Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 20:2

So all the men of Israel withdrew from following David and followed Sheba the son of Bichri; but the men of Judah remained steadfast to their king, from the Jordan even to Jerusalem.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Abishai;   Citizens;   David;   Judah;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Judah, the Tribe of;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Sheba;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Benjamin;   Sheba;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Sexuality, Human;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Joab;   Sheba;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Rehoboam;   Sheba (1);   Holman Bible Dictionary - Abel-Beth-Maachah or Abel-Beth-Maacah;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Benjamin;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Bichri ;   Sheba ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - David;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Da'vid;   She'ba;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Samuel, Books of;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

From Jordan … - The men of Israel only escorted David from Jordan to Gilgal, and there left him; but the men of Judah in a body went with him all the way to Jerusalem.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:2". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-20.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

So every man of Israel went up from after David,.... Those that met him on the road departed from him, and went no further with him:

and followed Sheba the son of Bichri; and made him their captain, who was the author of their mutiny and sedition:

but the men of Judah clave unto their king, from Jordan to Jerusalem: never left him, after they had conducted him over Jordan, until they had brought him safely to Jerusalem.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:2". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-20.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

So every man of Israel went up from after David, [and] followed Sheba the son of Bichri: but the men of Judah clave unto their king, from d Jordan even to Jerusalem.

(d) From Gilgal which was near Jordan.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:2". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-20.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

from Jordan even to Jerusalem — The quarrel had broken out shortly after the crossing of the Jordan, between Judah and the other tribes, who withdrew; so that Judah was left nearly alone to conduct the king to the metropolis.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-20.html. 1871-8.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

(2) So every man of Israel went up from after David, and followed Sheba the son of Bichri: but the men of Judah clave unto their king, from Jordan even to Jerusalem.

The character of this man is marked by the HOLY GHOST a man of Belial. And consequently his life and conversation corresponded to the title. He was a suited person to oppose the man who is stilled, the man after GOD'S own heart. See 1 Kings 15:3. Reader! do not fall to recollect, that the opposition between such different characters, commenced not with David and Sheba. It began at the fall. Abel and Cain were the two first combatants, and the reason was, they were of different seed, though by nature children of the same parents. John explains this; 1 John 3:12. And still from higher authority; John 8:44.

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Bibliographical Information
Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:2". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/2-samuel-20.html. 1828.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

So every man of Israel went up from after David, and followed Sheba the son of Bichri: but the men of Judah clave unto their king, from Jordan even to Jerusalem.

Every man — That is, the generality of those Israelites who were present.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:2". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-20.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 20:2 So every man of Israel went up from after David, [and] followed Sheba the son of Bichri: but the men of Judah clave unto their king, from Jordan even to Jerusalem.

Ver. 2. So every man of Israel.] So fickle and inconstant is that neutrum modo, mas modo, vulgus, the common people. Our Saviour found it so, when their "Hosanna" was so soon changed into "Crucify him, crucify him." All this was for David’s good, that he might trust more in God, and less in the creature.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:2". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-20.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Every man of Israel, i.e. the generality of those Israelites who were present.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:2". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-20.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

2.Israel went up from after David — So this second insurrection began before the king had returned to Jerusalem. The elders of the ten tribes, embittered by the fierce words of the Judahites, and emboldened by the sound of Sheba’s trumpet, utterly forsook the king in the plains of Jericho, and left the men of Judah to escort him home alone.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:2". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-20.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 20:2. So every man of Israel went up from after David — Instead of going home, the generality of those Israelites who were present followed their seditious incendiary. But the men of Judah clave to their king — None of them stirred from him, but conducted him from Jordan to Jerusalem. Nor is it to be supposed that all the men of Israel forsook him; but only a very great number of them.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:2". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-20.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Jordan, near which the contest had happened. Some chosen troops attended Seba to the north, while the rest went home. (Haydock)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:2". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-20.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

So every man of Israel went up from after David, and followed Sheba the son of Bichri: but the men of Judah clave unto their king, from Jordan even to Jerusalem.

