Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Timothy 3:6

For among them are those who enter into households and captivate weak women weighed down with sins, led on by various impulses,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Adultery;   Affections;   Apostasy;   Captivity;   Character;   Doctrines;   Fellowship;   Lasciviousness;   Minister, Christian;   Seduction;   Wicked (People);   Women;   Worldliness;   Scofield Reference Index - Apostasy;   The Topic Concordance - Corruption;   Folly;   Knowledge;   Last Days;   Manifestation;   Resistance;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Affections, the;   Character of the Wicked;   Woman;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Women;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Magic;   Timothy, First and Second, Theology of;   Woman;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Jesus Christ;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Divination;   Idol;   Miracles;   Timothy, the First Epistle to;   Timothy, the Second Epistle to;   Tyre;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Titus, Epistle to;   2 Thessalonians;   2 Timothy;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jude, Epistle of;   Woman;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Gnosticism;   Lust;   Timothy and Titus Epistles to;   Truth;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Perilous Times;   Prophets, the;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Captive;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Captive;   Gnosticism;   Pastoral Epistles, the;  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for April 9;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

For of this sort are they - He here refers to false teachers and their insinuating manners, practising upon weak women, who, seeing in them such a semblance of piety, entertain them with great eagerness, and at last become partakers with them in their impurities. Among the Jews there are remarkable cases of this kind on record, and not a few of them among the full fed monks of the Romish Church. But in what sect or party have not such teachers been occasionally found? yet neither Judaism, Protestantism, nor Roman Catholicism makes any provision for such men.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-timothy-3.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

For of this sort are they which creep into houses - Who go slyly and insidiously into families. They are not open and manly in endeavoring to propagate their views, but they endeavor by their address to ingratiate themselves first with weak women, and through them to influence men; compare Titus 1:11. The word translated “creep into,” is rendered by Doddridge, “insinuate themselves;” by Bloomfield, “wind their way into,” in the manner of serpents; by Bretschneider, “deceitfully enter;” by Robinson and Passow,” go in, enter in.” It is not certain that the idea of deceit or cunning is contained in this “word,” yet the whole complexion of the passage implies that they made their way by art and deceitful tricks.

And lead captive silly women - One of the tricks always played by the advocates of error, and one of the ways by which they seek to promote their purposes. Satan began his work of temptation with Eve rather than with Adam, and the advocates of error usually follow his example. There are always weak-minded women enough in any community to give an opportunity of practicing these arts, and often the aims of the impostor and deceiver can be best secured by appealing to them. Such women are easily flattered; they are charmed by the graceful manners of religious instructors; they lend a willing ear to anything that has the appearance of religion, and their hearts are open to anything that promises to advance the welfare of the world. At the same time, they are just such persons as the propagators of error can rely upon. They have leisure; they have wealth; they are busy; they move about in society, and by their activity they obtain an influence to which they are by no means entitled by their piety or talents. There are, indeed, very many women in the world who cannot be so easily led away as men; but it cannot be denied also that there are those who are just adapted to the purposes of such as seek to spread plausible error. The word rendered “silly women,” means properly “little women,” and then “weak women.”

Laden with sins - With so many sins that they seem to be “burdened” with them. The idea is, that they are under the influence of sinful desires and propensities, and hence, are better adapted to the purposes of deceivers.

Led away with divers lusts - With various kinds of passions or desires - ἐπιθυμίας epithumias- such as pride, vanity, the love of novelty, or a susceptibility to flattery, so as to make them an easy prey to deceivers.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-timothy-3.html. 1870.

The Biblical Illustrator

2 Timothy 3:6

Lead captive silly women.

Creeping into houses

The expression “which creep into houses,” although perfectly natural, and one which, even in these Western countries, could be used with propriety to express the method in which these deceiving and perverting men make their way into households, yet, when we remember the comparative state of seclusion in which women usually lived, and still live, in Eastern lands, the words used by Paul acquire an increased force. Special fraud and deceit was needful for these false teachers to creep into the women’s apartments in Asia. (H. D. M. Spence, D. D.)

Sneakiness

Cheaters must get some credit before they can cozen; and all falsehood, if not founded in some truth would not be fixed in any belief. (T. Fuller.)

Woman and sin

There lies in the womanly character the foundation; as for the highest development of the power of faith, so also for the highest revelation of the power of sin (comp. Revelation 17:1-18.). Josephus also states that the Pharisees especially had found much support amongst women (“Antiq.” 17:2). Compare the account, moreover, of the rich Fulvia of Rome, who was induced by two Jewish impostors to furnish a considerable sum of gold, under the supposition that it was for the temple at Jerusalem (“Antiq.” 18:3). (Van Oosterzee.)

