Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 21:19

Amon was twenty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem; and his mother's name was Meshullemeth the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Amon;   Haruz;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Jotbah;   Meshullemeth;   Rulers;   Thompson Chain Reference - Amon;   Israel;   Israel-The Jews;   Kings of Israel;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Amon;   Manasseh;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Amon;   Haruz;   Meshullemeth;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Amon (2);   Haruz;   Jotbah;   Meshullemeth;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Amon;   Haruz;   Josiah;   Jotbah;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Meshullemeth;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Amon;   Chronicles, I;   Haruz;   Israel;   Jotbah;   Meshullemeth;   Text, Versions, and Languages of Ot;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Amon ;   Haruz ;   Jotbah ;   Manasseh ;   Meshullemeth ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Manasseh;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Jot'bah;   Meshul'lemeth;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Judah;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Amon;   Haruz;   Jotbah;   Judah, Kingdom of;   Meshullemeth;   Queen Mother;   Relationships, Family;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Amon;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Amon, King of Judah;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

He reigned two years in Jerusalem - The remark of the rabbins is not wholly without foundation, that the sons of those kings who were idolaters, and who succeeded their fathers, seldom reigned more than two years. So Nadab, the son of Jeroboam, 1 Kings 15:25; Elah, the son of Baasha, 1 Kings 16:8; Ahaziah, the son of Ahab, 1 Kings 22:51; and Amon, the son of Manasseh, as mentioned here, 2 Kings 21:19.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:19". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-21.html. 1832.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

THE BRIEF REIGN; DEATH; AND BURIAL OF AMON

"Amon was twenty and two years old when he began to reign; and he reigned two years in Jerusalem: and his mother's name was Meshullemeth the daughter of Haraz of Jotbah. And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, as did Manasseh his father. And he walked in all the ways that his father walked in, and served the idols that his father served, and worshipped them; and he forsook Jehovah the God of his fathers, and walked not in the way of Jehovah. And the servants of Amon conspired against him, and put the king to death in his own house. But the people of the land slew all them that had conspired against king Amon; and the people of the land made Josi ah his son king in his stead. Now the rest of the acts of Amon which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? And he was buried in his sepulchre in the garden of Uzza: and Josiah his son reigned in his stead."

Nothing is revealed concerning the reason of the conspiracy against Amon, or the motives of the conspirators. The suggestion of Canon Cook proposes a reasonable solution of what actually happened."

"The intention of the conspirators had perhaps been to declare a forfeiture of the crown by the Davidic line and to place a new dynasty on the throne. This the people would not suffer; so they arrested the conspirators, put them to death, and invested the royal authority in young Josiah, who was only eight years old."[22]

He was the true heir to the throne.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:19". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-kings-21.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Amon was twenty two years old when he began to reign,.... Being born in the forty fifth of his father's life, and in the thirty third of his reign:

and he reigned two years in Jerusalem; which, as Abarbinel observes, was the usual time the sons of wicked kings reigned, and instances in the son of Jeroboam, Baasha, and Ahab, 1 Kings 15:25. An Arabic writerF11Abulpharag. Hist. Dynast. Dyn. 3. p. 67. says, he reigned twelve years, but according to the Jews only two:

and his mother's name was Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah; there was a place called Jotbath, which was one of the stations of the children of Israel in the wilderness, Numbers 33:33 but it can scarcely be thought to be the same place.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-21.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 21:19 Amon [was] twenty and two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name [was] Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah.

Ver. 19. And he reigned two years in Jerusalem.] He was soon cut off for his great wickedness. Some grievous sinners God soon punisheth, lest his providence - but not all, lest his patience and promise of judgment - should be called into question. (a) Glycas saith that Amon hardened himself in sin by his father’s example, who took his swing in sin, and yet at length repented. So, thought he, will I do; wherefore he was soon sent out of the world for his presumption, dying in his sins, as 2 Chronicles 33:23.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:19". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-21.html. 1865-1868.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

REIGN OF AMOS, 2 Kings 21:19-26.

19.Two years — The rabbies say, that the sons of idolatrous kings who succeeded their fathers seldom reigned more than two years, and Nadab, (1 Kings 15:25,) Elah, (2 Kings 16:8,) and Ahaziah, (2 Kings 22:51,) are cited as instances. The site of Jotbah is unknown.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:19". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-21.html. 1874-1909.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Jotbah. Compare Numbers 33:33. Deuteronomy 10:7.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:19". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-21.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Amon was twenty and two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah.

Amon was twenty and two years old when he began to reign. Manasseh, having ascended the throne of Judah at 12 years of age and reigned 55 years in Jerusalem (2 Kings 21:1; cf. 2 Chronicles 33:1), was 67 years old at his death; so that, as Amon, when he succeeded his father, was 22 years of age, his birth must have taken place in his father's 45th year. This circumstance, of a king whose accession to regal power was so early as that; of Manasseh continuing until he reached the age of 45 without an heir to his crown being born, is so rare, or rather unprecedented, in Oriental history, that Niebuhr ('Kleine historische und philologische Schriften') maintains that there is an error in the number of years assigned to Manasseh. But the reasoning of Niebuhr evidently proceeds on the gratuitous and false assumption that Amon was the oldest son of Manasseh; whereas it is clear, from the sacred narrative, that in the early part of his reign, before his captivity in Babylon, he had become a father (2 Kings 21:6 : cf. 2 Chronicles 33:6). What became of that son and of those children we are not informed. They may have all died, or the inheritance to the crown may, from causes unknown, have fallen to Amon. But the fact adverted to, of Manasseh's having a family previous to the birth of Amon, overturns the objection of Niebuhr to the accuracy of the chronological statement.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-21.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

THE REIGN OF AMON (2 Kings 21:19-26).

(19) Amon.—The Vatican LXX. reads αμώς, Amos (So Josephus άμωσός). The name is perhaps that of the Egyptian sun-god Amen (Greek αμμών), as Anion’s father was an idolater.

Meshullemeth.—Feminine form of Meshullam, “friend” i.e. of God; Isaiah 42:19. Ewald compares the Latin Pius, Pia, as a proper name.

Jotbah.—Thenius imitates the name with Gutstadi. St. Jerome says it was in Judah. A similar name occurs in Numbers 33:33; Deuteronomy 10:7

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:19". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-21.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Amon was twenty and two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah.
A. M. 3361-3363. B.C. 643-641. Amon
1 Chronicles 3:14; 2 Chronicles 33:21-23; Matthew 1:10
two years
15:23; 1 Kings 15:25; 16:8; 22:51
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 33:20 - Amon

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-21.html.