Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 18:11

"All around terrors frighten him, And harry him at every step.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Cowardice;   Fear of God;   Wicked (People);   Thompson Chain Reference - Courage-Fear;   Terror;   The Topic Concordance - Bearing Fruit;   Knowledge;   Perishing;   Wickedness;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Death of the Wicked, the;   Fear, Unholy;   Punishment of the Wicked, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Bildad;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Greatness of God;   Hypocrisy;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Job, the Book of;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Terrors shall make him afraid - He shall be constantly subject to alarms, and shall never feel secure. “Terrors here are represented as allegorical persons, like the Furies in the Greek poets.” Noyes. The idea here is substantially the same as that given by Eliphaz, Job 15:21-22.

And shall drive him to his feet - Margin, scatter. This is a literal translation of the Hebrew. The idea is, that he will be alarmed by such terrors; his self-composure will be dissipated, and he will “take to his heels.”

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 18:11". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-18.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Terrors shall make him afraid on every side,.... Make him a "Magormissabib", or "terror on every side", as Pashur was a terror to himself, Jeremiah 20:3, and all his friends about him; these terrors may be either the terrors of the judges of the earth upon wicked men, who are, or should be, a terror to evildoers, and of whom wicked men are afraid, lest they should be taken and punished by them; to this sense is the note of Sephorno: or else the terrors of a guilty conscience, which drive a man to his wits' end, that he knows not what to do, nor whither to go; these terrify him night and day, and make an hell upon earth unto him; or the terrors of the righteous law of God broken by him, its menaces and curses threatening him with death and everlasting damnation; or the terrors of the judgments of God on earth, which by their forerunners appear to be coming on it, by reason of which men's hearts fail for fear of them; or terrible apprehensions of the wrath of God for sin, here and hereafter, together with the terrors of death, which fall upon them, and of an awful judgment yet to come. Now Bildad had observed, that Job had said some things concerning the terrors he was sometimes possessed of, Job 6:4; and therefore would suggest from hence that he must be a wicked man, since this is the case of such; but it is easy to observe that good men are sometimes surrounded with terrors as well as others, so that this is no proof of a man's character and state, see Psalm 88:15;

and shall drive him to his feet; to take to his feet and run, in order to get rid of his terrors if possible, but in vain; these cause him not to run to God, to his feet, to the throne and footstool of his grace, but from him, to the rocks and mountains to hide him from his wrath, though there is no going from his spirit, nor fleeing from his presence; and terrors will also have such an effect upon wielded men as to cause them to flee from men, as in Cain, who not only went, from the presence of the Lord, but from the society of men, and became a fugitive and vagabond, and afraid of everyone he met with, lest he should kill him; and sometimes wicked men flee when none pursue, and even at the sound of shaking leaf, Proverbs 28:1; or "shall scatter him at his feet"F20הפצהו "dispergent eum", Pagninus, Montanus, Beza, Mercerus, Piscator, Schmidt. , either at the feet of the robber, or cause him to fall to the ground, in the place where his feet stood. Mr. Broughton renders it, "shall press him at his feet", shall follow at his heels, and keep close to him wherever he goes, and overtake and seize him.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 18:11". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-18.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Terrors — often mentioned in this book (Job 18:14; Job 24:17; etc.). The terrors excited through an evil conscience are here personified. “Magor-missabib” (Jeremiah 20:3).

drive  …  to his feet — rather, “shall pursue” (literally, “scatter,” Habakkuk 3:14) him close “at his heels” (literally, “immediately after his feet,” Habakkuk 3:5; 1 Samuel 25:42; Hebrew). The image is that of a pursuing conqueror who scatters the enemy [Umbreit].

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 18:11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-18.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 18:11 Terrors shall make him afraid on every side, and shall drive him to his feet.

