Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 15:34

"For the company of the godless is barren, And fire consumes the tents of the corrupt.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Bribery;   Hypocrisy;   Wicked (People);   Thompson Chain Reference - Desolation of the Wicked;   Wicked, the;   The Topic Concordance - Bribery;   Desolation;   Hypocrisy;   Wickedness;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Hypocrites;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Eliphaz;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Greatness of God;   Hypocrisy;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Job, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Hypocrisy;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Bribery;   Desolate;   Godless;   Hypocrisy;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The congregation of hypocrites -

  1. Job is here classed with hypocrites, or rather the impious of all kinds. The congregation, or עדת adath, society, of such, shall be desolate, or a barren rock, גלמוד galmud . See this Arabic word explained in the note on Job 3:7; (note).
Fire shall consume the tabernacles of bribery -

12. Another insinuation against Job, that he had perverted justice and judgment, and had taken bribes.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 15:34". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-15.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

For the congregation of hypocrites - The word rendered “congregation” here (עדה ‛êdâh ) means properly an appointed meeting; a meeting convened by appointment or at stated times (from ידה yâdâh ), and hence, an assembly of any kind. It is commonly applied to an assembly for public worship; but it may refer to a more private company - a family, or circle of friends, dependents, etc. It refers here, I suppose, to such a community that a man can get around him in his own dwelling - his family, servants, dependents, etc. The word rendered “hypocrites” (חנף chânêph ) is in the singular number, and should be so rendered here. It does not mean that a worshipping assembly composed of hypocrites would be desolate - which may be true - but that the community which a man who is a hypocrite can gather around him shall be swept away. His children, his dependents, and his retinue of servants, shall be taken away from him, and he shall be left to solitude. Probably there was an allusion here to Job, who had been stripped in this manner; or at any rate the remark was one, if it were a quotation from the ancient sayings of the Arabians, which Job could not but regard as applied to himself.

And fire shall consume - This has all the appearance of being a proverb. The meaning is, that they who received a bribe would be certainly punished.

The tabernacles of bribery - The tents or dwellings of those who receive bribes, and who therefore are easily corrupted, and have no solid principles. There is probably an allusion here to Job; and no doubt Eliphaz meant to apply this severe remark to him. Job was a Sheik, an Emir, a head of a tribe, and, therefore, a magistrate; see Job 29:7, seq. Yet a part of his possessions and servants had been cut off by fire from heaven Job 1:16; and Eliphaz means probably to imply that it had been because he had been guilty of receiving a bribe. This ancient proverb declared that the dwellings of the man who could be bribed would be consumed by fire; and now he presumes that the fact that Job had been visited by the fire of heaven was full proof that he had been guilty in this manner. It was about on principles such as these that the reasoning of the friends of Job was conducted.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 15:34". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-15.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

For the congregation of hypocrites shall be desolate,.... Hypocrites are such who seem to and would be thought to be, what they are not; they are outwardly righteous before men, but inwardly very wicked; have a form of godliness, but are destitute the power of it, 2 Timothy 3:5; pretend to much religion, and to be worshippers of God, when it is only in outward appearances, and not in reality and sincerity: and such as these have been in the congregations of the righteous, in all ages; but here Eliphaz speaks of a congregation of them, a society, a family of them; and very probably has his eye upon Job's, and would represent hereby that he, the head of his family, and his children, when living, and his servants and associates, were all hypocrites, and now become desolate, reduced to want and poverty, and in distressed circumstances: or were "solitary"F9 and alone, as the word is rendered in Job 3:7; destitute of friends, and of the comforts of life; and perhaps reference may be had to the future state of such, when they shall aloud be bid to depart from God, have no society with angels and saints, but shall have their portion with those of the same character with them, hypocrites, in the highest degree of torment and misery, Matthew 24:51;

and fire shall consume the tabernacles of bribery; either such tents, or houses, as were built with money taken as bribes; see Habakkuk 2:12; or where such who received bribes dwelt; unjust judges, who took a gift that blinds the eyes, to pervert justice. Job is afterwards by Eliphaz represented as if he was an oppressor, a wicked magistrate, and guilty of such like crimes as here pointed at, Job 22:6; and the "fire" said to consume the dwelling places of such may be understood either of material fire, such as came down from heaven, and destroyed Job's sheep, Job 1:16; or figuratively, the wrath of God often compared to fire, which would appear in one way or another, to the utter ruin of such persons, their habitations, and those that dwelt in them.

"solitarium", Montanus; and to the same sense Vatablus, Beza, Tigurine version, Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Drusius, Cocceius.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 15:34". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-15.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

For the congregation of hypocrites [shall be] desolate, and fire shall consume the tabernacles of x bribery.

