Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 24:8

Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem; and his mother's name was Nehushta the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Babylon;   Elnathan;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Jehoiachin;   Jerusalem;   Nehushta;   Thompson Chain Reference - Coniah;   Jeconiah;   Jehoiachin;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Egypt;   Jehoiachin;   Nebuchadnezzar;   Negushta;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Babylon;   Jehoiachin;   Jeremiah;   Judah, tribe and kingdom;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Elnathan;   Exile;   Necho Ii;   Nehushta;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Elnathan;   Hammelech;   Jerahmeel;   Jeremiah;   Nebuchadnezzar;   Nehushta;   Number;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Babylon, History and Religion of;   Elnathan;   Exile;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Nehushta;   Nehushtan;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Elnathan;   Ezekiel;   Israel;   Jehoiachin;   Jeremiah;   Nehushta;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Babylon ;   Elnathan ;   Jehoiachin ;   Nehushta ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jehoiachin;   Smith Bible Dictionary - El'nathan,;   Nehush'ta;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Eighteen;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Jehoiachin;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Chronicles, Books of;   Elnathan;   Jehoiachin;   King's Mother;   Nehushta;   Queen Mother;   Relationships, Family;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Seder 'Olam Zuṭ;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Jehoiachin was eighteen years old - He is called Jeconiah, 1 Chronicles 3:16, and Coniah, Jeremiah 22:24. In 2 Chronicles 36:9, be is said to be only eight years of age, but this must be a mistake; for we find that, having reigned only three months, he was carried captive to Babylon, and there he had wives; and it is very improbable that a child between eight and nine years of age could have wives; and of such a tender age, it can scarcely be said that, as a king, he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord. The place in Chronicles must be corrupted.

That he was a grievous offender against God, we learn from Jeremiah 22:24, which the reader may consult; and in the man's punishment, see his crimes.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:8". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-24.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

His mother‘s name - On the position of the “queen mother” see 1 Kings 15:10 note. Nehushta‘s rank and dignity are strongly marked by the distinct and express mention which is made of her in almost every place where her son‘s history is touched (2 Kings 24:12; compare Jeremiah 22:26; Jeremiah 29:2).

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:8". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-24.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

"Jehoiakin was eighteen years old when he began to reign; and he reigned in Jerusalem three months: and his mother's name was Nehushta the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem. And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, according to all that his father had done."

It is amazing that so short a reign could have been marked by so much evil. Ezekiel described him as ... a young lion who devoured men and also that he knew, ravished, the widows of those whom he murdered (Ezekiel 19:5-7). Keil commented that, "Jehoiakin did not confine his deeds of violence to individuals, but extended them to all who were left behind by his murders, viz., their families and possessions. Also, nothing is affirmed in Jeremiah 22:24,28 respecting his character that is at variance with this."[10] There must have been a sigh of relief in Judah when Nebuchadnezzar came up and carried him off to Babylon.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:8". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-kings-24.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign,.... In 2 Chronicles 36:9 he is said to be but eight years old; which may be reconciled by observing, that he might be made and declared king by his father, in the first year of his reign, who reigned eleven years, so that he was eight years old when he began to reign with him, and eighteen when he began to reign aloneF17So in Seder Olam Rabba, c. 25. . Dr. LightfootF18Works, vol. 1. p. 122. gives another solution of this difficulty, that properly speaking he was eighteen years old when he began to reign, but, in an improper sense, the son of eight years, or the eighth year, as the Hebrew phrase is; that is, he fell in the lot of the eighth year of the captivity of Judah, which was in the latter end of the third, or the beginning of the fourth of his father's reign, and the first of Nebuchadnezzar's, and it was now in the eighth of Nebuchadnezzar that he was king, see 2 Kings 24:12, but very probably in 2 Chronicles 36:9 there is a mistake in the copyist of eight for eighteen, since in the Arabic and Syriac versions it is there eighteen, as here:

he reigned in Jerusalem three months; the ten days besides are here omitted for shortness, 2 Chronicles 36:9.

and his mother's name was Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem; a person no doubt well known in those times.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:8". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-24.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

2 Kings 24:8, 2 Kings 24:9. Jehoachin succeeds him.

Jehoiachin — that is, “God-appointed,” contracted into Jeconiah and Coniah (Jeremiah 22:24).

eighteen years old when he began to reign — At the age of eight his father took him into partnership in the government (2 Chronicles 36:9). He began to reign alone at eighteen.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:8". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-kings-24.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. And his mother's name was Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.

