Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 20:26

and Ira the Jairite was also a priest to David.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Cabinet;   Ira;   King;   Minister, Civil;   Officer;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Sheba;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Ira;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ira (2);   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ira;   Occupations and Professions in the Bible;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ira;   Jair;   Melchizedek;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ira ;   Jairite ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - David;   Smith Bible Dictionary - I'ra;   Ja'irite;   She'va;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Abiathar;   Criticism (the Graf-Wellhausen Hypothesis);   David;   Ira;   Jairite;   King;   Levitical Cities;   Priests and Levites;   Rei;   Samuel, Books of;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Priest;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Ira - was a chief ruler about David - The Hebrew is לדויד כהן cohen ledavid, a priest to David; and so the Vulgate, Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic. The Chaldee has רב rab, a prince, or chief. He was probably a sort of domestic chaplain to the king. We know that the kings of Judah had their seers, which is nearly the same: Gad was David's seer, 2 Samuel 24:11, and Jeduthun was the seer of King Josiah, 2 Chronicles 35:16.

The conclusion of this chapter is very similar to the conclusion of 2 Samuel 8:16-18; (note), where see the notes.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:26". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-20.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Ira the Jairite - Not mentioned before: perhaps the same as “Ira an Ithrite” (marginal reference), i. e., an inhabitant of Jattir in the hill country of Judah Joshua 15:48; 1 Samuel 30:27. Perhaps we ought to read “Ithrite,” for “Jairite.”

A chief ruler … about David - More simply and clearly, “was David‘s kohen” (2 Samuel 8:18 note). In the early part oph David‘s reign his own ons were כהן kôhên (chief rulers). The deaths of Amnon and Absalom, and the dissensions in the family, had probably caused the change of policy in this respect.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:26". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-20.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Ira also the Jairite,.... Which some take to be the same with Ira the Ithrite, 2 Samuel 23:38; a son of Jether or Ithra the Israelite, 2 Samuel 17:25; though others suppose he was Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite, 2 Samuel 23:26; and so the Targum here calls him Ira the Jairite, which was of Tekoah; and Tekoah being the chief place in Israel for oil oliveF4Misn. Menachot, c. 8. sect. 3. , with which the lamps were lighted, Jarchi thinks he had the name of Jairite from Jair, which signifies to enlighten; but rather he was a descendant from Jair the Gileadite, and perhaps was a great friend to David when in Gilead, and from whence he brought him and promoted him: for he

was a chief ruler about David; a prime minister, an intimate friend, the chief of his privy council; perhaps he succeeded Ahithophel; it is much we hear nothing of Hushai.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:26". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-20.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And Ira also the Jairite was a o chief ruler about David.

(o) Either in dignity or familiarity.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:26". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-20.html. 1599-1645.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

REFLECTIONS

READER! though the perusal of this chapter before us opens a renewed occasion for reflecting on the troubles of David; yet, I pass by the consideration of these things, for the present, in order to direct your attention, and my own, to the contemplation of our adorable JESUS, in that sweet and most invaluable part of his character of Mediator, which the view of the wise woman in Abel of Beth maachan naturally suggests. If it be pleasant to see this mother in Israel, saving a city by her interposition; think, Reader, how very delightful ought it to be, to behold JESUS saving a world, by the exercise of this glorious office. He came in the name of JEHOVAH, proposing terms of peace. And such terms as astonished angels. Not that one of our rebellious Chieftans, like Sheba, should be given up: Not that a thousand, or ten thousand should die to ransom the rest; though that had been an unspeakable mercy. But that He, the gracious, the merciful, the mighty Ambassador would mediate peace, and reconciliation, by the gift and sacrifice of himself. Well might the prophet exclaim, Wonder O heavens, and be astonished, O earth!

But, oh! thou precious JESUS! while I fall before thy footstool, overpowered with wonder and astonishment in the prospect of this mercy, I behold, with increasing love and surprise, the manner of thy gracious performance of the work.

Yes! dearest LORD! as my soul gazes on thy sacred Person as the Mediator, fully qualified, and fully prepared, as GOD and Man in one Person, to the office; I look also, until my whole-soul is lost, and overwhelmed in the view, with what infinite wisdom, tenderness, love, and pity, thou earnest to propose the terms, lay the foundation, and complete the whole work, for delivering thy people from the wrath to come. Be thou eternally praised; eternally loved; eternally adored, for this thy gracious interposition! My soul, on knees of holy transport, thankfulness, and joy, accepts thee, LORD, with all thy works of grace, desiring in time, and to all eternity, to bless and praise GOD for his unspeakable gift!

Reader! think, if it be possible, how it must grieve his HOLY SPIRIT, when sinners neglect, and despise this great salvation! Think! how unalterable must be their state, whom, in consequence thereof, he leaves to wander and perish!

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Bibliographical Information
Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:26". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/2-samuel-20.html. 1828.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 20:26 And Ira also the Jairite was a chief ruler about David.

Ver. 26. Was a chief ruler about David,] Heb., A prince, or a priest: whence some make him president of the council; others, the king’s chaplain or his almoner; others, his peculiar and familiar friend. (a)

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:26". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-20.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The Jairite; so called from his birth or dwelling in the country of Jair in Gilead, Numbers 32:41 Jude 10:4.

A chief ruler; either the president of the king’s council; or his chief minister (as the Hebrew word cohen signifies) of state, instead of Ahithophel; or in some other very high place near the king’s person. Compare 2 Samuel 8:18, where this title is given to David’s sons, the chief of which were now cut off. And these things are here repeated with some alteration to show that David was now fully re-established in his former estate.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:26". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-20.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

26.Ira the Jairite — He either took the place of David’s sons, or was added to their number as a private counsellor. See on chap. 2 Samuel 8:18. Of his personal history we know nothing beyond this single fact. The Ithrite of this name, mentioned 2 Samuel 23:38, was, perhaps, a different person.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:26". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-20.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Jairite, a descendant of Jair, (Calmet) son of Manasses. (Haydock) --- Priest. Hebrew cohen, respected like a priest, (Haydock) chief favourite, (Worthington) the Rab., (Chaldean) chief counsellor of David, (Vatable) almoner, &c. It is not certain that he was of the family of Aaron, or qualified to be the domestic chaplain of the king. See chap. viii. 16, &c. No other king of Israel had an officer to whom this title was given. (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:26". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-20.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

chief ruler. Compare 2 Samuel 8:18; 2 Samuel 23:38.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:26". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-20.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(26) Ira also the Jairite.—He is not mentioned in the other lists of the king’s officers; Ira, an Ithrite, is found in the list of David’s “thirty and seven” heroes in 2 Samuel 23:38, but there is no ground for identifying the two persons. On the office of “chief ruler,” or cohen, see Note on 2 Samuel 8:18. Earlier in David’s reign the office had been occupied by his own sons, but the murder of the eldest, the rebellion and death of Absalom, and other disorders in his household had led apparently to a change.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:26". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-20.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Ira also the Jairite was a chief ruler about David.
Ira
23:38; 1 Chronicles 11:40
Ithrite
Jairite.
Judges 10:4,5
chief ruler
or, prince.
8:18; Genesis 41:43,45; Exodus 2:14,16; The Hebrew is {cohen ledawid,} which might be rendered, a priest of David; and so the Septuagint, Vulgate, Syriac, and Arabic. The Chaldee has {rav,} a chief or prince: probably he was a kind of domestic chaplain or seer to the king.; 24:11; 2 Chronicles 35:15 Reciprocal: 1 Kings 4:5 - the principal;  Psalm 132:1 - all his afflictions

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:26". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-20.html.