Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 21:22

These four were born to the giant in Gath, and they fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Armies;   Championship;   David;   Goliath;   Rapha;   Thompson Chain Reference - Gath;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Philistines, the;   Rephaim, or Giants, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Gath;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Anak;   Gath;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Anakim;   Giants;   Philistines;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Anakim;   Gath;   Giants;   Goliath;   Philistia;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Giants;   Jehonathan;   Rephaim;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - David;   Giant;   Haggai;   Israel;   Rephaim;   Samuel, Books of;   Shamgar;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Giant;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Giants;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Goli'ath;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Gath;   Giants;   Heredity;   Ishbi-Benob;   Rapha;   Samuel, Books of;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Giants;   Orpah;   Shamgar;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Four - Not necessarily meaning that they were brothers, but that they were all of the race of the Giant, all Rephaim. The word “four” is omitted in the parallel passage, only the three last being mentioned in that chapter.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:22". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-21.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

These four were born to the giant in Gath,.... Not to Goliath, for one of them was his brother, but to some giant or another of that place, for which it was famous; they were all of them of the race of the giants; and so the Septuagint version, they were"the offspring of the giants in Gath, whose family was Repha;'and this Repha, or Arepha, as the Vulgate Latin version, according to Abarbinel, was a woman of the daughters of the giants; the TalmudistsF5T. Bab. Sotah. fol. 42. 2. make her to be the same with Orpah, 1:4. These giants, it is highly probable, were the descendants of the Anakim which remained in Gath after they were cut off by Joshua in other places, Joshua 11:22,

and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants; the first, Ishbibenob, fell by the hand of David assisted by Abishai, and the other three by the persons mentioned.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:22". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-21.html. 1999.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

REFLECTIONS

SEE, Reader! in the solemn events of this chapter, in the giving up the sons of Saul to death, how awfully true that denunciation of the LORD is, of visiting the iniquities of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate him. Oh! ye that are parents! let this sad example before your eyes, prompt you to seek grace from GOD, to be kept back from sin; lest the LORD smite the fathers with the children, and both are involved in the evil of their ways.

Precious JESUS! it is impossible to turn to any part in the Bible, or to any subject, or person, or thing contained in it, without finding somewhat that, either by immediate allusion, or in direct reference, points to thee. Everywhere, methinks, I discover thee. And in everything indeed, would I desire to have my soul exercised in the contemplation of thee. For, dearest LORD! that subject loseth all its beauty, all its loveliness, however pleasing in itself, that terminates not in thee. And though the bloody house of Saul is as remote, (and infinitely more remote), as hell from heaven, compared to thee; yet, when I see the ordinary law of our GOD broken, that in their hanging up, they might be suspended betwixt earth and heaven, until that GOD was entreated for the land: how is it possible, not to have my mind instantly led to thee, thou sinners' Surety, and sinners' Friend, who literally, and truly, wast made both sin and a curse for thy people, when thou knewest no sin, on purpose that they might be made the righteousness of GOD, in thee. There on thy cross, blessed JESUS, would I forever fix my eye, unless, indeed, now and then to follow thee, in the contemplation of thy conquests over it, in thy triumphal entrance into heaven. On JESUS would I forever gaze. In every ordinance, in every providence, in every prayer, in every song of praise; there, there would my ravished soul look, and say; there hangs my hope, my joy, my everlasting security! And on thee, and thy dear Person, do I hang all the glory of my Father's house, and all the glory of my own salvation. Oh! the precious, precious, Person of my adored Redeemer! So sweet, so suitable, so gracious, art thou to my soul, as a poor convinced sinner, that, like Paul, my determination is fixed; henceforth, I will know nothing among men, but JESUS CHRIST, and him crucified. And, blessed be my GOD, I hope and trust I can, with the same assurance of faith, say as he did, for I know him to be the power of GOD, and the wisdom of GOD for salvation to me, and to everyone that believeth.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:22". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/2-samuel-21.html. 1828.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.

Born to the giant in Gath — These giants were probably the remains of the sons of Anak, who, tho' long feared, fell at last.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:22". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-21.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 21:22 These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.

Ver. 22. And fell by the hand of David.] Because by the hand of his servants and soldiers. Let us ascribe the honour of all our victories over enemies, corporal or spiritual, to Christ alone.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:22". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-21.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Fell by the hand of David; either because they were slain by his conduct, and counsel, or concurrence; for he contributed by his hand to the death of one of them, whilst maintaining a fight with him, he gave Abishai the easier opportunity of killing him, 2 Samuel 21:16,17; or because what is done by the inferior commanders is commonly ascribed to the general, both in sacred and profane writers.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:22". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-21.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

22.These four — Goliath was the fifth, and they were all sons of Raphah. See on 2 Samuel 21:16.

By the hand of David — He had personally assisted in the slaughter of Ishbi-benob.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:22". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-21.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Of David, who was present, though it does not appear that he slew any of the four. (Calmet)

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:22". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-21.html. 1859.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(22) Born to the giant.—They were all descendants of Rapha, but not necessarily all the sons of one man.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:22". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-21.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.
four
1 Chronicles 20:8
fell by
Joshua 14:12; Psalms 60:12; 108:13; 118:15; Ecclesiastes 9:11; Jeremiah 9:23; Romans 8:31,37 Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 6:17 - Gath

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:22". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-21.html.