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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Colossians 1:17

He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together.
New American Standard Version

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American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - A;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Colossians, letter to the;   Creation;   Firstborn;   God;   Jesus christ;   Miracles;   Paul;   Providence;   Singing;   Word;   Worship;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Animals;   Body of Christ;   Church, the;   Confess, Confession;   Paul the Apostle;   Time;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Angel;   Generation, Eternal ;   Jesus Christ;   Omnipotence of God;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Creation;   Philippians, Epistle to;   Providence;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Acts of the Apostles;   Genesis, the Book of;   Hebrews, the Epistle to the;   John, the Epistles of;   Providence;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Colossians;   Confessions and Credos;   Creation;   Fall;   Head of the Church;   Incarnation;   King, Christ as;   Lord;   Paul;   Wisdom and Wise Men;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Alpha and Omega;   Atonement;   Gnosticism;   Kenosis;   Life;   Logos;   Perfection;   Person of Christ;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Alpha and Omega (2);   Angels;   Assumption of Moses;   Attributes of Christ;   Colossians, Epistle to the;   Communion (2);   Creator (Christ as);   Death of Christ;   Doxology ;   Elect, Election ;   Enoch Book of;   Ephesians Epistle to the;   First and Last ;   Gospel (2);   Heaven;   Heir;   Humiliation of Christ;   John, Gospel of (Ii. Contents);   Logos;   Mediation Mediator;   Mediator;   Pre-Eminence ;   Pre-Existence;   Pre-Existence of Christ;   Presence (2);   Propitiation (2);   Restoration;   Supremacy;   Union with God;   Unity;   Wisdom of Christ;   World;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Colossians, Epistle to the;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Christ;   Jeremiah;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Scripture;  
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Creation;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Birthright;   Colossians, Epistle to the;   Consist;   Eschatology of the New Testament;   Hope;   Logos;   Pauline Theology;   Philosophy;   Providence;   World (Cosmological);   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Saul of Tarsus;  
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Adam Clarke Commentary

Verse 17. :-

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Colossians 1:17". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". 1832.

Bridgeway Bible Commentary

Christ and his work (1:15-23)

Having completed his introduction, Paul begins immediately to correct the wrong ideas that had been taught. The teaching he gives in verses 15-23 provides a basis for what follows in the remainder of the letter.
Christ is not some part-angelic being, but God himself. God is invisible, yet people can see him and know him in Jesus Christ. Jesus is God and therefore was not created. He existed before creation, and is superior to all created things (15). In fact, he himself is the Creator. He is the source and controller of all things, seen and unseen, including the world of angelic beings that the false teachers liked to talk about. More than that, he is the goal of all creation; all things exist for his glory (16-17).
Because of his eternal godhead, Jesus is the source and the head of the physical creation. Because of his triumphant resurrection, he is the source and the head of the new creation, the church. As head, he is the sovereign ruler. He is not a mixture of God and angel, but has in himself the full nature and power of God (18-19). The only way that sinful creation, including men and women, can be reconciled to God is by Jesus Christ. Only through his death can people be brought back to a state of harmony with God (20).
The Colossians should know this, for they themselves have experienced his divine power in saving them from sin. Their salvation has been entirely by Christ, who took upon himself a physical body like theirs and, in that body, bore their sin. Angelic powers can add nothing to what Christ has already done. If the Colossians want finally to stand before God in the perfection of Christ, they must hold firmly to the truth that the work of Christ is complete and perfect. This truth is the foundation of the gospel wherever that gospel is preached, and it cannot be changed to suit human theories and philosophies (21-23).

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Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Flemming, Donald C. "Commentary on Colossians 1:17". "Brideway Bible Commentary". 2005.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And he is before all things, and in him all things consist.

Again, here is an astounding coincidence of thought with that of the author of Hebrews. See my Commentary under Hebrews 1:3. Not only did Jesus Christ create the universe, he sustains, upholds, and supports it!

And he is before all things ... See under Colossians 1:15. Findlay was also impressed with the implications "he is" as used here. He said:

In the mouth of a Hebraist like Paul, the coincidence of the doubly emphatic "he is" with the etymological sense of Jehovah, as interpreted in Exodus 3:6, can scarcely be accidental.[42]

There is a glimpse here of the same thought of Hebrews 13:8, regarding him who is the same yesterday, today and forever.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Colossians 1:17". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And he is before all things - As he must be, if he created all things. Those who regard this as referring to a moral creation, interpret it as meaning that he has the pre-eminence over all things; not as referring to his pre-existence. But the fair and proper meaning of the word “before” (πρὸ pro) is, that he was before all things in the order of existence; compare Matthew 8:29; John 11:55; John 13:1; Acts 5:36; Acts 21:38; 2 Corinthians 12:2. It is equivalent to saying that he was eternal - for he that had an existence before any thing was created, must be eternal. Thus, it is equivalent to the phrase, “In the beginning;” Genesis 1:1; compare the notes at John 1:1.

And by him all things subsist - Or are sustained; see the notes at Hebrews 1:3. The meaning is, that they are kept in the present state; their existence, order, and arrangement are continued by his power. If unsupported by him, they would fall into disorder, or sink back to nothing. If this be the proper interpretation, then it is the ascription to Christ of infinite power - for nothing less could be sufficient to uphold the universe; and of infinite wisdom - for this is needed to preserve the harmonious action of the suns and systems of which it is composed. None could do this but one who is divine; and hence we see the reason why he is represented as the image of the invisible God. He is the great and glorious and everactive agent by whom the perfections of God are made known.

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These files are public domain.
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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Colossians 1:17". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". 1870.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

17. All things were created by him, and for him. He places angels in subjection to Christ, that they may not obscure his glory, for four reasons: In the first place, because they were created by him; secondly, because their creation ought to be viewed as having a relation to him, as their legitimate end; thirdly, because he himself existed always, prior to their creation; fourthly, because he sustains them by his power, and upholds them in their condition. At the same time, he does not affirm this merely as to angels, but also as to the whole world. Thus he places the Son of God in the Highest seat of honor, that he may have the pre-eminence over angels as well as men, and may bring under control all creatures in heaven and in earth.

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These files are public domain.
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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Colossians 1:17". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". 1840-57.

Chuck Smith Bible Commentary

Shall we turn in our Bibles tonight to Colossians, chapter one. The city of Colosse, was in the area known as Pergia, a part of Asia Minor. A couple of other churches are greeted by Paul in this epistle, and the epistle was told to be read also to those churches and that was the Laodicean church. And also the one in Hierapolis. Paul had never personally been to these churches. They had never seen his face. However, the churches were probably started as a bi-product of Paul's ministry in Ephesus, for as Paul was in Ephesus for two years and Ephesus is not that far from Laodicea and from Colosse. There were those who came from these areas, heard Paul, and the word of God was spreading through that area as the result of Paul's ministry in Ephesus.

So, they probably went back to these areas and just began fellowships which grew into churches. Epaphras was the minister of the church in Colosse, and Epaphras had come to Paul while he was in Rome in prison and had related unto Paul some of the dangerous heresies that had begun to be spread there in Colosse. And so Paul is writing the epistle to correct these heresies that were becoming popularized in that community. One of the heresies was that of Gnosticism, which denies the deity of Jesus Christ. Another heresy was that of Judaism, which of course was the mixture of the works along with faith for salvation. The letter was written at the same time that he wrote his letter to the Ephesians and was carried by the same messenger Tychicus, who carried the Ephesian epistle, carried also this epistle to the Colossians, written about 64 A.D. during Paul's first imprisonment in Rome.

Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timotheus, our brother ( Colossians 1:1 ).

