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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Galatians 5:25

If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit.

Adam Clarke Commentary

If we live in the Spirit - If we profess to believe a spiritual religion, let us walk in the Spirit - let us show in our lives and conversation that the Spirit of God dwells in us.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/galatians-5.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

If we live in the Spirit - See the note at Galatians 5:16. The sense of this verse probably is, “We who are Christians profess to be under the influences of the Holy Spirit. By his influences and agency is our spiritual life. We profess not to be under the dominion of the flesh; not to be controlled by its appetites and desires. Let us then act in this manner, and as if we believed this. Let us yield ourselves to his influences, and show that we are controlled by that Spirit.” It is an earnest exhortation to Christians to yield wholly to the agency of the Holy Spirit on their hearts, and to submit to his guidance; see Romans 8:5, note9, note.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Barnes' Notes on the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/galatians-5.html. 1870.

The Biblical Illustrator

Galatians 5:25

If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.

(Cf. Galatians 5:16; Galatians 5:18.)

I. The supposition.

1. We have been born of the Spirit.

2. We are living in the continual exercise of faith in Christ who is our life.

II. The obligation.

1. Living a life of spirituality in opposition to one of formalism.

2. Being addicted to the spiritual contemplation of Divine things.

3. Making progress in all that constitutes religion. (W. Cowan, M. A.)

Walking in the Spirit

I. Suggests that a new birth will invariably be followed by a new life, and conversation (Matthew 7:16-20; Matthew 13:33). The conviction of the inseparable connection between regeneration and sanctification will save us from--

1. Practical antinomianism,

2. The error that morality is sufficient without a spiritual change.

II. Implies that not only the commencement but the continuance of spiritual life depends on the gracious operation of the Spirit of God (Romans 8:9). The Spirit works in us--

1. Encouragement.

2. Help.

3. Watchfulness.

III. Prescribes a practical duty. To walk consistently with our past experience and present profession. This walking in the Spirit consists in--

1. The habit and exercise of faith in Christ.

2. Maintaining a constant conflict with indwelling sin.

3. A spiritual frame of mind.

4. The cultivation and exercise of all the graces of Christian life (Galatians 5:22-23). (J. Buchanan, D. D.)

Walking in the Spirit

1. Life. Walking in the Spirit implies living in the Spirit. There must be a principle of spiritual life, before there Can be any spiritual motions and exercises. And living in the Spirit implies walking in the Spirit. What is a man’s walk? It is his whole life, his whole conduct, outward and inward--all he thinks, feels, desires, speaks, does, suffers. To walk in the Spirit is to have the Holy Ghost originating, directing, controlling, and governing all these.

2. Progress. A walk is a progress, it has an end in view, and it is a going towards that end, more or less steadily--more or less rapidly.

3. The benefit. The old nature is checked, kept down, and not permitted to ripen its bitter fruit. Its nature and tendencies are unchanged, unchangeable, but it is checked and restrained at every point. But the new nature is cultivated, and so it bears its peaceable fruits. The man who walks in the Spirit has less outward stir and bustle than others, but he has more success, for he works in God, and God works in and with him. But why this long, tedious, fluctuating conflict between flesh “and spirit? It is to show the evil and deceitfulness of sin, to humble, to make watchful, to make us dependent, and make us long for heaven. (John Milne.)

A Christian’s walk

“That man’s been in the army,” said a gentleman to his friend, the other day, as a stranger passed them in the street; “I know a soldier by his walk.” Men ought to know Christ’s soldiers by their walk. But how many are there of us who profess to march under His banner, who compel the world to take knowledge of us that we have been with Jesus? Often the community in which a man lives first learns that he was a Christian at his funeral.


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Bibliography
Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "Galatians 5:25". The Biblical Illustrator. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/galatians-5.html. 1905-1909. New York.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

If we live by the Spirit, by the Spirit let us also walk.

In the Spirit ... instead of "by the Spirit" is far better, the same being the rendition in the KJV. The current conception is so obsessed with "Spirit in us" that they are reluctant to admit that it is also true the other way around, we being "in the Spirit." See notes under Galatians 5:23.


Copyright Statement
James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/galatians-5.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

If we live in the Spirit,.... Or "by the Spirit", as all do that are spiritually alive. Sin has not only brought on men a corporeal death, and made them liable to an eternal one, but has also induced upon them a spiritual or moral death; they are dead in trespasses and sin, nor can they quicken themselves, nor can any creature give them life; not the ministers of the word, nor the angels in heaven, only the blessed Spirit is the spirit of life from Christ; who entering into them, frees them from the law of sin and death, and implants a principle of spiritual life in them, whereby they live a life of faith on Christ, of holiness from him, and communion with him: and this the apostle makes use of, as an argument with believers to walk after the Spirit,

let us also walk in the Spirit: or "by the Spirit"; by his help and assistance, according to the rule of his word, and under his influence and direction as a guide, to which he had before advised in Galatians 5:18.


Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/galatians-5.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

If we l live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.

(l) If we are indeed endued with the quickening Spirit, who causes us to die to sin, and live to God, let us show it in our deeds, that is, by holiness of life.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/galatians-5.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

in — rather, as Greek, “If we live (see on Galatians 5:24) BY the Spirit, let us also walk (Galatians 5:16; Galatians 6:16) BY the Spirit.” Let our life in practice correspond to the ideal inner principle of our spiritual life, namely, our standing by faith as dead to, and severed from, sin, and the condemnation of the law. “Life by (or ‹in‘) the Spirit” is not an occasional influence of the Spirit, but an abiding state, wherein we are continually alive, though sometimes sleeping and inactive.


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/galatians-5.html. 1871-8.

Martin Luther's Commentary on Galatians

If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.
A little while ago the Apostle had condemned those who are envious and start heresies and schisms. As if he had forgotten that he had already berated them, the Apostle once more reproves those who provoke and envy others. Was not one reference to them sufficient? He repeats his admonition in order to emphasize the viciousness of pride that had caused all the trouble in the churches of Galatia, and has always caused the Church of Christ no end of difficulties. In his Epistle to Titus the Apostle states that a vainglorious man should not be ordained as a minister, for pride, as St. Augustine points out, is the mother of all heresies.

Now vainglory has always been a common poison in the world. There is no village too small to contain someone who wants to be considered wiser or better than the rest. Those who have been bitten by pride usually stand upon the reputation for learning and wisdom. Vainglory is not nearly so bad in a private person or even in an official as it is in a minister.

When the poison of vainglory gets into the Church you have no idea what havoc it can cause. You may argue about knowledge, art, money, countries, and the like without doing particular harm. But you cannot quarrel about salvation or damnation, about eternal life and eternal death without grave damage to the Church. No wonder Paul exhorts all ministers of the Word to guard against this poison. He writes: "If we live in the Spirit." Where the Spirit is, men gain new attitudes. Where formerly they were vainglorious, spiteful and envious, they now become humble, gentle and patient. Such men seek not their own glory, but the glory of God. They do not provoke each other to wrath or envy, but prefer others to themselves.

As dangerous to the Church as this abominable pride is, yet there is nothing more common. The trouble with the ministers of Satan is that they look upon the ministry as a stepping-stone to fame and glory, and right there you have the seed for all sorts of dissensions.

Because Paul knew that the vainglory of the false Apostles had caused the churches of Galatia endless trouble, he makes it his business to suppress this abominable vice. In his absence the false apostles went to work in Galatia. They pretended that they had been on intimate terms with the apostles, while Paul had never seen Christ in person or had much contact with the rest of the apostles. Because of this they delivered him, rejected his doctrine, and boosted their own. In this way they troubled the Galatians and caused quarrels among them until they provoked and envied each other; which goes to show that neither the false apostles nor the Galatians walked after the Spirit, but after the flesh.

The Gospel is not there for us to aggrandize ourselves. The Gospel is to aggrandize Christ and the mercy of God. It holds out to men eternal gifts that are not gifts of our own manufacture. What right have we to receive praise and glory for gifts that are not of our own making?

No wonder that God in His special grace subjects the ministers of the Gospel to all kinds of afflictions, otherwise they could not cope with this ugly beast called vainglory. If no persecution, no cross, or reproach trailed the doctrine of the Gospel, but only praise and reputation, the ministers of the Gospel would choke with pride. Paul had the Spirit of Christ. Nevertheless there was given unto him the messenger of Satan to buffet him in order that he should not come to exalt himself, because of the grandeur of his revelations. St. Augustine's opinion is well taken: "If a minister of the Gospel is praised, he is in danger; if he is despised, he is also in danger."

The ministers of the Gospel should be men who are not too easily affected by praise or criticism, but simply speak out the benefit and the glory of Christ and seek the salvation of souls.

Whenever you are being praised, remember it is not you who is being praised but Christ, to whom all praise belongs. When you preach the Word of God in its purity and also live accordingly, it is not your own doing, but God's doing. And when people praise you, they really mean to praise God in you. When you understand this--and you should because "what hast thou that thou didst not receive?"--you will not flatter yourself on the one hand and on the other hand you will not carry yourself with the thought of resigning from the ministry when you are insulted, reproached, or persecuted.

