Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 11:17

"Your life would be brighter than noonday; Darkness would be like the morning.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Afflictions and Adversities;   Old Age;   Righteous;   Thompson Chain Reference - Light-Darkness;   Noon;   Radiancy;   Radiant Lives;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Zophar;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Greatness of God;   Hypocrisy;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Age;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Job, the Book of;   Noon;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - World;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Age;   Clear;   Zophar;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Color;   ;   Joseph ben Simeon;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Thine age shall be clearer than the noonday - The rest of thy life shall be unclouded prosperity.

Thou shalt shine forth - Thou shalt be in this unclouded state, as the sun in the firmament of heaven, giving light and heat to all around thee.

Thou shalt be as the morning - Thus the sun of thy prosperity shall arise, and shine more and more unto the perfect day. This is the image which the sacred writer employs, and it is correct and elegant.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 11:17". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-11.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And thine age - Thy life. This does not mean old age, but the idea is, that his life would be cheerful and happy.

Clearer than the noon-day - Margin, “Arise above the noon-day.” The margin is a literal rendering; but the sense is clear in the text. The idea is, that the remainder of his life would be bright as the sun if he would return to God.

Thou shalt shine forth - Or rather, “thou art now in darkness, but thou shalt be as the morning.” The word used here - תעפה tā‛upâh is from עוּף ‛ûph to cover - as with wings, to fly, to cover with darkness. In no instance does it mean to shine, or to be clear and bright; and why our translators attached that idea to it, it is now difficult to conjecture. The Chaldee and Syriac read the word as a noun, and render the passage, “and thy darkness shall be as the aurora.” The Vulgate renders it, “and meridian splendor, as it were, shall arise upon thee at the evening.” The Septuagint, “and thy prayer shall be like the morning star, and life shall rise upon thee from noon-day.” The sense in the Hebrew is plain. He was then in darkness. Clouds and calamities were round about him, but if he would return to God, he would be permitted to enjoy a bright day of prosperity. Such a day would return to him like the morning after a long and gloomy night.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 11:17". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-11.html. 1870.

The Biblical Illustrator

Job 11:17

Thou shalt shine forth.

Shining for Jesus

A beautiful parable showing how we can live for Christ, by shining for Him, speaks from every lawn covered with hoar frost in winter, when the sun shines out the frost melts into great dewdrops, and each of these hanging from its blade of grass, is a miniature sun reflecting his bright rays to all around. Thus should every Christian shine for Jesus, and reflect Him to a godless world. When a breeze passes over the dewdrops, and they wave to and fro, then bright-coloured rays are seen--red, blue, and yellow tints shine forth, making them look like sparkling jewels. In the same way the winds of adversity passing over the Christian, enable him to show faith, meekness, patience, and other graces. In joy and sorrow let us shine for Jesus, and reflect Him like the dewdrops in the sunshine.

Secret of a radiant personality

Here is one of the secrets of an illuminated life. Associations will have their influence upon us. There is one kind of a diamond which, after it has been exposed for some minutes to the light of the sun, will when taken into a dark room, emit light for a long time. The human heart is like that in many respects. The man who associates with God, whose heart and soul rises in communion with all pure spirits, will gather the heavenly light, and it will shine forth from him in all walks of life. In one of the old palaces the spaces between the windows of one of the rooms are hung with radiant mirrors, and by this skilful device the walls are made just as luminous as the windows through which the sunshine streams. Every square inch of surface reflects the fight. Our natures may be like that. If we are completely surrendered and consecrated to God, in perfect fellowship with Jesus, with all selfishness cast out, the whole realm of the soul will be ablaze with moral illumination, which will make the personality radiant and glorious. The bright-coloured soil of volcanic Sicily produces flowers of more beautiful tint than any other part of the world. So a spiritual soil that is bright with the radiance of love, hope, and faith will produce deeds of brighter tint and sweeter fragrance than any other heart soil. (R. Venting.)