(x) Who were built or maintained by bribery.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Job 15:34". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/job-15.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Rather, The binding together of the hypocrites (wicked) shall be fruitless [Umbreit].

tabernacles of bribery — namely, dwellings of unjust judges, often reprobated in the Old Testament (Isaiah 1:23). The “fire of God” that consumed Job‘s possessions (Job 1:16) Eliphaz insinuates may have been on account of Job‘s bribery as an Arab sheik or emir.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 15:34". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-15.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 15:34 For the congregation of hypocrites [shall be] desolate, and fire shall consume the tabernacles of bribery.

Ver. 34. For the congregation of hypocrites shall be desolate] Heb. Of the hypocrite; where he seemeth to point at Job, as by the unripe grapes, and blasted flowers of the olive, he had understood Job’s children and possessions, Job 15:33. Now the whole congregation or train and retinue of the hypocrite God will unnest and ruin, saith Eliphaz; they shall all be as one desolated, so the original hath it.

And fire shall consume the tabernacles of bribery] Heb. The tabernacles of a bribe. Under these two heads, saith one, we may reduce all sorts of sinners; sinners against God under the notion of hypocrites; and sinners against men under the notion of bribe takers; δωροδεκτον, say the Septuagint, that is, receivers of gifts; and the Hebrew word signifieth, a gift in general; it is taken also for a bribe, because very many gifts are bribes, Munera sunt honoraria vel corruptoria (Lavat. in loc.). Now houses built by bribes or very many gifts shall be consumed and come to nothing, Jeremiah 22:13-17, Habakkuk 2:9-12; see the note there. This Eliphaz casteth in Job’s teeth, but herein he dealt with him as injuriously as Bouner did with Philpot, the martyr, when he said to him, Also I lay to thy charge, that thou killedst thy father, and wast accursed of thy mother on her death bed (Acts & Mon. fol. 1650).

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 15:34". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-15.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The congregation, i.e. their children, and servants, and friends, and dependents.

Desolate, i.e. utterly destroyed. Fire, i.e. some eminent and terrible judgment of God, which is oft expressed by fire; as Isaiah 9:19 26:11.

The tabernacles of bribery, i.e. which were either built or maintained by extortion and bribery, and suchlike unrighteous courses, whereof they thought Job guilty, Job 22:8.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 15:34". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-15.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

34.The congregation of hypocrites The household of the impure.

Desolate — The figure is of a rock, hard and barren. Fire is often employed in the Bible for the wrath of God.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 15:34". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-15.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Congregation, or family. --- Bribes. Literally, "presents," which (Haydock) frequently were not given freely, but extorted as a real tribute. (Calmet) --- Septuagint, "for the death of the wicked is a martyrdom," or proof of his impiety. "But fire shall consume the houses of the present (or bribe) receivers."

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Job 15:34". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/job-15.html. 1859.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

"Tents of the corrupt": This seems to infer that Job had gained his wealth through underhanded means.

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Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Job 15:34". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/job-15.html. 1999-2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

congregation = assembly.

tabernacles = tents.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 15:34". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/job-15.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

For the congregation of hypocrites shall be desolate, and fire shall consume the tabernacles of bribery.

Rather, The banding together of the hypocrites (wicked) shall be fruitless (Umbreit). Maurer translates, 'the family of the wicked shall be barren' - i:e., without offspring. I prefer this. Tabernacles of bribery-namely, dwellings of unjust judges, often reprobated in the Old Testament (Isaiah 1:23). No dwelling shall be left to record their past existence. The abodes wherein were treasured their unjust gains shall be destroyed, as well as the wicked themselves. The "fire of God" that consumed Job's possessions (Job 1:16; Job 1:19), and the winds that destroyed his children and the house, Eliphaz insinuates may have been on account of Job's bribery as an Arab sheikh or emir (cf. Job 18:15; Job 20:26; Job 22:20).

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 15:34". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/job-15.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(34) Desolate.—This was Job’s own word (Job 3:7), and as it is an uncommon word, there may be some intentional reference to his use of it.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Job 15:34". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/job-15.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For the congregation of hypocrites shall be desolate, and fire shall consume the tabernacles of bribery.
the congregation
8:13; 20:1; 27:8; 36:13; Isaiah 33:14,15; Matthew 24:51
the tabernacles
11:14; 12:6; 22:5-9; 29:12-17; 1 Samuel 8:3; 12:3; Micah 7:2; Amos 5:11,12
Reciprocal: Job 16:17 - Not for;  Job 32:3 - and yet;  Proverbs 14:11 - house;  Isaiah 9:17 - for every;  Acts 24:26 - hoped

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 15:34". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-15.html.