It is really kind of God to send so much infamy, reproach, hatred, and cursing our way to keep us from getting proud of the gifts of God in us. We need a millstone around our neck to keep us humble. There are a few on our side who love and revere us for the ministry of the Word, but for every one of these there are a hundred on the other side who hate and persecute us.

The Lord is our glory. Such gifts as we possess we acknowledge to be the gifts of God, given to us for the good of the Church of Christ. Therefore we are not proud because of them. We know that more is required of them to whom much is given, than of such to whom little is given. We also know that God is no respecter of persons. A plain factory hand who does his work faithfully pleases God just as much as a minister of the Word.


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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website

Bibliography
Luther, Martin. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Martin Luther's Commentary on Galatians". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mlg/galatians-5.html. Zondervan. Gand Rapids, MI. 1939.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

By the Spirit let us also walk (πνευματι και στοιχωμενpneumati kai stoichōmen). Present subjunctive (volitive) of στοιχεωstoicheō “Let us also go on walking by the Spirit.” Let us make our steps by the help and guidance of the Spirit.


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/galatians-5.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

d Lipsius makes this verse the beginning of ch. 6. Weizsäcker begins that chapter with Galatians 5:26. There seems to be no sufficient reason. Galatians 5:25is connected naturally with the immediately preceding line of thought. “Such being your principle of life, adapt your conduct (walk) to it.” The hortatory form of Galatians 5:26, and its contents, fall in naturally with the exhortation to walk by the Spirit, and with the reference to biting and devouring, Galatians 5:15, and envyings, Galatians 5:21. The connection of the opening of ch. 6 with the close of ch. 5 is not so manifest; and the address brethren and the change to the second person (Galatians 6:1) seem to indicate a new section.

In the Spirit ( πνεύματι )

Better, by the Spirit, the dative being instrumental as Galatians 5:16.

Walk ( στοιχῶμεν )

A different word from that in Galatians 5:16. Only in Paul, except Acts 21:24. From στοίχος arow. Hence, to walk in line; to march in battle order (Xen. Cyr. vi. 3,34). Συνστοιχεῖ answerethto, Galatians 4:25(note). See also on στοιχεία elements Galatians 4:3. Paul uses it very graphically, of falling into line with Abraham's faith, Romans 4:12.


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Bibliography
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/galatians-5.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.

If we live by the Spirit — If we are indeed raised from the dead, and are alive to God, by the operation of his Spirit.

Let us walk by the Spirit — Let us follow his guidance, in all our tempers, thoughts, words, and actions.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/galatians-5.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

25.If we live in the Spirit. According to his usual custom, the apostle draws from the doctrine a practical exhortation. The death of the flesh is the life of the Spirit. If the Spirit of God lives in us, let him govern our actions. There will always be many persons daring enough to make a false boast of living in the Spirit, but the apostle challenges them to a proof of the fact. As the soul does not remain idle in the body, but gives motion and rigour to every member and part, so the Spirit of God cannot dwell in us without manifesting himself by the outward effects. By the life is here meant the inward power, and by the walk the outward actions. The metaphorical use of the word walk, which frequently occurs, describes works as evidences of the spiritual life.


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Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/galatians-5.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

25 If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.

Ver. 25. If we live in the spirit] Spiritual men only are heirs of life, 1 Peter 3:7, all others are dead in trespasses.

Let us walk] Walk orderly, by line and by rule, march in rank, στοιχωμεν. Life consists in action. Life, saith the philosopher, is such a faculty as whereby creatures move themselves in their own places. The godly esteem life by that stirring they find in their souls; as else they lament as over a dead soul, Isaiah 38:15-16.


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/galatians-5.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Galatians 5:25. If we live in the Spirit, &c.— Living in the Spirit expresses, in terms nearly resembling these in Acts 17:28 our continual dependence on its influences; and also illustrates the significancy of the word στοιχωμεν, in the latter part of the verse. Let us walk in the Spirit,—"in a regular and orderly manner, viewing God with the eye of faith; taking every step according to rule, and under the holy influence of the Spirit of God; regulating our whole life and actions by his light and dictate


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Bibliography
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/galatians-5.html. 1801-1803.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

If we live in the Spirit, that is, if the Spirit lives in us, if the holy Spirit of grace be the principle of our life, let us walk in the Spirit: that is, let us live and act under the conduct and guidance, under the direction and influence, of the Holy Spirit; let us do the works of the Spirit, let us bring forth the fruits of the Spirit, and let us live a spiritual life; let our dealings be about spiritual and heavenly things, and our chiefest delight be in such things; and by these spiritual delights and exercises we shall every day become more and more spiritual, and in the account of God by esteemed and reckoned amongst the number of those that walk in the Spirit. Let us then evidence the life of grace in ourselves, by exercising that grace in a life of communion with God. This seems to be the import of this remarkable place, If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.