And so, the introduction in greeting is so typically Pauline, that in studying these epistles of Paul to the churches, we have covered this same introduction in various forms. Again, because he is going to be addressing things of doctrinal error, he again takes his title as the apostle of Jesus Christ. And he's speaking with his apostolic authority, "an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God." Again, not all are apostles, not all are prophets, not all are evangelists, not all are pastors, not all are teachers. God calls men and women to every vocation of life. And whatever God has called you to be, the important thing is that you be what you are by the will of God.

Now, it is interesting as Paul is praying for the Colossians here, his first request for them is that they might be filled with the knowledge of the will of God. How many of you think that's an important prayer? I pray that for myself all the time; "God help me to know your will in each situation." But I believe that it is important that each day we commit our lives unto God and unto the Lordship of Jesus Christ. And if we will do that, I believe that our lives then become the progressive revelation of God's will. I think that if in the morning I say, "Lord, my life is Yours. I want to be Your servant today. I want You to lead me by Your Spirit. I want You to over rule any wrong decisions that I might be making. Lord, just take control of my life." And I yield myself thus to the Lord, I believe that as the day unfolds, it becomes a progressive revelation of that which God has purposed and planned for me.

My problem: I'd like God to just paint me a picture of the whole day and get me the schedule and say, "All right now, Act 9:00 o'clock you'll do this and Act 10:30 I want you to go over there, and Col 11:00 o'clock if you'll come back here and talk to this fellow and . . . " I'd like the whole daily schedule in the morning so I can just look at it and say, "All right fine. Let's go for it, Lord." But it is interesting how God never gives you the second step until you've taken the first step.

God said to Phillip, "Go down to Gaza." And so he did. Told him it was a desert place, but he knew that. When he got to Gaza and there were a lot of things that actually mitigated against his going to Gaza, because it was such a desert place, and he was in a great movement of the Spirit in Samaria. Hundreds of people were coming to Jesus Christ. Things were really cooking through his ministry there. Miracles were being wrought, and God takes him out of this successful evangelistic campaign down to the desert.

Now he could have stayed in Samaria and said, "Now, Lord, come on. Can't You see the work that is being done? And why do You want me to go to Gaza?" And he could have stayed there and argued with the Lord, and he could have rationalized very easily himself out of going to Gaza. He could have said, "That couldn't have been God that said that to me. That's such a desert place. And surely God wants me to stay where things are really hopping, and it couldn't have been the Lord." And had he never gone to Gaza, he would have never gotten the next instruction. You see, our problem is that we don't always follow the first order, and then we never get the second order. The second order often doesn't come until the first order is obeyed. Go to Gaza. When he came to Gaza, he saw a chariot heading towards Ethiopia, and the Lord said, "Join yourself to the chariot," second order. And progressively, God's will was made known to him. So it happens in our lives.

So whatever I am, I am by the will of God. Paul, an apostle of Jesus of Christ by the will of God. Timothy: Paul calls him his beloved son in the Lord, a companion of Paul. Probably no one understood and was so in harmony with Paul as was Timothy. To the Philippians, he said, "I'm sending Timothy to learn of your safety, because there is no one who is as like-minded in the things of the Gospel as I am, as is Timothy." He had really caught the heart of Paul in his commitment unto the things of the Lord. Somehow, it is extremely difficult to find those who have the same vision, the same commitment to the things of the Lord. He's writing to the saints, those who'd been set apart, and the faithful brethren in Christ, which were at Colosse. Now, remember, heresy is creeping up in the church. He's going to be writing to correct some of these heretical ideas. But he writes to them as, first of all, saints, secondly, as faithful brethren, and thirdly, in Christ. The typical,

Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. We give thanks to God and the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, praying always for you ( Colossians 1:2-3 ),

And Paul, it seems, mentions in almost each of his epistles his prayers for those people, "God is my witness," he writes to the Romans, and "I bow my knee before the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, making mention of you in my prayers." He offers a couple of prayers in the epistle to the Ephesians, and he mentions his prayers in so many of the epistles. Paul was a man of prayer, as is true of any man who is used mightily of God; they are men of prayer.

Since we heard of your faith in Christ Jesus, and of the love which you have to all the saints, for the hope which is laid up for you in heaven ( Colossians 1:4-5 ),

Again, these three are so often coupled together: the faith, the hope, the love. Remember in Corinthians thirteen, "Now abide these three: faith, hope, love" ( 1 Corinthians 13:13 ). Characteristics that mark the believer: the faith of the believer, the love of the believer, and the hope that is in the believer. These are the characteristics that are the continuing mark of the child of God. And so, "The faith in Jesus Christ, the love for the saints, and the hope which is laid up for you in heaven whereof you heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel."

One of Paul's prayers for the Ephesian church is that they might know what is the hope of their calling. If you only knew what awaits you, if you only knew this hope laid up for you in heaven. Peter said, "Thank God we've been born again to a living hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead to an inheritance that is incorruptible, undefiled, fades not away, reserved in heaven for you who are kept by the power of God" ( 1Pe 1:3 , 1 Peter 1:4 , 1 Peter 1:5 ). This hope of that glorious kingdom, the kingdom of Jesus Christ. And so, the hope laid up for you in heaven which is come unto you, the word of the truth of the gospel which is come unto you, as it is in all the world.

Now, it is interesting here that Paul does declare that the gospel at this time had gone into all of the world. That's amazing! Without jet airliners, without satellite TV, without radio, the early church was able to take the gospel into all of the world. They fulfilled the commission of Jesus Christ, "Go into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature" ( Mark 16:15 ). Paul here declares that the task was accomplished, and this is just some thirty-two years after the death of Christ. And this is without building a single church, or building a single seminary, or without Campus Crusade for Christ, without programs. How was it accomplished? It was accomplished through the power of the Holy Spirit, and by the fact that they did depend upon the guidance of the Holy Spirit within the church.

Now, I thoroughly disagree with those that say, "Well, the Holy Spirit was given in the beginning to give them a start, but once they got organized, they no longer needed the Holy Spirit's power. And so, God withdrew that power to let us go now on our own steam, sort of speak, with our own genius and with our seminaries and all." With all that we have today, we are failing to get the gospel into all the world. A smaller percentage of people in the world know of Jesus Christ today than did know of Him thirty years ago. In fact, with the rate of the population growth explosion in the world and with the rate by which the gospel is being preached in the world . . . the declining rate, if things continue status quo, by the year 2021, only 5 percent of the people in the world will have heard of Jesus Christ. With all of our seminaries, and radios, and TV's, and programs, and wisdom, and devices, and schemes, and methods, it's a real indictment against the church. It does say much for the Holy Spirit and for His ability and power. I believe that the only hope for the church to reach this generation with the gospel, is again, the empowering of the Holy Spirit and being led of the Holy Spirit. I don't think it can be done by man's devices; I don't think that we can devise a program to do it. And I don't think God intends us to. I believe that it is only through prayer and through being led by the Spirit that the church can be an effective witness in the world. Jesus said, "Ye shall receive power when the Holy Spirit comes upon you, and ye shall be witnesses unto me, both in Jerusalem and in Judea and in Samaria and unto the uttermost parts of the earth" ( Acts 1:8 ). But the only power that we have whereby to be that kind of a witness is the power of the Spirit, and if we deny that, and reject that, then surely, we are going to fail in the mission of getting the gospel into the world. Again, in this first chapter, Paul makes mention of the fact of the gospel being preached into all of the world. Verse twenty-three,

If you continue in the faith grounded and settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the gospel, which ye have heard, and which was preached to every creature which is under heaven; whereof I Paul am made a minister ( Colossians 1:23 );

There are those who say, "Well, Jesus can't come until the gospel's been preached into all the world." Well, the gospel has been preached in all the world. And it brings forth fruit. The glorious thing about the gospel is it does bring forth fruit. And look where in the world the gospel has been received. Look at the fruit that it has brought forth in the lives of the people and in the nations themselves, those nations that have received the gospel of Jesus Christ, look at the fruit that it's brought forth. Those nations, where other religions are more or less the national religions and reign, look at the fruit of that. Now, I'm talking about the true gospel of Jesus Christ. Because, unfortunately, the church as an institution does not always proclaim the true gospel of Jesus Christ. But the church as an institution, quite often, is just another religious experience and is as another religion in the world, because it doesn't always proclaim the real gospel of Jesus Christ. And so, there are nations that have come under the influence of the church and they're no better off for it. But those that have come under the influence of the gospel of Jesus Christ, you can see the fruit; it has brought forth fruit in the lives of the people.

