Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 8:26

Ahaziah was twenty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Athaliah the granddaughter of Omri king of Israel.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Ahaziah;   Athaliah;   Influence;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Thompson Chain Reference - Athaliah;   Israel;   Israel-The Jews;   Kings of Israel;   Queens;   Women;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;  
Dictionaries:
Easton Bible Dictionary - Athaliah;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ahaziah;   Inspiration;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Athaliah;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Queen;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ahaziah ;   Athaliah ;   Hazael ;   Joram, Jehoram;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Ramothgilead;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Ahaziah;   Athaliah;   Elisha;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ahazi'ah;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Ahaziah;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Judah;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ahaziah;   Athaliah;   Chronicles, Books of;   Queen Mother;   Relationships, Family;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Asa;   Kings, Books of;   Mother;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Two and twenty years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign - In 2 Chronicles 22:2, it is said, forty and two years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign; this is a heavy difficulty, to remove which several expedients have been used. It is most evident that, if we follow the reading in Chronicles, it makes the son two years older than his own father! for his father began to reign when he was thirty-two years old, and reigned eight years, and so died, being forty years old; see 2 Kings 8:17. Dr. Lightfoot says, "The original meaneth thus: Ahaziah was the son of two and forty years; namely, of the house of Omri, of whose seed he was by the mother's side; and he walked in the ways of that house, and came to ruin at the same time with it. This the text directs us to look after, when it calleth his mother the daughter of Omri, who was indeed the daughter of Ahab. Now, these forty-two years are easily reckoned by any that will count back in the Chronicle to the second of Omri. Such another reckoning there is about Jechoniah, or Jehoiachin, 2 Kings 24:8; : Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign. But, 2 Chronicles 36:9, Jehoiachin was the son of the eight years; that is, the beginning of his reign fell in the eighth year of Nebuchadnezzar, and of Judah's first captivity." - Works, vol. i., p. 87.

After all, here is a most manifest contradiction, that cannot be removed but by having recourse to violent modes of solution. I am satisfied the reading in 2 Chronicles 22:2; (note), is a mistake; and that we should read there, as here, twenty-two instead of forty-two years; see the note there. And may we not say with Calmet, Which is most dangerous, to acknowledge that transcribers have made some mistakes in copying the sacred books, or to acknowledge that there are contradictions in them, and then to have recourse to solutions that can yield no satisfaction to any unprejudiced mind? I add, that no mode of solution yet found out has succeeded in removing the difficulty; and of all the MSS. which have been collated, and they amount to several hundred, not one confirms the reading of twenty-two years. And to it all the ancient versions are equally unfriendly.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:26". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-8.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Such names as Athaliah, Jehoram, and Ahaziah, indicate that the Baal-worshipping kings of Israel did not openly renounce the service of Yahweh. Athaliah is “the time for Yahweh;” Ahaziah “the possession of Yahweh;” Jehoram, or Joram, “exalted by Yahweh.”

The daughter of Omri - “Son” and “daughter” were used by the Jews of any descendants (compare Matthew 1:1). The whole race were “the children of Israel.” Athaliah was the grand-daughter of Omri (see the margin). Her being called “the daughter of Omri” implies that an idea of special greatness was regarded as attaching to him, so that his name prevailed over that of Ahab. Indications of this ideal greatness are found in the Assyrian inscriptions, where the early name for Samaria is Beth-Omri, and where even Jehu has the title of “the son of Omri.”

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:26". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-8.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Two and twenty years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign,.... In 2 Chronicles 22:2 he is said to be forty two years of age; for the solution of that difficulty See Gill on 2 Chronicles 22:2,

and he reigned one year in Jerusalem; which was the whole of his reign:

and his mother's name was Athaliah the daughter of Omri king of Israel; that is, his granddaughter; for she was the daughter of Ahab the son of Omri, 2 Kings 8:18, it was usual for grandchildren to be called children, sons and daughters, and perhaps she might be educated in the family of Omri.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:26". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-8.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

o Two and twenty years old [was] Ahaziah when he began to reign; and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And his mother's name [was] Athaliah, the daughter of Omri king of Israel.

(o) Which is to be understood, that he was made king when his father reigned, but after his father's death he was confirmed king when he was forty-two years old, as in (2 Chronicles 22:2).
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:26". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-8.html. 1599-1645.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 8:26 Two and twenty years old [was] Ahaziah when he began to reign; and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name [was] Athaliah, the daughter of Omri king of Israel.

Ver. 26. Two and twenty years old was Ahaziah.] Two and forty, saith another prophet, [2 Chronicles 22:2] though the Septuagint there also have two and twenty: so have the Syriac and Arabic versions. Here, therefore, some say, but erroneously, that the text in the Chronicles hath been erroneously copied out, and ought to be corrected by this in the Kings. Others answer better, that those forty-two years are to be understood of the continuance of Omri’s pedigree, from whom Ahaziah descended by his mother Athaliah, as we here have it in this verse. Vide Sharpii Symphoniam, page 203.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:26". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-8.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Kings 8:26. Athaliah, the daughter of Omri Houbigant reads it, The daughter of Ahab, the son of Omri.

