Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 10:25

Then it came about, as soon as he had finished offering the burnt offering, that Jehu said to the guard and to the royal officers, "Go in, kill them; let none come out." And they killed them with the edge of the sword; and the guard and the royal officers threw them out, and went to the inner room of the house of Baal.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Baal;   Confidence;   Enthusiasm;   Falsehood;   Homicide;   Inconsistency;   Intolerance, Religious;   Jehu;   Massacre;   Religion;   Samaria;   Treachery;   Zeal, Religious;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Samaria;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Jehu;   Samaria, samaritans;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Gods and Goddesses, Pagan;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Captain;   Guard;   Jehu;   Post;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Calf Worship;   Samaria;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Crimes and Punishments;   Footman;   Lord;   Runners;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Footman;   Guard Body-Guard;   Jehu;   Molech, Moloch;   Rechab, Rechabites;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Baal, Baalim ;   Guard;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jehu;   Samaria;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Jehu;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Captain;   Cruel;   Guard;   Jehu;   Philistines;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

As soon as he had made an end of offering - Had Jehu been a man of any conscientious principle in religion, he would have finished the tragedy before he offered the burnt-offering; but to a man of no religion, the worship of Jehovah and of Baal are alike. If he prefers either, it is merely as a statesman, for political purposes.

To the guard and to the captains - ולשלשים לרצים leratsim uleshalashim ; to the couriers or runners, and the shalashim, the men of the third rank, those officers who were next to the nobles, the king and these being only their superiors. The runners were probably a sort of light infantry.

The city of the house of Baal - Does not this mean a sort of holy of holies, where the most sacred images of Baal were kept? A place separated from the temple of Baal, as the holy of holies in the temple of Jehovah was separated from what was called the holy place.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:25". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-10.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

As soon as he had made an end of offering - The actual sacrificers were no doubt the priests of Baal; but Jehu is considered to have made the offering, since he furnished the victims. Compare 1 Kings 8:62-63.

The guard - literally, “the runners.” This name seems to have been given to the royal body-guard as early as the time of Saul (1 Samuel 22:17, margin). It was their duty to run by the side of the king‘s chariot as he moved from plaze to place.

Cast them out, and went - Rather, “the captains hasted and went,” or “went hastily;” which gives a satisfactory sense. That the soldiers should have troubled themselves to cast the bodies of the slain out of the temple enclosure is very unlikely.

The city of the house of Baal - i. e., the temple itself, as distinguished from the court in which it stood, is intended. The guard having slain all who were in the court, rushed on and entered the sanctuary, there no doubt completing the massacre, and further tearing down and bringing out the sacred objects mentioned in the next verse.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:25". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-10.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

THE RUTHLESS MURDER OF BAAL'S WORSHIPPERS

"And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt-offering, that Jehu said to the guard and to the captains, Go in, and slay them; let none come forth. And they smote them with the edge of the sword; and the guard and the captains cast them out, and went to the city of the house of Baal. And they brought forth the pillars that were in the house of Baal, and burned them. And they brake down the pillar of Baal, and brake down the house of Baal, and made it a draught-house, unto this day. Thus Jehu destroyed Baal out of Israel."

"As soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt-offering" (2 Kings 10:25). If Jehu had been a man of integrity, he would have finished that tragedy before he offered the burnt-offering to Baal. "But to a man of no religion (as was Jehu), the worship of Baal and Jehovah were alike. If he preferred either, it was merely for political reasons."[14]

Some scholars are confused about the number of pillars mentioned here, plural in 2 Kings 10:26 and singular in 2 Kings 10:27. There were probably a number of these, the one being called "the pillar of Baal," was probably of stone;[15] and it was not burned as were the wooden pillars, but broken into pieces. Some scholars insist that the stone pillar was "burned" also and have expressed disapproval of such a statement; but one of the quickest ways to destroy a stone image is to heat it in an intense fire until it is very hot and then cast buckets of water upon it.[16] That shatters it completely. So they may have "burned the pillar" also. (See the RSV on this passage).

"The captains ... went to the city of the house of Baal" (2 Kings 10:25). It is evident from the context here that wherever the captains went it was inside the temple of Baal; and therefore the RSV must be correct, which reads, "They went into the inner room of the house of Baal."

