Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 23:34

Pharaoh Neco made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the place of Josiah his father, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. But he took Jehoahaz away and brought him to Egypt, and he died there.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Egyptians;   Eliakim;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Jehoahaz;   Jehoiakim;   Pharaoh;   Thompson Chain Reference - Eliakim;   Israel;   Israel-The Jews;   Jehoahaz;   Jehoiakim, King of Judah;   Kings of Israel;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Egypt;   Jerusalem;   Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jehoahaz;   Jehoiakim;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Egypt;   Jehoahaz;   Jeremiah;   Shallum;   Zedekiah;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Eliakim;   Jehoahaz;   Jehoiakim;   Jerusalem;   Riblah;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Daniel;   Jehoahaz;   Jehoiakim;   Pharaoh;   Tahpanhes;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Egypt;   Eliakim;   Exile;   Jehoiakim;   Nechoh;   Neco;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Canon of the Old Testament;   Eliakim;   Hexateuch;   Idolatry;   Jehoahaz;   Sheshbazzar;   Temple;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Egypt;   Eliakim ;   Jehoahaz ;   Jehoiakim ;   Shallum ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Raca;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Eliakim;   Riblah;   Tax taxing taxation;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Eli'akim;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Jehoiakim;   Name;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Daniel;   Eliakim;   Jehoahaz;   Jehoiakim;   Pharaoh-Necoh;   Riblah;   Tax;   Zarakes;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Shinnuy Ha-Shem;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Turned his name to Jehoiakim - These names are precisely the same in signification: Eliakim is God shall arise; Jehoiakim, Jehovah shall arise; or, the resurrection of God; the resurrection of Jehovah. That is, God's rising again to show his power, justice, etc. The change of the name was to show Nechoh's supremacy, and that Jehoiakim was only his vassal or viceroy. Proofs of this mode of changing the name, when a person of greater power put another in office under himself, may be seen in the case of Mattaniah, changed into Zedekiah; Daniel, Mishael, Hananiah, and Azariah, into Belteshazzar, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego; and Joseph into Zaphnath-paaneah. See Daniel 1:6, Daniel 1:7; Genesis 41:45.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:34". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-23.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

In the room of Josiah his father - Not “in the room of Jehoahaz his brother;” the phrase is intended to mark the fact, that Neco did not acknowedge that Jehoahaz had ever been king.

Turned his name to Jehoiakim - Compare 2 Kings 23:30 and 2 Kings 24:17. It seems likely, from their purely Jewish character, that the new names of the Jewish kings, though formally imposed by the suzerain, were selected by the individuals themselves. The change now made consisted merely in the substitution of יהוה yehovâh for אל 'êl (“God, Yahweh, will set up”). Both names alike refer to the promise which God made to David 2 Samuel 7:12 and imply a hope that, notwithstanding the threats of the prophets, the seed of David would still be allowed to remain upon the throne.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:34". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-23.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Pharaohnechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father,.... Not in the room of Jehoahaz; for he did not allow him to be a king, and to have any lawful right to the throne; but, deposing him, set up his elder brother:

and turned his name to Jehoiakim; to show his subjection to him, and that he held his government by him:

and took Jehoahaz away: with him, from Jerusalem, when he departed thence:

and he came to Egypt, and died there: and never returned to Jerusalem, according to the prophecy of Jeremiah, Jeremiah 22:11.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:34". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-23.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And Pharaohnechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father, and turned his name to Jehoiakim, and took Jehoahaz away: and he came to Egypt, and died there.

Jehoiakim — The giving of names was accounted an act of dominion; which therefore parents did to their children, and conquerors to their vassals or tributaries.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:34". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-23.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

Jehoiakim

Called Jakim. Matthew 1:10; Matthew 1:11. (See Scofield "Matthew 1:10").

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on 2 Kings 23:34". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/2-kings-23.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 23:34 And Pharaohnechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father, and turned his name to Jehoiakim, and took Jehoahaz away: and he came to Egypt, and died there.

Ver. 34. Made Eliakim.] That is, God shall arise: so his good father Josiah named him, but he proved a degenerate plant; his father trembled and humbled himself at the hearing of the law, but he cut in pieces the prophecy of Jeremiah, and sought for him and Baruch to the shambles; but the Lord hid them.

And turned his name.] Memoriae causa, saith one interpreter; to show his sovereignty, saith another. (a)

And died there.] According to the prophecy of Jeremiah, [Jeremiah 22:11-12] who taxeth him there for covetousneas, ambition, and other vices, hastening the consummation or consumption of all, according to the signification of his other name, Shallum.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:34". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-23.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Kings 23:34. Turned his name to Jehoiakim It was usual for conquerors to change the names of the persons whom they vanquished in war, in testimony of their absolute power over them. Thus we find the king of Babylon changing the name of Mattaniah into Zedekiah, when he constituted him king of Judah; ch. 2 Kings 24:17. Archbishop Usher has further remarked, that the king of Egypt gave Eliakim the name of Jehoiakim, (that is, "the God of Israel hath, or shall make it to prosper,") thereby to testify that he ascribed his victory over the Babylonians to Jehovah, the God of Israel, by whose excitation, as he pretended, 2 Chronicles 35:21-22 he undertook the expedition.