Impostors

1. As they are impudent, so they are of a fraudulent, subtle, sly, insinuating temper; they vent not their errors openly (especially, not at first) but they secretly and slily creep into private houses, and there they sell their wares (Jude 1:4), they privily bring in damnable heresies (2 Peter 2:1; Galatians 2:4). Truth loveth the light and seeks no corners.

2. These impostors observe a method in seducing silly women, who being the weaker sex, are sooner won over to their way, as being less able to withstand the shock of a temptation. As warriors go about a city observing where the wall is weakest, lowest, and unguarded, and there they make their greatest assault; and as thieves set not upon strong, armed men, but upon weak, unarmed ones, so seducers love not to set upon strong, grounded, judicious, discerning Christians, but it is the weak and ignorant which cannot discern their frauds, but like children are tossed to and fro with every wind of doctrine, that become their prey (Proverbs 14:15; Romans 16:18; Ephesians 4:14); man is, or at leastwise should be, more strong and prudent to resist temptations than women are. They catch not grave and truly pious matrons, but light women which prefer their lusts before Christ. It is the light chaff which is tossed with every wind, when the massy wheat abides in the floor. (T. Hall, B. D.)

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Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "2 Timothy 3:6". The Biblical Illustrator. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/2-timothy-3.html. 1905-1909. New York.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

For of these are they that creep into houses, and take captive silly women laden with sins, led away by divers lusts,

"One of the great virtues of womanhood, namely, that of trusting another, is here turned into a weakness by Satan. Eve was deceived. Adam sinned with his eyes wide open."[14] Paul did not say that all women were capable of being so deceived, but a certain class, present in every society; and as Ward said, "They are fruit waiting to be plucked by a `nice man' with a novelty!"[15]

The notorious Manson, sentenced by the State of California for murder, was supported and maintained by a small company of women whom he had deceived; and there has hardly been a charlatan in all history whose modus operandi failed to exhibit this same device. A similar deception was perpetrated against Patricia Hearst.

[13] Don DeWelt, Paul's Letters to Timothy and Titus (Joplin, Missouri: College Press, 1961), p. 237.

[14] Kenneth S. Wuest, op. cit., p. 146.

[15] Ronald A. Ward, op. cit., p. 190.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-timothy-3.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

For of this sort are they which creep into houses,.... Privily and unawares, in a clandestine manner, and insinuate themselves into families, by fawning and flattering, and under specious pretences to knowledge and virtue. The Syriac version uses a word, from whence comes חולדא, "Chulda", which signifies "a weasel"; suggesting, that their entrance into houses was like to the way of that creature, which is sometimes covered, and sometimes open: there was also a gate of the temple, which was called "Huldah"; whether there is any allusion in the word to that, may be inquiredF11Vid. L. Empercur in Misn. Middot, c. 1. sect. 3. .

And lead captive silly women; the coming of antichrist is after the working of Satan; as Satan attacked the woman, and not the man, and beguiled Eve and not Adam, so these his instruments and emissaries, work themselves into the affections of the weaker vessel, and into the weaker sort of women, as the diminutive word here used signifies; and gain upon them, instil their principles into them, attach them to their interests, captivate them to them, and lead them as they please:

laden with sins; covered with them, full of them, and so ready to receive any set of principles that would encourage them to continue in them; or else were pressed down with a sense of them, their consciences being awakened, and they under some concern on account of them, and so fit persons for such deceivers to gain upon, by pretending to great sanctity and religion, and by providing them with pardons and indulgences, and putting them upon penance, &c. though the former sense seems most agreeable, and is confirmed by what follows,

led away with divers lusts. The Alexandrian copy adds, "and pleasures"; that is, sinful ones; though this may be understood, not of unclean lusts, but of the itch and desire after new teachers, and new doctrines, and practices, which prevail in weak women, and by which they are governed and led away.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
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Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-timothy-3.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

of this sortGreek, “of these,” such as were described (2 Timothy 3:5).

creep into — stealthily.

laden with sins — (Isaiah 1:4); applying to the “silly women” whose consciences are burdened with sins, and so are a ready prey to the false teachers who promise ease of conscience if they will follow them. A bad conscience leads easily to shipwreck of faith (1 Timothy 1:19).

divers lusts — not only animal lusts, but passion for change in doctrine and manner of teaching; the running after fashionable men and fashionable tenets, drawing them in the most opposite directions [Alford].

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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-timothy-3.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

That creep (οι ενδυνοντεςhoi endunontes). Old and common verb (also ενδυωenduō) either to put on (1 Thessalonians 5:8) or to enter (to slip in by insinuation, as here). See same idea in Judges 1:4 (παρεισεδυησανpareiseduēsan), 2 Peter 2:1 (παρεισαχουσινpareisaxousin), Galatians 2:4 (παρεισηλτονpareisēlthon and παρεισακτουςpareisaktous). These stealthy “creepers” are pictured also in Titus 1:11.