Here we may note, That there must be a principle of spiritual life before there can be any spiritual motion and exercise; we must first live in the Spirit, and the Spirit live in us, before we can possibly walk in the Spirit: the child must live before it can walk.

Note, 2. That when there is a principle of grace and spiritual life in the heart, there will be the actings and exercise of grace in the life: If we live in the Spirit, we shall walk in the Spirit.

I will put my Spirit within them, and cause them to walk in my statutes. Ezekiel 36:27. An holy heart will be attended with an holy life, and a good conscience accompanied with a good conversation; spiritual life will produce spiritual motion.


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Bibliography
Burkitt, William. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/galatians-5.html. 1700-1703.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

25.] If (no connecting particle—giving more vividness to the inference) we LIVE (emphatic—if, as we saw, having slain the flesh, our life depends on the Spirit) in (said to be a species of instrumental dative; but such usage is of very rare occurrence, and hardly ever undoubted. Here the dative is probably employed more as corresponding to the dative in the other member, than with strict accuracy. But it may be justified thus: our inner life, which is hid with Christ in God, Colossians 3:3, is lived πνεύματι (normal dative), the Spirit being its generator and upholder) the Spirit,—in the Spirit (emphatic) let us also walk (in our conduct in life: let our practical walk, which is led κατὰ προαίρεσιν of our own, be in harmony with that higher life in which we live before God by faith, and in the Spirit).


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Bibliography
Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/galatians-5.html. 1863-1878.

Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae

DISCOURSE: 2086

WALKING IN THE SPIRIT

Galatians 5:25. If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.

MEN, as creatures, may be called “the offspring of Jehovah,” “in whom they live, and move, and have their being [Note: Acts 17:28.].” But, as created anew in Christ Jesus, we have a nearer relation to God, seeing that his Spirit dwelleth in us: and consequently, we are bound in a more peculiar manner to glorify him by a suitable life and conversation. This is strongly intimated in the words of our text: in which we see,

I. The Christian’s character—

It is here assumed that the Christian “lives in the Spirit.” That the Christian’s character, as here described, may be fully understood, let us mark,

1. The import of the assumption—

[Two things are implied in the expression “living in the Spirit,” namely, that the Christian is endued with the Spirit; and that he lives under the influence of the Spirit. The Christian has not merely the powers and faculties which he brought into the world with him, and which an heathen possesses as well as he; but he has received the Spirit of God, by whom he has been quickened from a death in trespasses and sins, and been made a partaker of a new principle of life, whereby he is enabled to live to God. This new principle is distinct from any thing which man, by any powers of his own, can acquire, and from any thing which can by any means be derived from man. It is a sovereign gift of God, as much as the natural life is: and they who have received it, are said to have “been born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.” They who have experienced this heavenly birth, have the Spirit of God dwelling and abiding in them; enlightening their minds, directing their steps, sanctifying their hearts, and “fulfilling in them all the good pleasure of their God” — — —]

2. The truth of this assumption—

[It is taken for granted by the Apostle, as an unquestionable truth, that every real Christian “lives in, and by, the Spirit.” And well may this be taken for granted; since the Spirit of God is to the soul of man, what the soul itself is to the body. Without the soul, the body is dead; and the body, when bereft of it. is no more a man, but a mere corpse. So the soul without the Spirit of God is dead; and the person destitute of the Spirit, is not a Christian, but a mere man, like any heathen man. This is expressly asserted by the Apostle Paul: “If any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his [Note: Romans 8:9.].” To the same effect. also, our blessed Lord most solemnly affirms, “Verily, verily, I say unto you, except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God [Note: John 3:3; John 3:5.].” The point, then, is clear and indisputable: a Christian is one who is born of the Spirit, and who lives under the Spirit’s influence: and if any person would estimate his own character aright, he must inquire into these two points. It is not sufficient that he has been baptized into the faith of Christ, or that he gives a speculative assent to all the truths of Christianity; he must possess a principle which none but God can give him, and which regulates all his views, desires, and pursuits. I pray you, brethren, before you go any further, examine yourselves in relation to this matter: for I must declare to you before God, that if Jesus Christ dwell not in you in this manner, you are not Christians, but mere baptized heathens: and so unquestionable is this truth, that St. Paul makes it a matter of appeal, to be decided by your ownselves: “Know ye not your ownselves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates [Note: 2 Corinthians 13:5.]?”]