And one of the fruits of the gospel is that of the love of freedom, the love of liberty. Our nation founded really from people who were looking for that freedom of worshiping God without a state church, without the state ordering the church and supporting the church and taking the taxes from the people for the church. The darkness of Europe today is the result of state church systems. And in those European nations where you have the state church, where the church is supported by the taxes of the people, you find that the church is decadent; it's dead. There were men who had a love for freedom because of the gospel of Jesus Christ, and they established this nation. And that's why freedom and liberty was such an important thing to them, but as other forces have moved in as the church's witness has waned, we see there is also an eroding of our freedoms, an eroding of the liberties. And people are allowing it, because the strength of the gospel is not what it once was in this land. And so, we are not as free as were our forefathers.

There are a lot of things that you could carry on with that, but time doesn't permit. It brings forth fruit. The real fruit of the gospel is love: an appreciation of fellow man, a love for our brothers, a love that manifests itself in deeds of charity and goodness to one another, reaching out.

And bringeth forth fruit, as it doth also in you, since the day you heard of it, and knew the grace of God in truth ( Colossians 1:6 ):

And Paul's emphasis here, "You heard and knew the grace of God in truth." How important that we know the grace of God in truth.

As you also learned from Epaphras our dear fellow servant, who is for you a faithful minister of Christ; who also declared unto us your love in the Spirit. For this cause we also, since the day we heard it, do not cease to pray for you, and to desire that you might be filled with the knowledge of his will in all wisdom and spiritual understanding ( Colossians 1:7-9 );

So, the first petition that Paul is praying for the church is that they be filled with the knowledge of the will of God in all wisdom and spiritual understanding. Secondly,

That you might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing ( Colossians 1:10 ),

Paul wrote to the Ephesians and told them all that God was and had done for them, and then he said, "Now, walk worthy of the calling, wherewith you were called." You're a child of God. Walk like it, live like it; walk worthy of that which God has called you to be, His child. Walk in a manner that is befitting that of a child of God. You might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work and increasing in the knowledge of God. How important that we be increasing in our knowledge of God. And that's what these Sunday night services are dedicated to. For you can only really know God in truth as He is revealed Himself to us through His word. Your only real source of the knowledge of God is here in the Bible. And so, to know God we must know the word of God, whereby He has revealed Himself to man. Increasing in the knowledge of God. And we, week by week, should be increasing in our knowledge of God. That you might be,

Strengthened with all might, according to his glorious power [that you might begin to experience more of that power of God's spirit working in your life], unto all patience and long-suffering with joyfulness ( Colossians 1:11 );

Now, so often, our patience and long-suffering is not with joyfulness. It's with sort of complaining and whining and griping, "I've been waiting so long!" And we just sort of wail when God makes us wait. But that we might wait with joyfulness.

Giving thanks unto the Father, who has made us meet [worthy] to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light ( Colossians 1:12 ):

Paul again wrote of the saints in light to the Ephesians here. And there is a great parallel, of course, both the epistles were written at the same time, and so a lot of parallel thoughts in the two. But we give thanks to God, who has made us worthy to be partakers of this inheritance. Again, Paul prayed for the Ephesians that they might know what is His inheritance. Something different, but he did refer also as one of the blessings of God, that inheritance that is ours of the saints in light.

Who has delivered us from the power of darkness, and has translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son ( Colossians 1:13 ):

That's what conversion is all about. Being delivered from the power of darkness from our bondage in sin: that power of Satan that once held us. And translated into the kingdom of His dear Son.

We read so much in the scriptures of the kingdom of God, and so often we think of that as something totally future. For many people it is. But for you, it should be a present experience. You see, you become a part of that kingdom the moment you bow your knee to Jesus Christ and acknowledge Him as your King and your Lord. I am in the kingdom of God. I have yielded my life as a faithful subject and servant to that kingdom. He is my King, therefore, I am in His kingdom. And so, I have been delivered from the power of darkness, been translated into that kingdom.

In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins ( Colossians 1:14 ):

Again, one of the glorious blessings of Colossians chapter one, the "redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins."

Who is the image [talking now of Jesus Christ] of the invisible God ( Colossians 1:15 ),

And he's going to tell us several things now concerning Jesus. Remember, the Gnostics and their heresy that was creeping into Colosse were denying the deity of Jesus. So Paul, here, is going to now tell of the supremacy of Jesus. He is the image of the invisible God. John, chapter one, "No man has seen God at any time, but the only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father. He has declared Him, or manifested Him, made Him known" ( John 1:18 ). "For the word was made flesh and He dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth" ( John 1:14 ). He was the image of the invisible God. In Hebrews one, He is "the brightness of His glory" or the effulgence of the glory of God, the express image of Himself. Jesus is the express image of God, the image of the invisible God. He is the first born of every creature, or as the word means in the Greek, precedence above, first in, not first, second, third, forth, but first as the above all. And so here, He is above all of the creatures or creation,

For by him were all things created ( Colossians 1:16 ),

Genesis one tells us, "In the beginning, God created." The word God there in Hebrew is Elohiym, which is plural. The Hebrew singular for God is El. The dual tense is Eloi. And Elohiym is the plural tense for God. "In the beginning God," Elohiym, plural. And I believe that that is a hint of the Trinity, right in the very first verse of the Bible, the fact that they would use God in a plural form. "In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth" ( Genesis 1:1 ).

And when it came to man and God said, "Let us make man in our likeness and after our image" ( Genesis 1:26 ), not, "I will make man after My likeness, after My image." But "Let us," in the devine counsels of the Father, Son and the Spirit, man was created in the likeness and the image of God. So in John, chapter one, "In the beginning was (the Logos) the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God, and the same was in the beginning with God. And all things were made by Him, and without Him was not anything made that was made" ( John 1:3 ). Jesus, the active agent in creation, "For by Him were all things created." The "all things," it does mean just that, to be taken literally for things that are in heaven and things that are in the earth, the whole universe, created by Him. Things that are visible and things that are invisible. So, the visible material universe that you can see, plus the invisible universe that you don't see: the spirit beings, the angels, the various rankings and orders of spirit beings, here referred to as "thrones or dominions or principalities or powers." All things were made by Him and for Him. So, not only is He the creator, but here, He is the object of creation. They were made by Him, and they were made for Him; all of the angles, all of the universe, all of the things within the universe, were made for Him, and that includes you.

You were made for His good pleasure and purpose. People don't like that sometimes. They rebel against that which He has given you the capacity to do. Because, when He created you, He created you with a free will or a choice. You were created in His image, and God is the self-determinate being, and thus He created you, self-determinate, the power of choice. And that was necessary in order that He might have meaningful fellowship with you.