Take captive (αιχμαλωτιζοντεςaichmalōtizontes). “Taking captive.” Present active participle of αιχμαλωτιζωaichmalōtizō for which see note on 2 Corinthians 10:5; Romans 7:23.

Silly women (γυναικαριαgunaikaria). Literally, “little women” (diminutive of γυνηgunē), found in Diocles (comedian of 5 century b.c.) and in Epictetus. The word here is neuter (grammatical gender) plural. Used contemptuously here (only N.T. example). Ramsay suggests “society ladies.” It is amazing how gullible some women are with religious charlatans who pose as exponents of “new thought.”

Laden with sins (σεσωρευμενα αμαρτιαιςsesōreumena hamartiais). Perfect passive participle of σωρευωsōreuō old word from Aristotle down (from σωροςsōros a heap) to heap up. In N.T. only here and Romans 12:20. Associative instrumental case αμαρτιαιςhamartiais

Divers (ποικιλαιςpoikilais). Many coloured. See note on Titus 3:3. One has only to recall Schweinfurth, the false Messiah of forty odd years ago with his “heavenly harem” in Illinois and the recent infamous “House of David” in Michigan to understand how these Gnostic cults led women into licentiousness under the guise of religion or of liberty. The priestesses of Aphrodite and of Isis were illustrations ready to hand. ΑγομεναAgomena (present passive participle) means “continually led astray or from time to time.”

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/2-timothy-3.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Of this sort ( ἐκ τούτων )

Lit. of these. The formula often in Paul.

Which creep ( οἱ ἐνδύνοντες )

N.T.oThrust themselves into. Comp. Judges 1:4, παρεισεδύησαν creptin privily (see note); 2 Peter 2:1(note), παρεισάξουσιν shallprivily bring in; and Galatians 2:4, παρεισάκτους broughtin by stealth.

Lead captive ( αἰχμαλωτίζοντες )

Only here in Pastorals. See on captives, Luke 4:18; and see on 2 Corinthians 10:5.

Silly women ( γυναικάρια )

N.T.oolxx. Silly is expressed by the contemptuous diminutive. Comp. Vulg. mulierculas.

Laden ( σεσωρευμένα )

Only here and Romans 12:20, citation. In lxx, see Romans href="/desk/?q=ro+8:14&sr=1">Romans 8:14; Galatians 5:18.

Divers ( ποικίλαις )

In Pastorals only here and Titus 3:3. Lit. variegated, of different tints. See on manifold wisdom, Ephesians 3:10.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/2-timothy-3.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,

Of these — That is, mere formalists.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-timothy-3.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

К сим принадлежат те. Можно было бы сказать, что Павел явно рисует перед нами живое изображение монашества. Но не будем говорить о монахах, все равно признаки, коими апостол наделяет ложных и самозванных учителей, достаточно ясны, а именно: проникновение в семьи, приманки, предназначенные для обольщения женщин, непристойная лесть, обман людей с помощью разных суеверий. И на эти признаки нам надлежит обратить особое внимание, если мы хотим отличать подлинных Христовых служителей от притворных и бесполезных. Последних же Павел помечает здесь столь черным угольком, что им не помогут уже никакие уловки.

Вкрадываться в семьи означает проникать или вползать в них с помощью искусства прельщения. И апостол предпочитает говорить здесь о женщинах, поскольку они более мужчин падки на подобное мошенничество. Павел называет их плененными, потому что лжепророки превращают их в своих приверженец путем разного рода уловок, состоящих отчасти в любопытствующем выведывании, а отчасти – в лести. Именно по этой причине апостол добавляет фразу «отягощенных грехами». Ведь если бы этих женщин не тяготила злая совесть, они бы не позволили другим столь легко собой манипулировать.

Слово «похоти» я понимаю здесь обобщенно как глупые и вздорные пожелания, владеющие женщинами, не взыскующими Бога от всей души и, однако же, желающими считаться религиозными и святыми. Ибо, отвернувшись от собственной совести, они без конца облекаются во все новые и новые личины. Златоуст предпочел отнести эти слова к неприличным и постыдным вожделениям, но первое толкование с учетом контекста нравится мне больше. Ведь сразу же затем следует фраза о том, что они всегда учатся, но никогда не научаются правильно думать. Именно в этом и заключаются метания между разными похотями: не придя ни к какому окончательному решению, эти женщины находятся в непрерывных колебаниях. Они учатся, поскольку любопытны и, кроме того, беспокойны душою, но учатся так, что никогда не познают ничего правильного и истинного. Таково их порочное усердие, не приводящее ни к какому знанию. Хотя эти женщины кажутся себе высокомудрствующими, они все же ничего не знают, поскольку не придерживаются истины, фундамента всякого подлинного знания.

 

 

 

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/2-timothy-3.html. 1840-57.

Scofield's Reference Notes

sins

Sin. (See Scofield "Romans 3:23").