Answerable; to this high character are,

II. His obligations—

“If we be in the Spirit, we should also walk in the Spirit;” that is, we should walk,

1. In compliance with his motions—

[There are inward motions of the Spirit, which a person who lives nigh to God may discern, and which it becomes him very carefully to follow. Not that they can with certainty be distinguished from the voice of a man’s own conscience, except by the quality of the suggestions themselves; (for it is in and by the conscience that the Spirit speaks:) but they are so agreeable to the mind of God, that they manifest from whom they come; and God himself, “who knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit,” when he beholds them in us, acknowledges them to be of divine origin [Note: 1 Corinthians 2:10-11. with Romans 8:27.]. When temptations to evil arise, the Spirit softly whispers to the soul, “O, do not that abominable thing which I hate [Note: Jeremiah 44:4.].” So also, when doubts arise in the mind respecting the path of duty, he causes us to “hear a voice behind us, saying, This is the way; walk ye in it [Note: Isaiah 30:21.].” And in a mind that is at all well regulated, I believe that the first intimations of conscience will be found to be, for the most part, most accordant with the mind and will of God: and though I would on no account discourage the closest possible examination of what is so suggested, and the trial of it by the touchstone of God’s word, yet I cannot but say, that in our subsequent reasonings the voice of the Spirit is too often silenced, and its suggestions are superseded by the dictates of prejudice, or fear, or interest, or passion.]

2. In obedience to his will—

[God’s will is revealed in the written word; and to that we must refer, on every occasion. In that is our whole course distinctly marked; and by that must our every step be regulated: as says the prophet; “To the word and to the testimony: if we speak not according to that word, there is no light in us [Note: Isaiah 8:20.].” By that must the suggestions, of which we have before spoken, be tried. For it is possible that suggestions may come even from the wicked one: and if we were to place implicit confidence in them, we might run into the most fatal errors, whilst we supposed ourselves under heavenly guidance. Of this we are sure, that the Spirit of God never moves us to any thing which is contrary to the written word. In following the voice of inspiration, we are safe: and to that we should yield the most implicit obedience. When we combine the two, and are simultaneously directed by the light within and the light without, we may reasonably hope that we are in the right way, and “walking in the Spirit,” as God requires.]

From the passage thus explained, I would take occasion to commend to your constant aim,

1. Consistency—

[This is the primary point suggested in our text: our practice must accord with our profession: if, as we profess, we “live in the Spirit,” we must take care to “walk in the Spirit.” We must “walk worthy of our high calling;” or rather, I should say, we must “walk worthy of the Lord himself.” We must attend equally to both tables of the law; and never make a respect for the one a plea for neglecting and violating the other. Our conduct must be uniform, at all times, in all places, under all circumstances. What we are in the public assembly, and in the society of God’s people, that we must be in the world, the family, the closet. All our tempers and dispositions must resemble those of Christ; so that every one who sees us may bear testimony to us, that we “have both the Spirit of Christ,” and “the mind of Christ.” Dear brethren, it is in this way only that we can honour God, or approve ourselves his children indeed.]

2. Advancement—

[We must be making a continual progress in the divine life; and never think ourselves so advanced, but that we need to be going forward in our Christian course. Our “path must be like that of the sun, which shines more and more unto the perfect day.” Even St. Paul thought not that he had yet “attained, or was already perfect:” but this one thing he did, “forgetting the things that were behind, and reaching forth unto those that were before, he pressed forward toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.” And we also, if we would be perfect, must “be thus minded [Note: Philippians 3:13-15.].”]

3. Rest—

[To this it is our privilege to look forward; even as Israel did, when journeying in the wilderness. In truth, this life, with all its labours and conflicts, would be a very miserable life, if we had no prospect of a better. But “there is a rest that remaineth for the people of God:” and with that in view, we may well exert ourselves with all our might. That will richly recompense all our labours. What will not men do, even for a corruptible crown? But ours is incorruptible. “Be not weary, then, in well-doing: for in due season ye shall reap, if ye faint not.”]


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Bibliography
Simeon, Charles. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/shh/galatians-5.html. 1832.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

Galatians 5:25. If the Christian has crucified his flesh, it is no longer the ruling power of his life, which, on the contrary, proceeds now from the Holy Spirit, the power opposed to the flesh; and the obligation thence arising is, that the conduct also of the Christian should correspond to this principle of life (for otherwise what a self-contradiction would he exhibit!)

