Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 8:20

In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Edomites;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Jehoram;   Thompson Chain Reference - Revolts;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Edomites, the;   Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Elath;   Joram or Jehoram;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Amaziah;   Edom;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Jehoram;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Edom;   Elath;   Jehoram;   Uzziah;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Edom;   Ezion-Geber;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Zair;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Edom, Edomites;   Jehoram;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Esau ;   Hazael ;   Joram, Jehoram;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Ramothgilead;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Ahaziah;   Elisha;   Idumaeans;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Amaziah;   Elath;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Edom;   Elath;   Jehoram;   Joel (2);   Obadiah, Book of;   Red Sea;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Amaziah, King of Judah;   Jehoram (Joram);   Kings, Books of;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Edom, which had been reduced by David 2 Samuel 8:14; 1 Kings 11:15-16, but had apparently revolted from Solomon 1 Kings 11:14, was again subjected to Judah in the reign of Jehoshaphat Genesis 27:40, remaining from henceforth a separate and independent people (Jeremiah 25:21; Jeremiah 27:3; Amos 1:11, etc.). Kings of Edom, who seem to be independent monarchs, are often mentioned in the Assyrian inscriptions.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:20". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-8.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

A SUMMARY OF THE REIGN OF JORAM (JEHORAM) IN JUDAH

"In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves. Then Joram passed over to Zair, and all his chariots with him: and he rose up by night and smote the Edomites that compassed him about, and the captains of the chariots; and the people fled to their tents. So Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah unto this day. Then did Libnah revolt at the same time. And the rest of the acts of Joram, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? And Joram slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David; and Ahaziah his son reigned in his stead."

The Edomites had been subjected by David and remained under the dominion of Solomon, from whom they revolted for a time when the kingdom divided. However, they again came under the dominion of Judah during the reign of Jehoshaphat, but this revolt against Joram resulted in their independence. "They remained from henceforth a separate and independent nation; and the kings of Edom are often mentioned in the Assyrian inscriptions."[30]

"The text of 2 Kings 8:21 here is confused";[31] but what seems to be reported here is a disastrous route of Joram's army and his being surrounded by the Edomite troops. "Jehoram with his chariots was able to break through the surrounding Edomites and escape with his life, leaving the rest of his army to escape as best they could."[32]

"This military disaster which stopped just short of being complete ... was followed by the loss of Libnah a city to the southwest of Judah, probably in the area of the Philistines."[33]

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:20". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-kings-8.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah,.... Who had been tributary to Judah ever since the times of David, for the space of one hundred and fifty years:

and made a king over themselves; for though they are said to have kings, those were only deputy kings, as in 1 Kings 22:47 and now the prediction of Isaac began to be accomplished, Genesis 27:40.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:20". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-8.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

In his days Edom m revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.

(m) Which had been subject from David's time until this time of Jehoram.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:20". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-8.html. 1599-1645.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

The revolt of Edom demands our particular notice, because it was a confirmation of the dying patriarch Isaac's prophecy to his son Esau, who was the origin of Edom. Isaac had told his favorite son Esau, that the time should come when he should break Jacob's yoke from off his neck. And here we see it fulfilled after a servitude of more than 150 years from the days of David. Genesis 27:39-40.

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Bibliographical Information
Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:20". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/2-kings-8.html. 1828.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 8:20 In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.

Ver. 20. In his days Edom revolted.] And so fulfilled old Isaac’s prophecy, [Genesis 27:40] for the punishment of this idolatrous tyrant, who had lately imbrued his hands in the blood of his six brethren, with others their partisans, and set up high places in the mountains of Judah, &c. [2 Chronicles 21:2; 2 Chronicles 21:10-11]

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:20". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-8.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

From under the hand of Judah; under which they had been from David’s time, 2 Samuel 8:14. Compare 1 Kings 22:47.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:20". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-8.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

20.Edom revolted — This was a determined and successful effort on the part of the Edomites to break away from the thraldom which had oppressed them ever since the days of David. See note on 1 Kings 22:47.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:20". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-8.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 8:20. In his days Edom revolted — After they had been subject to Judah one hundred and fifty years, ever since the time of David, who subdued that country. This was a great dishonour to him. Hereby, however, the prophecy of Isaac (Genesis 27:40) was fulfilled.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:20". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-8.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

King. The one under Josaphat was dependant, chap. iii. 9., and 3 Kings xxii. 48. Thus the prediction of Jacob was verified, (Genesis xxvii. 40.; Calmet) and Joram punished. (Haydock)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:20". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-8.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Edom revolted. Compare 2 Chronicles 21:8 with 1 Kings 22:47, and see above (2 Kings 3:9).

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:20". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-8.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(20) In his days Edom revolted.—The connection of ideas is this: Although Jehovah was not willing to extirpate Judah, yet He suffered it to be seriously weakened by the defections recorded in 2 Kings 8:20-22.

Made a king over themselves.—Josephus says they slew the vassal king appointed over them by Jehoshaphat (1 Kings 22:48). Edom appears to have been subject to the hegemony of Judah from the time of the disruption under Rehoboam.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:20". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-8.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.
Edom
22; 3:9,27; Genesis 27:40; 2 Chronicles 21:8-10
made a king
2 Samuel 8:14; 1 Kings 22:47
Reciprocal: Genesis 25:30 - Edom;  2 Kings 1:1 - after the;  2 Kings 3:5 - General2 Kings 14:7 - slew

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:20". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-8.html.