To reign — In his eighth year he began to reign with his father, who made him king with him as divers other kings of Israel and Judah had done in times of trouble; and in his eighteenth year he reigned alone.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:8". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-24.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

eighteen

Cf. 2 Chronicles 36:9; 1 Corinthians 10:8. (See Scofield "1 Corinthians 10:8").

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on 2 Kings 24:8". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/2-kings-24.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 24:8 Jehoiachin [was] eighteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. And his mother’s name [was] Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.

Ver. 8. Jehoiakin was eighteen years old,] sc., When he began to reign alone. See 2 Chronicles 36:9. Mutavit Iudaea dominos, non miserias. This king is also called Jechonias, [Matthew 1:11] and Coniah - that is, prepared, sc., for destruction; [Jeremiah 22:24] the name of God - whom he had forsaken - being defalked. (a)

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:8". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-24.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign.

Object. He was then but eight years old, 2 Chronicles 36:9.

Answ. 1. Both are true; in his eighth year he began to reign with his father, who made him king with him, as divers other kings of Israel and Judah had done in the like times of trouble; and in his eighteenth year he reigned alone.

2. He is called a son of eight years when he began to reign, 2 Chronicles 36:9, because this was the eighth year, not of his age, but of the Babylonish captivity, or bondage; under which both he and his father had been just so long; for it began in the fourth year of Jehoiakim, as it is affirmed Jeremiah 25:1, and continued all his reign, which lasted eleven years, 2 Kings 23:36; and so the first year of Jehoiachin was precisely the eighth year of that captivity. And this is certain, that the years of kings mentioned in Scripture are not always accounted from the beginning of their age, but from some other remarkable time or thing: thus Saul, when at man’s estate, is called the son of one year, 1 Samuel 13:1, of which See Poole "1 Samuel 13:1" and Ahaziah (whose father lived only forty years, 2 Chronicles 21:20) is called a son of forty and two years when he began to reign, 2 Chronicles 22:2, because that was the forty and second year of the reign of Omri’s family, as most think. And therefore it cannot seem strange if the years of this king be computed, not from his birth but from the beginning of so great and famous a change of the Jewish affairs, as this captivity made; this being the usual way of the Romans and Greeks, and other more ancient and eastern nations, to compute the times from the great changes and revolutions happening among them. And that this was the practice of the Jews in the computation of these very times, is evident from the use of it in the Prophecy of Ezekiel, Ezekiel 1:2, which was the fifth year of Jehoiachin’s captivity; and Ezekiel 33:21, in the twelfth year of our captivity; and Ezekiel 40:1, in the twenty-fifth year of our captivity.

3. To all this might be added, that some here acknowledge an error of the scribe, and affirm, that in the first and best copies, in 2 Chronicles 36:9, it was not eight, but eighteen; which they gather from hence, because those two ancient and venerable translators, the Syriac and Arabic, read there, as it is here, was eighteen years old; which, they say, they would never have presumed to do, if they had not so read it in those Hebrew copies, out of which they drew their translation, or in some of them.

He reigned in Jerusalem three months, and ten days, which are added, 2 Chronicles 36:9. But such small sums are frequently omitted in great numbers. See Poole "Genesis 15:13"; See Poole "1 Kings 16:8".

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:8". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-24.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

JEHOIACHIN’S REIGN, AND THE FIRST GREAT DEPORTATION OF EXILES TO BABYLON, 2 Kings 24:8-17.