εἰ ζῶμεν πνεύματι] introduced asyndetically (without οὖν), so as to be more vivid. The emphasis is on πνεύματι, as the contrast to the σάρξ: If after the crucifying of the flesh we owe our life to the Holy Spirit, by which is meant the life which sets in with conversion, through the παλιγγενεσία (Titus 3:5)—the life of the new creature, Galatians 6:15. Comp. Romans 6:4 ff; Romans 7:5 f., Romans 8:9; 2 Corinthians 3:6; Galatians 2:20.

The first πνεύματι is ablative; the second, emphatically placed at the commencement of the apodosis, is the expression of the norma (Galatians 5:16). Comp. Galatians 6:16; Philippians 3:16; Romans 4:12. στοιχεῖν (comp. also Acts 21:24) is distinguished from περιπατεῖν in Galatians 5:16 only as to the figure; the latter is ambulare, the former is ordine procedere (to march). But both represent the same idea, the moral conduct of life, the firm regulation of which is symbolized in στοιχεῖν.


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Bibliography
Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/galatians-5.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Galatians 5:25. εἰ, if) He returns to exhortation; Walk, he said at Galatians 5:16, now, στοιχῶμεν, let us walk. From the beginning of the spiritual life, the walk which is κατὰ στοῖχον, i.e. κατὰ τάξιν, a walk in due order or regularity (says Eustathius), ought to be maintained. Comp. concerning the wicked, Colossians 3:7.— στοιχῶμεν, let us walk) The same word occurs, Galatians 6:16. [They live in the Spirit, are moved (by the Spirit), and are spiritual.—V. g.]


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Bibliography
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/galatians-5.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

If we live in the Spirit; if (as we profess) there is a union between the Holy Spirit of God and us, so as that Holy Spirit is to its the principle of our life, and we live more from him than from any principle in ourselves;

let us also walk in the Spirit; let us manage all our conversation according to the guidance and direction of the same Spirit. Operations naturally follow the principle of life from which they proceed, so that as those who only live in the flesh, walk in and after the flesh, and its inclination; so those who live in the Spirit ought to produce, and will produce, effects suitable to the cause of them, and the principle from which they flow.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/galatians-5.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

If we live in the Spirit; if our inner life be in the Spirit; that is, received from the Spirit, sustained by him, and conformed to him in character.

Let us also walk in the Spirit; let our outward life also be in the Spirit; in other words, let it be conformed to him in character, so that our inward principles and outward conduct shall be in harmony with each other.


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Bibliography
Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Family Bible New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/galatians-5.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges

25. εἰ ζῶμεν πνεύματι κ.τ.λ. St Paul returns to the thought of Galatians 5:16 a, but by the way of contrast to Galatians 5:23 and of development of Galatians 5:24. It is not the Law but the spirit by which we must regulate our life, as I said in Galatians 5:16 a.

Yet St Paul, as usual, recule pour mieux sauter. As Galatians 5:16 a served as an introduction to the true means of holy living, so here he shows how life by the spirit will lead them to right relations to others. This, it will be noticed, had been slightly touched upon in Galatians 5:13-15, and indirectly in Galatians 5:20; Galatians 5:22.

πνεύματι is probably to be translated ‘by the spirit,” as in Galatians 5:16 Lightfoot translates it “to the spirit,” referring to “the parallel passage” Romans 6:2; Romans 6:10-11, and comparing Romans 14:6; Romans 14:8; 2 Corinthians 5:15. But in all these places the meaning is clear from the context. Here nothing suggests so sudden a change. On πνεῦμα see Appendix, Note F.

πνεύματι καὶ στοιχῶμεν ατοιχεῖν, Galatians 6:16; Romans 4:12; Philippians 3:16; Acts 21:24[153]. See note on συνστοιΧεῖν, Galatians 4:25. It is more than περιπατεῖν (Galatians 5:16), for it regards the walk in relation to others, who are also walking. It suggests unity, and perhaps discipline.


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Bibliography
"Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/galatians-5.html. 1896.

John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians and Philippians

Galatians 5:25. εἰ ζῶμεν πνεύματι, πνεύματι καὶ στοιχῶμεν—“If we live by the Spirit, by the Spirit also let us walk.” The ζῶμεν has the stress in the first clause, and the repeated πνεύματι has it in the second. There is no connective particle, the asyndeton making the inferential counsel based on the previous condition assumed to be true, all the more vivid.

The dative πνεύματι is not that of manner—“if we be spiritually affected.” Middleton (Greek Art. 349), who adds, “I understand it as a caution against the mischievous consequences of trusting to the all-sufficiency of faith.” But such a dilution robs both verse and context of the contrast between σάρξ and πνεύμα; the Spirit being represented, too, as the source of life, of guidance, and of all superiority to the works of the flesh.

