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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

James 3:10

from the same mouth come both blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not to be this way.

Adam Clarke Commentary

Out of the same mouth - This saying is something like that, Proverbs 18:21; : Death and life are in the power of the tongue; and on this, for an illustration of St. James' words, hear Vayikra Rabba, sec. 33: "Rabbi Simeon, the son of Gamaliel, said to his servant Tobias, Go and bring me some good food from the market: the servant went, and he bought tongues. At another time he said to the same servant, Go and buy me some bad food: the servant went, and bought tongues. The master said, What is the reason that when I ordered thee to buy me good and bad food, thou didst bring tongues? The servant answered, From the tongue both good and evil come to man: if it be good, there is nothing better; if bad, there is nothing worse."

A saying very like that of St. James as found in Rabbi Tanchum, fol. 10, 4: "The mouth desires to study in the law, and to speak good words; to praise God, to glorify him, and to celebrate him with hymns: but it can also slander, blaspheme, reproach, and swear falsely." See Schoettgen.

To find a man who officiates in sacred things to be a common swearer, a slanderer, etc., is truly monstrous; but there have been many cases of this kind, and I have known several. Let me say to all such, My brethren, these things ought not so to be.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on James 3:10". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/james-3.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing - The meaning here may be, either that out of the mouth of man two such opposite things proceed, not referring to the same individual, but to different persons; or, out of the mouth of the same individual. Both of these are true; and both are equally incongruous and wrong. No organ should be devoted to uses so unlike, and the mouth should be employed in giving utterance only to that which is just, benevolent, and good. It is true, however, that the mouth is devoted to these opposite employments; and that while one part of the race employ it for purposes of praise, the other employ it in uttering maledictions. It is also true of many individuals that at one time they praise their Maker, and then, with the same organ, calumniate, and slander, and revile their fellow-men. After an act of solemn devotion in the house of God, the professed worshipper goes forth with the feelings of malice in his heart, and the language of slander, detraction, or even blasphemy on his lips.

My brethren, these things ought not so to be - They are as incongruous as it would be for the same fountain to send forth both salt water and fresh; or for the same tree to bear different kinds of fruit.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on James 3:10". "Barnes' Notes on the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/james-3.html. 1870.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

out of the same mouth cometh forth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.

In the admonition here and in the preceding verse (James 3:9) Macknight thought that James might have had reference to a widespread custom of early Christian times, in which Christians were "cursed bitterly in Jewish synagogues."[31] It would appear, however, that it is not particularly the sins of Jews in cursing Christians that James dealt with, but the habit of some "brethren" engaged in the awful business of cursing men! All such unchristian conduct is vigorously denounced.

ENDNOTE:

[31] James Macknight, op. cit., p. 378.


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James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on James 3:10". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/james-3.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing,.... Which is not only a contradiction, but unnatural, as well as wicked and sinful:

my brethren, these things ought not so to be: in any, and much less in professors of religion: such things are unbecoming men, are a scandal upon human nature, and exceeding unworthy of the Christian name; see Psalm 50:16.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on James 3:10". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/james-3.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

8 Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.

(8) Secondly, because the order of nature which God has set in things, will not allow things that are so contrary to one another, to stand with one another.

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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on James 3:10". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/james-3.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

The tongue, says Aesop, is at once the best and the worst of things. So in a fable, a man with the same breath blows hot and cold. “Life and death are in the power of the tongue” (compare Psalm 62:4).

brethren — an appeal to their consciences by their brotherhood in Christ.

ought not so to be — a mild appeal, leaving it to themselves to understand that such conduct deserves the most severe reprobation.


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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on James 3:10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/james-3.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Ought not (ου χρηou chrē). The only use of this old impersonal verb (from χραωchraō) in the N.T. It is more like πρεπειprepei (it is appropriate) than δειdei (it is necessary). It is a moral incongruity for blessing and cursing to come out of the same mouth.

So to be (ουτως γινεσταιhoutōs ginesthai). “So to keep on happening,” not just “to be,” present middle infinitive of γινομαιginomai f0).


