Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 15:29

"He will not become rich, nor will his wealth endure; And his grain will not bend down to the ground.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Wicked (People);   The Topic Concordance - Destruction;   Wickedness;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Eliphaz;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Greatness of God;   Hypocrisy;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Job, the Book of;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Perfect;   Prolong;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

He shall not be rich - The whole of what follows, to the end of the chapter, seems to be directed against Job himself, whom Eliphaz indirectly accuses of having been a tyrant and oppressor. The threatened evils are,

  1. He shall not be rich, though he labors greatly to acquire riches.
  • His substance shall not continue - God will blast it, and deprive him of power to preserve it.
  • 3. Neither shall he prolong the perfection thereof - all his works shall perish, for God will blot out his remembrance from under heaven.

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    Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 15:29". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-15.html. 1832.

    Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

    He shall not be rich - That is, he shall not continue rich; or he shall not again become rich. He shall be permanently poor.

    Neither shall his substance continue - His property.

    Neither shall he prolong the perfection thereof - Noyes renders this, “And his possessions shall not be extended upon the earth.” Wemyss, “Nor shall he be master of his own desires.” Good, “Nor their success spread abroad in the land.” Luther, Und sein Gluck wird sich nicht ausbreiten im Lande- “ And his fortune shall not spread itself abroad in the land.” Vulgate, “Neither shall he send his root in the earth “ - nec mittet in terra radicem suam. The Septuagint, οὐ μὴ βάλῃ ἐπὶ τὴν γῆν σκιὰν ou mē balē epi tēn gōn skian - “and shall not cast a shadow upon the earth.” The word rendered “perfection” (מנלם mı̂nlām ) is commonly supposed to be from מנלה mı̂nleh from נלה nâlâh to finish, to procure, and hence, the noun may be applied to that which is procured - and thus may denote possessions. According to this the correct rendering is, “and he does not extend their possessions abroad in the land;” that is, his possessions do not extend abroad. Gesenius supposes, however, that the word is a corruption for מבלם - “their flocks.” I see no objection, however, to its being regarded as meaning possessions - and then the sense is, that he would fail in that which is so much the object of ambition with every avaricious man - that his possessions should extend through the land; compare the notes at Isaiah 5:8.

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    Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 15:29". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-15.html. 1870.

    John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

    He shall not be rich,.... Though his heart is set upon it, he is determined at any rate to be rich; he labours for it with all his might and main, and yet shall not attain what he is so desirous of; many, who take a great deal of pains to be rich, and even in a lawful way, and are men of understanding in trade and business, and yet riches are not their portion; and some who got a great deal, yet do not grow rich; what they get, they put into a bag of holes, and it drops through as fast as they put in; what they get in one sinful way they consume in another, and so are always poor; and others, though they have amassed together a vast substance, yet still are but poor men, not using what they have either for their own good, or the good of others; and not being content with what they have, but always craving more, and so are even poor in their own account, not having what they would have: however, such a man is not rich towards God; for in godly and spiritual things he is destitute of the true riches of grace, and has no title to the riches of glory; and as for his earthly riches, these shall not endure; though he may be rich for the present, he will not be always so; And this sense the next clause confirms:

    neither shall his substance continue; or "his strength"F2חילו "ejus robur", Mercerus; "potentia ejus", Drusius. his power and might, a rich man's wealth being his strong city, in which he places his trust and confidence; riches are called "substance", though their are but a shadow, yea, mere nonentities, things that are not, in comparison of heavenly things; see Proverbs 23:5; at least they are not an enduring substance; they are uncertain things, here today, and gone tomorrow; that make themselves wings, and fly away from the owners of them; or they are taken away front them, and are not like the riches of grace, which are durable riches; or like those of glory; but by one means or another are taken out of the hands of the possessors of them, and they are reduced to poverty: and this "their substance shall not rise"; or rather, "not rise again"F3לא יקום "neque resurgent opes ejus", Schmidt. , as the word may be rendered; notwithstanding all the pains they may take, their substance shall not rise, grow, and increase; or not rise up to the former heights it did, but being fallen into poverty there they lie:

    neither shall he prolong the perfection of it upon the earth; though, indeed, there is no perfection in the creature, nor in creature enjoyments, nor in outward riches and substance; such as have had the largest share of them, as David and Solomon, have declared they have seen an end of all perfection, and that all things, the highest enjoyments, are vanity and vexation of spirit; yet when men are got to the summit, and height, and perfection of outward happiness, as they or others may think, this is not prolonged, or continued long in the earth, or they continued in it; but often are suddenly cast down from the pinnacle of honour, wealth, and riches; hence some render the words, "and their prosperity shall not be fixed into the earth"F4ולא יטה לארץ מנלם "nec mittet in terra radicem suam", V. L. "et non pangetur in terram prosperitas eorum", Schultens. ; shall not take root, though it may seem to do, Jeremiah 12:2; and so shall not spread itself as a tree well rooted does; and as does the spiritual prosperity, perfection, and fullness of good men, which they have in and by Christ; being rooted in the love of God, in the grace of Christ, and having the root of the matter in them, they cast forth their roots as Lebanon, and their branches spread, and they are full of the fruits and blessings of grace, Hosea 14:5.

