Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 23:36

Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem; and his mother's name was Zebidah the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Jehoiakim;   Pedaiah;   Rumah;   Zebudah;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Jeremiah;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Pedaiah;   Rumah;   Zebudah;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Captivity;   Hammelech;   Jehoahaz;   Jerahmeel;   Pedaiah;   Rumah;   Zebudah;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Pedaiah;   Rumah;   Zebidah;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Canon of the Old Testament;   Hexateuch;   Idolatry;   Rumah;   Temple;   Zebidah;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jehoiakim ;   Pedaiah ;   Rumah ;   Zebudah ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Pedaiah;   Raca;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Jeho'ahaz;   Ru'mah;   Zebu'dah;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Eleven;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Jehoahaz;   Pedaiah;   Queen Mother;   Relationships, Family;   Rumah;   Zebidah;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Twenty and five years old - Jehoiakim was therefore two years older than his half-brother, Jehoahaz 2 Kings 23:31. See his character in 2 Kings 23:37; 2 Chronicles 36:8; Ezekiel 19:5-7; Jeremiah 22:13-17; Jeremiah 26:20-23,36:

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:36". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-23.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

A BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE REIGN OF JEHOIAKIM

"Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and his mother's name was Zebidah the daughter of Pedajah of Rumah. And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah."

Jehoiakim was an exceedingly covetous oppressor of the Lord's people. His reign was marked by the shedding of innocent blood, the oppression of his subjects with forced labor, and all kinds of injustices. Jeremiah has a report of the conduct of this evil ruler (Jeremiah 22:13-17), and we have commented on this under those references.

He executed the prophet Urijah for prophesying the destruction of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 26:20-23). He was an idolater, referred to by Josephus as, "An unjust man, and an evil-doer, neither pious in his relations toward God, nor equitable in his dealings with his fellowmen."[34]

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:36". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-kings-23.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign,.... And therefore must be two years older than his brother Jehoahaz, who was deposed:

and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem; and therefore must die at the age of thirty and six:

and his mother's name was Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah; which JosephusF12Antiqu. l. 10. c. 5. sect. 2. calls Abuma; but he speaks of a village in Galilee called RumaF13De Bello Jud l. 3. c. 6. sect. 21. ; but whether the same with this is not certain.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:36". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-23.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 23:36 Jehoiakim [was] twenty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name [was] Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.

Ver. 36. Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old.] See on 2 Kings 23:31.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:36". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-23.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

When he began to reign; either,

1. When he began to reign alone, and with full power, or after Jehoahaz’s death; till which the people would not disown him whom they had anointed king, which was esteemed a great tie, 2 Samuel 19:10; nor own or accept Jehoiakim as their king, but only as his brother’s viceroy, though Pharaoh had by violence forced him upon them. And so Jehoahaz might be his elder brother, and the same who is called Johanan, and is first mentioned, as the eldest son, 1 Chronicles 3:15, though he may be placed first not in regard of his birth, but of his dignity, the crown being first put upon his head. Or,

2. When he was first set up by Pharaoh; and so this was the elder brother, though by popular violence put by his right: See Poole "2 Kings 23:30".

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:36". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-23.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

REIGN OF JEHOIAKIM, 2 Kings 23:36 to 2 Kings 24:7.

36.Twenty and five years old — About two years older than Jehoahaz. Compare 2 Kings 23:31. All accounts of the reign of this prince agree in representing him as excessively given over to wickedness and cruelty. Especially do the prophecies of Jeremiah (compare Jeremiah 22-26) depict the fearful corruptions of his times.

His mother’s name was Zebudah — So he was a half brother to Jehoahaz. The locality of Rumah is unknown.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:36". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-23.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Old, of course Josias had him at 15. Some suspect we ought to read 15 here. (Du Hamel)

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:36". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-23.html. 1859.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.
A. M. 3394-3405. B.C. 610-599. Jehoiakim
1 Chronicles 3:15; 2 Chronicles 36:5; Jeremiah 1:3
Rumah
Josephus here reads Abuma; but he also speaks of Ruma, a village of Galilee.
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 14:20 - Daniel

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:36". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-23.html.