Studying the human body and studying the wisdom of God, I realize how that God could have made us very sophisticated robots, put circuitry boards in us. And could have made us to fulfill all of the functions that we can fulfill as human beings, except meaningful love, meaningful fellowship, and for that, you couldn't have a robot, you've got to have a choice. And so, God created us with a choice, the capacity of choice, and if you will exercise that choice and live for Him, your life will be rich and full and satisfying. If you exercise your choice by living for yourself, your life will be empty, futile and frustrating. He is before all things; "In the beginning, God."

He existed before ever there was a world, or stars, or planets, or life forms. Before there were ever angels, He existed. He is eternal; He has always existed. He is self-existent. He is before all things, and by Him, all things consist. The word in Greek means, are held together. A very interesting statement in the light of the discovery of the atoms and the law of electricity. Coulomb's Law of Electricity declares that like charges repel. Positive charges repel each other; opposite poles attract. So, there's an attracting force between a positive and negative power. That's what we use in our electricity and running our motors and all, the alternating currents, Coulomb's Law of Electricity. But there is the repelling force of like charges, so that there is a repelling force of positive charges.

We used to have a little box that looked like a coffin, and it had a mummy in it. And it was sort of designed rather ingeniously because you could take and pop that little thing on the end. And it had a magnet inside the mummy case, and the magnet would go down to the foot and you'd pop it, and there was a little magnet, or the mummy itself was magnetized, so that when you would pop the magnet down at the foot, you could lay the mummy in it. And it would lie still in the casket. Then, you would take and pop the thing at the head of the casket to pop the little magnet back towards the head, and then you'd hand it to your friend and you say, "See if you can make the mummy lie in the casket." And try as they will, they'd put the little mummy in the casket and it pops right out. Because you've got the positive poles now both at the head of the mummy, and it pops out. And they're mystified, because this mummy pops right out of the casket. And they hold it there for a while and pinch it, you know, and as soon as they let go, it pops out again. And it's just a little trick that was based upon Coulomb's Law of Electricity of the repelling force of like poles.

Now, in the bombarding of the nucleus of an atom, it took six hundred thousand electron volts to insert a proton into the nucleus of an atom. And so, by that they were able to determine that between two protons, there is a power, between ten and fifty pounds, necessary to hold them together. The nucleus of an atom is clustered, protons clustered together. In total defiance to the Law of Electricity, the mystery of the universe is, what holds them together? Science does not have an answer. They created an answer a few years ago with what they called the masons, which were, they called "atomic glue." But then, that has been thoroughly discounted.

There was one man, who received his Ph.D. in science, and his thesis was on why the electrons do not collapse into the nucleus of an atom, the protons, following the Law of Electricity, with the attracting force of opposite poles. There's a double mystery. Why are the protons held together, and why don't the electrons collapse into it? And he wrote his thesis, and his thesis was basically, "They don't collapse into it, because they don't collapse into it." And he got his doctorate. We don't know. And by his confession of the truth, we don't know. There is no answer except here, "By Him all things were held together." If the Lord would just release His hold, just for a second, this whole physical universe would go up in one big gigantic bang. It would all be over. In the nuclei of every atom in the universe, these positive charges would follow their natural bent and they'd just repel each other and the whole universe would just, "pchoo." It would be the end of everything in the material universe. By Him all things are held together; Lord, hang on.

And he is the head of the body, the church ( Colossians 1:18 ):

We need to remember that. There are always those men who are trying to take that position as the head of the body of the church. I think that that is one of the weaknesses of denominations, is that it does sort of carry that power struggle. And men driven by the desire for power seek to gain the control over the denomination. A truly godly minister could care less about being the president of the denomination, or even the Pope. He only wants to be what God wants him to be, if he's truly a godly man. He has no real ambitions to be anything other than what God has called him to be.

But there are men who are driven by the desire for power, and they strive to gain that preeminence and position of the head of the church. And it's always rather sad to see it, for Christ is . . .

And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the first-born from the dead ( Colossians 1:18 );

Now, others rose from the dead before He did, but He is "the first-born" in that He is never to die again. Those that were raised from the dead before, died again, but His is unto eternal life.

that in all things he might have the preeminence ( Colossians 1:18 ).

Now that is the purpose of God and the plan of God, is that in everything Jesus has the preeminence. All things, again, includes you. And so, the question, does Christ reign preeminently in your life? Does He have the preeminence? You see, that's the purpose and the plan of God for Jesus Christ, that He has the place of preeminence in each of our lives. That He is above everything else in our lives, that nothing supersedes the place of Jesus Christ in my life.

Now, not just a mouthing of it, "Oh yes, Christ is preeminent," but in the reality, the actuality. And I'm afraid, when it comes down to reality, when it comes down to actions, that many of those who do lay claim to being Christians, the truth of it is, Christ is not preeminent in their lives. Now, let's not look at them; let's look at ourselves. You see, I'm not going to have to answer for them; I'm going to have to answer for me. When I stand before God, I'm only going to be responsible for this fellow right here. And I'm going to give an account unto God for me. And therefore, it is important, not that I examine other people's commitment, but that I examine my own commitment. That I not look at other people's failures, but I look at my own failures and judge myself. But that's important for each of us. That we will each just look at ourselves and judge ourselves, for if we will judge ourselves, then we will not be judged of God.

For it pleased the Father that in him should all fullness dwell ( Colossians 1:19 );

Our minds cannot really grasp that particular phrase. It's pleased the Father that in Him, in Christ, should all of the fullness of God, that God had dwelt, the fullness of the Godhead bodily dwells in our Lord. We get that in chapter two, we are complete in Him.

And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven. And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by the wicked works, yet now has he reconciled ( Colossians 1:20-21 )

And so, Jesus has made peace with God possible for man. Man was at war with God. Man was rebelling against God. We all were in that rebellion against God, as we walked our own path, as we went our own way. As we were following after the desires of our flesh and of our mind, we were at war with God, rebelling against the law of God and the commandments of God. But Jesus, through the blood of His cross providing a righteous basis for God's forgiving us of our sins has made peace with God possible. As He reconciles all things unto Himself. So we are told, "Be ye therefore reconciled unto God." Don't be at war with God; be reconciled unto God. And all things have been reconciled through Jesus Christ, whether they are things in earth or in heaven. And you, that at one time were alienated from God; you were enemies of God in your mind and by your wicked works, you've now been reconciled.

In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreprovable in his sight ( Colossians 1:22 ):

Now, you see, through my faith in Jesus Christ, I have been forgiven all of my sins and transgressions. So that when Jesus presents me to the Father, He's going to present me blameless, unreprovable, holy. In Jude we read, "Now, unto Him who is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of His glory with exceeding joy" ( Jude 1:24 ). Oh, do you realize what Jesus Christ has provided for you? The total pardon and forgiveness of your sins and your transgressions. He has, as you are in Christ. God sees you as holy and pure and righteous, for the righteousness of Christ has been accounted or imputed unto you through your faith in Jesus Christ. Not through your efforts, not through your great commitment. Not through your tremendous sacrifices, but through your simple faith in Jesus Christ, God has accounted you righteous. God looks at me tonight as righteous. Now, I don't even look at myself that way. I look at myself and I see all my flaws. I see all my failures; I see my weaknesses. But God sees me in Jesus. And as He looks at me in Christ, He sees me without blame, holy, unreprovable. Oh, I love that. How thankful I am for that place I have in Christ tonight. Because of Him, God sees me as perfect.