"They ... made it a draught-house unto this day" (2 Kings 10:27). The RSV makes draught-house here `a latrine.' Dentan rendered the words, "A public privy."[17] It must not be thought, however, that Jehu really exterminated the worship of Baal in Israel. The immorality connected with the worship of that pagan deity and vigorously promoted by their multitudes of religious prostitutes, the Kadesha, as they were called, proved very effective; and within a hundred years, Israel was more pagan than ever. (See Hosea 1:1-9).

Furthermore, Jehu himself was no genuine believer in Jehovah, because he continued the sinful worship of the golden calves at Dan and at Bethel, the very sins which Jeroboam had introduced when the kingdom divided,

Yet, the bloody purge of Jehu was not all bad, terrible and unscrupulous as it was. Dentan has an excellent word concerning the work of Jehu.

"There can be no doubt that the right side won. Jehu is just as ugly a figure as was Jezebel, but the principles he stood for, perhaps accidentally as far as he was concerned, were the only principles that could endure. The religion which Jezebel represented had no real understanding either of God or men; it was totally deficient of any true morality. It had absolutely nothing to offer mankind and was void of all hope for the future."[18]

On the other hand, the ancient religion of Israel, the worship of the One True God was virile, carrying with it the germ of universal morality, having also a profound view of God. Also, the salvation of all mankind through the promised "Seed of Woman," "The Shiloh" promised through the patriarchs, namely that "Seed (singular) of Abraham," through whom all mankind would be blessed - all of that priceless hope depended upon the continuity within the posterity of Abraham of a people who would remain true to Jehovah. That was the all-important issue that made the work of the wicked Jehu important and, evil as it was, acceptable to God!

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:25". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-kings-10.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering,.... The chief of the priests of Baal, whose office it was to do this service:

that Jehu said to the guard, and to the captains, go in and slay them, let none come forth; this he said to the eighty men set to guard the temple, and the officers over them; and perhaps they might also have a reinforcement, since such a number seems scarcely sufficient to destroy so many as were here; though indeed it must be considered they were armed men:

and they smote them with the edge of the sword; put them all to death:

and the guard and the captains cast them out; those that were slain, as the Targum, their dead bodies; but it can hardly be thought they would be at the trouble of casting them out, when the house was to be pulled down, and made a jakes (a common sewer or dung house) of, as follows; rather therefore it should be rendered, "they cast" or "flung themselves"F21וישלכי "et proripuerunt se", De Dicu. with great force, and in great haste, as Kimchi, and rushed out of the temple, being eager to do as follows:

and went to the city of the house of Baal; to pull it down; to some city near Samaria where was a temple of Baal; or rather this may design the buildings about the temple of Baal, in which the priests and their families lived, and were so large that they might be called a city of themselves.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:25". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-10.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering, that Jehu said to the guard and to the captains, Go in, [and] slay them; let none come forth. And they smote them with the edge of the sword; and the guard and the captains cast [them] out, and went to the k city of the house of Baal.

(k) Which was near Samaria.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:25". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-10.html. 1599-1645.

Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary

כּכלּתו : when he (the sacrificing priest, not Jehu) had finished the burnt-offering (the singular suffix ו may also be taken as indefinite, when one had finished, vid., Ewald, §294, b .), Jehu commanded the runners and aides-de-camp: Come and smite them (the worshippers of Baal), without one coming out (escaping); whereupon they smote them with the edge of the sword, i.e., slew them unsparingly. ויּשׁליכוּ : and the runners and aides-de-camp threw (those who had been slain) away, and went into the citadel of the temple of Baal. בּית־הבּעל עיר cannot be the city of the temple of Baal, i.e., that part of the city in which the temple of Baal stood, for the runners were already in the court of the temple of Baal; but it is no doubt the temple-citadel, the true temple-house ( עיר from עוּר, locus circumseptus ) - templum Baalis magnifice exstructum instar arcis alicujus (Seb. Schm.).

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Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:25". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/2-kings-10.html. 1854-1889.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering, that Jehu said to the guard and to the captains, Go in, and slay them; let none come forth. And they smote them with the edge of the sword; and the guard and the captains cast them out, and went to the city of the house of Baal.

City — To some buildings belonging to this house of Baal, which may be here called the city; because they were very numerous and capacious. For as there were divers chambers and rooms built without the temple, belonging to it, for the use of the priests, and Levites. So it may probably be conceived, That this famous temple of Baal had many such buildings; in some of which, the priests of Baal, or of the groves, (whereof there were great numbers belonging to the king's court, 1 Kings 18:19,) peradventure might dwell; and others of them might be for divers uses belonging to the house, and service of Baal.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:25". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-10.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 10:25 And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering, that Jehu said to the guard and to the captains, Go in, [and] slay them; let none come forth. And they smote them with the edge of the sword; and the guard and the captains cast [them] out, and went to the city of the house of Baal.

