Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 21:7

Then he set the carved image of Asherah that he had made, in the house of which the Lord said to David and to his son Solomon, "In this house and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen from all the tribes of Israel, I will put My name forever.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Groves;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Manasseh;   Rulers;   Temple;   Thompson Chain Reference - Reverence-Irreverence;   Sacrilege;   The Topic Concordance - Choosing/chosen;   Jerusalem;   Name;   Obedience;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Idolatry;   Kings;   Temple, the First;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Baal;   Manasseh;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Baal;   Judah, tribe and kingdom;   Manasseh, king of judah;   Zephaniah;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Amos, Theology of;   Elect, Election;   Ethics;   Ezekiel, Theology of;   Gods and Goddesses, Pagan;   Kings, First and Second, Theology of;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Asherah;   Grove;   Jealousy, Image of;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Abomination of Desolation;   Ashtoreth;   Grove;   Josiah;   Manasseh (2);   Nineveh;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Asherah;   Baal;   Gods, Pagan;   High Place;   Jealousy, Image of;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Asherah;   Chronicles, I;   Israel;   Manasseh;   Text, Versions, and Languages of Ot;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Grove;   Manasseh ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Manasseh;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Alliance;   Asherah;   High Place;   Idolatry;   Images;   Temple;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Ashtoreth;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

He set a graven image of the grove that he had made in the house - Every one may see that Asherah here must signify an idol, and not a grove; and for the proof of this see the observations at the end of the chapter, 2 Kings 21:26; (note).

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:7". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-21.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

A graven image of the grove - Rather, “the carved work of the Asherah.” This Asherah which Manasseh placed in the very temple itself, from where it was afterward taken by Josiah to be destroyed 2 Kings 23:6. Such a profanation was beyond anything that had been done either by Athaliah 2 Kings 11:18, or by Ahaz 2 Kings 16:14-18; 2 Chronicles 29:5-7.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:7". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-21.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

FURTHER REPORT OF MANASSEH'S SINS AND ABOMINATIONS

"And he set the graven image of Ashera, that he had made, in the house of which Jehovah said to David and to Solomon his son, In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, will I put my name forever; neither will I cause the feet of Israel to wander any more out of the land which I gave their fathers, if only they will observe to do all that I have commanded them, and according to all the law that my servant Moses commanded them. But they hearkened not: and Manasseh seduced them to do that which is evil more than did the nations whom Jehovah destroyed before the children of Israel."

"The graven image of Ashera, in the house of Jehovah" (2 Kings 21:7). Hammond wrote that, "Probably he placed that lust-exciting emblem of Astarte, which was a most horrible profanation of all true religion, in the very Holy of Holies itself, turning the truth and grace of God into lasciviousness (Jude 1:1:4)."[7] Keil pointed out that the placement of that image, "Is here mentioned as the very worst,"[8] of the sins of Manasseh.

"Manasseh seduced them to do ... evil more than did the nations whom Jehovah destroyed before the children of Israel" (2 Kings 21:9), This parallels what Ezekiel said of both Judah and Israel (2 Kings 16), that their sins exceeded the wickedness of Sodom and Gomorrah. Right here, therefore, is the reason why God found it necessary to reject and destroy both Israel and Judah. The impartial justice of God would have been compromised by any other procedure. The announcement that God would indeed execute such penalties upon the Chosen People was made at once, not by the priests, and not by that mythical Deuteronomist, but by "the prophets of God."

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:7". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-kings-21.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Which was either an image that had been placed in a grove planted by him, and now removed into the house or temple of the Lord; or, as some think, this was a representation of a grove, a carved grove of gold or silver, in the midst of which an image was placed in the temple; though what Selden observesF2De Dis Syris, Syntagm. 2. c. 2. p. 233. , seems best of all, that this was an image of Asherah, as in the original text; that is, of Astarte or Ashtoreth, the goddess of the Zidonians, 1 Kings 11:5, the same the Phoenicians are said to call Astroarche, and affirm it to be the moonF3Herodian. l. 5. c. 15. : in 2 Chronicles 33:7 it is called a carved image the idol he had made; and an Arabic writerF4Abulpharag. Hist. Dynast. Dyn. 3. p. 66. says, it had four faces, which seems to be a figure of the cherubim; but, according to SuidasF5In voce μανασσηςα. , it was the statue of Jupiter, who also says it had four faces:

of which the Lord said to David, and to Solomon his son: that is, of which house or temple:

in this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, will I put my name forever; see 1 Kings 8:29; see Gill on 2 Kings 21:3.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:7". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-21.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

And he set a graven image — The placing of the Asherah within the precincts of the temple, which was dedicated to the worship of the true God, is dwelt upon as the most aggravated outrage of the royal idolater.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:7". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-kings-21.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And he set a graven image of the grove that he had made in the house, of which the LORD said to David, and to Solomon his son, In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all tribes of Israel, will I put my name for ever:

An image — The image of that Baal which was worshipped in the grove.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:7". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-21.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 21:7 And he set a graven image of the grove that he had made in the house, of which the LORD said to David, and to Solomon his son, In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all tribes of Israel, will I put my name for ever:

Ver. 7. And he set a graven image of the grove, &c:] An image with a carved grove about it, [2 Kings 23:6] that not God in the temple, but the devil in the grove, might there be worshipped.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:7". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-21.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Kings 21:7. Image of the grove, &c,— Image of Aschera, [Astarte] which he had made by the house, &c. Houbigant.

REFLECTIONS.—Like the seven years famine of Egypt, which made the former plenty forgotten, the wickedness of Manasseh blots out all the glorious work that his father had so piously accomplished.