Ver. 11. Terrors shall make him afraid on every side] These terrors are, as it were, the cruel sergeants and merciless officers of that king of terrors, Job 18:14, arresting him, as it were, in the devil’s name, and bringing him to justice, Apparitores et lictores (Jun.). How can it be but a terrible time with him, when death comes with a writ of Habeas corpus, Let you keep the body, and the devil with a writ of Habeas animam? Let you keep the spirit, when the cold earth must have his body, and hot hell hold his soul, according to that of the psalmist, "Let death seize upon them, and let them go down quick into hell: for wickedness is in their dwellings, and among them," Psalms 55:15. The sad forethought hereof causeth many unutterable griefs and grapings, perplexities of spirit and convulsions of soul, a very hell above ground, and a foretaste of eternal torments. The word here rendered terror signifieth utmost frights, such as put a man well nigh out of his wits and distract him. R. Solomon understandeth it to be devils; others to be furies, such as the poets feign. Most certain it is, that a body is not so tormented with stings or torn with stripes as a mind with remembrance of wicked actions and fear of future evils (Cic. Orat. pro Rose. Amer.).

And shall drive him to his feet] As they did Cain, that wretch, Qui factus est a corde sua fugitivus (Tertul.), who would fain have fled from his own conscience (if he could have known whither), and become a fugitive and a vagabond upon the earth, Genesis 4:12, seeking to outrun his terrors, which yet dogged him hard at the heels. They shall press him at his feet, so Broughton readeth this text.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 18:11". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-18.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Job 18:11. And shall drive him to his feet And shall be spread around at his feet] Houbigant. The same metaphor seems to be continued.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Job 18:11". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/job-18.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Terrors; both from men, and from God, and from his own unquiet mind and guilty conscience.

Shall drive him to his feet; shall force him to flee hither and thither, and he knows not whither, being secure and safe no where, but pursued by terrors from place to place.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 18:11". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-18.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

11.Drive him Chase him at his feet. These terrors, personified, resemble the furies of the Greek poets — their pursuit of the wicked man is so close that they are said to be at his heels.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 18:11". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-18.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Fears. Hunters used to place loose feathers round the wood, except where the gin was laid, in order to frighten the prey into it. Puniceæque agitant formidine pennæ. (Georg. iii.)

(Jeremias xlviii. 44.) "Like timid stags, while you avoid the moving feathers, you are entrapped in the strongest nets." (St. Jerome, contra Lucif.) --- Every thing tends to fill the poor beast with alarm. So the devil, conscience, and enemies on all sides, best the wicked. (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Job 18:11". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/job-18.html. 1859.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

As a result of all these imminent dangers facing the wicked such a person is continually frightened and fearful (Proverbs 28:1).

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Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Job 18:11". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/job-18.html. 1999-2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

drive him to his feet = follow at his feet. Compare 1 Samuel 25:42.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 18:11". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/job-18.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Terrors shall make him afraid on every side, and shall drive him to his feet.

Terrors - often mentioned in this book (Job 18:14; Job 24:17, etc.) The terrors excited through an evil conscience are here personified. 'Magor-missabib,' fear round about (Jeremiah 20:3 ).

Drive ... to his feet - rather, shall pursue (literally, scatter, Habakkuk 3:14) him close at his heels (literally, immediately after his feet; Habakkuk 3:5, "Burning coals went forth at his feet;" Isaiah 41:2; Genesis 30:30, margin; 1 Samuel 25:42 Hebrew: or wherever he sets his feet, wheresoever he turns). The image is that of a pursing conqueror who scatters the enemy (Umbreit).

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 18:11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/job-18.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(11) Shall drive him to his feet.—Comp. Job 15:21. One feels very much tempted to understand this, as the English undoubtedly suggests, shall startle him to his feet, but the true meaning is, more probably, shall chase him at his heels.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Job 18:11". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/job-18.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Terrors shall make him afraid on every side, and shall drive him to his feet.
Terrors
6:4; 15:21; 20:25; Psalms 73:19; Jeremiah 6:25; 20:3,4; 46:5; 49:29; 2 Corinthians 5:11; Revelation 6:15,16
drive him
Heb. scatter him. to his feet.
Leviticus 26:36; 2 Kings 7:6,7; Psalms 53:5; Proverbs 28:1
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:16 - terror;  1 Samuel 14:15 - there was trembling;  1 Samuel 28:5 - he was afraid;  Job 21:9 - safe from fear;  Job 27:20 - Terrors;  Isaiah 33:14 - sinners;  Daniel 5:9 - greatly;  Luke 9:7 - Herod;  2 Corinthians 7:5 - troubled;  Hebrews 2:15 - through

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 18:11". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-18.html.