8.Three months — The same length of time that his uncle Jehoahaz had reigned. 2 Kings 23:21. Such an insignificant rule, and so associated as it was with Judah’s direst woe, made the prophet Jeremiah ignore it as any thing worthy to be called a sitting on the throne of David. Jeremiah 36:30. Jehoiachin was noted more for his being thirty-seven years in a Babylonian prison. 2 Kings 25:27. But though his reign at Jerusalem was so short and unfortunate, he was looked upon by the exiles as the last lawful successor to the throne of David; and notwithstanding the appointment of Zedekiah, Jehoiachin remained the representative king of Judah, and in the preservation of his life through thirty-seven years of imprisonment, and his elevation to kingly honours in the court of Babylon, (2 Kings 25:27,) the theocratic historian discerned the purpose of Jehovah to perpetuate the throne of David.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:8". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-24.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 24:8. Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign — In 2 Chronicles 36:9, it is said that he was eight years old when he began to reign. But as both the Syriac and Arabic versions in that place read eighteen, it seems most reasonable to believe that the transcriber of the book of Chronicles made a mistake, and wrote eight for eighteen. Poole, however, and many other commentators, suppose that both places are correct, and that in his eighth year he began to reign with his father, who made him king with him, as divers other kings of Israel and Judah had acted in times of trouble; and that in his eighteenth year he reigned alone. Jehoiachin’s succeeding his father in the throne of Judah may seem to disagree with the threat which the prophet denounces against his father, Jeremiah 36:30, He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David; but as Jehoiachin’s reign lasted little more than three months, during which time he was absolutely subject to the Chaldeans, a reign of so short continuance, and of so small authority, may well be looked upon as nothing: see Ezekiel 19:6, &c.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:8". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-24.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Eighteen. One Hebrew manuscript reads "thirteen," (Haydock) or 3 instead of 8. (Kennicott) --- The number seems also (Haydock) to be incorrect in Paralipomenon, where we find that Joachin was only eight years old, as the Syriac and Arabic have 18 in both places, and it could not well be said, that he did evil, &c., (ver. 9.) at the age of 8, much less that he had wives so soon, ver. 15. (Calmet) --- Some attempt to reconcile both places, by saying that the eight years refer to the commencement of his father's reign; (Junius) which is very unusual: (Calmet) or to the servitude of Babylon, when Jerusalem was taken under Joakim. (Hardouin.) --- Sanctius conjectures that Joachin was associated with his father when he was 10 years old, and after 8 years became sole king. (Kimchi, &c.) (Du Hamel)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:8". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-24.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Jehoiachin. Called also Coniah and Jeconiah (Jeremiah 22:24; Jeremiah 24:1).

eighteen. This was his age. In 2 Chronicles 36:9 he is said to be eight. See note there.

three months. Is put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of the Part), for three months and ten days. Compare 2 Chronicles 36:9.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:8". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-24.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. And his mother's name was Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.

Jehoiachin - i:e., God appointed; contracted into Jeconiah and Coniah (Jeremiah 22:24).

Eighteen years old when he began to reign. At the age of eight his father took him into partnership in the government (2 Chronicles 36:9). He began to reign alone at eighteen.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:8". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-24.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

THE REIGN OF JEHOIACHIN. BEGINNING OF THE BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY
(2 Kings 24:8-16).

(8) Jehoiachin.—“Jah will confirm.” Four or five different forms of this name occur in the documents. Ezekiel 1:2 gives the contraction Joiachin. In Jeremiah we find a popular transposition of the two elements, thus: Jechonjahu (once, viz., Jeremiah 24:1, Heb.), and usually the shorter form, Jechoniah (Jeremiah 27:20; Esther 2:6); which is further abridged into Coniah (Heb., Chonjahu) in Jeremiah 22:24; Jeremiah 22:28. Ewald thinks this last the original name; but Hengstenberg supposes that the prophet altered the name, so as to make of it a “Jah will confirm” without the “will,” in order to foreshadow the fate which awaited this king.

Nehushta.—Referring, perhaps, to her complexion (as we say “bronzed”).

Elnathan.—See Jeremiah 26:22; Jeremiah 36:12; Jeremiah 36:25; one of Jehoiakim’s “princes.”

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:8". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-24.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. And his mother's name was Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.
Jehoiachin
1 Chronicles 3:16; Jeremiah 24:1
Jeconiah
Jeremiah 22:24,28; 37:1
Coniah
Matthew 1:11,12
Jechonias
eighteen years
In the parallel place, he is said to be only eight years old; but this must be a mistake, for we find that having reigned only three months, he was carried captive to Babylon, and there had wives; and had he been of such a tender age, it could scarcely have been said that, as a king, "he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord."
2 Chronicles 36:9
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 24:15 - he carried;  Jeremiah 36:12 - Elnathan;  Ezekiel 14:20 - Daniel

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:8". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-24.html.