Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 11:11

"For He knows false men, And He sees iniquity without investigating.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - God Continued...;   Heart;   Sin;   Vanity;   The Topic Concordance - Knowledge;   Seeing;   Vanity;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Wisdom of God, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Zophar;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Greatness of God;   Hypocrisy;   Holman Bible Dictionary - God;   Job, the Book of;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Foreknow;   Job, Book of;   Omniscience;   Zophar;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

He knoweth vain men - שוא מתי methey shau, "men of falsehood."

He seeth wickedness - He sees as well what is in man, as what man does; and of his actions and propensities he cannot be an indifferent spectator.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 11:11". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-11.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

For he knoweth vain men - He is intimately acquainted with the heart; he knows human beings altogether. The word “vain” here (שׁוא shâv' ), means properly vanity, emptiness, falsehood, a lie, iniquity. “Men of vanity,” here may mean people whose opinions are valueless, or it may mean people of deceit, falsehood, hypocrisy. Most probably it means the latter, and the indirect reference may be to such men as Job. The sense is, that God is intimately acquainted with such men. They cannot deceive him, and their wickedness will be found out.

Will he not then consider it? - Various ways have been proposed of explaining this. By some it is supposed to mean, “He seeth iniquity, where they do not observe it;” that is, he perceives it, where people do not themselves. This would express a thought which would accord well with the connection, but it is doubtful whether the Hebrew will bear this construction. By another explanation it is supposed to mean, as in our common version, “Will not God observe it, and bring it to trial? Will he suffer it to pass unnoticed?” This makes good sense, and the Hebrew will admit of this interpretation. But there is another view still, which is preferable to either. According to this it means, that God perceives the iniquity in man, though he does not seem to notice it; see the notes at Job 11:6. He appears to pass over a part of it, but he sees it notwithstanding, and is intimately acquainted with all the depravity of the heart. The main reference here is to Job, and the object is to show him that he was guilty, though he had asserted his innocence in so decided a manner. Though he seemed to himself to be innocent, yet Zophar labors to show him that he must be guilty, and that he had seen but a small part of his sins.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 11:11". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-11.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

For he knoweth vain men,.... Or, "men of vanity"F16מתי שוא "homines vanitatis", Vatablus, Drusius, Bolducius, Mercerus, Schmidt, Michaelis. , as all men are; men of low degree are vanity, and men of high degree a lie, and they are both lighter than vanity, Psalm 62:9; and the Lord knows them, and knows them to be so; he knows all men, and all that is in them; he knows the vanity of their minds, and the vain thoughts that are in them; all their vain and idle words, and their vain lives and conversations; and therefore it is no wonder he does the above things at his pleasure:

he seeth wickedness also; the wickedness of their hearts and lives, their secret and open wickedness, their wicked thoughts, words, and actions; or, "men of wickedness"; even wicked men; they are all seen by him; nothing is or can be hid from him; he is God omniscient, the searcher of the hearts and trier of the reins of the children of men:

will he not then consider it? so as to punish or correct for it? he will: or, "he does not consider"F17ולא יתבונך "et non cousiderat", Cocceius; "et non advertit", Schmidt. ; he seems as if he did not; as if he took no notice of wicked men, and of their wickedness, because he does not immediately punish or correct for it; or, he has no need to take any time to consider thereof, he sees and knows at once what it is, and what men are: Gersom reads this clause in connection with the former; "he sees the men of wickedness", and him who does "not consider" the ways of the Lord; or, the man does not consider that God sees him; so Ben Melech.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 11:11". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-11.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

(Psalm 94:11).

consider — so as to punish it. Rather, from the connection, Job 11:6, “He seeth wickedness also, which man does not perceive”; literally, “But no (other, save He) perceiveth it” [Umbreit]. God‘s “wisdom” (Job 11:6), detects sin where Job‘s human eye cannot reach (Job 11:8), so as to see any.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 11:11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-11.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

For he knoweth vain men: he seeth wickedness also; will he not then consider it?

Knoweth — Though men know but little of God, yet God knows man exactly. He knoweth that every man in the world is guilty of much vanity and folly, and therefore seeth sufficient reason for his severity against the best men.

Wickedness — He perceiveth the wickedness of evil men, though it be covered with the veil of religion.

Consider — Shall he only see it as an idle spectator, and not observe it as a judge to punish it?

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Job 11:11". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/job-11.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 11:11 For he knoweth vain men: he seeth wickedness also; will he not then consider [it]?

Ver. 11. He knoweth vain man, he seeth wickedness also] Doubtless he beholdeth faithless men, mortals of vanity, headlong and headstrong wights; homines falsitatis (so Cajetan renderetb it), men of falsehood; homines mendaces (so Pagnine), lying persons, such as thou Job art presumed to be by thy impious words and grievous punishments: He seeth wickedness, inanitatem et iniquitatem, vanity and villany. God seeth all, how closely and cleanly soever hypocrites think to carry the matter; first hiding God from themselves, and then vainly hoping to hide themselves also from God; but "his eyes behold, his eyelids try, the children of men," Psalms 11:4. He seeth their wickedness or unreasonableness (as the word properly signifieth), for wicked men are absurd men, 2 Thessalonians 3:2, they are compact of mere incongruities, solecizing in opinion, speeches, actions, all.

