Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 9:22

When Joram saw Jehu, he said, "Is it peace, Jehu?" And he answered, "What peace, so long as the harlotries of your mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many?"
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Ahaziah;   Church and State;   Conspiracy;   Decision;   Jehu;   Jezebel;   Jezreel;   Joram;   Naboth;   Sorcery;   Usurpation;   Whoredom;   Thompson Chain Reference - Fortune Telling;   Magic;   Witchcraft;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jezebel;   Jezreel;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ahaziah;   Jehoram;   Jehu;   Jezebel;   Jezreel;   Phoenicia;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Magic;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Jehoram;   Jezebel;   Jezreel;   Witchcraft;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Jezebel;   Naboth;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Divination and Magic;   Jezebel;   Queen;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Government;   Jehu;   Magic, Divination, and Sorcery;   Prophecy, Prophets;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Sorcery;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ahaziah ;   Jehu ;   Jezebel ;   Jezreel ;   Joram, Jehoram;   Naboth ;   Witch, Witchcraft;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Jehu;   Ramothgilead;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Enchantments;   Je'hu;   Jo'ram;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Jehu;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Jehoram;   Magic;   Witch;   Woman;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Witchcraft;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

What peace, so long as the whoredoms - Though the words whoredom, adultery, and fornication, are frequently used to express idolatry, and false religion, in general; yet here they may be safely taken in their common and most obvious sense, as there is much reason to believe that Jezebel was the patroness and supporter of a very impure system of religion; and to this Jehu might refer, rather than to the calf-worship, to which himself was most favourably disposed.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:22". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-9.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Joram had asked the usual question, “Is it peace?” - meaning simply, “Is all well?” In Jehu‘s reply, by “whoredoms” we are probably to understand “idolatries,” acts of spiritual unfaithfulness; by “witchcrafts,” dealings with the Baal prophets and oracles. Compare 2 Kings 1:2 note.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:22". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-9.html. 1870.

The Biblical Illustrator

2 Kings 9:22

Is it peace?

No peace out of Christ

The sovereignty of God is apparent in all His dealings with the children of men. He putteth down one and setteth up another. He killeth and maketh alive. He doeth what He pleases in the armies of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth. He giveth no account of any of His ways, nor may any one inquire, What doest thou? Still, “justice and judgment are the habitation of His throne,” and we are sure that in all His dispensations, however mysterious to us, “the Judge of all the earth will do right.” It is “by Him kings reign and princes decree justice.” All this is evidenced in the case of Jehu, whose exaltation to the throne of Israel is described in the former part of this interesting chapter (2 Kings 9:1-10).

I. That there is no peace to be found in the ways of sin. In prosecution of the inquiry in our text, ask--

1. The open sinner. Sinner, hast thou peace? Ask Adam and Eve, when they had eaten of the forbidden fruit. Look at Achan who saw among the spoils of the enemy a goodly Babylonish garment, and two hundred shekels of silver, and a wedge of gold of fifty shekels weight, and coveted them, and took them, and hid them in the earth in the midst of his tent and the silver under it. “Is it peace, Achan?” When Zimri slew Elah the son of Baasha, King of Israel, and usurped his throne, had Zimri “peace” who slew this master? (1 Kings 15:10). Look at Belshazzar at his impious feast (Daniel 5:9); here was the very height of human enjoyment; but a guilty conscience spoiled all. Look at aul, King of Israel; hear his bitter cry, “I am sore distresed; for the Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me, and answereth me no more” (1 Samuel 28:15). Had he peace? Peace had fled from him.

2. Ask the formalist--resting in a round of duties, having the form of godliness, but destitute of its power. There may be a pharisaical spirit--a self-satisfaction “God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men” (Luke 18:11), but “is it peace?”

3. Ask the unconverted, under his most favourable circumstances; and though we do not deny that there may be a momentary gratification,--what are termed by the apostle, The pleasures of sin for a season, Is there peace? Some, indeed, have a false peace, are “at ease in their sins”--but this is carelessness and indifference rather than “peace.”