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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on James 3:10". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/james-3.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

10.] Out of the same mouth cometh forth blessing and cursing (by this resuming and collocation of the two opposite acts, the inconsistency is further shewn). These things, my brethren, ought not ( χρή is not elsewhere found in the N. T., but always δεῖ) so to take place.


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Bibliography
Alford, Henry. "Commentary on James 3:10". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/james-3.html. 1863-1878.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

This particular truth ought also to be borne in mind, that severe censors discover their own virulence, which they suddenly vomit forth against their brethren whatever curses they can imagine, after having in sweet strains offered praises to God. Were any one to object and say, that the image of God in human nature has been blotted out by the sin of Adam; we must, indeed, confess that it has been miserably deformed, but in such a way that some of its lineaments still appear. Righteousness and rectitude, and the freedom of choosing what is good, have been lost; but many excellent endowments, by which we excel the brutes, still remain. He, then, who truly worships and honors God, will be afraid to speak slanderously of man.


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Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on James 3:10". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/james-3.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

10 Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.

Ver. 10. Out of the same mouth] As it did once out of the mouth of Pope Julius II, who in the battle of Ravenna on Easter Day, between him and the French, as he sat by the fire reading his prayers, and having news of the defeat, he flung away his book, saying, Sit ergo Gallus in nomine diabolorum, Let Gaul be in the name of the demons. The devil take the French. (Annal. Gallic.) Is not this that mouth that speaketh great things and blasphemies? Revelation 13:5. A loaf of the same bran was that foul mouthed cardinal, who entering the city of Paris, and being met by the people who begged his blessing, blessed them at first; but when they came thicker upon him, and hindered his passage, he cursed them as fast; using these words, Quandoquidem hic populus vult decipi, decipiatur in nomine diaboli, i.e. Since this people will needs be deceived, let them be deceived in the devil’s name. Os sceleratum et profanum! The mouth is wicked and imious! (Dr Prideaux, Lect.) Plutarch in Dion tells of a land about Athens, that brings forth the best honey and worst poison. In Polypidis capite bonum inest et malum. Lo, such is the tongue.


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on James 3:10". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/james-3.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

James 3:10. Out of the same mouth proceedeth, &c.— So that "out of one and the same mouth come forth blessings and praises in one mood, and curses in another. Certainly, my Christian brethren, these contrary uses of the same tongue are monstrously incongruous and absurd; and ought, by no means, to have any place in those who make a profession of Christ and his gospel."


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Bibliography
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on James 3:10". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/james-3.html. 1801-1803.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

James 3:10. First a repetition of the saying in brief expressive combination, by which the accent is placed on αὐτοῦ. With the words οὐ χρὴ ταῦτα οὕτως γίνεσθαι, James adds the condemnation of the conduct described.

The impersonal verb χρή is in the N. T. ἅπ. λεγ.; the usual word is δεῖ, from which it does not differ in meaning.

ταῦτα οὕτως] The union of these two words serves for the sharpening of the idea; ταῦτα designates the contents; οὕτως, the form of the action; incorrectly Bengel: ταῦτα bona; οὕτω adjunctis malis.


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Bibliography
Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on James 3:10". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/james-3.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

James 3:10. ἐκ τοῦ αὐτοῦ στόματος ἐξέρχεται εὐλογία καὶ κατάρα, out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing) Psalms 62:4. (Septuagint) τῷ στόματι αὐτῶν εὐλόγουν, καὶ τῇ καρδίᾳ αὐτῶν κατηρῶντο, they blessed with their mouth, but in their heart they cursed.— οὐ χρὴ, there is no need) that is, it is by no means becoming.— ταῦτα οὕτω, these things so) these good things, with the evils mixed up with them in such a manner.


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Bibliography
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on James 3:10". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/james-3.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

He repeats here, by way of exaggeration, what he had said James 3:9, to show how exceedingly absurd it is that two such contrary actions should proceed from the same agent.

