Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 23:25

Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Armies;   Elika;   Shammah;   Shammoth;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Harod;   Shammah;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Elika;   Giants;   Harodite;   Jezreel, Fountain of;   Shammah;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Elika;   Gideon;   Harod, the Well of;   Shamhuth;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Elika;   Harod;   Hezrai;   Izrahite;   Mighty Men;   Samuel, Books of;   Shamhuth;   Shammah;   Shammoth;   Zabad;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Elika;   Giant;   Harodite;   Ithrite, the;   Samuel, Books of;   Shammah;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Army;   Elika ;   Harodite ;   Shammah ;   Shammoth ;   Smith Bible Dictionary - El'ika;   Ha'rodite, the,;   Sham'mah;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - David;   Elika;   Harodite;   Jeribai;   Shammah;   Zabad;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Shammah the Harodite - There are several varieties in the names of the following shalishim ; which may be seen by comparing these verses with 1 Chronicles 11:27.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:25". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-23.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Shammah the Harodite,.... Called Shammah the Harorite in 1 Chronicles 11:27; by a change of the letters ר "R" and ד "D", which is frequent:

Elika the Harodite; or who was of Harod, as the Targum; these both were from one place: mention is made of the well of Harod, Judges 7:1.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:25". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-23.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,

Harodite — In1Chronicles11:27, Shammoth the Harorite. Concerning which, and other changes of the names, which will be observed, by comparing this catalogue with that, it will be sufficient to suggest, 1. that the same names of persons, or places, are differently pronounced according to the different dialects of divers places or ages2. That one man had often two names3. That David had more worthies than those here mentioned; and as some of these were slain in the former part of David's reign, as Asahel was; so others came up in their stead; and some were added to this number, as appears from1Chronicles11:10-47, where they are named, but not numbered, as they were here; and where there is a greater number than is here expressed.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:25". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-23.html. 1765.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

In 1 Chronicles 11:27,

Shammoth the Harorite; concerning which and such-like alterations, and other changes of the names, which will be observed by comparing this catalogue with that, it will be sufficient to suggest,

1. That the same names of persons or places are differently pronounced, according to the different dialects used by men of divers places or ages.

2. That one man had oft two names.

3. That David had more worthies than those here mentioned; and as some of these were slain in the former part of David’s reign, as Asahel was; so others came up in their steads; and some were added to this number, as appears from 1Ch 11, where they are named, but not numbered, as they were here; and where there is a greater number than is here expressed.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:25". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-23.html. 1685.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 23:25. Shammah the Harodite — In 1 Chronicles 11:27, he is called, Shammoth the Harorite, the same names of persons or places being differently pronounced according to the different dialects of divers places or ages. They that compare this catalogue with that in 1 Chronicles 11., will observe more names mentioned there than are found here. For the author of it reckons up and records the names of all the chief commanders in the army, though they were not in themselves heroical persons. But here the sacred writer only numbers those who were of themselves great heroes, not noticing the great commanders in the army who were not so.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:25". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-23.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Semma. The same with the third hero, though his country is differently written, ver. 11. (Calmet) --- But this is very improbable, as the number of 37 would be thus destroyed. The former was an Hararite. The Septuagint style the present captain, Samoth, in 1 Paralipomenon; Vulgate Sammoth; and the Aldine copy has Semoth here. He was the fifth captain; (1 Paralipomenon xxvii. 8,) and the four subsequent ones relieved each other in waiting on the king. --- Harodi, more correct than Arorite, 1 Paralipomenon, (Haydock) as the Septuagint also there terminate with di. --- Elica is omitted, 1 Paralipomenon xi., (Kennicott) as he perhaps died soon; and Zabad succeeding to his honours, comes at the end of these 30 heroes, Ibid. ver. 30.[1 Paralipomenon xi. 41.?] (Junius)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:25". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-23.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,

Shammah, [ Shamaah (Hebrew #8048), astonishment] - or Shammoth (1 Chronicles 11:27), or Shamhuth (1 Chronicles 27:8). The genuine form of the name, according to Kennicott ('Dissertation,' p. 181), is Shammoth the Harodite.

Elika the Harodite, [ 'Eliyqaa' (Hebrew #470)] - from a town, Charod (see the notes at 1 Chronicles 11:27).

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:25". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-23.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(25) Shammah the Harodite.—In 1 Chronicles 11:27 Shammoth the Harorite. He may be the same with “Shamhuth the Izrahite,” captain of the fifth division of the army (1 Chronicles 27:8). The next name is omitted in Chronicles.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:25". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-23.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,
Shammah
1 Chronicles 11:27,28
Shammoth the Harorite
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 27:8 - Shamhuth

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:25". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-23.html.