Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 4:2

Saul's son had two men who were commanders of bands: the name of the one was Baanah and the name of the other Rechab, sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, of the sons of Benjamin (for Beeroth is also considered part of Benjamin,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Baanah;   Beeroth;   Rimmon;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Baanah and Rechab;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Baanah;   Rechab;   Rimmon;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Bannah;   Beeroth;   Ishbosheth;   Rechab;   Rimmon;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Beeroth;   Court Systems;   Ish-Bosheth;   Rechab;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Beeroth;   Rechab, Rechabites;   Rimmon;   Stranger;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Baanah ;   Beeroth ;   Rechab ;   Rimmon ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Ahio;   Baana;   Rimmon;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ba'anah;   Re'chab;   Rim'mon;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Armies;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Baanah;   Band;   Beeroth;   David;   Imputation;   Rechab;   Rimmon (2);   Samuel, Books of;   Saul;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Beeroth;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Baanah;   Palestine;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Captains of bands - Principes latronum, captains of banditti, says the Vulgate; the Syriac is the same. Whether Ish-bosheth kept bands of marauders, whose business it was to make sudden incursions into the country places, and carry off grain, provisions, cattle, etc., we know not; but such persons would be well qualified for the bloody work in which these two men were afterwards employed.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:2". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-4.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Beeroth - See the marginal reference. From Joshua 9:17, it might have been expected that the population of Beeroth would be Canaanite. But from some unknown cause the Canaanite inhabitants of Beeroth had fled to Gittaim - perhaps the same as Gath - and continued there as sojourners. If this flight of the Beerothites took place at the time of Saul‘s cruel attack upon the Gibeonites 2 Samuel 21:1-2, Baanah and Reehab may have been native Beerothites, and have been instigated to murder the son of Saul by a desire to avenge the blood of their countrymen. The fact of their being reckoned as Benjamites is quite compatible with their being Canaanites by blood.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:2". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-4.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Saul's son had two men that were captains of bands,.... Of troops in the army, or of guards about the person of Ishbosheth son of Saul:

the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon a Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin; so that these men were brethren in nature, as well as in iniquity; they had the same father, who is described by his name and city, and their names are expressly mentioned and recorded to their infamy; and they were not only the servants of Ishbosheth, who had commissions under him, but were of the same tribe with him; all which is observed as an aggravation of their crime:

for Beeroth also was reckoned to Benjamin; the place from whom Rimmon their father is denominated, and where he dwelt, as well as Gittaim, where they had sojourned, as in 2 Samuel 4:3. This place, Beeroth, originally belonged to the Gibeonites, and fell to the lot of Benjamin at the division of the land, see Joshua 9:17.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:2". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-4.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And Saul's son had two men [that were] captains of bands: the name of the one [was] Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon a Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin: (for c Beeroth also was reckoned to Benjamin:

(c) This city Beeroth was in the tribe of Benjamin, (Joshua 18:25).
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:2". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-4.html. 1599-1645.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 4:2 And Saul’s son had two men [that were] captains of bands: the name of the one [was] Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon a Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin: (for Beeroth also was reckoned to Benjamin:

Ver. 2. And Saul’s son,] i.e., Jonathan; as the Rabbis and some others, who make these two to have been captains under him; and further say, that after Jonathan’s death, they stood for Mephibosheth, their master’s son, whom they would have made king, and have slain Ishbosheth. But Mephibosheth revealed all to Ishbosheth, whereupon these traitors fled, and afterwards hearing ef Abner’s death, returned secretly and slew Ishbosheth. Thus R. Solomon, Rabanus, Cajetan, &c. But who told them all this? and what footing have they for it in Scripture? By Saul’s son here, we may better understand Ishbosheth, as 2 Samuel 3:14; 2 Samuel 3:1.

Captains of bands.] Or, Of rovers, robbers, Latronum (so the Vulgate), raiders, tories.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:2". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-4.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Of the children of Benjamin; of Ish-bosheth’s own tribe, whom therefore he trusted the more; and this gave them opportunity to execute their wicked design.

Beeroth also, was reckoned to Benjamin: this is added as the reason why he called them Beerothites, because though Beeroth was now in the hands and possession of the Philistines, 1 Samuel 31:7, yet of right it belonged to the Benjamites, Joshua 18:25.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:2". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-4.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

2.Captains of bands — Leaders of military companies. Compare Acts 10:1.

Of Benjamin — The unhappy king falls by the hands of men of his own tribe.

Beeroth — The modern Bireh, eight miles north of Jerusalem. See on Joshua 9:17; Joshua 18:25.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:2". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-4.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 4:2. Captains of bands — Whether of regular forces, or some flying parties, whose business was spoil and prey, is not certain. Perhaps they were captains of two companies of guards about the king.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:2". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-4.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Bands, (Latronum.) Literally, "robbers," or people who live on plunder, like the posterity of Ismael, and of Esau, Genesis xxvii. 40. The life-guards of princes are often styled latrones, (Calmet) from their being stationed at their "sides," as if Laterones. (Menochius) -----Fixumque latronis,

Impavidus frangit telum. (Virgil, Æneid xii. 7.)

See Servius. (Judges xi. 3.) --- Beroth was one of the towns of the Gabaonites. It is not certain that the inhabitants retired, in consequence of the persecution of Saul; but they went to the territory of Geth, or to another town of Benjamin, 2 Esdras xi. 33. (Calmet)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:2". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-4.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

men. Hebrew. "enosh. App-14.

Beerothite. Near Gibeon (Joshua 18:25), now El Bireh, 6 miles north of Jerusalem, one of the Hivite towns possessed by Benjamin.

children = sons.

for. Note Figure of speech Parenthesis. App-6.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:2". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-4.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(2) A Beerothite.—Beeroth was one of the four cities of the Gibeonites (Joshua 9:17), and was allotted with the others to the tribe of Benjamin (Joshua 18:25). It is identified with the modern El-Bireh, nine miles north of Jerusalem. It is mentioned here, in the past tense, that Beeroth “was reckoned to Benjamin,” because in the time of the writer it was no longer inhabited. The fact that the murderers of Ish-bosheth were of his own tribe is made prominent.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:2". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-4.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Saul's son had two men that were captains of bands: the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon a Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin: (for Beeroth also was reckoned to Benjamin:
captains
3:22; 2 Kings 5:2; 6:23
other
Heb. second. Beeroth.
Joshua 9:17; 18:25
Reciprocal: Daniel 11:26 - that feed

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-4.html.