Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 4:7

Now when they came into the house, as he was lying on his bed in his bedroom, they struck him and killed him and beheaded him. And they took his head and traveled by way of the Arabah all night.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Assassination;   Homicide;   Ish-Bosheth;   Rechab;   Regicide;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Murder;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Baanah and Rechab;   Bed;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Arabah;   Ish-Bosheth;   Mahanaim;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Bannah;   Beeroth;   Rimmon;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Court Systems;   Head;   Ish-Bosheth;   Rechab;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Baanah;   House;   Rechab, Rechabites;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Baanah ;   Beeroth ;   Beheading;   Ishbosheth ;   Rechab ;   Rimmon ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Dwelling;   Ish-bosheth;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Mill;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Arabah;   Champaign;   Crime;   Rechab;   Samuel, Books of;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Arabah;   Couch;  

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

THE HEAD OF ISHBOSHETH WAS PRESENTED TO DAVID

"They took his head, and went by the way of the Arabah all night, and brought the head of Ishbosheth to David at Hebron. And they said to the king, `Here is the head of Ishbosheth, the son of Saul, your enemy, who sought your life; the Lord has avenged my lord the king this day on Saul and on his offspring.'"

How disgusting it is that these rascals, in their address to David, "Spread the holy name of God and his providence as a cloak and covering for their villainy."[9] These evil men, "Had no regard either for God or for David's honor; they aimed at nothing but to make their own fortunes and to get preferment at David's court."[10] This is a deceit often practiced by evil men pretending to be obeying God's Word when actually they are God's enemies. Caird noted that these men, "True to Oriental style made the Lord a party to their crime."[11]

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:7". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-samuel-4.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

For when they came into the house, he lay on his bed in his bedchamber,.... This is repeated to give a more particular account of the murder; though Abarbinel thinks they went in twice; when they went in first they smote him under the fifth rib, and made their escape; but fearing they had not left him dead, they returned, and did as follows:

and they smote him, and slew him; so that it was out of all doubt with them that he was dead:

and beheaded him; to make sure work of it:

and took his head; along with them, perhaps in one of the sacks they had to fetch wheat in, and so passed undiscovered, to carry to David, to curry favour with him:

and gat them away through the plain all night; through the plain of Jordan; all the way from Mahanaim to Hebron being for the most part a plain country till they came to Hebron, which was mountainous; the way from Mahanaim to Hebron was a space of sixty eight miles, according to BuntingF26Travels, p. 145,148. .

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:7". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-4.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

when they came into the house, he lay on his bed — Rechab and Baanah came in the heat of the day, when they knew that Ish-bosheth, their master, would be resting on his divan; and as it was necessary, for the reason just given, to have the corn the day before it was needed, their coming at that time, though it might be a little earlier than usual, created no suspicion, and attracted no notice [Harmer].

gat them away through the plain — that is, the valley of the Jordan, through which their way lay from Mahanaim to Hebron.

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:7". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-4.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 4:7 For when they came into the house, he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, and they smote him, and slew him, and beheaded him, and took his head, and gat them away through the plain all night.

Ver. 7. He lay on his bed.] Dreading no danger. So great need have we to commit ourselves to God, when we go to our rest, that whether we live or die, we may be his.

They smote him, and slew him.] So do surfeiting and drunkenness slay the soul, saith Hugo, of the spiritual sleeper; taking away his heart. [Hosea 4:11]

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:7". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-4.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Through the plain, i.e. in the way from Mahanaim to Hebron; which for the most part was a plain country.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:7". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-4.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

7.Took his head — They probably carried it in a sack, in which they pretended to fetch wheat. They could not otherwise have well escaped at midday.

Through the plain — The Jordan valley. See on 2 Samuel 2:29.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:7". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-4.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Parlour. Hebrew, "bed-chamber." --- Wilderness. Avoiding places frequented. (Haydock) --- The distance was about 40 leagues, which they could not travel in one night. (Calmet) --- Adrichomius says it was 30 hours' walk. Septuagint, "west-ward." (Haydock)

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:7". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-4.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

bed. Compare 2 Samuel 3:31.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:7". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-4.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

For when they came into the house, he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, and they smote him, and slew him, and beheaded him, and took his head, and gat them away through the plain all night.

When they came into the house, he lay on his bed. Rechab and Baanah came in the heat of the day, when they knew that Ish-bosheth, their master, would, according to custom, be resting on his divan; and as it was necessary, for the reason just given, to have the grain the day before it was needed, their coming at that time, though it might be a little earlier than usual, created no suspicion, and attracted no notice. They took advantage of these circumstances to execute an infamous plot they had formed against the life of their master; and having assassinated him while reposing on his couch, they cut off his head, to be carried as a trophy to David in Hebron.

Gat them away through the plain all night, [ haa-`Araabaah (Hebrew #6160)] - i:e., the valley of the Jordan, through which their way lay from Mahanaim to Hebron.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:7". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-4.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(7) Took his head.—There is no difficulty with the repetition in 2 Samuel 4:7 of what has been already mentioned inverse 6, for it is common in the Scripture narratives to repeat statements when any additional fact (as here, the carrying off of the head) is to be mentioned. (See, e.g., 2 Samuel 3:22-23, where Joab’s arrival is twice mentioned, and 2 Samuel 5:1-3, where the mention of the assembly at Hebron is repeated.)

Through the plain.—As in 2 Samuel 2:29, the Arabah, or valley of the Jordan, the natural way from Mahanaim to Hebron.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:7". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-4.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For when they came into the house, he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, and they smote him, and slew him, and beheaded him, and took his head, and gat them away through the plain all night.
took his head
1 Samuel 17:54; 31:9; 2 Kings 10:6,7; Matthew 14:11; Mark 6:28,29; When those difficulties dispirit us which should rather invigorate us and sharpen our endeavours, we betray a carelessness of character which is soon taken advantage of by our more watchful neighbours. Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty and ruin. The idle soul is an easy prey to the destroyer.
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 20:16 - Let the Lord;  2 Samuel 11:2 - arose from

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:7". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-4.html.