Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 25:5

"If even the moon has no brightness And the stars are not pure in His sight,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Depravity of Man;   God Continued...;   Humility;   Man;   Moon;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Stars, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Bildad;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Moon;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Job, the Book of;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Bildad;   Job, Book of;   Regeneration;   Shine;   Zophar;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Son of Man;  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for July 26;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Behold even to the moon, and it shineth not - It is continually changing its appearance. It never appears twice in its whole revolution with the same face: it is ever waxing or waning; and its face is variegated with opaque spots. Its changeableness can never be compared with the unchangeable nature of God.

Yea, the stars are not pure in his sight - Whatever their excellence may be as stars, it is nothing in comparison with him from whom they have derived their being and splendor. See the notes on Job 4:18; Job 15:14-16. The Targum reads: "Behold, the moon is as yet spotted in her eastern part; the sun shines not; and the stars are not pure in his sight." Some think that by stars are meant those angels who kept not their first estate: this may be so, but I cannot see it in the text. It may, however, mean the heavenly host, as it is supposed to do, Job 28:7; but I still must hesitate on the propriety of such applications. It is probable this speech of Bildad was delivered in the night-season, when clouds interrupted the bright shining of the moon. The third verse seems to refer immediately to the stars, which to the naked eye are innumerable. The sun is not mentioned, because of his absence. This speech of Bildad is both confused and inconclusive. His reasoning is absurd, and he draws false conclusions from his premises. In the third verse, he says, "Is there any number of his armies? and upon whom does not his light arise?" But how absurd is the conclusion which he draws from his questions: - "How then can a man be justified with God, or he be clean who is born of a woman?" This has no relation to the premises; still to us the question is not difficult, and has already been answered in the notes: "A man can be justified with God," through the blood of Christ; and "he can be clean who is born of a woman." through the sanctification of the Spirit.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 25:5". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-25.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Behold even to the moon, and it shineth not - Or, behold even the moon shineth not. That is, in comparison with God it is dark and obscure. The idea is, that the most beautiful and glorious objects become dim and fade away when compared with him. So Jerome renders it, Ecce luna etiam non splendet. The word here rendered “shineth” (יאהיל ya'âhalı̂yl ) frequently means to pitch or remove a tent, and is a form of the word אהל 'ôhel uniformly rendered tent or tabernacle. Some have supposed that the meaning here is, that even the moon and the stars of heaven - the bright canopy above - were not fit to furnish a tent or dwelling for God. But the parallelism seems to demand the usual interpretation, as meaning that the moon and stars faded away before God. The word אהל 'ôhel derives this meaning, according to Gesenius, from its relation to the word הלל hâlal to be clear or brilliant, from the mutual relation of the פא and עע verbs. The Arabic has the same meaning.

Yea, the stars are not pure in his sight - That is, they are not bright in comparison with him. The design is to show the glory of the Most High and that nothing could be compared with him; see the notes at Job 4:18.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 25:5". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-25.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Behold, even to the moon,.... If all things that are glorious and illustrious in the lower world, and which are between that and the region of the moon, are beheld; or all from the seat of the Divine Majesty, down to that glorious luminary, are viewed, they lose all their lustre and brightness, when compared with the Divine Being;

and it, even that itself

shineth not; it is darkened, confounded, and ashamed; it hides its beautiful face, and draws in its borrowed and useful light, at the approach of him, who is light itself, and in whom is no darkness at all: or it tabernacles notF14ולא יאהיל "et non ponet tabernaculum", Montanus, Bolducius; so Schmidt, Schultens. ; has no tabernacle to abide in, as is said of the sun, Psalm 19:4; or does not expand and spread its light, as a tentF15"Non expandet lumen suum in modum tentorii", Complutenses apud Bolduc. or tabernacle is spread; it does not diffuse, but contracts it. No mention is made of the sun, not because that shines in its own light, which the moon does not; but perhaps because the controversy between Job and his friends was held in the night, when the moon and the stars were only seen, and therefore only mentioned; otherwise, what is here observed equally holds good of the sun as of the moon; see Isaiah 24:23;

yea, the stars are not pure in his sight; as there are spots in the sun and in the moon, seen by the eye of man, aided and assisted, so such may be seen by God in the stars also, and in these, both in a natural and in a mystical sense; as by them may be meant the angels of heaven, even those are not pure in the sight of God, and in comparison of him, the most perfectly pure and holy Being; see Job 4:18.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 25:5". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-25.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Behold even to the moon, and it shineth not; yea, d the stars are not pure in his sight.

(d) If God shows his power, the moon and stars cannot have the light which is given to them, much less can man have any excellency but from God.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Job 25:5". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/job-25.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

“Look up even unto the moon” (Job 15:15). “Stars” here answer to “saints” (angels) there; “the moon” here to “the heavens” there. Even the “stars,” the most dazzling object to man‘s eye, and the angels, of which the stars are emblems (Job 4:18; Revelation 9:1), are imperfect in His sight. Theirs is the light and purity but of creatures; His of the Creator.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 25:5". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-25.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Behold even to the moon, and it shineth not; yea, the stars are not pure in his sight.

