Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 9:27

When Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu pursued him and said, "Shoot him too, in the chariot." So they shot him at the ascent of Gur, which is at Ibleam. But he fled to Megiddo and died there.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Ahaziah;   Beth-Haggan;   Decision;   Elijah;   Gur;   Homicide;   Ibleam;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Jehu;   Jezreel;   Megiddo;   Naboth;   Regicide;   Usurpation;   Thompson Chain Reference - Ahaziah;   Azariah;   Elijah;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jezebel;   Jezreel;   Megiddo;   Watchmen;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ahaziah;   Jehu;   Jezebel;   Jezreel;   Megiddo;   Palestine;   Phoenicia;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Esdraelon;   Gur;   Jehoram;   Jezebel;   Jezreel;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Beth;   Engannim;   Gur, the Going up to;   Ibleam;   Jehu;   Jezebel;   Megiddo;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ahaziah;   Beth-Haggan;   Elijah;   En-Gannim;   Garden;   Gur;   Ibleam;   Megiddo;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ahaziah;   Bileam;   Garden House;   Government;   Gur;   Ibleam;   Jehu;   Megiddo;   Prophecy, Prophets;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ahaziah ;   Gur;   Ibleam ;   Jehu ;   Jezebel ;   Jezreel ;   Megiddo, Megiddon ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Jehu;   Ramothgilead;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Ahaziah;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Gur;   Ib'le-Am;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Jehu;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Beth-Haggan;   Garden-House;   Gur, the Ascent of;   Ibleam;   Megiddo;   Palestine (Recent Exploration, I.e. as of 1915);   Queen Mother;   Samaria, City of;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Samaria;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Fled by the way of the garden - The account of the death of Ahaziah, as given in 2 Chronicles 22:8, 2 Chronicles 22:9, is very different from that given here: When Jehu was executing judgment upon the house of Ahab - he sought Ahaziah; and they caught him, (for he was hid in Samaria), and brought him to Jehu; and when they had slain him, they buried him. "The current of the story at large is this," says Dr. Lightfoot: "Jehu slayeth Joram in the field of Jezreel, as Ahaziah and Joram were together; Ahaziah, seeing this, flees, and gets into Samaria, and hides himself there. Jehu marcheth to Jezreel, and makes Jezebel dogs' meat: from thence he sends to Samaria for the heads of Ahab's children and posterity: which are brought him by night, and showed to the people in the morning. Then he marcheth to Samaria, and by the way slayeth forty-two of Ahab's kinsmen; and findeth Jehonadab, the father of the Rechabites. Coming into Samaria, he maketh search for Ahaziah: they find him hid, bring him to Jehu, and he commands to carry him up towards Gur, by Ibleam, and there to slay him. It may be, his father Joram had slain his brethren there, as Ahab had done Naboth, in Jezreel. They do so; smite him there in his chariot; and his charioteer driveth away to Megiddo before he dies. The story in the book of Kings is short: but the book of Chronicles shows the order." Lightfoot's Works, vol. i., p. 88.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:27". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-9.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

By the way of the garden-house - Or “by the way of Beth-Gan,” which has been conjectured to be another name for En-Gannim, “the spring of the gardens.” Both are considered identical with Ginaea, the modern Jenin, which lies due south of Jezreeh The road from Jezreel (Zerin) to Jenin passes at first along the plain of Esdraelon, but after a while begins to rise over the Samaritan hills. Here probably was “the ascent of Gur, by Ibleam,” which may have occupied the site of the modern Jelama. Whether the soldiers attacked him there or not is uncertain. The words, “And they did so,” are not in the original.

Megiddo - On its situation, see Joshua 12:21 note; and on the possible reconcilement of this passage with 2 Chronicles 22:9, see the note there.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:27". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-9.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

THE SLAYING OF AHAZIAH; KING OF JUDAH; BY JEHU'S MEN

"But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by way of the garden-house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot; and they smote him at the ascent of Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo. and died there. And his servants carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem, and buried him in his sepulchre with his fathers in the city of David."

Jehu's instructions through the prophets had required him to kill Ahaziah also, and these verses provide the record of how it was done. Although God had willed the extermination of the house of Omri, to whose dynasty Ahab and his evil family belonged, Jehu's murderous deeds in their totality were not approved of God.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:27". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-kings-9.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this,.... That Joram was slain:

he fled by the way of the garden house, which perhaps stood upon the spot where Naboth's vineyard was, turned into a garden by Ahab:

and Jehu followed after him; as far as Samaria, where he was hid, 2 Chronicles 22:9,

and said, smite him also in the chariot; this order he gave to his soldiers, to do to him as he had done to Joram: and they did so:

at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam; a city in the tribe of Manasseh, Joshua 17:11,

and he fled to Megiddo; after he was wounded; another city in the same tribe, Joshua 17:11,

and died there; at Megiddo; though some think that from thence he was had by his servants to Samaria, and there hid, and, being found, was brought from thence to Jezreel, where he was slain, and died. Jehu was ordered to destroy the whole house of Ahab, and Ahaziah was of that house by his mother's side, and walked in the way of it, and was in conjunction with it, and perished therewith; this, though here recorded, was after the death of Jezebel, and of the seventy sons of Ahab, and of the brethren of Ahaziah.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:27". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-9.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw [this], he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot. [And they did so] at the going up to Gur, which [is] by Ibleam. And he fled to i Megiddo, and died there.