Will he not then consider it?] sc. To judge and punish it? Man maketh no great matter of sin, but God doth. He will "bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil," Ecclesiastes 12:14; he will see that every transgression and disobedience shall receive a just recompense of reward, Hebrews 2:2. This Zophar doth not only affirm, but puts it home strongly by a question (wherein he closely taxeth Job of hypocrisy), Will he not consider it? Some read it without a question, thus, But he (that is, man) considereth not, is without understanding of God’s wisdom and justice, being dull and stupid like a wild ass’s colt, as it followeth.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 11:11". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-11.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

He knoweth vain men: though men know but little of God, and therefore are very unfit judges of all his counsels and actions; yet God knows man exactly, and his vanity, or falsehood, or folly, or rashness; for all these this word signifies. He knoweth that every man in the world is guilty of much vanity and folly, and therefore seeth sufficient reason for his severity against the best men, such as thou, O Job, fanciest thyself to be; and if thou wert so, thou hast no reason to wonder at or quarrel with his proceedings; and if thy quarrel be that he shuts thee up, or cuts thee off, when he gathers others under his wing and protection, whom thou thinkest or knowest to be worse than thyself, while thou dost impeach his justice, thou dost but betray thy own vanity and folly; for he knows both whom he chastiseth, and whom he spareth, and why he doth it, though he do not acquaint thee with the reasons of all his actions.

He seeth wickedness also; as he knoweth the vanity of all men, so he exactly perceiveth the wickedness of evil men, though it be covered with the veil of religion. He seeth thy evil heart, which discovers itself by such wicked and scandalous speeches against the justice and goodness of his providence, which gives him just cause to continue and increase thy miseries. Though thou art partial, and flatterest thyself with a conceit of thy own integrity, yet he knoweth thy hypocrisy and wickedness.

Will he not then consider it? shall he only see it as an idle spectator, and not observe it as a judge, to requite and punish it?

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 11:11". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-11.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

11.Will he not then consider it — Literally, Even though he does not fix his mind upon it. (Gesenius, Hitzel, Dillmann.) He hath no need that he should consider for a long time, (Aben Ezra.) He sees wickedness at a glance — nay more, it is a necessity of his being that he should perceive all wickedness, whether of the overt act or of the most secret subtle thought. Man’s most hidden deeds and God’s knowledge of them are simultaneous.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 11:11". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-11.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Job 11:11. For he knoweth vain men — Though men know but little of God, and therefore are very unfit judges of his counsels and actions, yet God knows man exactly. He knoweth that every man in the world is guilty of much vanity and folly, and therefore seeth sufficient reason for his severity against the best men. He seeth wickedness also — He perceiveth the wickedness of evil men, though it be covered with the veil of religion. Will he not then consider — Shall he only see it as an idle spectator, and not observe it as a judge to punish it?

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Job 11:11". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/job-11.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

It? to inflict punishment. Septuagint, "he will not overlook." (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Job 11:11". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/job-11.html. 1859.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

"Without investigating": Job had argued that God brings suffering upon the innocent as well as the guilty (9:22), and Zophar seems to have interpreted this argument as meaning that God does not know the difference between the righteous and the wicked. "God does not need to investigate man"s condition in order to understand it; He knows immediately" (Strauss p. 107). The verse also seems to infer that Job is a "false man".

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Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Job 11:11". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/job-11.html. 1999-2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

wickedness = iniquity. Hebrew. "avert. See App-44.

will He not then, &c. = although He seemeth not to perceive it.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 11:11". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/job-11.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

For he knoweth vain men: he seeth wickedness also; will he not then consider it?

For he knoweth vain men. "The Lord knoweth the thoughts of man, that they are vanity" (Psalms 94:11).

Vain, [ shaaw' (Hebrew #7723)].

Will he not then consider it? - so as to punish it. Umbreit translates from the connection, Job 11:6, 'He seeth wickedness also, which man does not perceive'-literally, 'But no (other, excepting Him) perceiveth it.' God's "wisdom" (Job 11:6) detects sin where Job's human eye cannot reach (Job 11:8) so as to see any. This is why he wishes God would show Job the secrets of sincere wisdom.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 11:11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/job-11.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(11) He knoweth vain men.—Though he regardeth it not: that is, seemeth not to see it.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Job 11:11". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/job-11.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For he knoweth vain men: he seeth wickedness also; will he not then consider it?
he knoweth
Psalms 94:11; Jeremiah 17:9,10; John 2:24,25; Hebrews 4:13; Revelation 2:23
he seeth
22:13,14; Psalms 10:11,14; 35:22; Ecclesiastes 5:8; Hosea 7:2; Habakkuk 1:13; Hebrews 4:13
Reciprocal: Psalm 33:15 - considereth;  Ezekiel 31:10 - and his;  1 Corinthians 3:20 - that;  1 Corinthians 4:6 - that ye;  James 2:20 - O vain

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 11:11". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-11.html.