If you continue in the faith grounded and settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the gospel, which you have heard, and which was preached to every creature which is under heaven; whereof I Paul am made a minister ( Colossians 1:23 );

So again, the mention of the fact that the gospel had been preached to every creature. They were thorough in their evangelism in that first generation.

Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you [and Paul's talking about himself: I now rejoice in my sufferings for you], and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body's sake, which is the church ( Colossians 1:24 ):

Now, this is a very difficult scripture to understand. Then I will frankly confess to you, I am not certain that I do understand the full implications of it. Does seem that Paul is saying that, in some way, he is completing the afflictions of Christ in his own body, for Christ's body sake, the church. Now, it can only be understood if we understand the relationship of Jesus to His church or the relationship of Jesus to you. Whatever reproach you bear for your faith in Jesus Christ is really reproach that is being directed at Jesus. Whatever suffering you bear for Jesus Christ's sake, that suffering is being directed at Jesus. And so, Paul recognized that these beatings that he received, the stonings that he received, the suffering that he was subject to, and the imprisonment and all, were because of man's animosities against Jesus Christ. So that he was suffering for Christ's sake; he was in prison for Christ's sake. He was actually taking the sufferings of Jesus Christ, or the reproaches of Christ, the feelings that man had in his natural heart against Jesus. The hatred that man had against Jesus, Paul was privileged to bear it. "I rejoice that I can bear these things that are directed at Jesus, that I have this privilege of filling up the afflictions of Jesus. That is, that the feelings that man have of antagonism towards Jesus are directed at me, and I'm able to take them for Him." And Jesus so identifies with us, that He shares with us in this suffering. He said, "Count it all joy when you fall into diverse temptations, trials" ( James 1:2 ). "Don't count it a strange thing concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing has happened to you. Rejoice!" ( 1 Peter 4:12 ) "Blessed are ye when men shall revile you and persecute you and say all manner of evil against you falsely for my sake and for the gospel's, for great is your reward in heaven, for so persecuted they the prophets that were before you" ( Matthew 5:10-12 ). So, filling up of the sufferings of Christ.

Man, the natural man, still hates Jesus, and as you stand there before Him as His representative, you receive his abuse that he is really directing in his heart towards Jesus. Now, they counted it a privilege that they were able to do that. They rejoiced that they were able to take that suffering for Christ's sake. Don't take it personally. A lot of times we are so sensitive. Someone says something and we take it personally, as though they're directing it at us. No, it's being directed at Christ. And it's because that I'm Christ's representative that I'm standing there and receiving it. And if I look at it that way, then I can rejoice, Lord, that you've counted me worthy to suffer for Your sake as did the apostles in Acts, chapter four. Lord, oh my, You counted us worthy to suffer for You. So, I . . .

now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of [in that I am receiving the afflictions that are directed at] Christ in my flesh for his body's sake, which is the church: whereof I am made a minister, according to the dispensation of God which is given to me for you, to fulfill the word of God ( Colossians 1:24-25 );

So, Paul is been made a minister, according to God's plan to fulfill the word of God.

Even the mystery which has been hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to his saints: to whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory ( Colossians 1:26-27 ):

The glorious mystery of God is that Christ will come and indwell you.

The other day we had an opportunity of sharing the gospel with the King of Laos. And as I was sharing with him, I knew that he was a Buddhist. And Buddhists . . . Buddha did teach that a man's problems and the evils of the world all stem from the material world, the flesh and the material world, and that if a man could completely disassociate himself from the material world, heaven was to dwell in the spirit and not have anything to do with the material. In other words, to be totally removed from the material is to enter into Nirvana. And so that is, of course, the hope and the goal of the Buddhist, is to, through asceticism and all, denying the flesh, fastings, and all these things, to completely disassociate himself from the physical that he might enter in to the total spirit which is Nirvana. And if you don't make it this round, then hopefully, next round you'll improve, and if you don't make it then, then next round.

Of course, the interesting thing, is there must, you know . . . when we started out with only one, how come we have so many billions today? Where are they coming from to be reincarnated? There have got to be a lot of new bodies being formed, because we started out with fewer spirits than we now have. Look how many spirits we've got around here today in the world, you know, in fact, what is it, about 10 percent of the people who ever lived in the history of man are living at the present time. So, sort of upsets that reincarnation bit.

But, knowing that he had this background as a Buddhist, I shared with him that the Bible teaches that man basically is spirit. He lives in a body; he possesses a consciousness. But if a man lives on the body side of his life, he is living less than God would have him to live, for God would have us to live on the spiritual side of our lives. So, if my body is ruling, and I'm ruled by my fleshly appetites, then I'm living a life alienated from God. But to live in fellowship with God, I must live after the spirit, the spirit-dominated life. Knowing that, essentially, this is what Buddha taught.

And I said, you know, there had been other religious leaders in history who taught important truths concerning how a person should live after the spirit, but I said the problem was, having taught the truth and pointed to the path, they could not give you the power to walk in that path and that often times is totally frustrating. Because I listen to what they say, I consent, and I say, "Hey, that's right; I want to live that way. I don't want to live after my flesh; I want to live after the spirit in fellowship with God." But, I said, not being given the power to do it, it only frustrated me. So, God sent His Son, Jesus Christ, to die for my sins, to provide forgiveness for my sins. And then I said He did something else, He rose from the dead. And then He said, "Now, I will come and dwell in you and by My dwelling in you, I will give to you the power to walk this path." You don't have it in yourself; you can't do it in yourself, but I will dwell in you, and I will live in you, empowering you to do it. And I said, that basically is the chief difference between Christianity and the other religions of the world. With Christianity, the power is imparted by the indwelling of Jesus Christ. It isn't just pointing to the path and saying, "That's the way you should walk." But it is coming in and giving you the capacity and the power to do it.

Pray for the King of Laos, that the word of the gospel that was planted will take root. And as he acknowledges his own failures to disassociate himself from the flesh that he will seek that power of the indwelling Christ as we have here, "the mystery . . . which is Christ in you, the hope of glory." That's the hope that we have. I can never do it myself, but He has come to live in me and to give me the capacity to do it.

Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect [complete] in Christ Jesus ( Colossians 1:28 ):

And so, that is the purpose of the ministry, is to bring you into the full maturity in Christ Jesus. And what did God . . . all of the churches were dedicated to this. For years my ministry was dedicated to bringing people to Christ Jesus, but never to bringing them to the full maturity in Christ Jesus. Evangelism was my bag, the big thing. And the church was weak. Paul's desire is teaching. His purpose was to bring them into the full maturity in Christ.

Whereunto I also labor, striving according to his working, which works in me mightily ( Colossians 1:29 ).

You know, I'm going to stop right there, because there is so much in chapter two, and that I don't want to get started and then have to rush the thing at the end, which I have a tendency to do when I get carried away in the first part of the lesson. I have that tendency, you know, to then rush through some extremely important passages of scripture. And chapter two is one of the most important chapters in the New Testament, and I don't want to just rush through it. So, we're going to stop right there for tonight. And next week, we'll take chapter two, three and we might . . . well, four is really just sort of the final greetings and all, so that we can pop through in a hurry. But the real teaching lies in chapters two and three. As I say, four just is, sort of, goodbye and the personal greetings to the different ones.

Father, we thank You tonight for Jesus Christ. Your only begotten Son, who came to this world to manifest the Father, was the express image of God, the creator of this whole vast universe. What a marvel that He should walk upon this planet earth, eat with men, sleep with men, talk with men and touch men. Oh, God, how we marvel at the mysteries of the incarnation, God in Christ, reconciling the world to Himself. But even of the greater mystery, that same Jesus, who died and rose again, who created the earth, who holds the worlds together, now dwells in our hearts and empowers our lives. Lord, how awesome that You should dwell in us. May we yield to You our bodies as instruments through which Your will might be accomplished. In Jesus' name we pray, Father. Amen.