These things ought not so to be; there is a meiosis in the words; he means, things should be quite contrary. See the like expression, 1 Timothy 5:13 Titus 1:11.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on James 3:10". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/james-3.html. 1685.

Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges

10. οὐ χρή. χρή. here only in N.T.: it is not right or fitting. It is not the same as δεῖ, which implies moral obligation, duty. Here the unfitness or incongruity is expressed.


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Bibliography
"Commentary on James 3:10". "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/james-3.html. 1896.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

10. Same mouth—Thus far these contrasts have illustrated the versatile power of the tongue. They will now serve to enforce the wickedness of such inconsistency.

My brethren… ought not—And cannot, just so far as they are true brethren, that is, true Christians, or true people of the Messiah.


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on James 3:10". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/james-3.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘Out of the same mouth comes forth blessing and cursing. My brothers, these things ought not to be so.’

So the same mouth produces blessing and cursing. How treacherous the tongue is. One moment it is full of joy and praise, singing in Psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, and the next it is spreading poison and doing dreadful harm. And the question is how can the same spring produce both life-giving water and brackish water? It is unnatural. As James says, ‘These things ought not to be!’

‘My brothers.’ Indicating that he is now coming to a kind of summary of what he has been saying.


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Bibliography
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on James 3:10". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/james-3.html. 2013.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Not only is this contradictory phenomenon contrary to the will of God, it is also contrary to the natural order of things.

"Although the believer has in the indwelling Holy Spirit the potential for controlling the tongue, he may not be appropriating this potential." [Note: Burdick, p188.]

"To the person who speaks praise to God in the worship service and then abuses people verbally at home or at work, James commands, "Purify your speech through the week." With the person who says, "Oh, I know I talk too much," and laughs it off, James is not amused. He insists, "Be quick to listen, slow to speak." By the person who boasts, "I always speak my mind, no matter who gets hurt," James is not impressed. He commands, "Discipline your speaking." Of the person who says, "I know I gossip too much, but I just can"t help it," James still requires, "Control your tongue." Of the person who is in the habit of speaking with insults, ridicule or sarcasm, James demands, "Change your speech habits." He expects discipline to be happening in the life of a Christian. Any Christian can ask for the grace needed, for God gives good gifts ( James 1:17) and gives them generously ( James 1:5). There Isaiah , then, no justification for corrupt habits of speech in our churches today." [Note: Stulac, p130.]

". . . the Bible nowhere places much value on knowledge that remains merely cerebral or credal [sic]. Nothing is known until it also reshapes the life." [Note: Motyer, p130.]

"The reference is not to the use of profanity in vulgar speech but apparently seems to envision angry disputes and slanderous remarks in inner-church party strife (cf. James 4:1-2; James 4:11-12)." [Note: Hiebert, James , p201.]


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Bibliography
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on James 3:10". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/james-3.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

James 3:10. Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be. There is here a moral incongruity. ‘The annals of Christendom,’ observes Dean Plumptre, ‘show that the necessity for the warning has not passed away. Councils formulating the faith, and uttering their curses on heretics; Te Deums chanted at an Auto da Fe, or after a massacre of St. Bartholomew; the railings of religious parties who are restrained from other modes of warfare, present the same melancholy inconsistency.’


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Bibliography
Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on James 3:10". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/james-3.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

James 3:10. ἐκ τοῦ αὐτοῦ στόματος: This incongruity is often rebuked in Jewish literature; it was the more needed because in earlier days it was not regarded as reprehensible, cf. Proverbs 11:26; Proverbs 24:24; Proverbs 26:2; Proverbs 30:10, etc.— εὐλογία καὶ κατάρα: this does not imply a combination of blessing and cursing, as though such a combination were condemned, while either by itself were allowable (Mayor); it simply means that the mouth which blesses God when uttering prayer, curses men at some other times, e.g., during embittered controversy.— οὐ χρή: ἅπ. λεγ. in N.T.


