Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 9:7

David said to him, "Do not fear, for I will surely show kindness to you for the sake of your father Jonathan, and will restore to you all the land of your grandfather Saul; and you shall eat at my table regularly."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Friendship;   Hospitality;   Kindness;   Mephibosheth;   Thompson Chain Reference - Bible Stories for Children;   Children;   Home;   Mephibosheth;   Pleasant Sunday Afternoons;   Religion;   Stories for Children;   Table;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;   Liberality;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jonathan;   Mephibosheth;   Ziba;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Obeisance, Do;   Samuel, Books of;   Table;   Ziba;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - David;   Immanuel;   Samuel, Books of;   Ziba;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Mephibosheth ;   Ziba ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jonathan;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Zi'ba;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Hopkinsians;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Relationships, Family;   Samuel, Books of;   Table;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Will restore thee all the land - I believe this means the mere family estate of the house of Kish, which David as king might have retained, but which most certainly belonged, according to the Israelitish law, to the descendants of the family.

And thou shalt eat bread at my table - This was kindness, (the giving up the land was justice), and it was the highest honor that any subject could enjoy, as we may see from the reference made to it by our Lord, Luke 22:30; (note): That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom. For such a person David could do no more. His lameness rendered him unfit for any public employment.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 9:7". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-9.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And David said unto him, fear not,.... He might observe a dejection in his countenance, a trembling in his limbs, and might discover signs of fear lest David should cut him off, because he was of the seed royal:

for I will surely show thee kindness for Jonathan thy father's sake; whom he loved as his own soul, and to whom he had sworn that he would not cut off his kindness from his house for ever, and now remembering his oath was determined to observe it:

and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father; his grandfather, such sometimes being called fathers; which David had taken to him, as crown lands, or in the right of his wife; or as being confiscated by Ishbosheth's rebellion:

and thou shall eat bread at my table continually; he gave him an apartment in the court, a place at his table, admitted him to be a guest with him as long as he should live; which was a very great favour and high honour, and showed what an unshaken friendship he had for his father, and would maintain with him. This was the kindness of God he meant to show to him.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 9:7". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-9.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 9:7 And David said unto him, Fear not: for I will surely shew thee kindness for Jonathan thy father’s sake, and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father; and thou shalt eat bread at my table continually.

Ver. 7. And David said unto him, Fear not.] Mephi-bosheth feared, belike, that he was sent for to be put to death, as being Saul’s nephew. Kings are not without their jealousies; that Mephi-bosheth well knew, and afterwards smarted for. [2 Samuel 16:4]

For I will surely show thee kindness.] It would be a great stay of mind if some great man should say to us, as David here doth to Mephibosheth, and as afterwards he did to Barzillai the Gileadite. Behold, God, the only potentate, saith more than all this; and shall we not trust him?

And will restore thee all the land.] Which had been confiscated for Ishbosheth’s rebellion, saith Vatablus.

And thou shalt eat bread at my table continually,] i.e., At fit times; like as we are commanded to pray continually. Here take notice how they that humble themselves are exalted. Mephi-bosheth, who made himself a dog, and therefore fit only to lie under the table; yea, a dead dog, and therefore fit only for the ditch; is raised up to the table of a king.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 9:7". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-9.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

All the land of Saul is now seized and possessed by David, as due to him, either in right of his wife, to whom the inheritance was devolved, Saul’s sons by his wives being all dead; see Numbers 27:8; or by Divine donation, as belonging to the crown which God had now given him; or by forfeiture, because of Ish-bosheth’s rebellion against his lord and king.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 9:7". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-9.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

7.Restore thee all the land of Saul — The private estate of Saul is doubtless meant, comprising both what fell to him by inheritance from Kish, and what he had himself acquired. “The landed property belonging to Saul had either fallen to David as crown lands, or had been taken possession of by distant relations after the death of Saul.” — Keil.

Eat bread at my table — Be a royal courtier, and receive the treatment and familiarity of a member of the royal family.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 9:7". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-9.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

And David said to him, “Do not be afraid, for I will surely show you kindness for Jonathan your father’s sake, and will restore you all the land of Saul your father, and you shall eat bread at my table continually.”

But David immediately reassured him and told him that he need not be afraid, because his intentions were good towards him. He intended ‘surely’ to show him kindness for Jonathan his father’s sake. Indeed he intended to restore to him all his family’s lands, and give him the privilege of eating at the king’s table permanently. He would become the king’s friend. Humanly speaking this was a huge risk. A Saulide who was wealthy and could gain influence at court could always be a danger, even if innocently. It is an indirect assertion of David’s confidence in YHWH.

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Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 9:7". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/2-samuel-9.html. 2013.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Father, or grandfather. (Haydock) --- It is thought that all his goods had been confiscated, in consequence of Isboseth's assuming the regal dignity. (Calmet) --- David might give the property to whom he pleased. (Menochius) --- Always. This was a mark of the greatest distinction, Luke xxii. 30. The Romans sometimes made their slaves free, in this manner, per mensam. (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 9:7". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-9.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

thy father"s sake. So with God"s grace to us; not for the sake of the lost one.

Saul thy father = Saul thy grandfather.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 9:7". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-9.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And David said unto him, Fear not: for I will surely shew thee kindness for Jonathan thy father's sake, and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father; and thou shalt eat bread at my table continually. I ... will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father - i:e., grandfather; his private estate at Gibeah.

Thou shalt eat bread at my table continually. A place at the royal table on public days was assigned him, as is still the custom with Eastern monarchs. Saul's family estate, which had fallen to David in right of his wife (Numbers 27:8), or been forfeited to the crown by Ish-bosheth's rebellion (2 Samuel 12:8), was provided (2 Samuel 9:11; also 2 Samuel 19:28) for enabling him to maintained an establishment suitable to his rank, and Ziba appointed steward to manage it, on the condition of receiving one-half of the produce in remuneration of his labour and expense, while the other moiety was to be paid as rent to the owner of the land (2 Samuel 19:29), This is a very common arrangement in farming the soil in Eastern countries, especially when the proprietor furnishes the seed.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 9:7". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-9.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And David said unto him, Fear not: for I will surely shew thee kindness for Jonathan thy father's sake, and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father; and thou shalt eat bread at my table continually.
Fear not
Genesis 43:18,23; 50:18-21; 1 Samuel 12:19,20,24; Isaiah 35:3,4; Mark 5:33,34; Luke 1:12,13,29,30
for I will
See on ver.
1,3; Ruth 2:11,12; 2 Timothy 1:16-18
eat bread
11; 19:28,33; 1 Kings 2:7; Psalms 41:9; Jeremiah 25:33,34; Matthew 6:11; Luke 22:30; Revelation 3:20
Reciprocal: Exodus 18:12 - eat bread;  2 Samuel 2:6 - I also;  2 Samuel 9:10 - shall eat bread;  2 Samuel 9:13 - he did eat;  2 Kings 8:6 - Restore all;  2 Kings 25:29 - he did eat bread;  1 Chronicles 19:2 - I will show;  Nehemiah 5:17 - at my table;  Esther 8:2 - Esther set;  Jeremiah 52:33 - he did;  Daniel 5:2 - father;  Matthew 25:40 - Inasmuch

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 9:7". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-9.html.