Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Exodus 6:26

It was the same Aaron and Moses to whom the Lord said, "Bring out the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their hosts."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Aaron;   Genealogy;   Scofield Reference Index - Separation;  
Dictionaries:
Fausset Bible Dictionary - War;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Aaron;   Army;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Leviticus;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Army;   Exodus, the Book of;   Genealogy;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Names of God;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

According to their armies - צבאתם tsibotham, their battalions - regularly arranged troops. As God had these particularly under his care and direction, he had the name of צבאות יהוה Yehovah tsebaoth, Lord of hosts or armies. "The plain and disinterested manner," says Dr. Dodd, "in which Moses speaks here of his relations, and the impartiality wherewith he inserts in the list of them such as were afterwards severely punished by the Lord, are striking proofs of his modesty and sincerity. He inserts the genealogy of Reuben and Simeon, because they were of the same mother with Levi; and though he says nothing of himself, yet he relates particularly what concerns Aaron, Exodus 6:23, who married into an honorable family, the sister of a prince of the tribe of Judah."

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Exodus 6:26". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/exodus-6.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

These are that Aaron and Moses,.... Aaron is set before Moses, because he was the eldest, and because he prophesied in Egypt before Moses, as Aben Ezra observes; though Moses was greater in dignity than he, and therefore the true reason may be the modesty of Moses; though in a following verse Moses is set before Aaron, to show that they were equal, as Jarchi thinks; and perhaps the thing was quite an indifference to the historian, and done without any care and intention, however these words are emphatically expressed, on purpose to point out the persons to future ages:

to whom the Lord said, bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt: which is the charge he gave them both, Exodus 6:13, and the account of which is returned to again, after an interruption by the genealogy before recorded: Israel were to be brought out:

according to their armies; denoting their numbers, and the order in which they were to march out of Egypt, as they did, not by flight, nor in confusion, but in a formidable manner, and in great composure and order, with these two men, Moses and Aaron, as their generals at the head of them.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Exodus 6:26". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/exodus-6.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

These [are] that Aaron and Moses, to whom the LORD said, Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their k armies.

(k) For their families were so great, that they might be compared to armies.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Exodus 6:26". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/exodus-6.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

These are that Aaron and Moses, to whom the LORD said, Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their armies.

According to their armies — Like numerous armies, in military order, and with great power. In the close of the chapter, he returns to his narrative, from which he had broken off somewhat abruptly verse13, and repeats, the charge God had given him to deliver his message to Pharaoh, verse29.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Exodus 6:26". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/exodus-6.html. 1765.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Exodus 6:26. According to their armies Le Clerc interprets this, by their tribes. The word implies a regularly disposed multitude. See ch. Exodus 12:41; Exodus 12:51, Exodus 13:18. Junius and others begin the seventh chapter, with great propriety, at the 28th verse.

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Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Exodus 6:26". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/exodus-6.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

i.e. According to their numerous families, which were equal to great armies, and which went out of Egypt like several armies in military order, and with great power. See Exodus 12:41,51 13:18 14:8.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Exodus 6:26". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/exodus-6.html. 1685.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Exodus 6:26. According to their armies — Like numerous armies, in military order, and with great power. In the close of the chapter he returns to his narrative, from which he had broken off some-what abruptly, (Exodus 6:13,) and repeats the charge God had given him to deliver his message to Pharaoh, Exodus 6:29.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Exodus 6:26". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/exodus-6.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Aaron is sometimes placed first, as the elder; sometimes last, as inferior in dignity, ver. 27. --- Companies, or bands, in order of battle, chap. xiii. 18. (Calmet)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Exodus 6:26". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/exodus-6.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Aaron and Moses. The order according to age and genealogy. Compare Exodus 6:27.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Exodus 6:26". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/exodus-6.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(26) Their armies.—This expression is here used of the Israelites for the first time. It seems to refer to that organisation, of a quasi-military character, which was given to the people by the order of Moses during the long struggle with Pharaoh, and which enabled them at last to quit Egypt, not a disorderly mob, but “harnessed,” or “in military array” (Exodus 13:18). The expression is repeated in Exodus 7:4; Exodus 12:17; Exodus 12:51.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Exodus 6:26". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/exodus-6.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

These are that Aaron and Moses, to whom the LORD said, Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their armies.
That Aaron
13,20; Joshua 24:5; 1 Samuel 12:6,8; 1 Chronicles 6:3; Psalms 77:20; 99:6; Micah 6:4
Bring
7; 3:10,11; 20:2; 32:1,7,11; Acts 7:35,36
armies
7:4; 12:17,51; 13:18; Genesis 2:1; Numbers 33:1
Reciprocal: Exodus 6:27 - to bring;  Exodus 12:50 - as the Lord;  Exodus 31:6 - I have given;  Psalm 105:26 - sent

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 6:26". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/exodus-6.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

26.These are that Aaron and Moses. It is not without a cause that Moses so often reasserts that their office was assigned to himself and his brother by the command of God, both that the Israelites may perceive that they were rescued from their deep abyss by divine grace, and that their minds may be recalled to God’s ancient covenant, and may acknowledge that their Fathers’ hope was not in vain; and, finally, that they may hereafter altogether devote themselves to God. There seems, also, to be an indirect antithesis between the armies of the people and two vile and abject men. For they would have been far from being able to bear so weighty a burden, unless God had exceeded all their hopes in working miraculously by their hands. Therefore the Spirit magnifies elsewhere this grace, that God

“led his people, like a flock, by the hand of Moses and Aaron.” (Psalms 77:20)

For what could be less probable than that a great multitude, which would make up many nations, should obey the commands of two men, should be ruled by their counsel, and gathered into one place by their exertions, in order that they should migrate into another land against the will of a very powerful king? For what was their united authority to command twelve armies, separated in their several battalions? What no earthly kings, with all their power and wisdom, their terror and their threats, could effect, God performed by means of two unwarlike men, neither experienced nor renowned; when Moses himself, alarmed by the magnitude of the work, often deprecated the commission entrusted to him. For, at the end of this chapter, he again repeats his excuse, that he was not eloquent, but of hesitating and embarrassed speech. This, then, is the point to which all tends, viz., to assign to God the praise of His loving-kindness, and to heighten His glory. There is some ambiguity in verse 28, for it might be read separately with this sense, that “God not only spoke in the wilderness of Midian, to set Moses over the people in their deliverance, but also in Egypt after some time had elapsed;” thus “on the day,” would mean, “after some time,” but it seems better to me to read the three verses in connection with each other.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Exodus 6:26". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/exodus-6.html. 1840-57.