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Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "Job 11:17". The Biblical Illustrator. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/job-11.html. 1905-1909. New York.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And thine age shall be clearer than the noonday,.... That is, the remainder of his days; the latter part of his life, which was yet to come, should be no more attended with the darkness of adversity; but the light of prosperity should shine upon him, and exceed the light of the sun at noonday: the phrase is expressive of the wonderful change there should be in his state and circumstances; see Isaiah 58:10;

thou shall shine forth; like the rising sun, or as when it breaks forth out of a cloud; in a temporal sense, it may be understood of his enjoying health, wealth, and friends, the candle of the Lord shining upon him, as in days past; and in a spiritual sense, of his being favoured with the light of God's countenance, the Sun of righteousness rising upon him, with healing in his wings; the graces of the Spirit being brightened, and in lively exercise, and a large share of spiritual light and knowledge being given: the word used has a contrary sense, and signifies darkness and obscurity, and may be rendered "although thou art", or hast been, or mayest "be dark"F24תעפה "tenebresces", Montanus, Drusius, Mercerus; to the same sense, Tigurine version, Cocceius, Schmidt, Schultens; so Ben Melech. ; under dark and afflictive providences, as he had been, and still was and in darkness of soul, under the hidings of God's face: yet

thou shall be as the morning; whose light breaks forth suddenly, and makes everything gay and cheerful; especially a morning without clouds, when it is bright and clear, and is increasing more and more: by this metaphor is signified, that Job would at once emerge out of his darkness, afflictions, and trouble, and have abundance of joy and comfort, which would be increasing in every sense; see Proverbs 4:18.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 11:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-11.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

age — days of life.

the noon-day — namely, of thy former prosperity; which, in the poet‘s image, had gone on increasing, until it reached its height, as the sun rises higher and higher until it reaches the meridian (Proverbs 4:18).

shine forth — rather, “though now in darkness, thou shall be as the morning”; or, “thy darkness (if any dark shade should arise on thee, it) shall be as the morning” (only the dullness of morning twilight, not nocturnal darkness) [Umbreit].

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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 11:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-11.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And thine age shall be clearer than the noonday; thou shalt shine forth, thou shalt be as the morning.

Shine — Light in scripture commonly signifies prosperity and glory. Thy comfort, like the morning-light shall shine brighter and brighter, until the perfect day.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Job 11:17". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/job-11.html. 1765.

James Nisbet's Church Pulpit Commentary

THE BRIGHT SIDE OF GROWING OLDER

‘And thine age shall be clearer than the noonday; thou shalt shine forth, thou shalt be as the morning.’

Job 11:17

Nobody ever does, naturally, like the idea of getting older after they have ‘left school.’ There is a sense of oppression and depression about it. The irresistible, inevitable onward march of moments and years without the possibility of one instant’s pause—a march that, even while on the uphill side of life, is leading to the downhill side—casts an autumn-like shadow over many a birthday. But how surely the Bible gives us the bright side of everything! In this case it gives three bright sides of a fact, which, without it, could not help being gloomy.

I. It opens the sure prospect of increasing brightness to those who have begun to walk in the light.—Even if the sun of our life has reached the apparent zenith, and we have known a very noonday of mental and spiritual being, it is no poetic ‘western shadows’ that are to lengthen upon our way, but ‘our age is to be clearer than the noonday.’ How suggestive that word is! The light, though intenser, shall dazzle less; ‘in Thy light shall we see light,’ be able to bear much more of it, see all else by it more clearly, reflect it more clearly. We should have said, ‘At evening time there shall be shadow’; God says, ‘At evening time there shall be light.’

Also, we are not to look for a very dismal afternoon of life with only some final sunset glow; for He says it ‘shineth more and more unto the perfect day’; and ‘more and more’ leaves no dark intervals; we are to expect a continually brightening path. Just think, when you are seven, or ten, or twenty years older, that will only mean seven, or ten, or twenty years’ more experience of His love and faithfulness, more light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ; and still the ‘more and more unto the perfect day’ will be opening out before us? We are ‘confident of this very thing!’

II. The second bright side is increasing fruitfulness.—Do not let us confuse between works and fruit. Many a saint in the land of Beulah is not able to do anything at all, and yet is bringing forth fruit unto God beyond the busiest workers. So that even when we come to the days when ‘the strong men shall bow themselves,’ there may be more pleasant fruits for our Master, riper and fuller and sweeter, than ever before. For ‘they shall still bring forth fruit in old age’; and the man that simply ‘trusteth in the Lord’ ‘shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall cease from yielding fruit.’