1. Manasseh was young when he began his reign, and continued longest of any of the kings of Judah, reckoning the years of his captivity in Babylon. Whether he was immediately corrupted by those at court, who, amidst their pretended reformation, retained their love for the old abominations, and by flattery gained the ear of the unexperienced king; or whether only after he had children, 2 Kings 21:6 he apostatized, is uncertain. Note; It is very dangerous to come too young to the possession of honour and greatness; so many are in wait to flatter such persons to their ruin.

2. His wickedness was beyond that of all his predecessors. Not warned by Israel's punishment, he adopted all their sins with circumstances of peculiar aggravation; despising, or rather as if designing to cast reproach on his father's proceedings, he began with rebuilding the high places that Hezekiah had destroyed. Baal and Ashtoreth once more reared up their hateful heads, and the hosts of heaven were the objects of his worship, instead of that God who made them. To profane God's holy temple, he dared there erect his idol altars, filled the house and courts with these abominations, and there sacrificed to his gods. In the temple itself he placed the image of Ashtoreth, 2 Kings 21:7 in opposition and defiance to God, provoking him to cast them off for ever, whom, on their fidelity, he had promised ever to protect and preserve. Madly attached to his idols, he made his son to pass through the fire, in honour to these false deities; and, superstitious as impious, he trusted in charms, and consulted wizards, as if the devil was a better oracle than the God who spoke from between the cherubims. Seduced by their king's example, the people in general followed him, and Judah was filled with idolatry, worse than the very heathen nations around them. Note; (1.) They who have had a religious education, when they give themselves up to evil, usually grow of all others the most profligate. (2.) Irreligion and superstition are nearly allied. They who cast off all fear of God, are often seen to be the greatest slaves to the illusions of the devil. (3.) A bad example is mortally infectious, and especially in kings: how much will they have to answer in the day of God, who are chargeable not only with their own blood, but with the murder of thousands of souls, whom they have seduced and destroyed?

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:7". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-kings-21.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

He set a graven image of the grove; either, first, The image of that Baal which was worshipped in the grove. Or, secondly, A representation of the grove, as may seem by comparing 2 Kings 23:6. Or, thirdly, The graven image of Asherah, a god or goddess so called, possibly the same called elsewhere Ashtaroth. See Jude 6:25,28 2 Kings 23:6 2 Chronicles 15:16.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:7". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-21.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

7.A graven image of the grove — Rather, the image of the Asherah; that is, the Asherah-pillar, or image, already mentioned in 2 Kings 21:3. (English version, incorrectly, “grove.”) He refrained not even from setting up this abominable image in the very temple which had been consecrated to the pure worship of Jehovah.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:7". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-21.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 21:7. He set an image of the grove, &c. — The image of that Baal which was worshipped in the grove, or of some other of his idols. The word Asherah, here rendered grove, is nearly the same with Ashtaroth, or Astarte, the imaginary female deities, which were worshipped along with Baalim. This image seems to have been set up in the very temple itself, probably in the holy place; as if designed purposely to affront the Lord to his face, and set him at defiance: “desecrating,” says Henry, “what had been consecrated to God, and, in effect, turning him out of his own house, and putting the rebels in possession of it.”

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:7". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-21.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Of the grove. Hebrew, "a graven thing of Ashera," the grove or Astarte, (Haydock) ver. 3. This was an engraving in sculpture of a sacred grove. (Sa) (Chap. xxiii. 6.) (Tirinus) --- My name. I alone will be adored, and there allow an altar to be erected. (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:7". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-21.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

a graven image of the grove = a carved "Asherah (2 Kings 21:3). Removed by Josiah (2 Kings 23:6). See App-42.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:7". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-21.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And he set a graven image of the grove that he had made in the house, of which the LORD said to David, and to Solomon his son, In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all tribes of Israel, will I put my name for ever:

And he set a graven image, [ pecel (Hebrew #6459) haa-'Asheeraah (Hebrew #842)] - a carved image of the Asherah, a statue or relieve figure. The placing of the Asherah within the precincts of the temple, which was dedicated to the worship of the true God, is dwelt upon as the most aggravated outrage of the royal idolater.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:7". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-21.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(7) A graven image of the grove.The graven image of the Ashçrah (2 Kings 21:3).

In the house of which the Lord said . . .—See 1 Kings 8:16; 1 Kings 9:3. It is meant that the Asherah was erected within the Temple itself, probably in the holy place—an act which was the climax of Manasseh’s impiety. (Comp. 23:4; Ezekiel 43:7; Jeremiah 7:30 seq.)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:7". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-21.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And he set a graven image of the grove that he had made in the house, of which the LORD said to David, and to Solomon his son, In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all tribes of Israel, will I put my name for ever:
A. M. 3306-3327. B.C. 698-677. he set
23:6; 2 Chronicles 33:7,15
In this house
4; 23:27; 2 Samuel 7:13; 1 Kings 8:29,44; 9:3,7; 2 Chronicles 7:12,16,20; Nehemiah 1:9; Psalms 74:2; 78:68,69; 132:13,14; Jeremiah 32:34
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 21:2 - And he did;  2 Kings 21:16 - beside his sin;  2 Kings 23:4 - to bring;  Jeremiah 7:30 - they;  Jeremiah 19:4 - estranged;  Ezekiel 5:11 - thou hast;  Ezekiel 7:20 - but;  Ezekiel 8:3 - the image;  Ezekiel 23:38 - they have

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:7". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-21.html.