Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 13:7

For he left to Jehoahaz of the army not more than fifty horsemen and ten chariots and 10,000 footmen, for the king of Aram had destroyed them and made them like the dust at threshing.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Jehoahaz;   Rulers;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;   Syria;   Threshing;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ben-Hadad;   Hazael;   Threshing;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Chariot;   Israel;   Jehoahaz;   Jehoash;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Zeal;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Chariot;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Hazael;   Jehoahaz;   Jonah;   Judah, Kingdom of;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Dust;   Hazael;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Amos;   Elisha;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Jehoahaz ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Hazael;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jehoahaz;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Chariot,;   Jeho'ahaz;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Benhadad;   Hazael;   Jehoahaz;   Threshing;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Agriculture;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The meaning is that “he, the king of Syria” (2 Kings 13:4 Hazael) limited the standing army of Jehoahaz.

Like the dust by threshing - An expression not only employed metaphorically, and importing defeat, conquest, and grinding oppression Jeremiah 51:33; Micah 4:12, but implying also the literal use of threshing-instruments in the execution of prisoners of war (marginal reference, and compare 2 Samuel 12:31).

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:7". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-13.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen,.... This is to be connected with 2 Kings 13:4, the verses 2 Kings 12:5, being to be read in a parenthesis, as in our version, and to be understood of the king of Syria, who left no more to the king of Israel, not of the people of the land, but of his army, than fifty horsemen, all the rest being either taken and carried captive by him, or slain:

and ten chariots; military chariots, with the men they carried:

and ten thousand footmen; foot soldiers; to so small a number was his army reduced through wars with the Syrians:

for the king of Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust by threshing: as corn or chaff may be reduced to dust by too much threshing; or as mire and clay by treading on it.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:7". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-13.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the king of f Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust by threshing.

(f) That is, Hazael and Benhadad his son, (2 Kings 13:3). Of Hazael read (2 Kings 13:22).
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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:7". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-13.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

made them like the dust in threshing — Threshing in the East is performed in the open air upon a level plot of ground, daubed over with a covering to prevent, as much as possible, the earth, sand, or gravel from rising; a great quantity of them all, notwithstanding this precaution, must unavoidably be taken up with the grain; at the same time the straw is shattered to pieces. Hence it is a most significant figure, frequently employed by Orientals to describe a state of national suffering, little short of extermination (Isaiah 21:10; Micah 4:12; Jeremiah 51:33). The figure originated in a barbarous war custom, which Hazael literally followed (Amos 1:3, Amos 1:4; compare 2 Samuel 18:31; Judges 8:7).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:7". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-kings-13.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the king of Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust by threshing.

He — The king of Syria.

People — Of his army, or men of war.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:7". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-13.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 13:7 Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the king of Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust by threshing.

Ver. 7. Had made them like the dust by threshing.] Grain may be broken and scattered by overmuch threshing; so was Israel by the Syrian oppression.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:7". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-13.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Neither did he, i.e. the king of Syria, 2 Kings 13:4, with which this verse is to be joined; 2 Kings 13:5,6 being put within a parenthesis, as it is in our translation. But this verse may be translated otherwise, Although he (either the king of Syria, 2 Kings 13:4, or the Lord, 2 Kings 13:5, to whom judgments are oft ascribed, even when wicked men are the instruments of executing it) had not left, &c. And so it may be joined with the next foregoing verse, as a great aggravation of their impenitency, and obstinate continuance in their idolatry, notwithstanding such terrible judgments, which in all reason should have driven them from it. Leave of the people, i.e. of his army, or men of war, as the following words evince.

Had made them like the dust by threshing, i.e. had broken and ground them to dust, or powder, as the corn is many times broken by threshing.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:7". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-13.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

7.Neither did he leave of the people — Literally, for he left not to Jehoahaz a people, except, etc. The connexion is most natural with 2 Kings 13:4, and 2 Kings 13:5-6 are properly put in parenthesis, as in the English version.

Made them like the dust by threshing — The king of Syria had oppressed and destroyed them almost to annihilation. Perhaps he had actually destroyed many with threshing instruments of iron, as, according to Amos 1:3, he did the inhabitants of Gilead. See also 2 Samuel 12:31, note.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:7". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-13.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 13:7. Neither did he leave, &c. — That is, the king of Syria, who so terribly oppressed the Israelites. For this verse must be considered as connected with 2 Kings 13:4, 2 Kings 13:5-6 being included in a parenthesis, as is done in our translation. By the people, of whom the king of Syria left so few, the Israelitish army, or men of war, are here meant, as the following words evince. For the king of Syria had destroyed them — God gave them into his hand, to make this destruction among them, killing some, and carrying others captive. And had made them like the dust by thrashing — Had broken, and, as it were, ground them to dust or powder, as the corn is many times broken by thrashing.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:7". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-13.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Floor. Amos (i. 3.) informs us, that Hazael had crushed the inhabitants of Galaad to death with iron chariots.

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:7". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-13.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the king of Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust by threshing.

Made then like the dust by threshing. Threshing in the East is performed in the open air, upon a level plot of ground daubed over with a covering, to prevent as much as possible the earth, sand, or gravel from rising. A great quantity of them all, notwithstanding this precaution, must unavoidably be taken up with the grain; at the same time, the straw is shattered to pieces. Hence, it is a most significant figure, frequently employed by Orientals to describe a state of national suffering little short of extermination (Isaiah 21:10; Micah 4:12; Jeremiah 51:33). The figure originated in a barbarous war-custom, which Hazael literally followed (Amos 1:3-4 : cf. 2 Sam. 8:31; Judges 8:7 ).

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:7". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-13.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(7) Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz.—Rather, For he had not left to Jehoahaz (any) people (i.e., war folk; 1 Kings 16:15). The subject appears to be Jehovah. The narrative returns, after the long parenthesis, to the statement of 2 Kings 13:4, “and Jehoahaz besought Jehovah (for he had not left, &c.).” Or we might render, “one had not left,” i.e., “there was not left.”

Fifty horsemen, and ten chariots.—The mention of so small a number appears to indicate the result of the Israelite losses in some great battle, or in successive engagements. The destruction of these particular kinds of forces was equivalent to complete disarmament, and rendered further resistance hopeless, as the Syrians were especially strong in chariots and horsemen. (See Note on 2 Kings 2:12.)

Had made them like the dust by threshing.—Rather, and set them like the dust to trample on or tread underfoot. Israel was down-trodden by the conqueror. (Comp. 2 Samuel 22:43; Isaiah 10:6.)

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:7". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-13.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the king of Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust by threshing.
fifty horsemen
1 Samuel 13:6,7,15,19-23; 1 Kings 20:15,27; Isaiah 36:8
the king
8:12; 10:32
like the dust
Psalms 18:42; Isaiah 41:2,15,16; Joel 3:14; *marg:; Amos 1:3
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:62 - few in number;  2 Samuel 22:43 - as small;  2 Kings 10:35 - Jehoahaz;  2 Kings 13:5 - a saviour;  2 Kings 17:20 - delivered;  Psalm 107:39 - oppression;  Proverbs 14:28 - GeneralIsaiah 21:10 - my threshing;  Isaiah 28:27 - threshed;  Hosea 9:6 - they;  Amos 4:10 - and have taken away your horses;  Amos 5:15 - the remnant

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:7". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-13.html.