Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 16:17

Then King Ahaz cut off the borders of the stands, and removed the laver from them; he also took down the sea from the bronze oxen which were under it and put it on a pavement of stone.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Ahaz;   Altar;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Laver;   Temple;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Temple;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ahaz;   Nahum;   Temple;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Sea, the Molten;   Temple, Solomon's;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Laver;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Frame;   Hezekiah;   King, Kingship;   Molten Sea;   Pediment;   Temple of Jerusalem;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ahaz;   Alliance;   Damascus;   Stone;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ahaz ;   Laver;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Sea (2);   Smith Bible Dictionary - Sea, Molten;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ahaz;   Base;   Border;   Laver;   Pavement;   Sea, the Molten or Brazen;   Temple;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Altar;   Calf-Worship;   House;   Ox;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

See the marginal references. The acts recorded here, were probably not mere wanton acts of mutilation, but steps in the conversion of these sacred objects to other uses, as to the ornamentation of a palace or of an idol temple. The bases, the oxen, and the sea were not destroyed - they remained at Jerusalem until its final capture Jeremiah 52:17, Jeremiah 52:20. Probably they were restored to their original uses by Hezekiah 2 Chronicles 29:19.

A pavement of stones - Probably a pavement made expressly, for the stones of the court seem to have been covered with a planking of cedar 1 Kings 6:36; 1 Kings 7:12.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:17". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-16.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

STILL FURTHER CHANGES ORDERED BY AHAZ

"And king Ahaz cut off the panels of the bases, and removed the laver from off them, and took down the sea from off the brazen oxen that were under it, and put it upon a pavement of stone. And the covered way for the sabbath that they had built in the house, and the king's entry without, turned he unto the house of Jehovah, because of the king of Assyria. Now the rest of the acts of Ahaz which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? And Ahaz slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David: and Hezekiah his son reigned in his stead."

"All of the alterations and changes mentioned here had been demanded by the king of Assyria as tokens of Judah's reduction to the status of a vassal state."[23] Montgomery thought that the removal of the brazen oxen from under the laver, etc. was for the purpose of, "Smelting the brass and using it for tribute to Assyria."[24] However, Cook disputed this, pointing out that, "The oxen and the sea were not destroyed, because they remained at Jerusalem until its final capture (Jeremiah 52:17-20)."[25]

"From this time on, with the exception of two or three rebellions, Judah is a vassal state of Assyria - a fact usually overlooked by Bible students."[26]

"And Hezekiah his son reigned in his stead" (2 Kings 16:20). J. C. J. White noted that, "The fall of Samaria came in the sixth year of Hezekiah's reign (that was in 722 B.C.), and yet the invasion of Judah by Sennacherib is dated in 701 B.C., in the fourteenth year of his reign. It seems best therefore to assume that Hezekiah was co-regent with Ahaz from circa 729 B.C."[27]

This brings us to the obituary for Northern Israel as reported in the next chapter.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:17". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-kings-16.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And King Ahaz cut off the borders of the bases, and removed the laver from off them,.... In the temple there were ten lavers for the priests to wash in, which are here meant, the singular being put for the plural; and these had bases of brass, on which they were set; and about these bases were borders, which had on them figures of various creatures, lions, oxen, and cherubim; and these Ahaz cut off, either to deface them, in contempt of them, or to convert the brass to other uses, as he might also the bases themselves, since he removed the lavers from off of them, see 1 Kings 7:27.

and took down the sea from off the brasen oxen that were under it; the molten sea Solomon made, which he set upon twelve oxen made of brass; this Ahaz took down from thence, either to abate its magnificence, and render it despicable, or for the sake of the brass, of which the oxen were made, see 1 Kings 7:23.

and put it upon a pavement of stones; not upon the floor of the temple, for that was of wood, fir, or cedar, but on rows of stones, placed instead of bases for it to stand upon.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-16.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

2 Kings 16:17-19. He spoils the Temple.

cut off the borders of the bases, etc. — It is thought that he did this to use the elaborate sculpture in adorning his palace.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-kings-16.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 16:17 And king Ahaz cut off the borders of the bases, and removed the laver from off them; and took down the sea from off the brasen oxen that [were] under it, and put it upon a pavement of stones.

Ver. 17. And king Ahaz cut off the borders.] He took away both the ornaments and instruments of the true religion.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:17". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-16.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Which he did, either to express his contempt of them, or to render them inconvenient for the uses to which they had been designed; or to dispose of them, or of the brass of them, in some other place and way, as best suited with his fancy; or for the king of Assyria as it follows in the next verse.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:17". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-16.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

17.Borders of the bases’ laver’ sea’ brazen oxen — See notes and cuts at 1 Kings 7:23-39. On his object in removing these precious things, see next verse.

A pavement of stones — A structure or pedestal made of stones; less costly and attractive than the brazen oxen.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:17". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-16.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 16:17. Ahaz cut off the borders of the bases, and took down the sea from off the brazen oxen, &c. — Probably that he might dispose of them, or of the brass of them, in some other way; perhaps that he might turn them into money, either by casting them into such pieces as were current, or by selling them as they were.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:17". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-16.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Stone, all out of avarice, (Haydock) and contempt of the Lord, who chastized him. (Menochius) --- He took away the plates of brass, c., from the doors, (Calmet) which Ezechias was forced to replace, (Haydock) afterwards to take down for the Assyrians, chap. xviii. 16. (Calmet)

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:17". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-16.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

the laver. Compare 1 Kings 7:23-39. 2 Chronicles 28:24, 2 Chronicles 28:25.

the Sea. Compare 1 Kings 7:23-26.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:17". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-16.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And king Ahaz cut off the borders of the bases, and removed the laver from off them; and took down the sea from off the brasen oxen that were under it, and put it upon a pavement of stones.

Cut off the borders of the bases ... It is thought that be did this to employ the elaborate sculpture in adorning his palace. Many writers have supposed that the design of Ahaz in 'cutting off the borders of the bases,' and removing the layer from off them, 'was to melt them down, and apply them to some idolatrous uses; and as the temple was closed, it is highly probable that he did pervert them to such purposes, as we know that he did with the bronze altar (2 Kings 16:15) and many of the vessels abstracted from the Lord's house (see the notes at 2 Chronicles 28:24). But that the brasen oxen were excepted from this process of fusion and transmutation, appears from the record of Jeremiah, who describes them as preserved in their entireness, and enumerates them among other articles removed to Babylon (Jeremiah 52:17-20).'

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-16.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And king Ahaz cut off the borders of the bases, and removed the laver from off them; and took down the sea from off the brasen oxen that were under it, and put it upon a pavement of stones.
A. M. 3265. B.C. 739. cut off
2 Chronicles 28:24; 29:19
borders
1 Kings 7:23,27-39; 2 Chronicles 4:14
sea
25:13-16; 1 Kings 7:23-26; 2 Chronicles 4:15; Jeremiah 52:20
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 16:8 - the silver;  2 Chronicles 29:7 - General

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-16.html.