(i) After he was wounded in Samaria, he fled to Megiddo, a city of Judah.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:27". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-9.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

2 Kings 9:27-35. Ahaziah is slain.

Ahaziah — was grandnephew to King Joram, and great-grandson to King Ahab.

Ibleam — near Megiddo, in the tribe of Issachar (Joshua 17:11; Judges 1:27); and Gur was an adjoining hill.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:27". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-kings-9.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot. And they did so at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there.

He died — The history is briefly and imperfectly described here, and the defects supplied in (the book of Chronicles, is great part written for that end, to supply things omitted in the book of Kings) out of both it may be thus compleated: he fled first to Megiddo, and thence to Samaria, where he was caught, and thence brought to Jehu, and by his sentence was put to death at Megiddo.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:27". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-9.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 9:27 But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw [this], he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot. [And they did so] at the going up to Gur, which [is] by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there.

Ver. 27. Smite him also in the chariot.] For he was of Ahab’s house, too, by marriage, and so within Jehu’s commission. So dangerous a thing it is to he imped in a wicked family.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:27". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-9.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

By the way of the garden-house; by some secret way, hoping to escape whilst they were busy about Joram.

Smite him also, as you have done Joram; for he also is of the house of Ahab, 2 Kings 8:18.

They did so; they smote or wounded him, but not mortally; either supposing that the wound was mortal; or being more remiss in executing Jehu’s sentence against him, because they were not so much concerned in his as in Joram’s design; or because they had some kindness for him, either for his own or for Jehoshaphat’s sake.

He fled to Megiddo, and died there.

Quest. How doth this agree with 2 Chronicles 22:9, He sought Ahaziah: and they caught him, for he was hid in Samaria, and brought him to Jehu: and when they had slain him, &c.

Answ. Either, first, Samaria is there to be understood, not of the city, but of the kingdom or territory so called, 1 Kings 13:32, and elsewhere, in which Megiddo was; and so that may be noted to show that he could not flee into his own kingdom, where he might have been safe; but was forced to take up in another part of the kingdom of Israel, in the territory of Samaria, and there to hide himself. Or, secondly, If Samaria be the city, then the history is briefly and imperfectly described here, and the defects supplied there; (the Book of Chronicles being in great part written for that end, to supply things omitted in the Book of Kings;) and out of both the history may be thus completed: He fled first to Megiddo, and thence to Samaria, where he was caught, and thence brought to Jehu, and by his sentence was put to death at Megiddo, either because Jehu was there at that time upon some occasion, or for some other reason, which at this distance of time we cannot understand.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:27". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-9.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

DEATH OF AHAZIAH, 2 Kings 9:27-29.

27.Fled by the way of the garden house — That is, according to some, the summerhouse, built for purposes of rest or shade in the royal garden into which Naboth’s vineyard had been converted. 1 Kings 21:2. But house of the garden is a literal translation of the original word Beth-haggan, and it seems better, in view of what 2 Chronicles 22:9 relates of the flight of Ahaziah to Samaria, to understand it, with the Septuagint, as the name of a place between Jezreel and Samaria. A few miles south of Jezreel is Engannim, the modern Jenin, with which Beth-haggan is probably to be identified. It is still a place of gardens and abundant water, whence, doubtless, it received its names.

Jehu followed after him — To this 2 Chronicles 22:9, adds: “And he sought Ahaziah: and they caught him, for he was hid in Samaria, and brought him to Jehu: and when they had slain him, they buried him.” Here, it will be noticed, the author of Chronicles does not say where or how he was slain and buried, and this the book of Kings supplies. So we should understand that Ahaziah first fled by the way of Beth-haggan to Samaria, and there hid himself, but was followed by Jehu and his men, and discovered, and brought forth from his hiding-place into the presence of Jehu. It would seem that Jehu himself did not follow all the way to Samaria, but his men continued the pursuit, and when they had captured Ahaziah they brought him back to Jez-reel. Then Jehu said: Smite him also in the chariot at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam. These words should thus be connected together, and not separated, as in the English version, with the addition, and they did so. Ibleam was a town allotted to the tribe of Manasseh, (Judges 1:27,) though it seems to have been located in the territory of Issachar or Asher. Joshua 17:11. Its exact position is unknown, but it lay probably not far from Megiddo, and between it and Jezreel. The going up to Gur was some well-known eminence near by it, and it was perhaps from some evil association of Ahaziah or his kindred with that spot that Jehu wished him to be slain there.