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Bibliography
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on James 3:10". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/james-3.html. 1897-1910.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

-11


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on James 3:10". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/james-3.html. 1859.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

"from the same mouth come both blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not to be this way."

"from the same mouth"-Which reveals something is seriously wrong with a heart that pours out both blessings and curses. The mixture of cursing with blessing proves the unreality or insincerity of the good that is said.

"things ought not to be this way"-"In the strongest possible Greek---only here in the New Testament…..His phrase is rather like our "It"s not right!" spoken with all the force of protesting condemnation" (Adamson pp. 146-147). In addition, how can mere humans call down any evil upon another person? God isn"t influenced or impressed by our curses. Such language is useless, pointless, profitless, ungodly and hypocritical if we claim to love God at the same time we are saying such things. Numbers 23:8 "How shall I curse, whom God has not cursed?".

"ought not to be"-the present tense is here used, thus "these things shouldn"t keep on happening".


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Bibliography
Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on James 3:10". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/james-3.html. 1999-2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Out of. App-104.

these things, &c. = it is not fitting (Greek. chre. Only here) that these things should so be.


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on James 3:10". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/james-3.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.

The tongue (AEsop) is at once the best and the worst of things. A man with the same breath blows hot and cold. 'Life and death are in the power of the tongue' (cf. Psalms 62:4).

Brethren - a mild appeal to their consciences by their brotherhood in Christ.

Ought not so to be - themselves may understand that such conduct deserves severe reprobation.


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Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on James 3:10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/james-3.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(10) Ought not.—The Greek equivalent for this is only found here in the New Testament, and seems strangely weak when we reflect on the usual vehemence of the writer. Was he sadly conscious of the failure beforehand of his protest? At least, there seems no trace of satire in the sorrowful cadence of his lines, “Out of the same mouth!”


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Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on James 3:10". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/james-3.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.
of
Psalms 50:16-20; Jeremiah 7:4-10; Micah 3:11; Romans 12:14; 1 Peter 3:9
these
Genesis 20:9; 2 Samuel 13:12; 1 Corinthians 3:3; 1 Timothy 5:13

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Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on James 3:10". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/james-3.html.

The Bible Study New Testament

Words. These are a contradiction! If you love God and praise Him, you cannot curse your fellow-men. You cannot be both holy and unholy at the same time.


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Bibliography
Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on James 3:10". "The Bible Study New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/james-3.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

This repeats the thought of the preceding verse in another form of expression. The words same mouth emphasize the inconsistency in a more direct way.


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Bibliography
Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on James 3:10". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/james-3.html. 1952.

Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.

"Blessing" is the term we gain eulogy from. It means speech, blessing, bounty, praise or fair. It is the giving of good words, not speaking with forked tongue as the old western movies put it. This is contrasted with the word for the opposite of blessing, that which is a curse. Two ends of the spectrum. The best and the worst of man"s mind can come forth by way of his tongue.

James has a simple statement - "these things ought not so to be."

Think about that the next time you lie - "these things ought not so to be."

Think about that the next time you degrade - "these things ought not so to be."

Think about that the next time you give false witness - "these things ought not so to be."

Think about that the next time you gossip - "these things ought not so to be."

Think about that the next time you ....... - "these things ought not so to be."

These things are wrong - all that should come from our tongue is good, uplifting, and blessed.

There is a man on one of the internet forums where I read a lot. He is a wise man, a reserved man, intelligent man - a real Christian from all appearances. Recently I found that he posts on another board. I went to that board out of curiosity and I found the same man that had none of the qualities that I knew him for. He was caustic, confrontive, nasty, and as pagan an acting man as you can find.

What a contrast between the two personas - the perfect illustration of James words and "these things ought not so to be." He would make good sweet and sour sauce.


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Copyright 2008. Used by Permission. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the author, except as provided by U.S.A. copyright laws. Do feel free to make copies for friends that might be interested as long as you do not make profit from the copies. This is God's work and I don't want anyone to profit from it in a material way.

Bibliography
Derickson, Stanley. "Commentary on James 3:10". "Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sdn/james-3.html.


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