Nor is the dative to be rendered “to the Spirit” (Prof. Lightfoot), as in the clauses τῇ ἁμαρτίᾳ ἀποθανεῖν, Romans 6:2; Romans 6:11, or κυρίῳ ζῶμεν, Romans 14:6; Romans 14:8 (Fritzsche on Romans, vol. iii. p. 142); for in that case it would not differ materially in meaning from the clause which follows it as the inference,-to live to Him and to walk in Him, being only differing phases of the same relation. They are all but identical, and the one could not therefore form a ground for the other. The Spirit is plainly viewed here as having so close a connection with our life, that it forms the basis of a solemn injunction, which no one recognising such a connection would think of gainsaying.

The dative is probably instrumental (Rückert, Schott, and Hofmann), or as Meyer calls it, ablatival. Winer, § 31, 7. Thus, the first dative may be used somewhat loosely, from correspondence with the second, in an injunction so brief and distinct, and in which the very order of the words imparts point and emphasis. The second dative, as the usage of the verb indicates, is that of norm, as in Galatians 5:16. Fritzsche gives it in paraphrase: Si vitam spiritui divino debemus, ad spiritum etiam dirigamus vitam-Ad Rom. vol. iii. p. 142; A. Buttmann, p. 160, 22, b. The verb signifies to advance in order or in a row-in battle order, and hence, ethically, to walk according to rule; perhaps, from its literal meaning, having the sense of a more definite walk than the vaguer περιπατεῖν. Polyb. 28.5, 6; Sext. Empir. p. 640, ed. Bekker; Philippians 3:16; Romans 4:12; and Acts 21:24, where an explanatory participle is used instead of a dative.

The apostle announces a general maxim, and puts himself among those whom he addressed. He takes for granted that his first principle will not be disputed, that the one source of life is the Spirit; and his argument then is: If we live by the Spirit, if the flesh being crucified there springs up a new life, and if that inner life be originated and fostered by the Spirit, let our whole conduct be in harmony with the character and workings of this holy Life-giver. Should not the outer life be in unison with its inner source? Should not the fruit of the Spirit adorn him who lives by the Spirit? It would be grievous inconsistency for us to admit as an undoubted fact that we live by the Spirit, and yet to be producing the works of the flesh. Though we had the law, we could not live up to the law, the σάρξ was only irritated and condemned by it. But with this higher principle of life within us, let us walk according to His guidance and strength. He gives ability to follow His impulses, for He enjoins no duty for the performance of which He does not implant sufficient grace. Nay, if we walk by the Spirit, it then becomes an impossibility for us to fulfil the lusts of the flesh: Galatians 5:16.


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Bibliography
Eadie, John. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians and Colossians. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jec/galatians-5.html.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘If the Spirit has given us life, let us also walk step by step with the Spirit.’

So those who claim to have received life from the Spirit, will reveal it by a daily walk under His guidance and control. They will constantly look to Him for power, and each step will be taken hand in hand with Him. This is the life of the Spirit into which the Christian has entered. He allows Christ to live through him, no longer living for himself but for Him Who died for him and rose again (2 Corinthians 5:15). He can live no other way.

We might well translate this as, ‘walk in step with the Spirit’. Soldiers train for months so that they can learn to walk in step with their platoon commander on parade. They are required to give much time to it so that in the end they walk perfectly in step. This is true to such an extent that they begin to do it subconsciously. So should we as Christians give much time to walking in step with the Spirit, and as we do so consciously, so will it become our unconscious habit. It is a matter of willingness, faith and response.


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Bibliography
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/galatians-5.html. 2013.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

25. In the Spirit—Rather, by the Spirit. If, at our conversion and since, our regenerate life has been by the power of the Holy Spirit. Walk in (rather by) the Spirit—Let our practice and progress be by, not the flesh but the Spirit.


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/galatians-5.html. 1874-1909.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Now since (or "if," another first class condition in Greek that here states a condition true to reality) God has given us new life, we should do something. We should walk ("keep in step," NIV, as soldiers do when they march) daily by (with) the Spirit (i.e, in dependence on Him). He is God"s provision for us to live victoriously. The Holy Spirit leads every Christian, but not all choose to walk by the Spirit (i.e, follow His leading).

One writer argued that "flesh" and "spirit" were "... theological abbreviations in Paul"s argument that represent the two competing identities of the people of God in Galatia. The "flesh community" (Judaizers) is a community identified with the Mosaic law era and is therefore a community identified and characterized by a person bodily in his or her frailty and transitoriness and not indwelt by God"s Spirit. This community is representative of a person before or apart from Christ"s liberating death, burial and resurrection. By contrast the "Spirit community" is a community identified and characterized by a person bodily aided and enabled by God"s presence and also bodily liberated from sin"s dominion, a person experiencing the full liberation of Jesus" death and resurrection. Such persons are experiencing the freedom that Christ set them free to experience ( Galatians 5:1)." [Note: Walter B. Russell III, "Does the Christian Have "Flesh" in Galatians 5:13-26?" Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society36:2 (June1993):186-87.]