Some of the fruits of the Spirit seem to be especially and peculiarly characteristic of sanctified older years. Look at the splendid ripeness of Abraham’s ‘faith’ in his old age; the grandeur of Moses’ ‘meekness’ when he went up the mountain alone to die; the mellowness of St. Paul’s ‘joy’ in his later epistles; and the wonderful ‘gentleness’ of St. John, which makes us almost forget his early character of ‘a son of thunder,’ wanting to call down God’s lightnings of wrath. ‘The same Spirit’ is given to us, that we too may bring forth ‘fruit that may abound,’ and always ‘more fruit.’

III. The third bright side is brightest of all.‘Even to your old age, I am He’; always the same Jehovah-Jesus; with us ‘all the days,’ bearing and carrying us ‘all the days’; reiterating His promise—‘even to hoar hairs will I carry you …; even I will carry and will deliver you,’ just as He carried the lambs in His bosom. For we shall always be His little children, and ‘doubtless’ He will always be our Father. The rush of years cannot touch this!

Illustrations

(1) ‘Fear not the westering shadows,

O Children of the Day!

For brighter still and brighter

Shall be your homeward way.

Resplendent as the morning,

With fuller glow and power,

And clearer than the noonday

Shall be your evening hour.’

(2) ‘Let us set our hearts aright, and stretch our hands toward Him, and put away iniquity, then will our faces be without a cloud, and our feet without slipping, and the misery of the past shall be forgotten, as rivers that flow down towards the sea. Life will reach its meridian; night shall be without alarm, and men shall find in our help and consolation the supply of their lack. Be right with God, and you will be right with man, and helpful to him. The love of God welling up in the heart pours forth in refreshing streams to the world.’

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Nisbet, James. "Commentary on Job 11:17". Church Pulpit Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/job-11.html. 1876.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 11:17 And [thine] age shall be clearer than the noonday; thou shalt shine forth, thou shalt be as the morning.

Ver. 17. And thine age shall be clearer than the noonday] The rest of thy life which thou givest for lost, shall be the very prime part of thy time for glory. Solid glory springeth out of innocence of life, beneficence toward all men, acts done valiantly and successfully with justice and moderation of mind; whereunto is added the constant applause of good men, proceeding from an admiration of so great virtue. This Zophar promiseth Job upon his true repentance, with a daily increase thereof, as the sun shineth more and more unto the perfect day. Fame followeth virtue, as the shadow doth the body at the very heels. "If there be any virtue, if any praise," saith the apostle, Philippians 4:8. Where the one is the other will be. Abel for his faith and righteousness is yet spoken of (as some render Hebrews 11:4), though dead long ago. "The righteous shall be had in everlasting remembrance," Psalms 112:6.

Thou shalt shine forth, thou shalt be as the morning] Isaiah 58:8. Or, if thou dost wax obscure, yet thou shalt match the morning, which disperseth darkness, and conquers it by the approaching light. Look how the moon wadeth out of a cloud, so shall thine overcast righteousness "break forth as the light, and thy judgment as the noonday," Psalms 37:6.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 11:17". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-11.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Job 11:17. Thine age shall be clearer than the noon-day Thy continuance in this life shall be as the noon-day; thy darkness or thy present obscurity itself as the morning light. Houbigant and Schultens.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Job 11:17". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/job-11.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Thine age, i.e. the remainder of thy life and time in this world.

Shall be clearer, Heb. shall arise. Men are said to fall into troubles, and to arise out of them.

Than the noon-day; or, above the noon-day, or above the sun at noon-day, when it is at its highest pitch, as well as in its greatest glory.