Note; With Josiah perished all the glory of Judah. Like a man mortally wounded, the kingdom gasped a while under his sons, and then expired, as it were, under Nebuchadhezzar's invasion.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:34". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-kings-23.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Eliakim the son of Josiah; whom he perceived to be of a more mild and peaceable disposition.

Turned his name to Jehoiakim; because the giving of names was accounted an act and sign of dominion; which therefore parents did to their children, and conquerors to their vassals or tributaries. Compare 2 Kings 24:17 Daniel 1:7.

Took Jehoahaz away; partly as a punishment for him, and partly that he might give no disturbance to his brother.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:34". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-23.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

34.Made Eliakim’ king — Some suppose that Eliakim had appealed to Necho to interfere, and had urged that he himself, being the elder son of the deceased Josiah, was the only proper heir to the kingdom. It is possible, also, that Necho took offence at the popular election of Jehoahaz immediately after his father’s fall, and without consulting him as his sovereign.

Turned his name to Jehoiakim — This changing the name of a captive or vassal king was to show the conqueror’s absolute authority over him. “The alteration of the name was a sign of dependence. In ancient times princes were accustomed to give new names to the persons whom they took into their service, and masters to give new names to their slaves.

Genesis 41:45; Ezra 5:14; Daniel 1:7. But while these names were generally borrowed from heathen deities, Eliakim, and at a later period Mattaniah, (2 Kings 24:17,) received genuine Israelitish names, Jehoiakim, ‘Jehovah will set up,’ and Zedekiah, ‘Righteousness of Jehovah;’ — from which we may infer that Necho and Nebuchadnezzar did not treat their vassal kings, installed by them, exactly as their slaves, but allowed them to choose the new names for themselves, and simply confirmed them as a sign of their supremacy.” — Keil.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:34". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-23.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 23:34. Pharaoh-nechoh made Eliakim king — Whom he probably perceived to be of a more mild and peaceable disposition. And turned his name to Jehoiakim — It was usual for conquerors to change the names of the persons they vanquished in war, in testimony of their absolute power over them. Thus we find the king of Babylon changing the name Mattaniah into Zedekiah, when he constituted him king of Judah, chap. 2 Kings 24:17. Archbishop Usher further remarks, that the king of Egypt gave Eliakim the name of Jehoiakim, which signifies, God hath made, or shall make it to prosper; thereby to testify, that he ascribed his victory over the Babylonians to Jehovah, the God of Israel, who had excited him, as he pretended, (2 Chronicles 35:21,) to undertake the expedition. And took Jehoahaz away — That he might give no disturbance to his brother, and also probably as a punishment for him. And he came to Egypt, and died there — According to the prophecy of Jeremiah, whom God sent to call this new king and the people to repentance. See Jeremiah 22:1-3; Jeremiah 22:10; Jeremiah 22:12.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:34". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-23.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Joakim. Thus he asserted his dominion over him, as Nabuchodonosor did afterwards over Matthanias, chap. xxiv. 17., and Daniel i. 6. (Calmet) --- Eliacim means nearly the same as Joakim, "the Lord's strength," or "appointment." (Menochius)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:34". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-23.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Eliakim. Name changed, to assert Pharaoh-nechoh"s authority.

in the room. Refusing to recognize the People"s appointment of 2 Kings 23:30.

died there. As Jeremiah (2 Kings 22:11, 2 Kings 22:12) foretold.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:34". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-23.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(34) Turned his name to Jehoiakim.—A slight change. Eliakim is “El setteth up;” Jehoiakim, “Jah setteth up.” Necho meant to signify that the new king was his creature. Eliakim, the elder son, may have paid court to Necho; or the Egyptian may have deposed Jehoahaz, as elected without his consent, and perhaps as likely to prove a stronger king than his brother. Necho may have fancied a resemblance between the name Yahû (i.e., Jah; so it was then pronounced) and Aah, the name of the Egyptian moon-god. (See Note on 1 Chronicles 4:18.)

And he came to Egypt, and died there.—LXX. and Vulg. as Chronicles: and he brought him to Egypt (by a slight change of the pointing in the Hebrew.) Jeremiah had foretold the fact (Jeremiah 22:10-12).

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:34". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-23.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Pharaohnechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father, and turned his name to Jehoiakim, and took Jehoahaz away: and he came to Egypt, and died there.
Eliakim
Joshua 18:18; 2 Chronicles 36:3,4
the son
1 Chronicles 3:15
turned
24:17; Genesis 41:45; Daniel 1:7
Jehoiakim
"Called Jakim, Mt 1:11."
he came
Jeremiah 22:11,12; Ezekiel 19:3,4
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 23:29 - Pharaohnechoh;  1 Chronicles 3:14 - Josiah;  Nehemiah 9:32 - on our kings;  Isaiah 7:18 - bee;  Jeremiah 26:1 - GeneralEzekiel 19:1 - the princes;  Ezekiel 19:5 - another;  Ezekiel 19:12 - strong

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:34". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-23.html.