REFLECTIONS.—1st, We have here,

1. An account of the wicked reign of Jehoram king of Judah, who, during his father's life, was associated with him to govern. Utterly unlike the good Jehoshaphat, he cleaved to the sins of the house of Ahab; and having taken his daughter to wife, she poisoned his heart with her idolatries. Note; (1.) Good men, to their grief, have often very wicked children. (2.) A wicked wife is among the greatest of God's plagues. (3.) Nothing can be so dangerous to young men as bad connections. Much more easily will they imbibe the principles and practices of a wicked Ahab, than of a pious Jehoshaphat.

2nd, Ahaziah succeeded his father, and walked, like him, in the wicked ways of Ahab's family. What else could be expected from the son of Jezebel's daughter, and the example of a father so abandoned? At the request of Joram his uncle, he went to battle with him to Ramoth-gilead, where Joram was wounded, and, having taken the place, was carried to Jezreel to be healed. Thither Ahaziah went to visit him, and met, as we shall find, the death he deserved. Note; (1.) When the sinner's body is wounded, how solicitous is he to be healed, whilst the more dangerous wounds of his soul, neglected, stink and are corrupt through his foolishness! (2.) Friendship with the wicked is the path of death.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:26". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-kings-8.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

How this agrees with 2 Chronicles 22:2, See Poole "2 Chronicles 22:2" on that place.

The daughter of Omri, i.e. his granddaughter. See above 2 Kings 8:18.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:26". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-8.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

26.Two and twenty years old — Not forty and two, as 2 Chronicles 22:2, by some corruption, reads. His father died in his fortieth year, (2 Kings 8:17,) so that he must have begotten his youngest son when he was eighteen years old. This fact shows the early marriage of Joram and Athaliah. Compare note on 2 Kings 8:18.

Reigned one year — His reign and life were brought to an untimely end by his being involved with the house of Ahab. See 2 Kings 9:16; 2 Kings 9:23; 2 Kings 9:27-29.

The daughter of Omri — She was the granddaughter of Omri, as is seen from 2 Kings 8:18; but the word “daughter” is often thus used in the more general sense of female descendant.

Genesis 28:8; Judges 11:40; 2 Samuel 1:20. The name of Omri seems to be mentioned rather than that of Ahab to remind the reader once more of the origin of this wicked dynasty, which is soon to be cut off.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:26". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-8.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Twenty. In 2 Paralipomenon xxii. 2., we read forty, by mistake of the transcribers, as Ochozias, (Joachaz, or Azarias, 2 Paralipomenon xxi. 17.) would thus be older than his father, who died at the age of forty, 2 Paralipomenon xxi. 20. All the original versions, and many copies of the Septuagint read "twenty-two" in both passages; and those who would admit no mistake, are forced to have recourse to explanations which can give no satisfaction. De Dieu would include in the reign of Ochozias the six years of Athalia's usurpation, and the thirteen of Joas, during his minority. Others would date from the separation of the two kingdoms, &c. But would the Holy Ghost cause the same fact to be recorded in two places in such a different manner? The best chronologists acknowledge a mistake in the Hebrew text of Paralipomenon. (Cajetan; Salien; Petau; Tirinus, &c.; Calmet) as the letters which denote these numbers are not unlike (Mariana:) c (20) might easily be exchanged for m (40.) (Haydock) --- Daughter. That is, grand-daughter; for she was daughter of Achab, son of Amri, ver. 18., (Challoner) unless she was only adopted by Achab. (Worthington)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:26". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-8.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Two and twenty years. See note on 2 Chronicles 22:2.

Ahaziah. Note that Ahaziah, Joash, and Amaziah, omitted in Matthew 1:8, all died violent deaths (2 Kings 9:27; 2 Kings 12:20; 2 Kings 14:19).

daughter. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Genus), for grand-daughter; and even for successors not in descent by blood.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:26". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-8.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(26) Ahaziah.—Called Jehoahaz (2 Chronicles 21:17). Ewald thinks he assumed the name of Ahaziah on his accession.

The daughter of Omri—i.e., granddaughter. Omri is mentioned rather than Ahab as the founder of the dynasty, and the notorious example of its wickedness. (Comp. Micah 6:16 : “The statutes of Omri are kept.”)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:26". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-8.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Two and twenty years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign; and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Athaliah, the daughter of Omri king of Israel.
Two and twenty
In the parallel passage of Chronicles, it is said, "forty and two years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign;" but this is evidently a mistake, as it makes the son two years older than his own father! For his father began to reign when he was thirty-two years old, and reigned eight years, and so died, being forty years old. See ver. 17, and the Note on 2 Ch 22:2.
one year
9:21-27; 2 Chronicles 22:5-8
Athaliah
11:1,13-16
daughter
or, grand-daughter.
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 16:16 - Omri;  2 Kings 13:1 - three and twentieth year;  2 Chronicles 18:1 - joined affinity

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:26". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-8.html.