Fled to Megiddo, and died there — The arrows of Jehu’s archers did not prove instantly fatal, and the wounded king seized an opportunity for escape, and fled in his chariot as far as Megiddo, where he expired. According to Josephus he left his chariot, and fled on horseback to Megiddo. Megiddo, the modern el-Lejjun, was about six miles west of Jezreel. See on Joshua 12:21.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:27". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-9.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

House. Septuagint retain "Baithgan," the original term, as if it were the name of that road. (Menochius) --- Ochozias wanted to reach the palace by the garden, which was the source of the miseries of Achab's family. --- There. Being brought back from Samaria, 2 Paralipomenon xxii. 9., (Calmet) or lurking in that kingdom, (Menochius) and slain by Jehu as being the grandson of Jezabel. Great troubles took place in Juda, in consequence of his death. (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:27". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-9.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

And they did so. Supply Figure of speech Ellipsis (App-6) thus: "and they smote him".

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:27". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-9.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot. And they did so at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there. Ahaziah - was grand-nephew to king Joram, and great-grandson to king Ahab.

Jehu ... said, Smite him also in the chariot. It is remarkable that the vengeance threatened was brought on the house of Ahab at the very time that the king of Judah was on a visit to Joram, that he might partake of the punishment, as being a descendant of the wicked Ahab. It was by an unexpected concurrence of circumstances that this took place. Joram having been wounded in fighting against the Syrians at Ramah, it was providentially ordered that he should go to Jezreel rather than to Samaria, to be healed of his wounds. Thither his relative Ahaziah had come to visit him, while lying disabled in that place. There is no evidence that Jehu fixed on this time from a wish to include the king of Judah in the punishment of Ahab's family. It does not even appear that Jehu was aware of Ahaziah's being then at Jezreel. All was the result of God's immutable purpose, and accomplished by a wonderful operation of His providence.

Ibleam - near Megiddo, in the tribe of Issachar (Joshua 17:11; Judges 1:27), and Gur was an adjoining hill.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:27". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-9.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(27) But when . . . saw this.—Now Ahaziah . . . had seen it; and he fled, &c.

By the way of the garden house—i.e., in the direction of the garden house, which was probably a sort of arbour or drinking pavilion near the gates of the palace gardens, of which Naboth’s vineyard formed a part. Ahaziah wished to escape from the royal park as fast as he could.

Smite him also in the chariot.—The Hebrew is much more suited to the excitement of the occasion: Him too! shoot him in the chariot! (Here and in 2 Kings 9:13, supra, ‘el, “into,” seems equivalent to ‘al, “upon.”)

And they did so.—Some such words as these may have fallen out of the Hebrew text. So the Syriac: “Him also! slay him! and they slew him in his chariot, on the ascent of Gur,” &c. But the rendering of the LXX. involves the least change, and is probably right: “Him too! And he smote him in the chariot, in the going up,” &c. This is more graphic. Jehu simply ejaculates,” Him too! “and, after a hot pursuit, shoots his second victim, at the ascent or declivity of Gur, where Ahaziah’s chariot would be forced to slacken speed.

The ascent of Gur is not mentioned elsewhere. Ibleam lay between Jezreel and Megiddo. (Comp. Judges 1:27; Joshua 17:11.)

And he fled to Megiddo, and died there.—See the Note on 2 Chronicles 22:9, where a different tradition respecting the end of Ahaziah is recorded. The definite assignment of localities in the present account is a mark of greater trustworthiness. The way in which Rashi, whom Keil follows, attempts to combine the two accounts, is revolting to common sense. It would be better to assume a corruption of the text in one or the other narrative.

Megiddo.—Identified in the cuneiform inscriptions as Magidû or Magadû.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:27". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-9.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot. And they did so at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there.
Ahaziah
8:29; Numbers 16:26; 2 Chronicles 22:7-9; Proverbs 13:20; 2 Corinthians 6:17
garden house
1 Kings 21:2
Ibleam
Joshua 17:11; Judges 1:27
Megiddo
"In the kingdom of Samaria."
23:29,30; Judges 1:27; 5:19; 1 Kings 4:12; 2 Chronicles 22:9
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 9:15 - Megiddo;  2 Kings 10:4 - Behold;  2 Kings 11:1 - the mother;  2 Kings 12:1 - the seventh;  1 Chronicles 7:29 - Megiddo;  2 Chronicles 35:22 - Megiddo;  Psalm 109:14 - let not

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 9:27". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-9.html.