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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on 2 Timothy 3:6". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/2-timothy-3.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

6 For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,

Ver. 6. Creep into houses] Gr. ενδυνοντες, shoot themselves into the inner rooms of houses, qui sese immergunt, by their pithanology and counterfeit humility, as the Jesuits and many of our modem sectaries, {a} That creep like ferrets or weasels, as the Syriac here hath it.

Lead captive silly women] Gr. αιχμαλωτιζοντες, take them prisoners, and then make price of them, 2 Peter 2:3. Egregiam vero laudem, et spolia ampla refertis. (Virgil.) But omnes haereses ex gynaeciis. It is the guise of heretics to abuse the help of women, to spread their poisonous opinions. They get an Eudoxia, Justina, Constantia on their side; and so work upon Adam by Eve. Of women they have ever made their profit, that have attempted any innovation in religion.

{a} Mulierculas Iesuitae pio studio semper complecti soleni.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-timothy-3.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Timothy 3:6. For of this sort are they, &c.— Some begin this verse with the last clause of the preceding. The word rendered creep, ενδυνοντες, signifies to insinuate, or slide in, like snakes. Some read who dive into families. This and the next verse contain a lively description of the practices of the monks and friars and other religious orders in the church of Rome, who creep into houses, and by auricular confession, and many other wicked arts, not only dive into the secrets of families, but, under the form and pretence of extraordinary sanctity, delude and corrupt their votaries.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-timothy-3.html. 1801-1803.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

In these words our apostle renders a reason why we should turn away from the forementioned sins and sinners, namely, because these heretical and false teachers before characterized are of an insinuating temper; they vent not their errors openly, but in corners; they creep into houses, and there set upon women with their temptations, who have less ability to detect them: and first upon women, that they may better win their husbands over to compliance with them; and upon silly women, and such as were laden with sins and led way with divers lusts; they make a prey of such women as are weak in their intellectuals, and corrupt and wicked in their morals: which women always pretend to be learned, but are never able to come to the knowledge of the truth, and consequently, are an easy prey to seducers, and very capable receptive objects for such deceivers to draw away.

Learn hence, That seducers observe a method in seducing. They begin with women, weak women, and usually wicked and loose women. Carefully ought that sex to resolve, and shun conversing and disputing with them.

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Burkitt, William. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/2-timothy-3.html. 1700-1703.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

6.] for (reason of the foregoing command, seeing that they are already among you) among the number of these are they who creep ( εἶδες τὸ ἀναίσχυντον πῶς ἐδήλωσε διὰ τοῦ εἰπεῖν, ἐνδύνοντες· τὸ ἄτιμον, τὴν ἀπάτην, τὴν κολακείαν, Chrys. Cf. Aristoph. Vesp. 1020, εἰς ἀλλοτρίας γαστέρας ἐνδύς. Bengel interprets it ‘irrepentes clanculum’) into (men’s) houses and take captive (as it were prisoners; a word admirably describing the influence acquired by sneaking proselytizers over those presently described: attach to themselves entirely, so that they follow them as if dragged about by them a late word, said to be of Alexandrian or Macedonian origin, and condemned by the Atticist: see Ellicott) silly women (the diminutive denotes contempt) laden with sins (De W. alone seems to have given the true reason of the insertion of this particular. The stress is on σεσωρευμένα: they are burdened, their consciences oppressed, with sins, and in this morbid state they lie open to the insidious attacks of these proselytizers who promise them ease of conscience if they will follow them), led about by lusts of all kinds (I should rather imagine, from the context, that the reference here is not so much to ‘fleshly lusts’ properly so called,—though from what we know of such feminine spiritual attachments, ancient (see below) and modern, such must by no means be excluded,—as to the ever-shifting ( ποικίλη) passion for change in doctrine and manner of teaching, which is the eminent characteristic of these captives to designing spiritual teachers—the running after fashionable men and fashionable tenets, which draw them ( ἄγουσι) in flocks in the most opposite and inconsistent directions), evermore learning (always with some new point absorbing them, which seems to them the most important, to the depreciation of what they held and seemed to know before), and never (on μηδ., see Ellicott) able to come to the thorough knowledge (reff., and notes: the decisive and stable apprehension, in which they might be grounded and settled against further novelties) of the truth (this again is referred by Chrys., all., to moral deadening of their apprehension by profligate lives: ἐπειδὴ ἑαυτὰς κατέχωσαν ταῖς ἐπιθυμίαις ἐκείναις καὶ τοῖς ἁμαρτήμασιν, ἐπωρώθη αὐτῶν ἡ διάνοια. It may be so, in the deeper ground of the psychological reason for this their fickle and imperfect condition: but I should rather think that the Apostle here indicates their character as connected with the fact of their captivity to these teachers.