May the Lord bless you and help you as you, sort of, digest the truth. That it might become a very part of your life. And that indeed you might discover that great power that resides in you as a child of God. That mystery of God, Christ in you, the hope of glory. And may His power bring strength and victory to your life this week. May He demonstrate that power by giving you victory over an area in your life where you've been stumbling for a long time. May this week you begin to experience real victory there for His glory. Recognizing, "Hey, this is nothing but the power of Jesus Christ dwelling in me." Thank you, Lord. God bless you and be with you as you walk with Him. In Jesus' name. "

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Smith, Charles Ward. "Commentary on Colossians 1:17". "Chuck Smith Bible Commentary". 2014.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

2. In relation to all creation 1:15b-17

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Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

A. The preeminent person of Christ 1:15-20

In this section Paul revealed in what senses Christ is preeminent. One writer observed that this passage "represents a loftier conception of Christ’s person than is found anywhere else in the writings of Paul." [Note: E. F. Scott, The Epistles of Paul to the Colossians, to Philemon and to the Ephesians, p. 20.] Another wrote, "No comparable listing of so many characteristics of Christ and His deity are found in any other Scripture passage." [Note: Geisler, p. 672.] Paul described Jesus Christ in three relationships: to deity, to creation, and to the church. Some writers understood this passage to be an early Christian hymn. [Note: E.g, Dunn, pp. 85-86.]

"There are given here nine marks of identification of Christ which make Him different from and superior to any other person who has ever lived." [Note: McGee, 5:338.]

I believe there are thirteen.

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Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable


Paul next proceeded to reiterate the "full knowledge" about Jesus Christ, which the false teachers in Colosse were attacking. He did so to give his readers fuller knowledge of God’s will so they would reject the false teaching of those who were demeaning Christ and continue to grow.

"The doctrine of Christ was the principal truth threatened by the false teaching at Colossae, and this is the doctrine Paul presents to his readers before dealing specifically with the false teaching." [Note: Bruce, 562:99.]

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Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Christ is the antecedent of creation ("before all things," Colossians 1:17 a). This revelation clearly separates Christ from every created entity. "He" has the force of "He and no other" in the Greek text. The word is an intensive pronoun. He is before all temporally (preexistent) and authoritatively (sovereign). [Note: C. F. D. Moule, An Idiom-Book of New Testament Greek, p. 74.] This assertion, combined with the earlier one that He is the first-born of all creation (Colossians 1:15 b), proves that Christ is no creature. If He were, He would have had to create Himself. To do that He would have had to exist before He existed, which is absurd and impossible.

"The phrase ’before all things’ sums up the essence of His designation as ’Firstborn before all creation’ and excludes any possibility of interpreting that designation to mean that He Himself is part of the created order (albeit the first and chief part)." [Note: Bruce, 562:104.]

Christ is the sustainer of creation ("hold together," Colossians 1:17 b). Christ is the Person who preserves and maintains the existence of what He has created.

"He is the principle of cohesion in the universe. He impresses upon creation that unity and solidarity which makes it a cosmos instead of a chaos." [Note: Lightfoot, p. 154.]

"Every law of science and of nature is, in fact, an expression of the thought of God. It is by these laws, and therefore by the mind of God, that the universe hangs together, and does not disintegrate in chaos." [Note: Barclay, p. 144.]

"So the thought passes from creation to preservation." [Note: Johnson, 473:16.]

Colossians 1:17 sums up the thought of Colossians 1:15-16 and completes the statement of Christ’s relation to creation.

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John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And he is before all things,.... Not only in dignity, being preferable to angels and men in his nature, names, offices, and works, and worthy of more honour than all creatures; but he is before them in existence, as he must needs be, since they are all made by him; he was not only before John the Baptist, his forerunner, before Abraham who saw his day and was glad, before the first man was made, but before the angels were in being, or the heavens and the earth, or any creature were formed; and therefore must be God, who is from everlasting to everlasting:

and by him all things consist; he upholds all things by the word of his power; the heavens have their stability and continuance from him; the pillars of the earth are bore up by him, otherwise that and the inhabitants of it would be dissolved; the angels in heaven are confirmed in their estate by him, and have their standing and security in him; the elector God are in his hands, and are his peculiar care and charge, and therefore shall never perish; yea, all mankind live and move, and have their being in him; the whole frame of nature would burst asunder and break in pieces, was it not held together by him; every created being has its support from him, and its consistence in him; and all the affairs of Providence relating to all creatures are governed, directed, and managed by him, in conjunction with the Father and the blessed Spirit.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Colossians 1:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". 1999.

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary on the Bible

The Redeemer's Dignity; The Work of Redemption; Paul's Preaching. A. D. 62.

      12 Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light:   13 Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son:   14 In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:   15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:   16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:   17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.   18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence.   19 For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell;   20 And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven.   21 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled   22 In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight:   23 If ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the gospel, which ye have heard, and which was preached to every creature which is under heaven; whereof I Paul am made a minister;   24 Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body's sake, which is the church:   25 Whereof I am made a minister, according to the dispensation of God which is given to me for you, to fulfil the word of God;   26 Even the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to his saints:   27 To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory:   28 Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus:   29 Whereunto I also labour, striving according to his working, which worketh in me mightily.

      Here is a summary of the doctrine of the gospel concerning the great work of our redemption by Christ. It comes in here not as the matter of a sermon, but as the matter of a thanksgiving; for our salvation by Christ furnishes us with abundant matter of thanksgiving in every view of it: Giving thanks unto the Father,Colossians 1:12; Colossians 1:12. He does not discourse of the work of redemption in the natural order of it; for then he would speak of the purchase of it first, and afterwards of the application of it. But here he inverts the order, because, in our sense and feeling of it, the application goes before the purchase. We first find the benefits of redemption in our hearts, and then are led by those streams to the original and fountain-head. The order and connection of the apostle's discourse may be considered in the following manner:--