Ver. 25. Go in, and slay them.] This was lawful and warrantable; for idolaters were to die by the law. But the poor Protestants in France have been oft served in like sort by the Guises and other bloody persecutors, against all right and reason.

And went to the city of the house of Baal.] That is, To a certain city near to Samaria, where Baal had a choice temple, saith Vatablus.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:25". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-10.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Kings 10:25. And the captains cast them out And the captains were dismissed. Houbigant.

REFLECTIONS.—Jehu with indefatigable diligence pursues his blow; and as he drives to Samaria,

1. He meets Jehonadab the son of Rechab, a man of eminent piety, coming to congratulate him on his accession, and to encourage him to perfect what he had begun. Jehu with all respect salutes him, and inquires if Jehonadab as heartily espoused his cause, as he reverenced and respected him. On receiving the warmest assurances of his good wishes, Jehu invites him into his chariot, that he may be convinced of his zeal in the Lord's cause; and by the presence of so good a man, no doubt, concludes to gain the greater reputation to himself. Note; (1.) It is a question that we need often put to ourselves and each other, Is thine heart right? upright and sincere in God's service. All profession of zeal without that, is but hypocrisy and design. (2.) Whenever there appears an outward fair profession of zeal for God, a good man cannot but charitably wish success, and countenance the work. Hearts must be left to God's searching. (3.) They who boast much of their zeal give cause to suspect their sincerity. (4.) Many will appear to serve God, as long as their own interest is advanced thereby, whose zeal quickly cools when they can no longer serve themselves.

2. Having destroyed at Samaria all Ahab's friends and family, as he had done at Jezreel, he contrives how at a stroke to cut off the worshippers of Baal from the land. The design was good, but the lie which paved the way was evil. Professing an uncommon zeal for the worship of Baal, which during Joram's reign; who had removed the image of Baal, might have been less public and solemn, he convokes all the priests, and perhaps also all the zealous worshippers of Baal, to Samaria, to partake of a great sacrifice which he intends to their God, threatening death to the man who should be found wanting. This collected a vast concourse, the gates of Baal's temple are open, the house thronged, and all the worshippers dressed for the solemn service: and now pretending zeal for the purity of the sacrifice, lest any servants of Jehovah should have mingled with them, he orders strict search to be made. All things being ready, guards are placed at the avenues, that not a man may escape: every soul is massacred in the temple, the building laid in ruins, the images burnt, and the worship of Baal for the time utterly exterminated. Note; (1.) The wisdom of the serpent may be lawfully used in the cause of God, provided none of the poison of the serpent mingles therewith. (2.) The executioners of God's vengeance, more terrible than Jehu's guards, will shortly without mercy execute their commission on every servant of iniquity. (3.) God's curse, though long oppressed, will rise victorious at the last; and when Jesus shall have cast the wicked into hell, then shall he reign over his saints gloriously.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:25". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-kings-10.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

As soon as he, i.e. the chief priest of Baal: see 2 Chronicles 23:17.

Made an end of offering the burnt-offerings; so far he suffered them to proceed; either because till then they were not all come into the house; or because having been taken in the very act of gross idolatry, their destruction was more just and reasonable.

To the guard, and to the captains, i.e. to the fourscore men and their officers.

Cast them out, i.e. cast their carcasses out of the city. But that was not proper work for the guard; nor could they so soon have done it; nor would they stay to do it, when they were going in haste to other work; nor indeed was it necessary to be done, because they intended to pull down the house, and bury them in its ruins, and turn it into a draught house, as it follows. This word therefore is and may be joined with the next, and both rendered, they went hastily and eagerly; properly, they flung themselves out, (hiphil for hithpahel, which is not unusual in the Hebrew language,) and went. The like expression is used Esther 6:12, hasted, Heb. pushed himself on, or flung himself, i.e. went with great haste; and in the Greek text, Mark 14:72.