With regard to the fact itself, we have abundant testimony that the Gnostic heresy in its progress, as indeed all new and strange systems, laid hold chiefly of the female sex: so Irenæus i. 13. 3, p. 61, of the Valentinian Marcus, μάλιστα περὶ γυναῖκας ἀσχολεῖται, and in ib. 6, p. 63 f., καὶ μαθηταὶ δὲ αὐτοῦ τινεςἐξαπατῶντες γυναικάρια πολλὰ διέφθειραν: and Epiphanius, Hær. xxvi. 12, vol. i. p. 93, charges the Gnostics with ἐμπαίζειν τοῖς γυναικαρίοις and ἀπατᾷν τὸ αὐτοῖς πειθόμενον γυναικεῖον γένος, then quoting this passage. Jerome, Ep. 133. ad Ctesiphontem 4, vol. i. p. 1031 f., collects a number of instances of this: “Simon Magus hæresin condidit Helenæ meretricis adjutus auxilio: Nicolaus Antiochenus omnium immunditiarum repertor choros duxit fœmineos: Marcion Roman præmisit mulierem quæ decipiendos sibi animos præpararet. Apelleos Philumenem suarum comitem habuit doctrinarum: Montanus … Priscam et Maximillam … primum auro corrupit, deinde hæresi polluit …: Arius ut orbem deciperet, sororem principis ante decepit. Donatus … Lucillæ opibus adjutus est: Agape Elpidium … cæcum cæca duxit in foveam: Priscilliano juncta fuit Galla.”

The general answer to Baur,—who again uses this as a proof of the later origin of these Epistles,—will be found in the Prolegomena, ch. vii. § i. De Wette remarks, “This is an admirable characterization of zealous soul-hunters (who have been principally found, and are still found, among the Roman Catholics) and their victims. We must not however divide the different traits among different classes or individuals: it is their combination only which is characteristic.” “Diceres, ex professo Paulum hic vivam monachismi effigiem pingere.” Calvin).

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/2-timothy-3.html. 1863-1878.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:6. In this verse the apostle passes on to definite facts in the present. We cannot but see that he is thinking of the heretics on whose ἀσέβεια he lays stress also in other passages; comp. 2 Timothy 3:8 (2 Timothy 2:16). Hofmann says that “Paul was thinking of people who wished to be considered, and pretended to be, on good terms with Timothy;” but there is no hint of this in the context. By similarity of disposition they belong already to the number of the godless men of the future; hence Paul says: ἐκ τούτων γάρ εἰσιν] γάρ gives the reason of the previous exhortation, as the apostle means to declare that men such as he has described already exist.

οἱ ἐνδύνοντες εἰς τὰς οἰκίας] ἐνδύνειν here, “enter, press into,” with a suggestion of secrecy; Luther: “who slip into houses here and there;” Bengel: irrepentes clanculum; in this sense the word is ἅπαξ λεγ.(46) The form of expression οἱ ἐνδύνοντες shows that this ἐνδύνειν is a characteristic of those of whom the apostle is speaking.

The purpose of this secret entering is given in the next words: καὶ αἰχ΄αλωτίζοντες γυναικάρια κ. τ. λ.] αἰχ΄αλωτίζειν, a verb belonging to later Greek: “make a prisoner of war;” it denotes here, getting complete possession of; the word is thoroughly apposite for describing the conduct of the founders of heretical sects.(47)

γυναικάρια] ἅπ. λεγ., the diminutive with a suggestion of contempt; “the contemptuous epithet indicates their weakness and proneness to temptation” (van Oosterzee).

The nature of these γυναικάρια is described in the following three participial clauses: σεσωρευμένα ἁμαρτίαις] σωρεύειν (Romans 12:20), “gather, heap up,” corresponds to the Latin cumulare: “cumulatae peccatis.”

ἀγόμενα ἐπιθυμίαις ποικίλαις (Romans 8:14; Galatians 5:18, ἄγεσθαι πνεύματι). Luther is inaccurate: “who go on with manifold lusts.” Their internal motive and spring of action are their manifold lusts; Chrysostom: τί ἐστι ποικίλαις; ἐνταῦθα πολλὰ ἠνίξατο, τὴν τρυφὴν, τὴν ἀσχημοσύνην, τὴν λαγνείαν. Comp. Titus 3:3.—2 Timothy 3:7. πάντοτε μανθάνοντα] Bengel adds the adverb: curiose. The incentive of their μανθάνειν was not the search after truth, but mere desire for entertainment, a longing for intellectual pastime (comp. the description of the Athenians, Acts 17:21); this longing makes them the prey of teachers who promise new wisdom. Hence it goes on: καὶ μηδέποτε εἰς ἐπίγνωσιν ἀληθείας ἐλθεῖν δυνάμενα] μηδέποτε is ἅπ. λεγ.; δυνάμενα is emphatic; they cannot attain to the truth, because the necessary conditions do not exist in their inner life. Chrysostom: ἐπειδὴ ἑαυτὰς κατέχωσαν ταῖς ἐπιθυμίαις ἐκείναις καὶ τοῖς ἁμαρτήμασιν, ἐπωρώθη αὐτῶν διάνοια.