4. But this question may be asked of many, who have even sought peace for their souls, but sought it in the wrong way, by unhallowed means. Many are the ingenious devices of Satan, for blinding the minds of his captives, and keeping his goods “in peace.” Hence his ministers are said to “daub with untempered mortar,” and to “cry, Peace, peace; when there is no peace” (Jeremiah 6:14; Ezekiel 13:10). Is peace then banished from the earth? far from it; the Holy Scriptures make known unto us “the way of peace,” which unconverted men have never known (Romans 8:17). “Christ is our peace” (Micah 5:5; Ephesians 2:1-22; Isaiah 9:6). And though peace is only to be found in Him, here is solid, abiding, soul-satisfying peace. And this leads me to

II. Show that true, permanent peace is to be obtained only through an experimental knowledge of God in Christ Jesus, through the Spirit, “Preaching peace by Jesus Christ, who is described in the Word of inspiration as the Prince of Peace” (Isaiah 9:6). And here we may remark, that the believer has--

1. Peace with God.

2. The believer has peace of conscience--peace of mind,--rest for his soul.

3. He enjoys peace with others, for when a man’s ways please the Lord, He maketh even His enemies to be at peace with Him. And what are the properties of this peace? Let the Scriptures declare (Romans 14:17-18). “A peace of God, which passeth all understanding,” which “the world can neither give, nor take away”; which is perfectly independent of all the vicissitudes of this changing world. And this peace is enjoyed through faith in the Redeemer. It is peace and joy “in believing.” Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace whose mind is stayed on Thee, because he trusteth in Thee (Isaiah 26:3). Peace under all circumstances;--“Say ye to the righteous it shall be well with him” (Isaiah 3:16), in sickness and health; in prosperity and adversity; in poverty and riches; in life, in death, and through all eternity. (R. Simpson, M. A.)

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Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "2 Kings 9:22". The Biblical Illustrator. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/2-kings-9.html. 1905-1909. New York.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And it came to pass, when Joram saw, Jehu, that he said, is it peace, Jehu?.... Have things gone well at Ramothgilead? art thou come in triumph from thence? or obliged to fly from the Syrians? or art thou come in a peaceable, or in an hostile manner to me?

and he answered, what peace; canst thou expect at home or abroad, from me or others:

so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many? which may be understood both literally of corporeal whoredom, and diabolical arts she was addicted to, and figuratively of idolatry, often called whoredom in Scripture, and of the wicked arts and methods she made use of to inveigle and entice persons into it; and both these very often went together; see Nahum 3:4 and of which Joram was guilty, at least in part; he connived at all in her, and did not attempt to restrain her, and therefore had no claim to peace, protection, and safety.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:22". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-9.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And it came to pass, when Joram saw Jehu, that he said, [Is it] g peace, Jehu? And he answered, What peace, so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts [are so] many?

(g) Meaning, since God is their enemy because of their sins, he will always stir up someone to avenge his cause.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:22". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-9.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And it came to pass, when Joram saw Jehu, that he said, Is it peace, Jehu? And he answered, What peace, so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many?

Whoredoms, … — This may be understood, either literally; spiritual whoredom, which is idolatry, being often punished with corporal: and witchcraft was often practised by idolaters: or spiritually, of her idolatry, which is often called whoredom, because it is a departing from God, to whom we are tied by many obligations; and witchcraft, because it doth so powerfully bewitch men's minds; and because it is a manifest entering into covenant with the devil. He mentions not Joram's, but his mother's sins; because they were more notorious and infamous: and because they were the principal cause why God inflicted, and he was come to execute these judgments. The way of sin can never be the way of peace.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:22". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-9.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 9:22 And it came to pass, when Joram saw Jehu, that he said, [Is it] peace, Jehu? And he answered, What peace, so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts [are so] many?

Ver. 22. So long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel.] That notorious idolatress and adulteress, who might truly say with that notable strumpet, Quartilla in Petronius, Iunonem meam iratam habeam, si unquam me meminerim virginem fuisse.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:22". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-9.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Kings 9:22. So long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many i.e. Whilst her idolatries, wherewith she bewitches the people, are still continued and multiplied. He upbraids Jehoram with his mother's sins, not with his own, because her's were more notorious and infamous, and what by his connivance he had made his own; because they were the principal reason why God inflicted, and he was come to execute these judgments; and because he could find no odious accusation against him except about the golden calves, which he purposely declined mentioning, because he himself intended to keep them up. See Poole and Calmet.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:22". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-kings-9.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Is it peace? dost thou come to me with a peaceable mind, or in a way of hostility? For now, when it was too late, he began to suspect some treachery; which God hid from him before, to prepare him for destruction.

What peace? what cause hast thou to expect peace, when thou hast so long abetted, and dost still abet, and allow thy mother in her abominable practices?

The whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel, and her witchcrafts; which are to be understood, either, literally; spiritual whoredom, which is idolatry, being oft punished with corporal; see 2 Kings 9:30; and

witchcraft there was oft practised by idolaters. Or rather, mystically and spiritually of her idolatry, which is oft called whoredom, because it is a departing from God to whom we are all tied by many obligations; and witchcraft, either because it doth so powerfully bewitch and deceive men’s minds, or because it is a manifest entering into covenant with the devil. For idolatry being her chief sin, and the cause of all the rest, it seems improbable that Jehu would omit that in the indictment which he drew against her. He mentions not Joram’s, but his mother’s sins; partly, because they were more notorious and infamous; partly, because they were the principal cause why God inflicted, and he was come to execute, these judgments; partly, because by his connivance he had made them his own; and partly, because he could find no gross and odious matter wherewith to charge him, except about the worship of the calves; which he forbore to mention, both lest it should lose his interest amongst his officers and soldiers, who were devoted to that worship; and because he himself intended to keep it up.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:22". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-9.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

22.The whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel — Her idolatry, both spiritual and carnal. She was in fact the impersonation of many forms of wickedness. Idolatry and witchcraft naturally go together, and in the worship of the female deity Asherah, to which Jezebel was particularly attached, (1 Kings 18:19,) there were the most impure practices and licentious rites, which might well be called whoredoms.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:22". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-9.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 9:22. Is it peace, Jehu? — Dost thou come to me with a peaceable mind, or in a way of hostility? For now, when it was too late, he began to suspect some treachery, God hiding it from him before, in order to his destruction. And he answered, What peace, &c.? — What cause hast thou to expect peace, when thou hast so long abetted, and dost still abet, thy mother in her abominable practices? So long as the whoredoms, &c. — This may be understood, either literally or spiritually; spiritual whoredom, which is idolatry, being often punished with corporal, and witchcraft being often practised by idolaters; or rather, spiritually, of her idolatry, which is often called whoredom, because it is a departing from God, to whom we are tied by many obligations; and witchcraft, because it doth so powerfully bewitch men’s minds; and because it is a manifest entering into covenant with the devil. He mentions not Joram’s, but his mother’s sins, because they were more notorious and infamous; and because they were the principal cause why God inflicted, and he was come to execute these judgments. The way of sin can never be the way of peace.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:22". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-9.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Jehu? The king supposed that he had meet with some defeat, (Calmet) of that he wished to announce the good tidings in person. (Menochius) (Salien, the year before Christ 902.) --- Vigour? How can Israel prosper? (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:22". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-9.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

whoredoms = idolatry. Joined together. Compare

witchcrafts = spiritism. Numbers 24:1; Numbers 25:1; Numbers 31:16.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:22". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-9.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And it came to pass, when Joram saw Jehu, that he said, Is it peace, Jehu? And he answered, What peace, so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many?

When Joram saw Jehu ... he said, Is it peace, Jehu? Until that moment Joram had no apprehension of danger; but the defiant tone of Jehu, the obloquy cast upon the king's mother, and the outburst of national indignation against her foul idolatries, which through him was about to discharge itself, showed at once both the nature and the gravity of the crisis [ z

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:22". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-9.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(22) Is it peace, Jehu?—Joram meant, “Is all well at the seat of war?” Jehu’s reply left no doubt of his intentions. He assumes the part of champion of the legitimate worship against Jezebel and her foreign innovations, and the lawless tyrannies by which she sought to enforce them. (Comp. 2 Kings 9:25-26.)

What peace . . . are so many?—Rather, What is the peace during the whoredoms of thy mother, and her many witchcrafts—i.e., so long as they continue?

Whoredoms.—In the spiritual sense, i.e., idolatries. (See Note on 1 Chronicles 5:25.)

Witchcrafts.—Sorceries; the use of spells and charms, common among Semitic idolaters. (Comp. the prohibitions in the Law (Exodus 22:18; Deuteronomy 18:10-11.) A great number of the Assyrian tablets contain magical formulas, incantations, and exorcisms. Babylonia was the home of the pseudo-science of magic; and the oldest collection of such formulas is that of Sargina king of Agadê (Accad), compiled in seventy tablets, about 2200 B.C.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:22". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-9.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And it came to pass, when Joram saw Jehu, that he said, Is it peace, Jehu? And he answered, What peace, so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many?
Is it peace
What peace
18; Isaiah 57:19-21
the whoredoms
1 Kings 16:30-33; 18:4; 19:1,2; 21:8-10,25; Nahum 3:4; Revelation 2:20-23; 17:4,5; Revelation 18:3,23
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 16:4 - Comest;  1 Kings 1:42 - a valiant;  1 Kings 18:19 - eat at Jezebel's table;  1 Kings 22:8 - concerning me;  1 Kings 22:52 - in the way;  2 Kings 3:2 - and like;  2 Kings 9:11 - Is all well;  1 Chronicles 12:17 - If ye be come;  2 Chronicles 18:7 - me;  2 Chronicles 21:11 - fornication;  2 Chronicles 21:13 - a whoring;  Esther 2:21 - and sought;  Proverbs 7:10 - the attire;  Isaiah 57:21 - GeneralHosea 2:4 - children of

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:22". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-9.html.