To the city of the house of Baal; either,

1. To some city near to Samaria, where another eminent temple of Baal was erected. But this seems not to agree with the context, there being but one house or temple of Baal mentioned, both in the foregoing and following verses. Or rather,

2. To some buildings belonging to this house of Baal, which may be here called the city, either for some particular reason now unknown, or because they were very numerous and capacious. For as there were divers chambers and rooms built without the temple, belonging to it, for the use of the priests and Levites, &c.; so it may properly be conceived that this famous temple of Baal had many such buildings, in some of which the priests of Baal, or of the groves, (whereof there were great numbers belonging to the king’s court, 1 Kings 18:19) peradventure might dwell; and others of them might be for divers uses belonging to the house and service of Baal. And into these buildings the guard might go, and that hastily, to surprise and kill those inferior ministers of Baal, who were there employed in preparing things for the sacrifices which were to be offered, or in other services belonging to that house, or that solemnity.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:25". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-10.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

25.He had made an end of offering — Here Jehu himself is said to do what in fact others did at his command. According to 2 Kings 10:24 the worshippers of Baal offered the sacrifices, but here the act is attributed to Jehu. So in the popular language of all times and of all nations, what one does by the agency of others he does himself.

The guard and the captains — Literally, the runners and the third men; that is, the the immediate satellites of Jehu, composed of a distinguished and trusty class of warriors.

Cast them out — Cast them out of the temple in which they had been slain the dead bodies of the Baal worshippers.

The city of the house of Baal — Not that quarter of the city of Samaria where the temple of Baal was located, as many of the older interpreters explain; but the citadel, the enclosed inner sanctuary of the temple. The multitude of Baal worshippers assembled, and the sacrifices were offered in the atrium or fore-court of the temple, and there the slaughter took place; after which the victors went into the inner apartment or citadel of the house of Baal, and brought forth the images of the idol.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:25". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-10.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Soldiers. Hebrew, "runners, (or foot-guards, 3 Kings i. 5,) and chief officers," Exodus xiv. 7. --- Out. Hebrew, "cast out" their carcasses, or "rushed out (themselves) into the city," which was styled "the temple of Baal;" or "penetrated into the fortress" and inmost recesses of that structure. (Osiander.) --- We read of such a fortress, Judges ix. 46. (Haydock) --- In every city where there was a temple of Baal, the fabric and idols were demolished. (Salien)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:25". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-10.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

the city = Hebrew. "lr, the innermost or most inaccessible part, whether of a city (= the citadel) or a house (as here).

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:25". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-10.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(25) As soon as he had made an end.—The Syriac has, when they (i.e., the Baal priests) had made an end. This is probably right. (Comp. the beginning of 2 Kings 10:24). We can hardly suppose with Ewald that Jehu personally offered sacrifices in the character of an ardent Baal-worshipper. For the massacre Jehu chose the moment when all the assembly was absorbed in worship.

To the guard and to the captains.—Literally, to the runners (or couriers) and to the adjutants (or squires; 2 Kings 9:25). (Comp. 1 Kings 9:22.) The royal guardsmen and their officers are meant.

Cast them out.—That is, threw the dead bodies out of the temple. This is the explanation of the Targum and the other versions. Thenius asks why this should be specially mentioned, and proposes to understand the verb intransitively, “rushed out,” which suits very well with what follows.

And went to the city of the house of Baal.—The word city has here its original meaning, which is also that of the Greek πόλις—viz., citadel, stronghold; properly, a place surrounded by a ring-fence or rampart. Jehu’s guards, after the completion of their bloody work in the court of the temple, rushed up the steps into the sanctuary itself, which, like the temple of Solomon, resembled a fortress. (“Ex atrio irruperunt satellites Jehu in ipsam arcem templi.”—Sebastian Schmidt.) Gesenius explains the word as meaning the temenos or sacred enclosure of the temple, but that does not suit the context. (The origin of the word ‘îr, “city,” obscure in Hebrew, is revealed by the cuneiform inscriptions in the Accadian word erim or eri, meaning “foundation,” and Uru—i.e., Ur, a proper name, meaning “the city.”)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:25". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-10.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering, that Jehu said to the guard and to the captains, Go in, and slay them; let none come forth. And they smote them with the edge of the sword; and the guard and the captains cast them out, and went to the city of the house of Baal.
Go in
Exodus 32:27; Deuteronomy 13:6-11; Ezekiel 9:5-7
let
Ezekiel 22:21,22; Revelation 16:6,7
edge
Heb. mouth.
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 18:40 - Take;  2 Kings 23:20 - he slew;  2 Chronicles 23:14 - whoso followeth her;  2 Chronicles 23:17 - the house of Baal

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:25". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-10.html.