Mosheim thinks that the three participial clauses describe the three different classes of the γυναικάρια: (1) sinners, (2) seekers after happiness, (3) devotees; they rather denote various traits in the same persons, and “the very union of such traits is characteristic” (de Wette).

It is no matter of surprise that the heretics, to win more followers, turned their attentions to the fair sex; that has been done by heretics in all ages. It is a charge brought specially against the Gnostics by various writers. Irenaeus, 1. 13. 3, says of Marcus the Valentinian Gnostic: μάλιστα περὶ γυναῖκας ἀσχολεῖται; and Epiphanius, Haer. xxvi., expressly upbraids the Gnostics with ἐμπαίζειν τοῖς γυναικαρίοις and with ἀπατᾷν τὸ αὐτοῖς πειθόμενον γυναικεῖον γένος;(48) see Baur, p. 36. This, however, cannot be taken as a proof of the later composition of the epistle, all the less that many expressions in the descriptions of the Fathers show that they had this description in their thoughts.

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/2-timothy-3.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:6. ἐκ τούτων, of these) See the preceding verse, these (such). The expression is clearly demonstrative.— οἱ ἐνδύνοντες, they who creep in) privately.— γυναικάρια) silly women, who are presently described as like those (in 2 Timothy 3:5).— ἐπιθυμίαις ποικίλαις, with various or divers lusts) of the mind and of the flesh: 2 Timothy 4:3. Even this variety is a source of delight.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/2-timothy-3.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

For of this sort are they which creep into houses; who do not only privily enter in at the doors of houses, but pierce into the secrets of them, making it their business to pry into all families,

and lead captive silly women, and take their advantages upon women, (the weaker sex), and not the wisest of them, but gunaikaria, the diminutive word, is used to vilify; the little despicable women, of no judgment in sound religion, whom they by their tongues and pleasing errors make their captives.

Laden with sins; nor do they deal with the most pious and honest women, but such as are laden with the guilt of much sin;

led away with divers lusts; and who, being possessed of divers sinful inclinations, not only lusts of the flesh, but any other, such as pride, &c., are easily led away; lust always smoothing the way for such errors as will be principles to justify it against the reflections of conscience. Their vices, rather than sex, made them easily seduced.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-timothy-3.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

обольщают женщин Слабые в добродетели и познании истины, отягощенные эмоциональным и духовным чувством вины из-за своих грехов, женщины были легкой добычей для лжеучителей. См. пояснения к 1Тим. 2:13, 14; 5:11, 12.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/2-timothy-3.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

This sort; of false teachers.

Creep into houses; go slyly into families.

Lead captive; get the confidence, and thus control the conscience and the purse of weak and wicked women. Inducing weak and silly women to repose such confidence in their spiritual guide as to reveal to him their secret feelings and conduct, and answer his polluted and polluting questions, is one of the most effectual ways of making them his captives, and leading them unhesitatingly into the most abominable transgressions.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/2-timothy-3.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:6. Creep into houses. The whole verse paints the early phase of an evil which has reappeared but too frequently in the religious history of Christendom. Every word expresses the scorn with which the apostle looked on the clandestine practices of those who thus gained influence in families, and became, if not the founders of sects, at least the leaders of coteries.

Silly women. The English well expresses the force of the Greek diminutive, ‘women-creatures.’

Laden with sins. The word gives the reason why such women fall easy victims to the Tartuffe of their time. They are oppressed with the burden of accumulated sins, and they follow any one who promises deliverance on easy terms, or drugs them with a spiritual anodyne.

Diverse lusts. As in the ‘youthful lusts’ of 2 Timothy 2:22, the word, though it includes, is not limited to, sensual passion, but takes in, as the word ‘divers’ implies, desires and caprices of every possible variety.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/2-timothy-3.html. 1879-90.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Of this sort, &c. Here St. Paul gives a true description of heretics, and evil men; such as they have existed in every age. For there never existed a time, either under the Old or New Testaments, in which such have not appeared. Even in the apostle's time, we behold heresies and disorders in the Church. We see them increase rapidly after their decease. Simon, the magician, seems to have been dead when St. Paul wrote this epistle, which was but a short time before his martyrdom. But he had left a great number of disciples behind him, known by the numerous sects, the Gnostics, the Simonians, the Encratians, &c. &c. into which, after the death of their master, they were split. (Calmet) --- Who creep (1) into houses and lead captive silly (2) women, &c. That is the custom of almost all heretics. See St. Jerome to Ctesiphon, tom. iv. part 2. p. 477. Nov. edit. where he brings a number of instances, from Simon Magus to his time. (Witham)

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[BIBLIOGRAPHY]

Qui penetrant, Greek: endunontes.

