.... Persons to proclaim this solemn assembly:

and all the worshippers of Baal came, so that there was not a man left that came not; some no doubt came cheerfully, having no suspicion of him, and the rather, as he might have been a worshipper of Baal in the times of Ahab; and as for what he had done to Baal's priests, they might consider that only as they were in connection with Ahab's family, whom to destroy was his political interest; and they were glad at heart their new king was so affected to Baal, and fond to see such a grand solemnity as they expected this to be; and others that might be suspicious of him, yet as they must die if they did not appear, and there was a possibility they might live, chose therefore to come:

and they came into the house of Baal; the temple which Ahab had built for him in Samaria, 1 Kings 16:32.

and the house of Baal was full from one end to the other; not only the body of the temple, but all the outward court, every mouth, or corner, as in the original text: and this single house might be sufficient for all in the land; since the number of them might be greatly lessened by the ministry of Elijah and Elisha, as well as by the destruction the former made of the prophets of Baal; and by the schools of the prophets set up in various places, from whence prophets were sent out to instruct the people; and by Joram's putting away the image of Baal, which no doubt lessened the number of his worshippers.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:21". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-10.html. 1999.

Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary

The temple of Baal was filled לפה פּה, “from one edge (end) to the other.” פּה in this sense is not to be derived from פּאה, a corner (Cler., Ges.), but signifies mouth, or the upper rim of a vessel. Metaphora sumta a vasibus humore aliquo plenis: Vatabl.

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The Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.
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Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:21". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/2-kings-10.html. 1854-1889.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 10:21 And Jehu sent through all Israel: and all the worshippers of Baal came, so that there was not a man left that came not. And they came into the house of Baal; and the house of Baal was full from one end to another.

Ver. 21. And all the worshippers of Baal came.] It was wonder they should; since they could not but have heard of the slaughter of Ahab’s priests in Jezreel; but they were infatuated, and so fitted for destruction. With like boldness the Egyptians rushed into the Red Sea. [Exodus 14:23]

And the house of Baal was full from one end to another.] Or, So full that they stood mouth to mouth; their mouths did even almost touch. (a) It was wont to be so in our holy meetings, till the devil divided us, and made so many separatists among us, who run into by-corners. [Hebrews 10:25]

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:21". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-10.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Kings 10:21. So that there was not a man left that came not It may be asked, how all the worshippers of Baal could be induced, after Jehu's conduct, to assemble together? To which it may be replied, that as Jehu was a person of known indifference in matters of religion, (see the note on 2 Kings 10:31.) who in this respect had always conformed to the humours of the court, and in the reign of king Ahab had been a strenuous worshipper of Baal; the people could not tell, when they read his proclamation of a great feast to Baal, but that he had returned in good earnest to the religion which he once embraced, and only deserted for a while in complacency to others. But whether they deluded themselves into this persuasion or not, they knew by experience that Jehu was a man of a fierce and bloody temper, who would not fail to put his threats in execution; and therefore reading in the same proclamation, Whosoever shall be wanting, he shall not live, 2 Kings 10:19 they found themselves reduced to this sad dilemma, either to go or die; and therefore they thought it the wisest method to run the hazard, and throw themselves upon his mercy; having this at least to plead for themselves, that they were not disobedient to his commands. See Calmet and Poole.

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Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:21". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-kings-10.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

There was not a man left that came not; either,

1. Because they thought Jehu was serious and sincere in his professions; it being natural and usual for men too easily to believe what they wish to be true. And for the priests which Jehu destroyed before, 2 Kings 10:11, they might think that was done only because of their nearness and relation to Ahab and his family. Or,

2. For fear of their lives; for certain death was threatened to all that did not come, 2 Kings 10:19, which considering Jehu’s fierce and bloody temper, they knew would be executed; whereas, if they did come, there was more than a possibility of the sparing of their lives; for Jehu was known to be indifferent and unconcerned in matters of religion, one that had served Baal when his prince Ahab lived and did so and forsook it when the next prince Joram did; and therefore it was doubtful whether Jehu had not in good earnest returned to his first love, to that religion which he had formerly embraced, and only deserted in complacency to others. Or,

3. By God’s just providence, deceiving their minds and inclining their hearts to come to their own destruction.

Into the house, i.e. the temple.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:21". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-10.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

21.House of Baal — The great temple which Ahab built in Samaria for the honour of this Phenician idol. 1 Kings 16:32.

From one end to another — Literally, from mouth to mouth. An idiomatic phrase meaning from aperture or opening to opening, or from entrance to exit.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:21". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-10.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Other. Literally, "from top to top." Hebrew, "from mouth to mouth," (Haydock) like a vessel brimfull. (Calmet) --- Every corner was filled. All the priests and prophets made their appearance, through zeal to re-establish the honour of their idol, and for fear of death. (Menochius)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:21". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-10.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

full, &c. = so full [that they stood] mouth to mouth. Ellipsis to be thus supplied, as in Authorized Version margin.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:21". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-10.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(21) Sent through all Israel.—The Vatican LXX. adds, “saying: And now all his servants, and all his priests, and all his prophets, let none be wanting; because I make a great sacrifice. Whoever shall be wanting he shall not live.” This is another instance (comp. 2 Kings 9:16) of the insertion in the text of a marginal note belonging to another place. The note preserves the reading of the first half of 2 Kings 10:19 according to another MS. (See Thenius ad loc.)

Was full from one end to another.—Right as to the sense. The figure is taken from a full vessel; as if we were to say, “The house was brimful.” The rim of a vessel was its mouth. The rim of the contents reached the rim of the vessel. Schulz explains “head to head” (comp. the margin); Gesenius, “from corner to corner” (comp. 2 Kings 21:16); LXX. literally, στόμα εἰς στόμα “mouth to mouth.”

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:21". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-10.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Jehu sent through all Israel: and all the worshippers of Baal came, so that there was not a man left that came not. And they came into the house of Baal; and the house of Baal was full from one end to another.
And they came
Joel 3:2,11-14; Revelation 16:16
the house of Baal
1 Kings 16:32
full from one end to another
or, so full that they stood mouth to mouth.
Judges 16:27
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 10:19 - all his servants

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:21". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-10.html.