      I. He speaks concerning the operations of the Spirit of grace upon us. We must give thanks for them, because by these we are qualified for an interest in the mediation of the Son: Giving thanks to the Father, c., Colossians 1:12; Colossians 1:13. It is spoken of as the work of the Father, because the Spirit of grace is the Spirit of the Father, and the Father works in us by his Spirit. Those in whom the work of grace is wrought must give thanks unto the Father. If we have the comfort of it, he must have the glory of it. Now what is it which is wrought for us in the application of redemption? 1. "He hath delivered us from the power of darkness,Colossians 1:13; Colossians 1:13. He has rescued us from the state of heathenish darkness and wickedness. He hath saved us from the dominion of sin, which is darkness (1 John 1:6), from the dominion of Satan, who is the prince of darkness (Ephesians 6:12), and from the damnation of hell, which is utter darkness," Matthew 25:30. They are called out of darkness,1 Peter 2:9. 2. "He hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son, brought us into the gospel-state, and made us members of the church of Christ, which is a state of light and purity." You were once darkness, but now are you light in the Lord,Ephesians 5:8. Who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light,1 Peter 2:9. Those were made willing subjects of Christ who were the slaves of Satan. The conversion of a sinner is the translation of a soul into the kingdom of Christ out of the kingdom of the devil. The power of sin is shaken off, and the power of Christ submitted to. The law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus makes them free from the law of sin and death; and it is the kingdom of his dear Son, or the Son of his peculiar love, his beloved Son (Matthew 3:17), and eminently the beloved, Ephesians 1:6. 3. "He hath not only done this, but hath made us meet to partake of the inheritance of the saints in light,Colossians 1:12; Colossians 1:12. He hath prepared us for the eternal happiness of heaven, as the Israelites divided the promised land by lot; and has given us the earnest and assurance of it." This he mentions first because it is the first indication of the future blessedness, that by the grace of God we find ourselves in some measure prepared for it. God gives grace and glory, and we are here told what they both are. (1.) What that glory is. It is the inheritance of the saints in light. It is an inheritance, and belongs to them as children, which is the best security and the sweetest tenure: If children, then heirs,Romans 8:17. And it is an inheritance of the saints-proper to sanctified souls. Those who are not saints on earth will never be saints in heaven. And it is an inheritance in light; the perfection of knowledge, holiness, and joy, by communion with God, who is light, and the Father of lights, James 1:17; John 1:5. (2.) What this grace is. It is a meetness for the inheritance: "He hath made us meet to be partakers, that is, suited and fitted us for the heavenly state by a proper temper and habit of soul; and he makes us meet by the powerful influence of his Spirit." It is the effect of the divine power to change the heart, and make it heavenly. Observe, All who are designed for heaven hereafter are prepared for heaven now. As those who live and die unsanctified go out of the world with their hell about them, so those who are sanctified and renewed go out of the world with their heaven about them. Those who have the inheritance of sons have the education of sons and the disposition of sons: they have the Spirit of adoption, whereby they cry, Abba, Father.Romans 8:15. And, because you are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father,Galatians 4:6. This meetness for heaven is the earnest of the Spirit in our heart, which is part of payment, and assures the full payment. Those who are sanctified shall be glorified (Romans 8:30), and will be for ever indebted to the grace of God, which hath sanctified them.

      II. Concerning the person of the Redeemer. Glorious things are here said of him; for blessed Paul was full of Christ, and took all occasions to speak honourably of him. He speaks of him distinctly as God, and as Mediator. 1. As God he speaks of him, Colossians 1:15-17; Colossians 1:15-17. (1.) He is the image of the invisible God. Not as man was made in the image of God (Genesis 1:27), in his natural faculties and dominion over the creatures: no, he is the express image of his person,Hebrews 1:3. He is so the image of God as the son is the image of his father, who has a natural likeness to him; so that he who has seen him has seen the Father, and his glory was the glory of the only-begotten of the Father,John 1:14; John 14:9. (2.) He is the first-born of every creature. Not that he is himself a creature; for it is prototokos pases ktiseos--born or begotten before all the creation, or before any creature was made, which is the scripture-way of representing eternity, and by which the eternity of God is represented to us: I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was; when there was no depth, before the mountains were settled, while as yet he had not made the earth,Proverbs 8:23-26. It signifies his dominion over all things, as the first-born in a family is heir and lord of all, so he is the heir of all things,Hebrews 1:2. The word, with only the change of the accent, prototokos, signifies actively the first begetter or producer of all things, and so it well agrees with the following clause. Vid. Isidor. Peleus. epist. 30 lib. 3. (3.) He is so far from beginning himself a creature that he is the Creator: For by him were all things created, which are in heaven and earth, visible and invisible,Colossians 1:16; Colossians 1:16. He made all things out of nothing, the highest angel in heaven, as well as men upon earth. He made the world, the upper and lower world, with all the inhabitants of both. All things were made by him, and without him was not any thing made which was made,John 1:3. He speaks here as if there were several orders of angels: Whether thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers, which must signify either different degrees of excellence or different offices and employments. Angels, authorities, and powers,1 Peter 3:22. Christ is the eternal wisdom of the Father, and the world was made in wisdom. He is the eternal Word, and the world was made by the word of God. He is the arm of the Lord, and the world was made by that arm. All things are created by him and for him; di autou kai eis auton. Being created by him, they were created for him; being made by his power, they were made according to his pleasure and for his praise. He is the end, as well as the cause of all things. To him are all things,Romans 11:36; eis auton ta panta. (4.) He was before all things. He had a being before the world was made, before the beginning of time, and therefore from all eternity. Wisdom was with the Father, and possessed by him in the beginning of his ways, before his works of old, Proverbs 8:22. And in the beginning the Word was with God and was God, John 1:1. He not only had a being before he was born of the virgin, but he had a being before all time. (5.) By him all things consist. They not only subsist in their beings, but consist in their order and dependences. He not only created them all at first, but it is by the word of his power that they are still upheld, Hebrews 1:3. The whole creation is kept together by the power of the Son of God, and made to consist in its proper frame. It is preserved from disbanding and running into confusion.

      2. The apostle next shows what he is as Mediator, Colossians 1:18; Colossians 1:19. (1.) He is the head of the body the church: not only a head of government and direction, as the king is the head of the state and has right to prescribe laws, but a head of vital influence, as the head in the natural body: for all grace and strength are derived from him: and the church is his body, the fulness of him who filleth all in all,Ephesians 1:22; Ephesians 1:23. (2.) He is the beginning, the first-born from the dead, arche, prototokos--the principle, the first-born from the dead; the principle of our resurrection, as well as the first-born himself. All our hopes and joys take their rise from him who is the author of our salvation. Not that he was the first who ever rose from the dead, but the first and only one who rose by his own power, and was declared to be the Son of God, and Lord of all things. And he is the head of the resurrection, and has given us an example and evidence of our resurrection from the dead. He rose as the first-fruits, 1 Corinthians 15:20. (3.) He hath in all things the pre-eminence. It was the will of the Father that he should have all power in heaven and earth, that he might be preferred above angels and all the powers in heaven (he has obtained a more excellent name than they,Hebrews 1:4), and that in all the affairs of the kingdom of God among men he should have the pre-eminence. He has the pre-eminence in the hearts of his people above the world and the flesh; and by giving him the pre-eminence we comply with the Father's will, That all men should honour the Son even as they honour the Father,John 5:23. (4.) All fulness dwells in him, and it pleased the Father it should do so (Colossians 1:19; Colossians 1:19), not only a fulness of abundance for himself, but redundance for us, a fulness of merit and righteousness, of strength and grace. As the head is the seat and source of the animal spirits, so is Christ of all graces to his people. It pleased the Father that all fulness should dwell in him; and we may have free resort to him for all that grace for which we have occasion. He not only intercedes for it, but is the trustee in whose hands it is lodged to dispense to us: Of his fulness we receive, and grace for grace, grace in us answering to that grace which is in him (John 1:16), and he fills all in all,Ephesians 1:23.

      III. Concerning the work of redemption. He speaks of the nature of it, or wherein it consists; and of the means of it, by which it was procured.

      1. Wherein it consists. It is made to lie in two things:-- (1.) In the remission of sin: In whom we have redemption, even the forgiveness of sins,Colossians 1:14; Colossians 1:14. It was sin which sold us, sin which enslaved us: if we are redeemed, we must be redeemed from sin; and this is by forgiveness, or remitting the obligation to punishment. So Ephesians 1:7, In whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace. (2.) In reconciliation to God. God by him reconciled all things to himself,Colossians 1:20; Colossians 1:20. He is the Mediator of reconciliation, who procures peace as well as pardon for sinners, who brings them into a state of friendship and favour at present, and will bring all holy creatures, angels as well as men, into one glorious and blessed society at last: things in earth, or things in heaven. So Ephesians 1:10, He will gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven and which are on earth. The word is anakephalaiosasthai--he will bring them all under one head. The Gentiles, who were alienated, and enemies in their minds by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled,Colossians 1:21; Colossians 1:21. Here see what was their condition by nature, and in their Gentile state--estranged from God, and at enmity with God: and yet this enmity is slain, and, notwithstanding this distance, we are now reconciled. Christ has laid the foundation for our reconciliation; for he has paid the price of it, has purchased the proffer and promise of it, proclaims it as a prophet, applies it as a king. Observe, The greatest enemies to God, who have stood at the greatest distance and bidden him defiance, may be reconciled, if it by not their own fault.

