Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 23:17

and he said, "Be it far from me, O Lord , that I should do this. Shall I drink the blood of the men who went in jeopardy of their lives?" Therefore he would not drink it. These things the three mighty men did.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Armies;   Unselfishness;   Thompson Chain Reference - Selfishness-Unselfishness;   Unselfishness;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Bethlehem;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Blood;   Courage;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Drink;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Bethlehem;   David;   Giants;   Jashobeam;   Rephaim, Valley of;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Abishai;   Adullam;   Bethlehem;   Rephaim, Valley of;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Abishai;   Mighty Men;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Giant;   Ithrite, the;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Price of Blood ;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Army;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Bethlehem;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Abishai;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Sham'mah;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Bethlehem;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Adullam;   Far;   Jeopard;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Abishai;   Bethlehem;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Better as in 1 Chronicles 11:19.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:17". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-23.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And he said, be it far from me, O Lord, that one should do this,.... Drink of the water these men had brought him:

is not this the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? who risked the shedding of their blood, and went in danger of their lives to get it:

therefore he would not drink it: some compare with this the story of AlexanderF4Curt. Hist. l. 7. c. 5. to whom a vessel of water was offered when in extreme thirst, which he refused, because he could not bear to drink it alone, and so small a quantity could not be divided among all about him; but the reasons are not the same:

these things did these three mighty men; which made them very famous.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-23.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And he said, Be it far from me, O LORD, that I should do this: is not this the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mighty men.

These three — Jointly: then two of them are mentioned severally.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:17". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-23.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 23:17 And he said, Be it far from me, O LORD, that I should do this: [is not this] the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mighty men.

Ver. 17. Is not this the blood of the men?] So, say we; Is not this the blood of the souls of our servants whom we keep from the ordinances, for our pleasure? It is reported of Dr Chatterton, master of Emmanuel College, that he was married fifty-three years, and yet in all that time he never kept any of his servants from church to prepare his dinner. (a)

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:17". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-23.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Is not this the blood of the men, i.e. the price of their blood or lives, which they rashly exposed to manifest hazard?

These things did these three mighty men; either one of these three are here omitted, as one of the first three is not named, 1Ch 11; or Abishai, who follows next, was one of these three.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:17". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-23.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

17.Be it far from me — The tender hearted chieftain felt that it would be like drinking the blood of his men. The event shows both the affection and devotion of David’s soldiers for their leader, and his tenderness towards them.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:17". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-23.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 23:17. He said, Far be it from me — He looked upon it no longer as water, but as the blood of those men who fetched it with the peril of their lives; and the blood of every thing belonged to the Lord, and therefore he poured it out before him. If the generosity of David’s worthies was great, David’s generosity was no less so. Such actions as these dignify human nature, and manifest an excellence and grandeur which one should not otherwise think it capable of. These things did these three — They all joined in this hazardous exploit. But now follows what they did singly.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:17". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-23.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Drink. This word is acknowledged in 1 Paralipomenon and in all the ancient versions. (Kennicott) --- Protestants supply, "Is not this the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives?" Instead of Jehova, (Haydock) which ought to have m prefixed, we find maleim; (1 Paralipomenon) a word never used in such solemn appeals to the Lord. This seems owing to the superstition of the Jews, who would not pronounce the former name, perhaps in imitation of the heathens, who kept the names of their tutelar gods secret, lest the enemy might call them out, and thus obtain possession of their country. See Macrobius iii. 9. No mention is made of the Romans making use of this mode of evocation at the last siege of Jerusalem, as they were unacquainted with the true name of God. Virgil (ii. 351,) writes,--- Excessere omnes Adytis Arisque relictis,

Dii quibus imperium hoc steterat.----- See Servius; Kennicott.

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:17". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-23.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

is not this. ? Supply instead "shall I drink? "men. Hebrew. "nosh. App-14.

in jeopardy of their lives = with their lives [in their hands].

lives = souls. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13. "Soul "put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for "blood", which is another name for it. Compare Genesis 9:4. Leviticus 17:11. Deuteronomy 12:23. App-13.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:17". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-23.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And he said, Be it far from me, O LORD, that I should do this: is not this the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mighty men.

Be it far from me, O Lord, [ chaaliylaah (Hebrew #2486) liy (H3807a)] - Woe is me from Yahweh; God forbid [Septuagint, hileoos moi, kurie, Far be it from me, O Lord]. By no means (cf. Matthew 16:22).

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-23.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(17) Is not this the blood . . .?—The Hebrew here is simply an interrogative exclamation, “the blood of the men?” but in 1 Chronicles 11:19 the text reads, “Shall I drink the blood of these men?” &c., and so the LXX. and Vulg. translate here. To David the water gained only at the risk of life, “seemed the very blood in which the life resides” (Leviticus 17:10-11).

These three.—Rather, the three.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:17". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-23.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And he said, Be it far from me, O LORD, that I should do this: is not this the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mighty men.
Be it far
20:20; Genesis 44:17; 1 Samuel 2:30; 26:11; 1 Kings 21:3; 1 Chronicles 11:19
the blood
Genesis 9:4; Leviticus 17:10; Psalms 72:14; Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24; John 6:52-54
jeopardy
Judges 5:18; 1 Corinthians 15:30
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 15:14 - and smite;  1 Chronicles 11:12 - the three;  Lamentations 5:9 - General

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-23.html.