Moon — The moon, tho' bright and glorious, if compared with the Divine Majesty, is without any lustre or glory. By naming the moon, and thence proceeding to the stars, the sun is also included.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Job 25:5". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/job-25.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 25:5 Behold even to the moon, and it shineth not; yea, the stars are not pure in his sight.

Ver. 5. Behold even to the moon, and it shineth not] i.e. Either descend in thy thoughts, from the highest orbs as low as the moon; or else ascend from gold, gems, jewels, and other orient resplendent creatures, as high as the moon and stars, and comparing them with the surpassing majesty of God, thou shalt find no more beauty or brightness in them than is in a lump of earth or clod of clay; those heavenly lights will appear to be as so many snuffs. Or if thou canst discover no spots and blemishes in them, yet God can, without the help of any such perspective glasses as Galileo got him to explore the mountains on the moon. Some think it was by moonlight that this speech was uttered, and therefore the moon is mentioned. But as the moon is confounded, so the sun also is ashamed when the Lord of hosts will display the beams of his glory, Isaiah 24:23; Isaiah 60:19. There is a learned interpreter (Mr Abbot) who thus paraphraseth the test: Consider, that by reason of the fall of man, the very creatures that in themselves are sinless, yea, the very moon and stars (that are so far from earth, and so near to heaven), have contracted defilement, and are blemished; so that with God, for man’s sake, and by man’s sin, even they are not accounted free from pollution in his sight: thus he. The visible heavens are defiled by our sins, and must therefore be purged by the fire of the last day; as of old the vessel that held the sin offering was to be broken if earthen, or to pass the fire if of better metal.

Yea, the stars are not pure in his sight] Whatever they are in ours. A thing that I see in the night may shine, and that shining proceed from nothing but rottenness. There is a comparative imperfection and impurity in the stars and angels, Job 4:18.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 25:5". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-25.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The moon, though a bright and glorious creature, Job 31:26 Song of Solomon 6:10, if compared with the splendour of the Divine majesty, is but as a dark and earthy lump, without any lustre or glory. He names the

moon and the

stars rather than the sun, because they many times are eclipsed or disappear even to our eyes, which is a plain evidence of their utter obscurity in respect of God’s light; whereas the sun, though that also he obscure, if compared with God, yet it casts a constant and most clear light. Or by naming the moon, and thence proceeding to the stars, the sun is included between them.

The stars are not pure in his sight; he can discern many spots and blemishes in them which we cannot see; and in like manner he can discover those corruptions or sins in us which are unknown to our own conscience, which should make thee, O Job, tremble to appear before his tribunal.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 25:5". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-25.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

b. In the sinfulness and corruption of an entire race, Job may certainly find occasion for humiliation and repentance, Job 25:4-6.

5.It shineth not — The moon pales its light in the presence of God. As no mention is made of the sun, some have supposed it was then night.

Not pure — He means not the taint that comes from sin, as in this world, but metaphorically the dazzling sheen of the starry hosts; (a high symbol of purity among men;) even this is tainted when compared with the purity of the infinitely pure God.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 25:5". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-25.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Job 25:5. Behold, even to the moon, and it shineth not — The moon, though bright and glorious, if compared with the divine majesty, is without any lustre or glory. By his naming the moon, and thence proceeding to the stars, he shows that he includes the sun also, and all other creatures, and signifies that the brightest and most glorious objects in nature shine not when compared with God’s ineffable and essential brightness. Indeed, the highest order of beings make but small advances to the essential perfection which is in him; so that, when a comparison is made, their highest purity will be little less than impurity, when brought before the standard of divine perfection.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Job 25:5". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/job-25.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Sight, compared with him. The most beautiful things in nature are nothing; and of course, the most just are all imperfection, when left to themselves. (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Job 25:5". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/job-25.html. 1859.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

Even the glorious heavenly bodies such as the moon and the stars, when compared to God are not bright or pure.

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Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Job 25:5". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/job-25.html. 1999-2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 25:5". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/job-25.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(5) Even to the moon and stars, pure and chaste as their light is, they are not clean before Him (comp. Job 4:18), for the stars rise and set, and once in every month the moon hides her face.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Job 25:5". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/job-25.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Behold even to the moon, and it shineth not; yea, the stars are not pure in his sight.
Isaiah 24:23; 60:19,20; 2 Corinthians 3:10
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:14 - Let there;  2 Samuel 6:9 - How shall;  1 Chronicles 13:12 - How;  Job 4:18 - he put;  Job 15:15 - he putteth;  Job 35:5 - Look;  Psalm 8:3 - moon;  Romans 3:20 - in his sight;  Colossians 1:22 - in his

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 25:5". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-25.html.