      2. How the redemption is procured: it is through his blood (Colossians 1:14; Colossians 1:14); he has made peace through the blood of his cross (Colossians 1:20; Colossians 1:20), and it is in the body of his flesh through death,Colossians 1:22; Colossians 1:22. It was the blood which made an atonement, for the blood is the life; and without the shedding of blood there is no remission,Hebrews 9:22. There was such a value in the blood of Christ that, on account of Christ's shedding it, God was willing to deal with men upon new terms to bring them under a covenant of grace, and for his sake, and in consideration of his death upon the cross, to pardon and accept to favour all who comply with them.

      IV. Concerning the preaching of this redemption. Here observe,

      1. To whom it was preached: To every creature under heaven (Colossians 1:23; Colossians 1:23), that is, it was ordered to be preached to every creature, Mark 16:15. It may be preached to every creature; for the gospel excludes none who do not exclude themselves. More or less it has been or will be preached to every nation, though many have sinned away the light of it and perhaps some have never yet enjoyed it.

      2. By whom it was preached: Whereof I Paul am made a minister. Paul was a great apostle; but he looks upon it as the highest of his titles of honour to be a minister of the gospel of Jesus Christ. Paul takes all occasions to speak of his office; for he magnified his office,Romans 11:13. And again in Colossians 1:25; Colossians 1:25, Whereof I am made a minister. Observe here,

      (1.) Whence Paul had his ministry: it was according to the dispensation of God which was given to him (Colossians 1:25; Colossians 1:25), the economy or wise disposition of things in the house of God. He was steward and master-builder, and this was given to him: he did not usurp it, nor take it to himself; and he could not challenge it as a debt. He received it from God as a gift, and took it as a favour.

      (2.) For whose sake he had his ministry: "It is for you, for your benefit: ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake,2 Corinthians 4:5. We are Christ's ministers for the good of his people, to fulfil the word of God (that is, fully to preach it), of which you will have the greater advantage. The more we fulfil our ministry, or fill up all the parts of it, the greater will be the benefit of the people; they will be the more filled with knowledge, and furnished for service."

      (3.) What kind of preacher Paul was. This is particularly represented.

      [1.] He was a suffering preacher: Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you,Colossians 1:24; Colossians 1:24. He suffered in the cause of Christ, and for the good of the church. He suffered for preaching the gospel to them. And, while he suffered in so good a cause, he could rejoice in his sufferings, rejoice that he was counted worthy to suffer, and esteem it an honour to him. And fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh. Not that the afflictions of Paul, or any other, were expiations for sin, as the sufferings of Christ were. There was nothing wanting in them, nothing which needed to be filled up. They were perfectly sufficient to answer the intention of them, the satisfaction of God's justice, in order to the salvation of his people. But the sufferings of Paul and other good ministers made them conformable to Christ; and they followed him in his suffering state: so they are said to fill up what was behind of the sufferings of Christ, as the wax fills up the vacuities of the seal, when it receives the impression of it. Or it may be meant not of Christ's sufferings, but of his suffering for Christ. He filled that which was behind. He had a certain rate and measure of suffering for Christ assigned him; and, as his sufferings were agreeable to that appointment, so he was still filling up more and more what was behind, or remained of them to his share.

      [2.] He was a close preacher: he preached not only in public, but from house to house, from person to person. Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom,Colossians 1:28; Colossians 1:28. Every man has need to be warned and taught, and therefore let every man have his share. Observe, First, When we warn people of what they do amiss, we must teach them to do better: warning and teaching must go together. Secondly, Men must be warned and taught in all wisdom. We must choose the fittest seasons, and use the likeliest means, and accommodate ourselves to the different circumstances and capacities of those we have to do with, and teach them as they are able to bear. That which he aimed at was to present every man perfect in Christ Jesus, teleios, either perfect in the knowledge of the Christian doctrine (Let us therefore, as many as are perfect, be thus minded,Philippians 3:15; 2 Timothy 3:17), or else crowned with a glorious reward hereafter, when he will present to himself a glorious church (Ephesians 5:27), and bring them to the spirits of just men made perfect,Hebrews 12:23. Observe, Ministers ought to aim at the improvement and salvation of every particular person who hears them. Thirdly, He was a laborious preacher, and one who took pains: he was no loiter, and did not do his work negligently (Colossians 1:29; Colossians 1:29): Whereunto I also labour, striving according to his working, which worketh in me mightily. He laboured and strove, used great diligence and contended with many difficulties, according to the measure of grace afforded to him and the extraordinary presence of Christ which was with him. Observe, As Paul laid out himself to do much good, so he had this favour, that the power of God wrought in him the more effectually. The more we labour in the work of the Lord the greater measures of help we may expect from him in it (Ephesians 3:7): According to the gift of the grace of God given unto me, by the effectual working of his power.

      3. The gospel which was preached. We have an account of this: Even the mystery which hath been hid from ages, and from generations, but is now made manifest to his saints,Colossians 1:26; Colossians 1:27. Observe, (1.) The mystery of the gospel was long hidden: it was concealed from ages and generations, the several ages of the church under the Old-Testament dispensation. They were in a state of minority, and training up for a more perfect state of things, and could not look to the end of those things which were ordained, 2 Corinthians 3:13. (2.) This mystery now, in the fulness of time, is made manifest to the saints, or clearly revealed and made apparent. The veil which was over Moses's face is done away in Christ, 2 Corinthians 3:14. The meanest saint under the gospel understands more than the greatest prophets under the law. He who is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than they. The mystery of Christ, which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men, is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit,Ephesians 3:4; Ephesians 3:5. And what is this mystery? It is the riches of God's glory among the Gentiles. The peculiar doctrine of the gospel was a mystery which was before hidden, and is now made manifest and made known. But the great mystery here referred to is the breaking down of the partition-wall between the Jew and Gentile, and preaching the gospel to the Gentile world, and making those partakers of the privileges of the gospel state who before lay in ignorance and idolatry: That the Gentiles should be fellow-heirs, and of the same body, and partakers together of his promise in Christ by the gospel,Ephesians 3:6. This mystery, thus made known, is Christ in you (or among you) the hope of glory. Observe, Christ is the hope of glory. The ground of our hope is Christ in the word, or the gospel revelation, declaring the nature and methods of obtaining it. The evidence of our hope is Christ in the heart, or the sanctification of the soul, and its preparation for the heavenly glory.

      4. The duty of those who are interested in this redemption: If you continue in the faith, grounded and settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the gospel which you have heard,Colossians 1:23; Colossians 1:23. We must continue in the faith grounded and settled, and not be moved away from the hope of the gospel; that is, we must be so well fixed in our minds as not to be moved from it by any temptations. We must be stedfast and immovable (1 Corinthians 15:58) and hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering,Hebrews 10:23. Observe, We can expect the happy end of our faith only when we continue in the faith, and are so far grounded and settled in it as not to be moved from it. We must not draw back unto perdition, but believe unto the saving of the soul,Hebrews 10:39. We must be faithful to death, through all trials, that we may receive the crown of life, and receive the end of our faith, the salvation of our souls,1 Peter 1:9.

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Bibliographical Information
Henry, Matthew. "Complete Commentary on Colossians 1:17". "Matthew Henry Complete Commentary on the Whole Bible". 1706.