From Jordan even to Jerusalem. The quarrel had broken out shortly after the crossing of the Jordan, between Judah and the other tribes who withdrew, so that Judah was left nearly alone, to conduct the king to the metropolis. Thus, it happened that at a moment when there was the greatest need of harmony and union, there was the most imminent danger of a worse dismemberment than before, and of the rejection by the greater portion of Israel of a king in whose favour Yahweh had but recently given decisive testimony.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-20.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(2) Men of Judah clave.—David’s negotiations with Judah had now resulted in an entire reversal of the position of the tribes towards him; Judah, among whom the rebellion originated, and who had been tardy in returning to their allegiance, were now fierce in their loyalty, while Israel, who had only joined the already organised rebellion, and afterwards had first proposed the return of David, had become alienated and rebellious.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:2". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-20.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

So every man of Israel went up from after David, and followed Sheba the son of Bichri: but the men of Judah clave unto their king, from Jordan even to Jerusalem.
every man
19:41; Psalms 62:9; 118:8-10; Proverbs 17:14
the men
John 6:66-68; Acts 11:23
from Jordan
19:15,40,41; 2 Chronicles 10:17
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 3:12 - my hand;  2 Samuel 22:44 - delivered;  Psalm 53:3 - Every;  Ecclesiastes 9:18 - sinner;  Ephesians 4:31 - clamour

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-20.html.

Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary

CRITICAL AND EXPOSITORY NOTES.—

"There." "In Gilgal, at the assembly of the tribes; the word indicates directly the place; indirectly the time of the following history." (Erdmann). "A man of Belial." A worthless man. "He was," says Luther, "one of the great rogues of the high nobility, who had a large retinue among the people, and consideration or name, as Catiline in Rome." "A Benjamite." "Probably one of the rabid Sauline party, if he were not, as is possible, of Saul's own family." (Erdmann) "To his tents." "See on 2Sa ."

2Sa . "Went up." "From the plain of Gilgal to the hill country of Ephraim." (Erdmann).

MAIN HOMILETICS OF THE PARAGRAPH.—Chapter 2Sa, to 2Sa 20:2

THE REBELLION OF SHEBA

I. The fidelity of those who serve from self-interest cannot be depended on for a single day. All the acts of the men of Israel at this time seem to have been inspired by one consideration only, viz., What line of policy looks most likely to promote our interests? There was no question as to their duty, either to God or man. Hence they rallied to the standard of Absalom when he bid fair to overturn the throne of his father, returned to David when they found they had embarked in a losing cause, and revolted again from him the first moment all did not fall out in accordance with their wishes. So little are those to be depended on who have no higher rule of life, and so greatly are those to be pitied who put their trust in them. "We have ten parts in David," said they, and, almost in the same breath, We have no part in him. To-day, Hosanna, to-morrow, Crucify.—Henry.

II. The unreasoning discontent of the multitude is the opportunity of the selfish and ambitions leader. There are always men quick to take advantage of the passion and ignorance of their fellow creatures, and to use them as stepping stones for their own aggrandisement. But for the foolish petulance of the men of Israel on this occasion, this son of Bichri would have never had even the pitiful notoriety which he thereby acquired; and there have been many like him in all ages who have only risen from obscurity by similar means. It would have been indeed for the peace of the world if all such reckless men had met with as speedy a downfall as did Sheba, but they have often lived long enough to involve many more in a common ruin. Before men give themselves up to the leadership of another they should consider well whither he is leading them and what guarantees he can give that his motives are pure. But they cannot do this if they themselves are under the dominion of pride and envy, as the men of Israel were at this time. Where any unruly passion is in the ascendant, the voices of reason and conscience are not listened to, and downfall of some kind must come.

OUTLINES AND SUGGESTIVE COMMENTS

Chap, 19, 2Sa . In the conduct of the different tribes on this occasion, we may see a faithful picture of what is every day to be witnessed in the world around us. While some men, although convinced of the proper course to pursue, are still talking about their intentions—are consulting with their own interests—resolving, and hesitating, and again resolving—yet, after all doing nothing effectually; others like the tribe of Judah, when once persuaded of their duty, admit no farther argument on its expediency, but act with promptitude and decision. This forward zeal, however, gave great umbrage to the rest of Israel, for, like other worldly characters, it was not so much the good itself that they desired to see done, as to have themselves the credit of performing it.—Lindsay.

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Bibliographical Information
Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:2". Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/phc/2-samuel-20.html. Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1892.