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    The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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    Bibliographical Information
    Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 15:29". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-15.html. 1999.

    Geneva Study Bible

    He shall not be rich, neither shall his substance continue, neither shall he prolong the s perfection thereof upon the earth.

    (s) Meaning, that his sumptuous buildings would never come to perfection.
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    Bibliographical Information
    Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Job 15:29". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/job-15.html. 1599-1645.

    Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

    Rather, he shall not increase his riches; he has reached his highest point; his prosperity shall not continue.

    perfection — rather, “His acquired wealth - what he possesses - shall not be extended,” etc.

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    These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
    This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
    Bibliographical Information
    Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 15:29". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-15.html. 1871-8.

    Wesley's Explanatory Notes

    He shall not be rich, neither shall his substance continue, neither shall he prolong the perfection thereof upon the earth.

    Substance — What he had gotten shall be taken from him.

    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
    Bibliographical Information
    Wesley, John. "Commentary on Job 15:29". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/job-15.html. 1765.

    John Trapp Complete Commentary

    Job 15:29 He shall not be rich, neither shall his substance continue, neither shall he prolong the perfection thereof upon the earth.

    Ver. 29. He shall not be rich, neither shall his substance, &c.] If he be rich, it is for a mischief, neither is it likely long to continue with him, for God will blow upon and blast his substance, which is the fort and strength, Isaiah 10:14. He resolves he will be rich, 1 Timothy 6:9, and is set upon it. God, to cross him, saith here, He shall not be rich, but I will make a poor fool of him, according to that Jeremiah 17:11, "As the partridge sitteth on eggs and hatcheth them not; so he that getteth riches, and not by right, shall leave them in the midst of his days, and at his end shall be a fool." There is a curse upon unlawful practices, though men be industrious, as in Jehoiakim, Jeremiah 22:19 It is God that giveth power to get wealth, Deuteronomy 8:18. Our care can no more add a penny to our estate than it can a cubit to our stature, Matthew 6:27.

    He shall not prolong the perfection thereof] Vulgate, He shall not send forth his root in the earth. "A man shall not be established by wickedness," saith Solomon: "but the root of the righteous shall continue," Proverbs 12:3; {See Trapp on "Proverbs 12:3"}

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    Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 15:29". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-15.html. 1865-1868.

    Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

    He shall not be rich, i. e not abide rich, but shall become poor.

    Neither shall his substance continue; what he had gotten shall be taken from him.

    The perfection thereof, i.e. the perfection of his substance, or that complete estate and glory which he hath attained, shall not be continued to him and to his posterity. Or, neither shall their perfection (i.e. that prosperity, and wealth, and power wherein they placed their perfection or happiness) spread itself, or be propagated or spread abroad, but shall be diminished and taken away. It is a metaphor from a tree. Compare Job 8:16.

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    Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 15:29". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-15.html. 1685.

    Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

    29.Neither shall he prolong the perfection, etc. — Their substance (riches — Furst) bendeth not to the ground. (Hirtzel, Stickel. etc.) The image is drawn from a tree whose branches bend with their weight of fruit.

     

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    Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 15:29". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-15.html. 1874-1909.

    Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

    Such a person will lose all their wealth (another attack upon Job). "In fact, his wheat will not be heavy with grain and thus will not droop to the ground" (Zuck p. 74).

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    Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Job 15:29". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/job-15.html. 1999-2014.

    E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

    shall he prolong the perfection thereof. The Septuagint reads "shall their shadow stretch along upon the ground".

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    Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 15:29". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/job-15.html. 1909-1922.

    Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

    He shall not be rich, neither shall his substance continue, neither shall he prolong the perfection thereof upon the earth.

    'He doth not grow rich:' he has reached his highest point: 'his prosperity shall not continue.'

    Perfection - rather, 'his acquired wealth [ minlaam (Hebrew #4512)] - what he possesses-shall not be extended,' etc.; or 'spread itself' [naamaah], as a plant spreading its shoots upon the ground. But Maurer, on account of the Hebrew preposition l

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    These files are public domain.
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    Bibliographical Information
    Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 15:29". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/job-15.html. 1871-8.

    Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

    (29) He shall not be rich.—Now comes the destiny which awaits him in the judgment of the speaker. “Neither shall he prolong the perfection thereof upon the earth.” The word rendered “perfection thereof” occurs nowhere else, so that it is very doubtful what it means. Some render, “Neither shall their produce (that of the wicked) bend (luxuriantly) to the earth;” or, “their possessions or their achievements extend on the earth.”

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    Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Job 15:29". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/job-15.html. 1905.

    Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

    He shall not be rich, neither shall his substance continue, neither shall he prolong the perfection thereof upon the earth.
    neither shall
    20:22-28; 22:15-20; 27:16,17; Psalms 49:16,17; Luke 12:19-21; 16:2,19-22; James 1:11; 5:1-3
    Reciprocal: Job 20:5 - the triumphing;  Proverbs 12:3 - shall not be established;  Proverbs 13:11 - Wealth

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    Bibliographical Information
    Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 15:29". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-15.html.