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[BIBLIOGRAPHY]

Mulierculas, Greek: gunaikaria: nunquam pervenientes, Greek: medapote dunamena, which agrees with Greek: gunaikaria.

====================

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-timothy-3.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

of. App-104.

this sort = these.

creep. Greek. enduno Only here. Akin to enduo, to clothe, to put on. into. App-104.

houses = the houses.

lead captive. See Ephesians 4:8.

silly women. Greek. gunaikarion, neut. A diminutive form of geno, used as a term of contempt. Only here.

laden. Greek soreuo. See Romans 12:20.

sins. App-128.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-timothy-3.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,

Of this sort - Greek, 'of these' (2 Timothy 3:5).

Creep into - stealthily (2 Peter 2:1; Jude 1:4).

Laden, [ sesooreumena (G4987): implying multitude and disorderly confusion: heaped] with sins (Isaiah 1:4) - applying to the "silly women" (more easily misled than man, 1 Timothy 2:14), whose consciences, burdened with sins, are a ready prey to the false teachers who promise relief if they will follow them. A bad conscience leads to shipwreck of faith (1 Timothy 1:19).

Divers lusts - not only animal, but passion for change in doctrine and manner: the running after fashionable men and fashionable tenets, drawing them in opposite directions (Alford).

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-timothy-3.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(6) For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women.—The corrupting influence of these hypocritical professors of the religion of Jesus must have been already great, and the danger to all real vital godliness in Ephesus imminent, for Paul here specifies one of the most—perhaps the most—successful work of these toilers for Satan: the power they were acquiring over women. As we shall see, these unhappy men busied themselves in securing popularity among the female portion of the flock in the Ephesian Church, and the way by which they won their popularity was by supplying anodynes for the guilty consciences of these women, laden, we are told, with sins The expression, “which creep into houses,” although perfectly natural, and one which, even in these Western countries, could be used with propriety to express the method in which these deceiving and perverting men make their way into households, yet, when we remember the comparative state of seclusion in which women usually lived and still live in Eastern lands, the words used by Paul acquire an increased force. Special fraud and deceit was needful for these false teachers to creep into the women’s apartments in Asia. The Greek word translated “lead captive” is a peculiar one, and is only found in comparatively later Greek. It is supposed to be a word of Alexandrian or Macedonian origin. It here represents these women as wholly under the influence of these bad men, to the utter destruction of all true, healthy, home life. The Greek word translated “silly women,” in the Vulgate “mulierculas,” is simply a diminutive, expressing contempt. There is no doubt but that the older Heresiarchs made great use of women in the propagation of their new and strange systems. They worked more easily, perhaps, on the impulsive and emotional female mind; but what has never sufficiently been taken into account is the reaction which was then taking place among women, so long relegated to an inferior and subordinate position, and now, by the teaching of Christ and His Apostles, raised to a position of equality with men as regards the hope of future glory. In many instances, in the first ages of Christianity, there is no doubt, but that they misunderstood their position; they claimed work they could never do, and aimed after an influence they could never exercise, and thus, no doubt, in these first feverish years many a woman fell a comparatively easy prey to these proselytisers, who, laying claim to a higher and deeper wisdom, proposed now to lead some into the knowledge of profound and hidden mysteries, now offered ease of conscience to others if they would but follow them. Irenæus, in the second century, speaks of the special power which the Valentinian Gnostic Marcus had acquired over women; and Epiphanius, in the same century, also refers to the Gnostics’ deceitful influence with the female sex. Jerome, in an interesting though rhetorical passage (Epist. ad Ctesiphontem), cites a number of instances in which a woman shared in the baleful influence exercised by the leading masters of heresy in doctrine and laxity of life.

Simon Magus, he tells us, was accompanied by the wicked Helen. Nicolas, of Antioch, a teacher of immorality, gathered round him what Jerome calls choros fæmineos. Montanus is associated with the well-known names of Maximilla and Prisca. Donatus is coupled with Lucilla. Marcion, Arius, Priscillian, and other Heresiarchs, famous in the annals of the early churches, he speaks of as intimately associated with or supported by female influence.

Laden with sins, led away with divers lusts.—This gives us some insight into the source of the power which these false teachers acquired over those women of Ephesus who in name were Christians. They had accepted the faith of Christ, but were unable to live His life; over their passions and lusts had these no mastery. “Laden with sins,” and “led away with divers lusts,” these weak women fell an easy prey to men who procured them, by means of their lying doctrines, a false peace. By their words they seemed to have lulled the consciences of their female listeners to sleep. They showed them, no doubt, how in their school they might still be Christians and yet indulge their divers lusts.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-timothy-3.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,
of this
Matthew 23:14; Titus 1:11; Jude 1:4
laden
Psalms 38:4; Isaiah 1:4; Matthew 11:28
led
1 Corinthians 12:2; 2 Peter 3:17
divers
Mark 4:19; 1 Timothy 6:9; Titus 3:3; 2 Peter 2:18; Jude 1:16,18
Reciprocal: Job 5:2 - one;  Jeremiah 23:27 - think;  Amos 8:12 - shall run;  Mark 12:40 - devour;  Luke 20:47 - devour;  Galatians 2:4 - unawares;  Ephesians 4:14 - tossed;  1 Thessalonians 5:21 - hold;  2 Timothy 4:3 - but;  2 John 1:10 - come

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-timothy-3.html.

Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books

"For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,"

This verse sets a real qualifier on previous comments about talking to these people - they are out to deceive so be careful not to fall into their trap of falsehood.

Creep relates to putting on something, putting on the house as you would a piece of clothing. This is something that is done in the lowest of attention getting. The term for women relates to a "little woman" as one that uses the term with contempt.

The term laden has the thought of heavily laden - overburdened - weighed down with sin would be the thought. These women are led away as an animal is led.

Years ago several times I came home to lunch and found that the Jehovah Witness women of the neighborhood were in my living room. As soon as I opened the door they were on their feet and moving toward the door. They were operating on the truth of this verse - they knew women were the easiest targets for their false doctrine.

It is the church's responsibility to teach women to defend themselves from such. If the church isn't training, it is not protecting.

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Derickson, Stanley. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sdn/2-timothy-3.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

6.St. Paul now shows one of the arts by which these antinomians gain adherents, namely, by appealing to the weaknesses of weak women. St.

Paul more than once found noble women who were converted by his public preaching. Acts 17:4. But these proselytes crept, like serpents, into the women’s apartments to suit their doctrines to their tempers.

Creep— Metaphor, perhaps, from serpents.

Silly women—The Greek diminutive, womanlings, females of a smaller intellectual magnitude than the average.

Laden with sins—With remorseful views of past courses, and so looking for some method of absolution. So the Jesuits have, during their whole history, held the secrets of families in possession through means of the female confessional. Women laden with a life of sins found the convent their last resource.

Led’ lusts—The word lusts, same as 2 Timothy 2:22, where see note. Here the strong impulses and passions of the feminine sex are meant, by which the proselytes gained them over.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-timothy-3.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

2 Timothy 3:6. : who insinuate themselves into houses [which they overthrow], Titus 1:11. “Observe how he shows their impudence by this expression, their dishonourable ways, their deceitfulness” (Chrys.). (Judges 1:4) and (Galatians 2:4) are similar expressions.

: Mulierculas. Chrys. acutely implies that the victims of the crafty heretics were “silly women” of both sexes: “He who is easy to be deceived is a silly woman, and nothing like a man; for to be deceived is the part of silly women”. St. Paul, however, refers to women only.

: overwhelmed, rather than burdened ( ) (Field). Is there any contrast implied between the diminutive, indicating the insignificance of the women, and the load of sins which they carry? De Wette (quoted by Alf.), notes that a sin-laden conscience is easily tempted to seek the easiest method of relief.

: There is no great difficulty in diverting them from the right path, for they are inconstant even in vice.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/2-timothy-3.html. 1897-1910.

The Bible Study New Testament

6. And get control. These sneak into houses and seduce women into false religious practices. Paul does not mean that all women are like this, but those who have an unhealthy sense of guilt and are slaves to evil. They happily accept the false teachings which promise to allow them to sin and still be saved.

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/2-timothy-3.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

6Of those are they who creep into families You would say, that here Paul intentionally draws a lively picture of the order of monks. But without saying a single word about monks, those marks by which Paul distinguishes false and pretended teachers are sufficiently clear; creeping into houses, snares for catching silly women, mean flattery, imposing upon people by various superstitions. These marks it is proper to observe carefully, if we wish to distinguish between useless drones and faithful ministers of Christ. These former are here marked by so black a coal, that it is of no use for them to shuffle. To “creep into families” means to enter stealthily, or to seek an entrance by cunning methods.

And lead captive silly women laden with sins Now, he speaks of “women” rather than men, because the former are more liable to be led astray in this manner. He says that they “are led captive,” because false prophets of this sort, through various tricks, gain their ear, partly by prying curiously into all their affairs, and partly by flattery. And this is what he immediately adds, “laden with sins;” for, if they had not been bound by the chain of a bad conscience, they would not have allowed themselves to be led away, in every possible manner, at the will of others.

By various sinful desires I consider “sinful desires” to denote generally those foolish and light desires by which women, who do not seek God sincerely, and yet wish to be reckoned religious and holy, are carried away. There is no end of the methods adopted by them, when, departing from a good conscience, they are constantly assuming new masks. Chrysostom is more disposed to refer it to disgraceful and immodest desires; but, when I examine the context, I prefer the former exposition; for it immediately follows —

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:6". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/2-timothy-3.html. 1840-57.