This community view does not commend itself to me as much as the individual view.

"Stated simply, the flesh is the individual behaving independently of the Spirit." [Note: Pyne, "Dependence and . . .," p148.]

Living by the Spirit is similar to walking by the Spirit. The former term looks at the Spirit as the source and sustaining power of the believer"s spiritual life whereas the latter one views Him as the regulative principle in his or her conduct. [Note: Fung, p275.]


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Bibliography
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/galatians-5.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Galatians 5:25. If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit. Application to the Galatians, Paul included. To live and to walk are related here as condition and action, or as the inward and the outward life. If we live in the higher element of the Holy Spirit, we must also show it by a corresponding conduct (comp. Galatians 5:16; Romans 8:5-6). The dative in Greek here denotes the rule or direction (as Galatians 6:16). ‘By,’ in English, has both the instrumental and the normal force.


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Bibliography
Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/galatians-5.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Galatians 5:25. Here, as in Galatians 2:20, the thought of crucifixion with Christ suggests that of the new life which is its sequel. If, then, we live in spirit (i.e., if we have spiritual life), let us take the spirit for the rule to guide our conduct.


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Bibliography
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/galatians-5.html. 1897-1910.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary


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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/galatians-5.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

live. Compare App-170.

in. No preposition. Dative case.

let us, &c. Read "we should walk also".

walk. Greek. stoicheo. Compare Galatians 4:3, and see Acts 21:24. Not the same word as in Galatians 5:16, which is peripateo.


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/galatians-5.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.

In ... in - rather, 'If we live (note, Galatians 5:24) BY the Spirit, let us also walk [ stoichoomen (Greek #4448): studiously and with measured step] (Galatians 5:16; Galatians 6:16) BY the Spirit.' Let our practice correspond to the ideal principle of our spiritual life-namely, our standing by faith as dead to, and severed from, sin and the law's condemnation. 'Life by the Spirit' is not an occasional influence, but an abiding state, wherein we are continually alive though sometimes inactive; not only live, but let life put forth activity.


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Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/galatians-5.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(25) If we live in the Spirit.—It seems, on the whole, best to translate: If we live by the Spirit; if we derive our life from the Spirit; if it is by the action of the Spirit that our moral activity as Christians is kept alive. At the same time, another way of taking the words is possible: If we live to the spirit, following the analogy of Romans 14:8 : “Whether we live, we live unto the Lord,” &c.

Let us also walk in the Spirit—i.e., by the rule of the Spirit, as the Spirit dictates (comp. Galatians 5:16, and the Note). The life which the Spirit quickens needs human co-operation, an active effort on the part of the Christian, to realise it completely in practice. St. Paul first sets before his readers what food has done for them, and then uses this as an argument and stimulus to renewed efforts on their own part.


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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/galatians-5.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.
we
John 6:63; Romans 8:2,10; 1 Corinthians 15:45; 2 Corinthians 3:6; 1 Peter 4:6; Revelation 11:11
let
16; Romans 8:4,5

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/galatians-5.html.

Arthur Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Galatians 5:25 f. Though RV marks a new paragraph, and different language is employed, these verses scarcely add anything to the thought. They name no fresh safeguard, but recapitulate Galatians 5:16-24 with strengthened emphasis (recalling Galatians 5:15) on the danger of quarrels.


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Peake, Arthur. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Arthur Peake's Commentary on the Bible ". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pfc/galatians-5.html. 1919.

The Bible Study New Testament

The Spirit. "The Spirit has given us lite (Titus 3:5) and we are free (2 Corinthians 3:17-18). Therefore, we must permit Him to control our lives, by actively following his instructions ( Romans 8:5-9)."


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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "The Bible Study New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/galatians-5.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.

If we are really believers, then let us walk like believers - when we deal with one another we must be walking in the Spirit and loving those that we know to be in our family - God"s family.

Contemplate that for awhile, would you treat that not so nice lady the way you do if you viewed her as a child of the King, as a child of the same Father you worship - a sister in Christ. We need to understand all believers deserve the respect that we would have from our brothers and sisters in Christ. Not that we get that respect these days in the church, but we ought to and these are some of the things believers need to be working on in their lives today.


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Bibliography
Derickson, Stanley. "Commentary on Galatians 5:25". "Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sdn/galatians-5.html.

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