Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 18:19

"He has no offspring or posterity among his people, Nor any survivor where he sojourned.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Sin;   Wicked (People);   The Topic Concordance - Knowledge;   Wickedness;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Bildad;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Greatness of God;   Hypocrisy;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Nephew;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Job, the Book of;   Nephew;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Boyhood of Jesus;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Nephew;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

He shall neither have son nor nephew - Coverdale, following the Vulgate, translates thus: He shal neither have children ner kynss folk among his people, no ner eny posterite in his countrie: yonge and olde shal be astonyshed at his death.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 18:19". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-18.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

He shall neither have son … - All his family shall be cut off. He shall have no one to perpetuate his name or remembrance. All this Job could not help applying to himself, as it was doubtless intended he should. The facts in his case were just such as were supposed in these proverbs about the wicked; and hence, his friends could not but conclude that he was a wicked man; and hence, his friends could not but conclude that he was a wicked man; and hence, too, since these were undisputed maxims, Job felt so much embarrassment in answering them.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 18:19". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-18.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

He shall neither have son nor nephew among his people,.... Neither son, nor son's son, or grandson; so the Targum, Jarchi, and Bar Tzemach; that is, he shall be childless, and have no heirs, successors, or survivors, to inherit his estate, bear and perpetuate his name among the people of his country, city, or neighbourhood. Bildad respects no doubt the present case of Job, who had lost all his children; but he was mistaken if he thought he should die so, for he had after this as many children as he had before:

nor any remaining in his dwellings; being all dead, or fled from them, through the terror, desolation, and destruction in them. Aben Ezra and Bar Tzemach interpret them places in which he was a sojourner or stranger; and Mr. Broughton, nor remnant in his pilgrimage.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 18:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-18.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

nephew — (so Isaiah 14:22). But it is translated “grandson” (Genesis 21:23); translate “kinsman.”

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 18:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-18.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 18:19 He shall neither have son nor nephew among his people, nor any remaining in his dwellings.

Ver. 19. He shall neither have son nor nephew, &c.] A sore affliction to be written childless, which yet is the portion of some good people, as Abel; many prophets and apostles, for whose comfort that is written, Isaiah 56:4-5. God, as he will be to his childless children better than ten sons; so he will give them in his house, and within his walls, a place and a name, better than of sons and of daughters, he will give them an everlasting name that shall never be cut off, 1 Samuel 1:8, Isaiah 56:5. Not so the ungodly, those men of God’s hand, for though, full of children, they leave the rest of their substance to their babes, Psalms 17:14, yet it will prove to be but luctuosa faecunditas, as Jerome speaketh, they shall weep for their lost children, and not be comforted, because they are not. Or if they survive, they prove singular cuts and crosses to their wretched parents, who have cause enough to cry out, as Moses sometime did, Let me die out of hand, and not see my wretchedness, Numbers 11:15. They are filled with unmedicinable sorrows, in the loss either of their children, or of their estates by their wasteful children, so that they praise the dead above the living, and wish they had never been born, Ecclesiastes 4:2-3.

Nor any remaining in his dwellings] When the soldiers slew the tyrant Maximinus and his son, at the siege of Aquileia, they cried out, Ex pessimo genere ne catulum quidem habendum, Of so ill a kind let not a whelp be kept alive.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 18:19". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-18.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

But if any such survive, they shall be in the hands and power of strangers, or rather of their enemies.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 18:19". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-18.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

19.Son nor nephew — Literally, sprig nor sprout. Tyndale’s rendering is admirable — “He shall nether have chyldren nor kynsfolcks amonge hys people; noo, nor eny posterite in hys countrey” (places of sojourn). The original word for dwellings, according to Schultens, signified a refuge for strangers. The great men among the Arabs prided themselves upon the numbers of those who fled to them for protection. To such Schultens thinks Bildad may refer when he says, there shall be “no survivor in his dwellings.” Under the earlier economies the doctrine of the immortality of the soul being more or less obscured, the natural desire for an after life developed into a vehement passion for an immortal line of posterity. This intensified the calamity threatened by Bildad — the wholesale destruction of the progeny of the wicked. Job is goaded to bitter thoughts over his own bereavement.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 18:19". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-18.html. 1874-1909.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

nephew = grandson (Judges 12:14).

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 18:19". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/job-18.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

He shall neither have son nor nephew among his people, nor any remaining in his dwellings.

Nephew - (so Isaiah 14:22). But it is translated 'grandson' (Genesis 21:23): translate 'kinsman.'

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 18:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/job-18.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(19) He shall have neither son nor nephew.—“He shall have neither his own son’s son among his people, nor any remaining, where he sojourned.”

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Job 18:19". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/job-18.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

He shall neither have son nor nephew among his people, nor any remaining in his dwellings.
neither
1:19; 8:4; 42:13-16; Psalms 109:13; Isaiah 14:21,22; Jeremiah 22:30
nor any
20:26-28; Isaiah 5:8,9
Reciprocal: Leviticus 20:20 - childless;  2 Kings 10:11 - he left;  Esther 9:10 - ten sons;  Job 20:21 - none of his meat be left;  Job 21:8 - GeneralJob 31:8 - let my;  Psalm 37:28 - but;  Isaiah 14:20 - the seed;  Hosea 9:11 - their;  1 Timothy 5:4 - nephews

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These files are public domain.
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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 18:19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-18.html.