Thou shalt shine forth: light in Scripture commonly signifies prosperity and glory, as Esther 8:16 Job 18:5,6 38:15 Proverbs 4:18. Or, if thou art in darkness, as this word properly signifies, Job 10:22 Amos 4:13, i.e. if thou comest into any distress and trouble. Shalt be as the morning, i.e. that night of trouble shall certainly and speedily be followed with the morning of deliverance and comfort, which, like the morning light, shall shine brighter and brighter until the perfect day.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 11:17". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-11.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

17.Thine age, etc. — Brighter than the noonday shall thy life arise. , life, human life, because it glides so swiftly away. (Thus Gesenius, 474.) Thou shalt shine forth, etc. — Rather, (Thy) darkness shall be as the morning. “If there be any dark shade it shall be only that of the morning twilight.” Though Job’s darkness shall have been like the inconsolable gloom of sheol, with which his speech had closed: even this shall be like the morning — serene and hopeful. “Job’s climax in Job 10:22, was that his daylight should be as darkness; Zophar’s promise is, that his darkness shall be daylight.” — DAVIDSON.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 11:17". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-11.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Job 11:17. And thine age shall be clearer than the noon-day — The remainder of thy life in this world shall be more glorious than the sun at noon. Hebrew, יקים, jakum, shall arise above the noon-day, or above the sun at noon-day, when it is at its greatest height, as well as in its greatest glory. Thou shalt shine forth — Thy light shall arise out of obscurity, and thou shalt be prosperous and happy; thou shalt be as the morning — Thy night of trouble shall certainly and speedily be followed with the morning of deliverance and comfort, which, like the morning light, shall shine brighter and brighter till the perfect day. Light, in the Scripture, commonly signifies prosperity and glory.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Job 11:17". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/job-11.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Brightness. Septuagint, "But thy prayer, like the day-star and life, shall arise to thee from the south, or as at noon-day." Hebrew, "Thy age (Haydock) shall appear clearer than the noon-day, and darkness like the morning." Prosperity shall succeed, (Calmet) when thou shalt think all lost. (Menochius)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Job 11:17". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/job-11.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

age. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for the things done in it. See below. Hebrew. heled, like Greek. aion.

shine forth = soar or shoot upward like the rays of the rising sun.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 11:17". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/job-11.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And thine age shall be clearer than the noonday; thou shalt shine forth, thou shalt be as the morning.

Thine age (days, or life) shall be clearer than the noon-day - namely, of thy former prosperity; which, in the poet's image, had gone on increasing, until it reached its height, as the sun rises higher and higher until it reaches the meridian. "The path of the just is as the shining light, which shineth more and more unto the perfect day" (Proverbs 4:18).

Thou shalt shine forth, thou shalt be as the morning - rather, 'Though now thou art in darkness, thou shalt presently be as the morning' (Gesenius). Or else, 'Thy darkness (i:e., if any dark shade should arise on thee, it) shall be as the morning,'-only the dullness of morning twilight, not nocturnal darkness. (Umbreit). [ taa`upaah (Hebrew #5774) means darkness, not "shine forth," as English version: from `uwp (Hebrew #5774), to cover. However, many Jewish rabbis explain as the English version, 'Thou shalt fly forth from the darkness of thy calamities' - i:e., "shine forth." `uwp (Hebrew #5774) means primarily to fly.]

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 11:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/job-11.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(17) Thine age shall be clearer than the noonday.—Rather, there shall arise for thee a lifetime brighter than the noonday; thou shalt soar on high; thou shalt be like the morning, which is conceived of as having wings (Psalms 139:9). (Comp. Malachi 4:2, of the Sun of Righteousness.) This is how we understand the word rendered thou shalt shine forth. Many take it as a substantive, meaning darkness, in which case we must render, though there be darkness, thou shalt be as the morning.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Job 11:17". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/job-11.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And thine age shall be clearer than the noonday; thou shalt shine forth, thou shalt be as the morning.
age
42:11-17; Psalms 37:6; 92:14; 112:4; Proverbs 4:18; Isaiah 58:8-10; Micah 7:8,9; Zechariah 14:6,7; Malachi 4:2; Luke 2:26-32
be clearer than
Heb. arise above, etc. thou shalt.
1 Chronicles 29:10; Hosea 6:3
Reciprocal: Song of Solomon 6:10 - looketh;  Isaiah 58:10 - then

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 11:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-11.html.