Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 4:9

David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and said to them, "As the Lord lives, who has redeemed my life from all distress,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Assassination;   Baanah;   Government;   Ish-Bosheth;   Rechab;   Rimmon;   Zeal, Religious;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Baanah and Rechab;   Justice;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - David;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Redeem, Redemption;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Bannah;   David;   Keilah;   Rimmon;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Court Systems;   Rechab;   Rimmon;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Baanah;   Medicine;   Rechab, Rechabites;   Rimmon;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Baanah ;   Beeroth ;   Ishbosheth ;   Rechab ;   Rimmon ;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ba'anah;   Rim'mon;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Beerothite;   Crime;   David;   Rechab;   Rimmon (2);   Samuel, Books of;   Saul;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Baanah;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Who hath redeemed my soul out of all adversity - This was, in David's case, a very proper view of the goodness and watchful providence of God towards him. His life was frequently in danger; murderers had often laid wait for it: but God, the living God, had always redeemed that life from all adversity; and called on him now to punish such evil-minded and blood-thirsty men.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:9". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-4.html. 1832.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

DAVID EXPLAINS HOW HE VIEWS THEIR MURDER

"But David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon, the Beerothite, `As the Lord lives who has redeemed my life out of every adversity, when one told me, "Behold, Saul is dead," and thought he was bringing good news, I seized him and slew him at Ziklag, which was the reward I gave him for his news. How much more when wicked men have slain a righteous man in his own house upon his bed, shall I not now require his blood at your hand, and destroy you from the earth.'"

David had every right to be outraged and disgusted with this treacherous murder of Ishbosheth by two of his retainers who were supposed to be serving and protecting their master. David makes three points in this response. "First, he referred to his own experience of the ways of the Lord, thus giving the lie to their claim of having been the Lord's tools in that brutal murder; and in the second instance, he pointed out the precedent which he himself had already established in the killing of the Amalekite."[12] His third point was that Ishbosheth was a "righteous man," contrasting with Saul who was wicked. By the time David got this far into his response, those two evil brothers must have anticipated what would come next.

"Shall I not now require his blood at your hand?" (2 Samuel 4:11). "`To require blood' means to hold the murderer guilty and to execute him (Genesis 9:51; 42:22; Psalms 9:12)."[13] It is the commandment of God that murderers should be executed (Genesis 9:6); and that is not an option; it is a Divine Order. God have mercy upon the United States for their rebellion against God in this very particular. Unless the crime of our society in allowing murderers to go unpunished is corrected, the ultimate downfall of our nation is certain.

"And destroy you from the earth" (2 Samuel 4:11). Unavenged blood cries from the earth to God Himself (Genesis 4:10). And we may be sure that the swelling chorus of such cries to God from the blood-soaked streets of America today shall not forever go uncorrected by the Eternal One.

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:9". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-samuel-4.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite,.... In a manner they did not expect:

and said unto them, as the Lord liveth, who hath redeemed my soul out of all adversity; spiritual and temporal, especially the latter is meant, and particularly what he had been brought into by the persecution of Saul, while living, and by those that adhered to his house since his death; which he ascribes to the Lord, and doubted not that he would still deliver him, and complete what he had designed for him, and that he needed not the assistance of such wicked hands as theirs; the words contain the form of an oath made to testify the truth of the following narrative, concerning the man that brought the tidings of Saul's death to him, or for the certainty of what he would do those persons for the murder of Ishbosheth.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:9". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-4.html. 1999.

Scofield's Reference Notes

redeemed

(See Scofield "Isaiah 59:20") See Scofield "Exodus 14:30".

Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on 2 Samuel 4:9". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/2-samuel-4.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 4:9 And David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and said unto them, [As] the LORD liveth, who hath redeemed my soul out of all adversity,

Ver. 9. As the Lord liveth.] Sunt verba iurantis, sed abrupta et praecisa: (a) Understand, I will surely punish you.

Who hath redeemed my soul.] And would have freed me from Ishbosheth also in his good time, without your treasonable practices against your lord and master.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:9". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-4.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Who hath hitherto delivered and will deliver me from all mine enemies. So that I needed not your wicked help in this way.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:9". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-4.html. 1685.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 4:9. David answered Rechab and Baanah, &c. — Together with this thankful acknowledgment of God’s care of him in all his straits and adversities, he suggests to them that he needed not the help of such men as they were, nor of the commission of wicked acts for his future preservation and advancement. “It was from God only that he sought for deliverance from his troubles and enemies; and he that doth so needeth not the aid of treachery. Even they that need it are often observed to punish it; they that need it not, always will. And surely vindictive justice is then seen in its greatest glory when it is exerted in the chastisement of guilt committed against an enemy; for then no mist either of partiality or prejudice can misguide or obscure it.” — Delaney.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:9". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-4.html. 1857.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:9". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-4.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(9) Who hath redeemed.—David’s answer shows that he could trust in God to avenge him, and did not encourage or need the crimes of men to help him.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:9". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-4.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and said unto them, As the LORD liveth, who hath redeemed my soul out of all adversity,
who hath
Genesis 48:16; 1 Kings 1:29; Psalms 31:5-7; 34:6,7,17,22; 71:23; 103:4; 106:10; Psalms 107:2; 2 Timothy 4:17,18
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 21:16 - Ahab rose up;  Psalm 54:7 - For he;  Psalm 71:17 - hitherto;  Psalm 72:14 - he shall;  Proverbs 12:13 - but;  Proverbs 20:26 - wise

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 4:9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-4.html.